damp

  核心词汇  
[dæmp]     [dæmp]    
  • adj. 潮湿的;有湿气的;沮丧的
  • n. 湿气;潮湿
  • vt. 使潮湿;使扫兴
  • vi. 变潮湿
dampish damply damper dampest dampness damped damped damping damps
new

damp的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. 潮湿的,微湿的
  2. 有湿气的,湿气重的
  3. 沮丧的,(意志)消沉的,情绪低落的
  4. 令人失望的事,令人扫兴的事
  5. 汗津津的,湿漉漉的
  6. 不完全干燥的
n. (名词)
  1. 湿气,潮气
  2. 有毒气体
  3. 潮湿
  4. <古>消沈,沮丧,消沉,失望
  5. (矿井)瓦斯
  6. 湿块
  7. 制动
  8. 湿度,水分含量
v. (动词)
  1. 使潮湿,弄潮,变湿,濡湿,打湿
  2. 使沮丧
  3. 抑制,控制,阻抑,抑止
  4. 降低,减弱
  5. 【物】(使)阻尼,(使)减幅
  6. 使(火)减弱,灭火
  7. 封,灭
  8. 【音】制止(琴弦)的音
  9. 给...泼冷水
  10. 使败兴,衰减
  11. 制止…的振动

双解释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. 潮湿的,不完全干燥的 not completely dry; slightly wet
v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. (使)潮湿 make damp
  2. vt. & vi. (使)减弱,抑制 depress, restrain
  3. vt. & vi. (使)沮丧,(使)败兴 make sad or dull

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a slight wetness

Adjective:
  1. slightly wet;

    "clothes damp with perspiration"
    "a moist breeze"
    "eyes moist with tears"

Verb:
  1. deaden (a sound or noise), especially by wrapping

  2. restrain or discourage;

    "the sudden bad news damped the joyous atmosphere"

  3. make vague or obscure or make (an image) less visible;

    "muffle the message"

  4. lessen in force or effect;

    "soften a shock"
    "break a fall"

damp的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. Damp wood doesn't burn well.
    潮湿的木头不好烧。
  2. The building was cold and damp.
    这房子又冷又湿。
  3. The cheese molded in the damp cellar.
    乳酪在潮湿的地下室中长了霉。
  4. The party was a bit of a damp squib.
    这次聚会有些扫兴。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The air of this room is impregnated with damp.
    这房间充满着湿气。
  2. The damp has started the timbers.
    潮湿已使梁木弯翘了。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. Damp the cloth before you clean the windows.
    在擦玻璃窗之前,把揩布弄湿。
  2. The setback did not damp his zest.
    挫折没有使他降低热情。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. Nothing could damp down my passion.
    任何事情都不能磨灭我的激情。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. I don't like a damp weather.
    我不喜欢潮湿的天气。
  2. The damp air makes my old bones hurt.
    潮湿的空气令我的老骨头受到了伤害。
  3. The statue was erected in a damp grove at Olympia.
    雕像建造在奥林匹亚潮湿的小树林中。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. There is too much damp here.
    这里太潮湿。
  2. The building was cold and damp.
    那房子又冷又湿。
  3. Everything gets damp on raining days.
    雨天什么东西都变湿了。
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. My clothes are damp from the rain.
    我的衣服被雨水打湿了。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. You should damp clothes before ironing them.
    在熨衣服之前应将衣服打湿。
  2. She damped her cloth before cleaning the window.
    擦窗之前她先把揩布弄湿。
  3. Damp the cloth, please.
    请把这块布弄湿。
  4. Nothing could damp his spirits.
    任何事情都不能使他精神消沉。
  5. Weariness didn't damp the traveller's enthusiasm.
    疲惫并没有降低那个旅行者的热情。
  6. 1
  7. If you walk in the rain for a while, your clothes will be damped.
    如果你在雨中走,那么你的衣服将被雨淋湿。
  8. His zeal was damped by the apathy of the public.
    公众的冷漠使他沮丧。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
damp down (v.+adv.)
    减少 lessen
    damp sth ⇔ down

    The best way to lay the dust is to damp the floor down, and then rub it all over with a piece of cloth.

