waste

  基本词汇  
[weɪst]     [weɪst]    
  • n.废物;浪费;荒地
  • v.浪费;滥用;消耗
  • adj.荒芜的;无用的;浪费的
wasted wasted wasting wastes
new

waste是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 废物,废料,垃圾,弃物
  2. 浪费,白费
  3. 滥用
  4. 荒地,荒野
  5. 损耗,消耗
  6. 糟蹋
  7. 人烟稀少的地区,荒芜地区,荒原
  8. 无用的人,干什么都不行的人 ,饭桶
  9. 一大片
  10. 毁坏
v.(动词)
  1. (被)浪费,未被充分利用
  2. 糟蹋
  3. 滥用
  4. (使)衰弱,(使)消瘦
  5. 白费(唇舌),徒劳
  6. 使…屈才
  7. 干掉,把…废了
  8. <俚>杀害,杀死,谋杀
  9. 把…打得落花流水,大胜
  10. 消耗,损耗
  11. 毁坏,破坏,蹂躏
  12. 使荒芜
  13. 变衰弱(常与away连用)
  14. 流逝
adj.(形容词)
  1. 废弃的,无用的,丢弃的,废物的
  2. 荒芜的,荒废的,不毛的,荒凉的
  3. 未开垦的
  4. 盛放废物的
  5. 排除废物的
  6. 多余的,剩余的
  7. 身体内排泄的
  8. 浪费的

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [U] 浪费; 滥用; 未充分利用 loss, wrong use, or lack of full use
  2. [U] 废料,废弃物 used, damaged, or unwanted matter
  3. [C] 荒地; 未开垦的土地 an unused or useless stretch of land; a wide empty lonely stretch of water or land
v.(动词)
  1. vi. & vt. 浪费,徒劳 make no use of, make poor use of; use badly or wrongly, use too much of, use more than is needed; use without a good purpose, fail to get value or benefit from
  2. vi. & vt. (使)损耗,(使)消瘦 become or cause to become weak and thin slowly; lose strength by degree
  3. vt. 破坏,使荒芜 make land, building etc. waste; make useless by damage
adj.(形容词)
  1. [A] 废弃的,无用的 got rid of as worthless, damaged, or of no use
  2. 荒芜的 empty; ruined or destroyed

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
waste : 毁损, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
waste : 浪费 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
waste : 损耗 ...
在 《外教社经济学英语词典》 中查看更多...
waste : 废物,废料 ...
在 《外教社化工英语词典》 中查看更多...
waste : 废料;回丝 ...
在 《外教社纺织英语词典》 中查看更多...
waste : 浪费 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
waste : 废物 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
waste : 弃土 ...
在 《外教社市政工程英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. any materials unused and rejected as worthless or unwanted;

    "they collect the waste once a week"
    "much of the waste material is carried off in the sewers"

  2. useless or profitless activity; using or expending or consuming thoughtlessly or carelessly;

    "if the effort brings no compensating gain it is a waste"
    "mindless dissipation of natural resources"

  3. the trait of wasting resources;

    "a life characterized by thriftlessness and waste"
    "the wastefulness of missed opportunities"

  4. an uninhabited wilderness that is worthless for cultivation;

    "the barrens of central Africa"
    "the trackless wastes of the desert"

  5. (law) reduction in the value of an estate caused by act or neglect

Adjective:
  1. located in a dismal or remote area; desolate;

    "a desert island"
    "a godforsaken wilderness crossroads"
    "a wild stretch of land"
    "waste places"

Verb:
  1. spend thoughtlessly; throw away;

    "He wasted his inheritance on his insincere friends"
    "You squandered the opportunity to get and advanced degree"

  2. use inefficiently or inappropriately;

    "waste heat"
    "waste a joke on an unappreciative audience"

  3. get rid of;

    "We waste the dirty water by channeling it into the sewer"

  4. run off as waste;

    "The water wastes back into the ocean"

  5. get rid of (someone who may be a threat) by killing;

    "The mafia liquidated the informer"
    "the double agent was neutralized"

