dry

  基本词汇  
[draɪ]     [draɪ]    
  • adj.干的;干燥的;干旱的;口渴的;枯燥的
  • v.(使)变干
dryly drier / dryer driest / dryest dryness drys dried dried drying dries
new

dry是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 干的
  2. 干燥的
  3. 禁酒的,无酒的
  4. 干旱的,干枯的
  5. 口渴的
  6. 无水分的
  7. 枯燥乏味的
  8. 干咳的
  9. 干性的
  10. 无黄油的
  11. 无甜味的
  12. 无泪的
  13. 机敏的
  14. 无奶的
  15. 不形于色的, 不露声色的
  16. 不动感情的,冷冰冰的
v.(动词)
  1. 变干,干透
  2. (把…)弄干,使干燥
  3. 戒酒瘾
  4. (湖泊等)枯竭,干涸,干枯
  5. 耗尽
  6. 突然说不出话来,突然住口
  7. 擦干(刚洗的碗碟),揩干
  8. 风干,晒干
  9. 排干
  10. 使(乳牛)停止产奶
  11. 晾着
n.(名词)
  1. <俚>信服柴契尔夫人的政治意识的保守政客
  2. 禁酒主义者, 赞成禁酒的人,戒酒的人
  3. 干燥(状态)
  4. 干燥场
  5. 干裂
  6. 裂缝,隐形裂缝
  7. 干季
  8. 苔黄燥
  9. 干燥的事物, 干物
  10. 干涸,干旱
  11. 旱灾
  12. 干旱地区
  13. 干性皮肤

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 干的,干燥的,无雨的 not wet; free from moisture; not raining
  2. 缺水的,口渴的,使人口渴的 not supplying water; thirsty; causing thirst
  3. 禁酒的 (of a country or region) where it is illegal to buy or sell alcoholic drink
  4. 无趣味的,枯燥的,一本正经地表达出来的 uninteresting; dull; expressed seriously or undemonstratively
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 变干,把…弄干 become or cause to become dry

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
dry : 干的, 干燥 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
dry : 干燥的, 枯 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
dry : 忘 ...
在 《外教社戏曲舞蹈英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a reformer who opposes the use of intoxicating beverages

Adjective:
  1. free from liquid or moisture; lacking natural or normal moisture or depleted of water; or no longer wet;

    "dry land"
    "dry clothes"
    "a dry climate"
    "dry splintery boards"
    "a dry river bed"
    "the paint is dry"

  2. humorously sarcastic or mocking;

    "dry humor"
    "an ironic remark often conveys an intended meaning obliquely"
    "an ironic novel"
    "an ironical smile"
    "with a wry Scottish wit"

  3. lacking moisture or volatile components;

    "dry paint"

  4. opposed to or prohibiting the production and sale of alcoholic beverages;

    "the dry vote led by preachers and bootleggers"
    "a dry state"

  5. not producing milk;

    "a dry cow"

  6. (of liquor) having a low residual sugar content because of decomposition of sugar during fermentation;

    "a dry white burgundy"
    "a dry Bordeaux"

  7. without a mucous or watery discharge;

    "a dry cough"
    "that rare thing in the wintertime; a small child with a dry nose"

  8. not shedding tears;

    "dry sobs"
    "with dry eyes"

  9. lacking interest or stimulation; dull and lifeless;

    "a dry book"
    "a dry lecture filled with trivial details"
    "dull and juiceless as only book knowledge can be when it is unrelated to...life"

  10. used of solid substances in contrast with liquid ones;

    "dry weight"

  11. unproductive especially of the expected results;

    "a dry run"
    "a mind dry of new ideas"

  12. having no adornment or coloration;

    "dry facts"
    "rattled off the facts in a dry mechanical manner"

  13. (of food) eaten without a spread or sauce or other garnish;

    "dry toast"
    "dry meat"

  14. having a large proportion of strong liquor;

    "a very dry martini is almost straight gin"

  15. lacking warmth or emotional involvement;

    "a dry greeting"
    "a dry reading of the lines"
    "a dry critique"

  16. practicing complete abstinence from alcoholic beverages;

    "he's been dry for ten years"
    "no thank you; I happen to be teetotal"

Verb:
  1. remove the moisture from and make dry;

    "dry clothes"
    "dry hair"

  2. become dry or drier;