    不使尘土飞扬的最好方法就是把地板润湿一下,随后用布擦一遍。

    You'd better damp down the ground and then sweep it.

    你最好先在地上洒一层水,然后再打扫。

    damp sth ⇔ down

    We may damp down the fire furnace for the night.

    我们可以把火炉子封上过夜。

    Don't forget to damp down the fire before going to bed.

    上床睡觉之前,别忘了封火。

    If you don't use the fire now, you can damp it down.

    如果你现在不用火,你可以把火封上。

    damp sth ⇔ down

    A few weeks' hard work should damp down his keenness.

    几星期的艰苦工作减弱了他的热情。

    They were too keen at first and we had to damp down their enthusiasm.

    起初他们的心情太着急,我们只好给他们泼点冷水。

    Difficulties did not damp down his enthusiasm.

    困难没能够挫伤他的积极性。

    damp down

    My hope of a better job damped down after six years' waiting.

    经过六年的等待,我想找份好工作的希望淡漠了。

damp off (v.+adv.)
    (幼苗)因水分过多而烂死 (of plants) die because of too much water
    damp off

    You must see to it that there isn't too much water in the fields, otherwise the seedlings might damp off.

    当心不要让田里积水太多,不然的话,秧苗要烂坏的。

    It rained so much last year that half the vegetable crops damped off.

    去年雨水过多,一半蔬菜都泡烂了。

    The plants have damped off.

    这些植物已淹死了。

    Don't give those plants too much water; they will damp off.

    别给这些植物浇太多的水,它们会淹死的。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+副词

经典引文

  • We keep fires in all the rooms by turns, so that no damp has come to the tapestry.

    出自: T. S. Surr
  • Amid the chills and damps Of the vast plain where death encamps.

    出自: Longfellow
  • With looks Down cast and damp.

    出自: Milton
  • All shutting in of Air..dampeth the Sound.

    出自: Bacon

damp的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj. (形容词)
  1. damp的基本意思是“潮湿的”,主要用于修饰有形物,含有不像应该的那么干燥或比人们所喜欢的更湿的意味。不指科技术语中的绝对意义的“湿度大”。
  2. damp在句中可用作定语、表语或宾语补足语。
  3. damp的比较级为damper,最高级为dampest。
v. (动词)
  1. damp的基本意思是“(使)潮湿”,可指稍微地潮湿,也可指适度地潮湿,还可指令人不快地潮湿,可用作不及物动词或及物动词,用作及物动词时,可接名词或代词作宾语。可用于被动结构。
  2. damp引申可表示“抑制,使沮丧”,后接副词down,表示“封(火),降低(火势); 使失去精力或劲头; 遏制”等意思,接副词off,表示“(苗、芽等)因多水而腐烂”。

词义辨析

adj. (形容词)
damp, moist, soaking, wet
  • 这组词都有“潮湿的”的意思。其区别在于:
  • 1.在程度上, soaking > wet > damp > moist:soaking指完全湿了; wet指中等的潮湿; damp指不干燥,有点儿潮; moist指未完全干,还有点潮,尤其是表面潮湿。例如:
  • I tried to squeeze the water out of my soaking skirt.我用力拧掉我那件湿透了的裙子上的水。
  • He took off his wet shoes.他把湿鞋子脱了下来。
  • Damp wood won't burn.湿柴无法燃烧。
  • The grass was moist from the morning dew.草上沾着露水,很潮湿。
  • 2.wet有时含有令人不快的意味,另外三个词则没有。例如:
  • Her cheeks were wet with tears.她的双颊流着眼泪。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自古德语的demphen,意为使蒸发,产生蒸汽。

    damp的相关资料:

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