  6. spend extravagantly;

    "waste not, want not"

  7. lose vigor, health, or flesh, as through grief;

    "After her husband died, she just pined away"

  8. cause to grow thin or weak;

    "The treatment emaciated him"

  9. cause extensive destruction or ruin utterly;

    "The enemy lay waste to the countryside after the invasion"

  10. become physically weaker;

    "Political prisoners are wasting away in many prisons all over the world"

waste的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The city waste is disposed of in the sea.
    城市垃圾倒在海里处理掉。
  2. The safe disposal of nuclear waste is a major problem.
    安全处置核废料是个大问题。
  3. It's only a waste of time to speak to her.
    和她说话纯粹是浪费时间。
  4. The routine work is a waste of her talents.
    做这样千篇一律的工作,是浪费了她的才能。
  5. The city was burnt to a desolate waste.
    这城市被焚毁成废墟。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. All his efforts were wasted.
    他的所有努力都白费了。
  2. I don't like to waste your time.
    我不愿浪费你的时间。
  3. Don't waste such a golden opportunity.
    不要糟踏这样一个千载难逢的机会。
  4. His body was wasted by long illness.
    他久病体弱。
用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. They are turning waste land into paddy fields.
    他们正在使荒地变为稻田。
  2. Waste water from factories should be treated before flowing into rivers.
    工厂里的废水在流入河里之前应该经过处理。
  3. The Students' Union waged a compaign against waste on the campus.
    学生会在校园里发起一场反对浪费的运动。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The city budget can afford no waste.
    该市预算担负不起浪费。
  2. They thought that cutting out waste was going to solve all their problems.
    他们认为减少浪费将会解决他们的所有问题。
  3. Waste from the body passes out from the bowels.
    身体中的食物残渣经肠道排出。
  4. A lot of poisonous waste from the chemical works goes into the river.
    化工厂把许多有毒废水排入河中。
  5. Put all the waste in this bag.
    把所有垃圾放进这只袋子里。
  6. They disposed of the the city's waste in the sea.
    他们把城里的垃圾倒入海中。
  7. The function of the kidneys is to excrete wastes from the body.
    肾的功能是排泄人体里的废物。
  8. Large tracts of sandy wastes were reclaimed.
    大片大片的沙质荒地被开垦出来了。
  9. The explorers spent months in the Arctic wastes.
    探险家们在北极荒原上工作了几个月。
~+of n./pron.
  1. Dad would not permit the waste of a single drop of water.
    爸爸不许我们浪费一滴水。
  2. I don't like to see so much waste of food when hundreds of people are hungry.
    当许许多多人在挨饿时,我不愿看到这么多食物被浪费。
  3. I think betting is a complete waste of money.
    我认为打赌完全是浪费金钱。
  4. Before us stretched a waste of snow and ice.
    我们的面前是一片冰雪的荒原。
It is/was a ~+of time v -ing
  1. It's a waste of time trying to talk to her when she's in this mood.
    在她目前的心情下找她谈是没有用的。
  2. It's a mere waste of time waiting any longer.
    再等下去纯粹是浪费时间。
  3. It would be a waste of time attempting the impossible.
    试图做办不到的事是浪费时间。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Waste not, want not.
    不浪费,不愁缺。
  2. Turn the tap off.Don't let it waste.
    把水龙头关上,别让水白白流掉。
  3. If you don't turn the electricity off, it will waste while you are out.
    如果你外出时不关闭电源,那电就会白白浪费掉。
  4. The oil resources in some countries are rapidly wasting.
    有些国家的石油资源正被迅速地消耗掉。
  5. My resources are wasting rapidly.
    我的财富很快化为乌有了。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. We are wasting our time by listening to such nonsense.
    听这样的废话就等于浪费我们的时间。
  2. Except for what he spent on haircuts, books and daily necessities he never wasted a penny.
    除了理发、买书和必要的日用品之外,他从不浪费一分钱。
  3. In order not to waste electricity, turn off all the lights when you go out.
    为了不浪费电,出门时把所有的灯关掉。
  4. We mustn't waste a drop of water or a grain of rice.
    一滴水一粒米我们都不应当浪费。
  5. You should not waste food when many people are hungry.
    许多人正在挨饿,你不应浪费食物。
  6. The strange disease wasted his whole body.
    这种怪病使他全身无力。
  7. Long dry periods wasted the land.
    长期干旱使那片土地荒芜了。
  8. 用于be ~ed结构
  9. His experiment failed again. All his efforts were wasted.
    他的试验又失败了。他的全部努力都白费了。
  10. He is wasted into a shadow.
    他骨瘦如柴。
  11. She's wasted in her present job.
    她现在的工作把她的才华给埋没了。
  12. The country was wasted by the war.
    战争使那个国家变得满目疮痍。
  13. The fields were wasted by a long drought.
    那些田地由于久旱而荒芜。
用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. We should convert waste materials into useful ones.
    我们应该把废物加以利用。
  2. There are two waste paper baskets in the room.
    房间里有两个废纸篓。
  3. Waste paper is burned at the end of each day.
    每天下班时都把废纸烧掉。
  4. They seized on the waste tools and went away with them.
    他们抓起那些报废的工具就走了。
  5. The public are requested not to throw waste paper about in the park.
    公众被要求不得在公园里乱扔废纸。
  6. There is no waste land here.
    这里没有荒芜的土地。
  7. The bicycle was found abandoned on waste ground behind the campus.
    自行车被发现丢在校园后面的荒地上。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. The land became waste.
    这块土地变得荒芜了。
  2. The land still lies waste.
    这片土地还荒废着。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
go〔run〕 to waste
  1. 浪费,白费 be wasted