    "The laundry dries in the sun"

dry的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. The soil is too dry for planting.
    土太干了,不能种东西。
  2. After these dry days, everyone hopes for rain.
    干燥的天气之后,人人都希望下雨。
  3. We should prepare for more dry weather.
    我们应该为更干旱的天气做准备。
  4. I always feel dry in this hot weather.
    遇到这种炎热天气我总感到口渴。
  5. The book is as dry as dust.
    这本书枯燥无味。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. The bread will dry out if it is left on the table.
    不要把面包放在桌上,它会变干的。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. They had some hot drinks to wash down their dry muffins.
    他们就着热饮料吃下干松饼。
  2. The hot dry earth drank up the rain.
    干旱发烫的土地把雨水全吸光了。
  3. South Australia is dry climate.
    南澳大利亚是干旱气候。
  4. It was the driest summer in years.
    这是多年来最旱的夏天。
  5. This winter is dry.
    今年冬天很干燥。
  6. A dry spell threatened the crops last year.
    去年一段旱期威胁着庄稼。
  7. They walked along a dry riverbed.
    他们沿着干涸的河床走。
  8. He did not bother to hide anything but presented the dry facts to them.
    他并没有掩饰什么,而是把事实原原本本地讲给他们听。
  9. He gives the driest speeches I've ever listened to.
    他做了我所听过的最枯燥无味的演说。
  10. A dry book is no interesting one.
    一本枯燥无味的书是没意思的。
  11. When I read the novel I skipped these dry passages of description.
    我读这本小说的时候,就跳过了这几段毫无趣味的描写。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. The paint on this door is not yet dry, be careful.
    这门上的漆还没干,小心点。
  2. The clothes are dry.
    这些衣服是干的。
  3. She wiped the dish until it was dry.
    她把碟子擦干。
  4. The pond is pumped dry.
    这池子被吸干了。
  5. The leaves of this tree have become dry and withered.
    这棵树下的叶子干枯了。
  6. The paint on the bench is not dry yet; be careful!
    当心,长椅上的油漆未干!
  7. The machine automatically stops when it runs dry.
    这种机器一没有水就自动停止。
  8. The well has gone dry.
    这口井已经干枯了。
  9. This cow is dry.
    这头牛不产奶了。
  10. My mouth is dry.
    我口渴。
  11. I'm so dry, let's stop here for a soda.
    我太口渴了,咱们在这里歇歇,喝点汽水吧。
  12. I always feel dry in this hot weather doing this dry work in the sun.
    大热天,在太阳下干这种使人口干的活,我总觉得很渴。
  13. My throat was dry after the long trip.
    经过长途跋涉,我的喉咙发干。
  14. There are still some dry states in this country.
    这个国家还有几个州禁酒。
  15. That wine is too dry for my taste.
    那种酒我喝起来甜味太淡了。
  16. The subject is as dry as sawdust.
    这问题枯燥无味。
  17. His sense of humour is very dry.
    他的幽默(感)是一本正经的。
  18. She sat there looking dry and indifferent.
    她坐在那里神情冷漠,一副漫不经心的样子。
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. The stream ran dry in drought.
    天旱时这条小溪干了。
  2. My fountain pen ran dry in the middle of a sentence.
    句子才写到一半,我的自来水笔就没有墨水了。
  3. The soil is too dry for planting.
    这土壤太干燥,不宜种植。
S+be+~+to- v
  1. Is this wood dry enough to burn?
    这木柴是否干到可以燃烧的程度了?
用作宾语补足语 S+V+O+~
  1. He drank the cup dry.
    他把这杯喝干了。
  2. She wrings the clothes dry.
    她把衣服绞干了。
  3. This walk has made me dry, do you think we can get a drink here?
    步行使我口渴,你不想我们在这儿喝点什么吗?
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. I hang the washing on a rope to dry.
    我把洗了的衣物挂在绳子上晾干。
  2. Nothing dries sooner than a tear.
    眼泪最容易干。
  3. Nylon-ware dries easily.
    尼龙织物易干。
  4. When wet materials dry, a liquid is changed to a vapour.
    当湿的材料变干时,液体就变为蒸汽。
  5. The clothes dried in the sun.
    衣服在太阳下晒干了。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He was drying himself with a towel.
    他在用毛巾擦干身子。
  2. We were drying our clothes by squeezing.
    我们把衣服拧干。
  3. There we prepared to dry our clothes over a fire and boil some drinking water.
    我们准备在那里把衣服烘干,烧点水喝。
  4. He was drying his clothes over the fire.
    他正在火上把衣服烘干。
  5. He swam in easily enough, dried himself in the sun, and put on his clothes.
    他很容易地游了回去,在阳光下晒干身体,穿上衣服。
  6. We dried our grain thoroughly.
    我们把粮食晒得干透了。
  7. Would you please dry it with blotting-paper?
    请用吸墨纸吸干它好吗?
  8. She dried her eyes and continued to work.
    她擦干眼泪,继续工作。
  9. 用于be ~ed结构
  10. You'd better fasten the wet clothes on the rope while they are being dried.
    晾湿衣服时,你最好把它们夹在绳子上。
  11. Clothes are washed and dried by washing machines and ironed with electric irons.
    衣服用电动洗衣机洗涤和烘干,再用电熨斗熨平。
S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. They dried milk to make dried milk.
    他们使牛奶脱水制成奶粉。
其他 v -ed as Attrib.
  1. I like dried fruit.
    我爱吃干果。