    Eat some more cake, it's a pity to let it go to waste. 再吃些蛋糕,浪费了很可惜。

    What a pity to see all that water running to waste! 眼看那些水白白浪费掉多可惜!

用作动词 (v.)
waste away (v.+adv.)
  1. 变得衰弱〔消瘦〕 weaken; become thin and pale, possibly ill waste away

    They wasted away for lack of food.由于吃不饱,他们越来越虚弱了。

    He's just wasting away and the doctor seems unable to help.他的体力日见亏损,而大夫好像也无能为力。

    Since my aunt's operation, she has simply been wasting away and may not last long.自从我姑母动手术后,她瘦弱得简直不成样子,可能不久于人世了。

    John is wasting away with his illness.约翰病得越来越瘦了。

    He wasted away to a skeleton.他瘦成皮包骨了。

waste in (v.+prep.)
  1. (在…上)浪费… spend (money or time) (in sb, sth, or doing sth) waste sth (in) v-ing

    Though he had much to do, he wasted his time doing nothing.尽管有许多事等着他去做,但他却浪费时间,什么也不做。

    He persuaded me not to waste my time playing games.他劝我不要浪费时间玩游戏。

    She worked hard at her studies and never wasted time adorning herself.她学习刻苦努力,从不在打扮上浪费时间。

    There was no need to waste any energy thinking about it.没有必要浪费精力去考虑这事。

    You must waste no time in finishing the job.你必须立即完成这项工作。

    We should waste no time in acting.我们得迅速行动。

    There is no use wasting time in discussing the matter.浪费时间去讨论这事是没有用的。

    Don't waste your time in watching television.不要把你的时间浪费在看电视上。

waste on (v.+prep.)
  1. 把…浪费在…上 spend (money or time) foolishly on (sb, sth, or doing sth) waste sth on sb/sth

    I'm not going to waste my time on people who refuse to help themselves.对于自己不争气的人我不打算浪费我的时间。

    Don't waste words on him.He is stubborn.不要在他身上白费口舌了,他很固执。

    I won't waste another minute on you unless you're going to help!假如你不打算帮忙,我就不再对你白费口舌了。

    He wasted his time, money and ability on these worthless people.他在这群无用之辈身上浪费了时间、金钱和精力。

    Don't waste your money on that new soap powder, it's no good.不要花钱去买那种洗衣粉,其效果不佳。

    To think of our having wasted so much money on that.想一想,我们在这上面竟花了这么多钱。

    He wasted a lot of time on things that have no importance.他在不重要的事情上浪费了大量的时间。

    Why did you waste time and energy on something so hopeless?你为什么在这种毫无希望的事情上浪费时间和精力?