常用短语

用作形容词 (adj.)
as dry as a bone
  1. 干极了 completely dry

    I am as dry as a bone. 我口渴极了。

    The earth seemed as dry as a bone. 这地干得快冒烟了。

    The soil was very hard and as dry as a bone. 这土壤非常坚硬,干透了。

    We went camping in Scotland and though it rained very hard we had a very good tent and stayed as dry as a bone. 我们到苏格兰去露营; 虽然雨下得很大,但我们有个很好的帐篷,十分干燥。

as dry as dust
  1. 乏味极了 very boring

    The book was as dry as dust. 这本书乏味极了。

    You won't find any exciting books on those shelves, they're all as dry as dust. 在那些书架上你找不到什么动人的书,都是十分枯燥的。

boil dry
  1. 煮干 boil until there is none left

    Don't let the pan boil dry. 别把锅里的水煮干了。

not dry behind the ears
  1. 〈美俚〉无经验的; 乳臭未干的 be young and inexperienced

    The young man had just started working for the firm, and was not dry behind the ears yet. 这个年轻人刚开始为公司工作,还没有经验。

    Adult responsibilities were forced on him, although he was still not dry behind the ears. 他还是个乳臭未干的小孩,但许多成年人的责任都已经强加在他身上了。

    Though he was not dry behind the ears, he had to make a living by himself. 他虽未成年,但得自己谋生。

用作动词 (v.)
dry off (v.+adv.)
  1. (使)弄干,(使)变干 become dry; make dry dry off

    The clothes soon dried off in the sun.衣服在阳光下很快就干了。

    Your clothes should have dried off by this time.你的衣服此时应该干透了。

    dry sb/oneself/sth ⇔ off

    She dried herself off with a thick towel.她用厚毛巾擦干了身子。

    This high wind will dry the ground off.这场大风会刮干地面的。

    Dry yourself off thoroughly after your swim, or you might catch cold.游泳后要彻底擦干身子,否则你会感冒的。

dry out (v.+adv.)
  1. (使)变干,(使)干涸 become dry; make dry dry out

    The wet clothes will soon dry out in the sun.湿衣服放在太阳下面很快就会晒干。

    We waited for our wet clothes to dry out.我们等待我们的湿衣服干透。

    Don't leave that bread on the table, it will dry out.别把面包放在桌子上,它会变干的。

    You should let that wood dry out before you use it for anything.那块木料不管派什么用场,你都应该先让它干透。

    Will this flooded ground ever dry out?这块洪水淹过的地还会干吗?

    dry sth ⇔ out

    She hung up her wet clothes in order to dry them out.她把她的湿衣服挂起来,以便晾干。

    The flood subsided and the hot sun dried out the wooden buildings.洪水退后,烈日把木屋都晒干了。

  2. 〈非正〉(使)戒(酒、毒等) treat sb or be treated for alcoholism dry out

    It's not easy for him to dry out since he has a lot of drug-addict friends.他的毒瘾不易戒掉,因为他的很多朋友都是吸毒鬼。

    dry sb out

    Will the doctors be able to dry the actor out in time for his next film?医生们能及时使这名演员在拍下部片子前戒毒吗?

    To dry him out is the only way to make him healthy.戒毒是使他身体康复的唯一办法。

dry up (v.+adv.)
  1. (使…)干涸 cause to become completely dry dry up

    The ground dried up quickly after the rain.雨后地很快就干了。

    The streams dried up in spring溪流在春天干涸。

    The river in front of my house dried up last summer.去年夏天,我们屋前的那条河干涸了。

    The dry spell lasted so long that nearly all the streams and ponds in the area dried up.干旱延续了很长时间,那个地区几乎所有的河塘都干涸了。

    The reservoir dried up during the four-month drought.蓄水池在4个月的干旱期间全干了。

    The sports-field has now dried up. Let's go and do some running.运动场已经干了,我们去跑步吧。

    Seas may dry up, stones wear away, but my heart will never change.海可枯,石可烂,我的心永不变。

    dry sth ⇔ up

    The long drought dried up all the wells.长期的干旱使所有的井都干涸了。

    The sun came out and dried up the streets.太阳出来把马路晒干了。

  2. 枯竭; 用光,耗尽 be completely used, exhausted or finished dry up

    We have no milk to sell; the cows have dried up.奶牛没奶了; 我们没有牛奶可卖。

    Will his powers of invention ever dry up?他的创造力会枯竭吗?