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    He allowed no money to be wasted on luxuries.他不让把钱浪费在奢侈品上。

    The humour is wasted on them.这种幽默他们并不欣赏。

    waste sth (on) v-ing

    Don't waste your time on helping underservers.别浪费时间去帮助那些不值得你帮助的人。

    I've wasted too much time fooling around, and I almost ruined my career.我浪费了太多的时间,无所事事,差点毁了我的事业。

    If there is a word you are not familiar with, do not waste too much time worrying about what it might mean.如果你遇到生疏的词,不要浪费太多的时间去考虑它到底是什么意思。

用作形容词 (adj.)
lay waste
  1. 使荒芜,蹂躏(大肆破坏) cause to go out of cultivation; trample on lay waste sth

    The enemy laid waste the whole country.敌人破坏了整个国家。

    The retreating army laid waste the fields and farm buildings along their path.退守的军队沿途破坏了许多农田和农舍。

    Some of the finest cities of Europe have been laid waste by bombing.欧洲一些最漂亮的城市被炸成了废墟。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+副词+介词 ~+介词
用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 动词+~

经典引文

  • We ascended Mount Hopeless,..nothing but an endless waste of barren rock.

    出自:A. Moorehead
  • He was wasted away to no more than a skeleton.

    出自:M. Puzo

waste的详细讲解:

词语用法

n.(名词)
  1. waste用作名词的基本意思是“浪费,滥用”,指对人力、财物、时间等用得不当或没有节制,表示抽象意义,不可数。waste也可作“废料,废弃物”解,指失去原使用价值的、陈旧、破损了的物品,是不可数名词,表示不同种类的废弃物时可用于复数形式。
  2. waste还可作“荒地”解,指没有开垦或没有耕种的土地,作此解时是可数名词,可用于复数形式。
  3. waste后可接of短语作其定语。
v.(动词)
  1. waste的基本意思是“浪费”,即对人、财、物等使用不当或没有节制。其特征表现在主观方面是粗心或奢侈,表现在客观方面则是白白付出而没有取得成就或好处。
  2. waste主要用作及物动词,接名词或代词作宾语。当表示人在某人〔物、事〕上浪费时间〔金钱、精力、话语〕等时,其宾语后常接介词on+ n. 或接(in〔on〕+) v -ing。
  3. waste用作及物动词时还可以表示人〔战争、灾荒〕等使土地〔建筑物〕等荒芜、废弃,也可以表示疾病〔忧虑、高龄〕等使人或其体力〔面容〕等变得衰弱、消瘦。作这两种意思解时常可用于被动结构。
  4. waste也可用作不及物动词,多表示国力变衰、体力消耗或某物减少等,这时主动形式有被动意义。另外, waste用作不及物动词时偶尔也可以人作主语,主要用于祈使句中。
adj.(形容词)
  1. waste用作形容词作“废弃的,无用的”解时,在句中只用作定语。
  2. waste也可用作“荒芜的”解,一般用于修饰土地等,在句中可用作定语,也可用作表语。
  3. waste无比较级和最高级形式。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
waste, refuse, rubbish
这三个词都有“废弃物”的意思。其区别是:
waste 作“废物”解时,是最普通用词,指失去原使用价值的、陈旧、破损了的物品; refuse通常指积聚成一堆的废旧物品或垃圾; rubbish 通常泛指垃圾,包括一切废物,这些废物已毫无用处,毫无价值。例如:
There are many heaps of refuse along the street. 沿街有许多垃圾。
The rubbish here must be cleared away as soon as possible.这儿的垃圾必须尽快清除。
v.(动词)
waste on, waste in
waste后可以接介词on,也可以接in。用on时偏重于“在…上面浪费了…”; 用in时则偏重于“在…的过程中浪费了…”。因此,接时间、金钱、精力或某物时多用on,而接动名词或具有动词意味的名词时多用in。
waste, consume, dissipate, fritter, squander
这组词都有“浪费”的意思。其区别是:
waste指任意地挥霍,通常是花费而不见成果; squander的意思比waste强,强调胡乱花费,含有花光而导致贫困的意思; dissipate指因奢侈而丧失东西,犹如随风撒东西一样,强调将存有的东西用光或几乎用光; fritter常和away连用,指一点一点地花费,或花费在不重要的东西上,含有逐渐用光的意思; consume强调吞食或毁坏,但也可指完全浪费或挥霍掉,用于金钱或财产时,指频繁地减少,偶尔用于时间或精力时,指无益地花费。例如:
The council has been squandering the ratepayers' money.市议会一直在挥霍房地产纳税人的金钱。
He dissipated his large fortune in a few years of heavy spending.他在几年的大肆挥霍中把自己一大笔财产都花光了。
She fritters away all her money on clothes and trips to the cinema.她把所有金钱都浪费在穿衣服和看电影上了。
The fire soon consumed the wooden buildings.大火很快就把那些木制建筑物吞没了。
waste, spend
这两个词都可表示“耗费时间、金钱、精力等”,其区别是:
spend是“花有所得”,而waste则是“徒劳无益”。试比较:
  • He spent a lot of money on〔in〕 enter- taining friends.
  • 他在招待朋友上花了许多钱。
  • (含有“真朋友,需要时会给予帮助”)
  • He wasted a lot of money on〔in〕 enter- taining friends.
  • 他在招待朋友上花了许多钱。
  • (酒肉朋友,吃你、喝你不帮你)
waste garbage rubbish litter debris junk
这些名词均含“废物,垃圾”之意。
  • waste:waste普通用词,概念广泛,指任何被丢弃的东西。
  • garbage:garbage主要指有机废料,包括厨房的剩菜剩饭或不能再用的食物。也可作引申用。
  • rubbish:rubbish普通用词,指任何成堆的、破损的、用过的或无用的东西,尤指弃掉的垃圾堆。也可作引申用。
  • litter:litter是四下乱丢物品的总称,尤指散落于地,有碍观瞻的废物。
  • debris:debris着重指分解、分裂或破坏后剩下的碎片,也指零散的普通废品。
  • junk:junk指回收的旧汽车或大型机器,也指毫无实用价值,或破烂物体,但不指垃圾。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 同他谈论这件事是浪费时间。

    It's a waste of time to talk with him about it.

    It's a waste of time talking with him about it.

    It's a waste of time句型常接 v -ing而不接to- v 作主语。

v.(动词)
  1. 做那些不重要的事浪费了他许多时间。

    He wasted a lot of time to do things that have little importance.

    He wasted a lot of time on things that have little importance.

    He wasted a lot of time in doing things that have little importance.

    表示“浪费时间〔金钱、精力〕去做某事”可以说waste time〔money,energy〕 (in〔on〕) v -ing,不能说waste time〔money,energy〕 to- v 。

  2. 他浪费在这方面的时间太多了。

    He wasted too much time for it.

    He wasted too much time on it.

    表示“在…方面浪费”须用介词on或over,不可用for。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1200左右年进入英语,直接源自盎格鲁法语的wasetr,意为损坏,毁坏;最初源自古典拉丁语的vastare,意为摧毁。

waste的相关资料:

正版词典

waste : 消耗 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
waste : 浪费,损耗 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

缩略词

waste的相关缩略词,共有3

互动百科

  • waste:waste n. 废物, 浪费, 损耗, 消耗, 地面风化物, 垃圾, 荒地adj. 废弃的, 荒芜的, 多余的vt. 浪费, 消耗, 使荒芜vi. 被浪费, 挥霍钱财, 变消瘦, 被损耗 英英解释:…

临近单词

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