    My imagination has not dried up yet.我的想象力还没有完全枯竭呢。

    In middle age his inspiration dried up.他中年时期就没有灵感了。

    After his third novel, his imagination seemed to dry up.写完第三本小说后,他的想象力似乎枯竭了。

    Your savings will soon dry up if you spend your money like that.像那样花钱的话,你的积蓄会很快用光的。

  3. 〈英〉擦干碗碟 make tea-cups dry dry up

    I'll wash the dishes if you'll dry up for me.如果你来擦碟的话,我就洗这些碟子。

    dry sth ⇔ up

    Dry up the dishes!把碟子擦干!

  4. 〈非正〉住口 stop talking dry up

    Oh, dry up!喂,住口!

    Dry up! Don't say any more!住嘴,别再说了!

    I wish the conversation will dry up.我希望谈话不要再继续下去。

    Can't you dry up?I'm tired of hearing such nonsense.你住嘴好吗?我听腻了这种废话。

    Now I'm going to dry up and let someone else have his say.现在我就不讲了,让其他人发言。

    “Dry up!” he said angrily to me.他气愤地对我说:“不要说啦!”

    dry sb up

    A funny answer might dry her up for a short time.一个滑稽可笑的回答会使她短时间内说不下去。

  5. (演员等)忘记台词或动作 (in acting) forget one's lines or part dry up

    When I got on the stage I just dried up.我上了舞台,就把台词都忘光了。

    The actor dried up in the middle of his speech.这位演员说到一半忘了台词。

    She paused, and John feared that she was about to dry up.她停住了,约翰担心她说不下去了。

  6. 像蒸发似地消散或消失 disappear or vanish as if by evaporating dry up

    The Senator's influence dried up when he was voted out of office.那参议员在他竞选失败后,影响力也消失了。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 动词+~ 副词+~ ~+副词 ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 副词+~ ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • You had no dry clothes to replace wet ones.

    出自:N. Gordimer
  • With this dry wind the wheat seed..could not sprout.

    出自:P. S. Buck
  • She dries her eyes and regains her composure.

    出自:E. O
  • Make a fire in the kitchen and dry your things.

    出自:E. Hemingway

dry的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj.(形容词)
  1. dry用作形容词时的基本含义是表示“无论从特征还是从状态上都看不见水分的”,也可表示“水汽不足或缺少正常情况所必需的水分”,还可指“水源或其他液体枯竭”。引申可表示书、讲演、课题、教义等“枯燥的,乏味的”; 形容人的举止、言词时,意为“缺乏激情的”,也可指为表示镇静而压制感情; 还可用来形容奶牛等“没有奶的”,作家等“才情枯竭的”以及国家或地区“禁酒的”或个人“戒酒的”。
v.(动词)
  1. dry用作动词时的基本含义是通过加热、蒸发、吸收、固化等各种方法或过程去掉水汽,使之变干。用于比喻可指资源或供应耗尽、枯竭。
  2. dry可用作不及物动词或及物动词。用作不及物动词时意为“变干”,常接at the fire, by heat, in the sun等介词短语表示“变干”的方法或途径。用作及物动词时主语可为人,也可为物或事物,接名词或代词作宾语,可用于被动结构。

词义辨析

adj.(形容词)
dry, dried
这两个词的意思都是“干的”, dry是形容词,指本身是干的; 而dried是过去分词,指经过处理而变干。例如:
dry clothes干衣服; dried vegetable干菜。再如:dry grass指草是“干的”状态,而dried grass指晒干的草(有“过程”的含义)。
v.(动词)
dry, bake
这两个词的共同含义是“去掉水分而变干”。其区别是:
dry含义广泛,可指任何脱水变干的过程(如蒸发、吸收、固化等)和方法(如加热、吸水等); 而bake仅指“在火上加热、脱水、变干并硬结成块”,即bake是dry的一种过程和方法。例如:
The stream dried up during the hot summer.小溪在炎热的夏季干涸了。
本句的dry不可换用bake。
We dried our clothes in front of the fire.我们在火前烘干了我们的衣服。
本句中的dry也不能换为bake,因为烘干的衣服并未硬结成块。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的dgrye,意为干的;最初源自古英语的drangr,意为干木。

dry的相关资料:

正版词典

dry : 干的,干燥 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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【反义词】

缩略词

dry的相关缩略词,共有3

互动百科

  • dry:dry adj. 干的, 干燥的, 口渴的vt. (使)干燥, (使)变干v. 干燥 英英解释:名词dry:1. a reformer who opposes the use of intoxicat…

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