extinguish

  扩展词汇  
[ɪk'stɪŋɡwɪʃ]     [ɪk'stɪŋɡwɪʃ]    
  • vt. 熄灭;扑灭;消灭;使破灭;偿清
extinguishable extinguishment extinguished extinguished extinguishing extinguishes
new

extinguish的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. 使熄灭,扑灭 stop burning; put out
  2. vt. 使…不复存在 end the existence of hope, love, passion, etc.

英英释义

Verb:
  1. put an end to; kill;

    "The Nazis snuffed out the life of many Jewish children"

  2. put out, as of fires, flames, or lights;

    "Too big to be extinguished at once, the forest fires at best could be contained"
    "quench the flames"
    "snuff out the candles"

  3. extinguish by crushing;

    "stub out your cigar"

  4. terminate, end, or take out;

    "Let's eliminate the course on Akkadian hieroglyphics"
    "Socialism extinguished these archaic customs"
    "eliminate my debts"

  5. kill in large numbers;

    "the plague wiped out an entire population"

extinguish的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. Smoking is forbidden. Please extinguish your cigarettes.
    吸烟是禁止的,请你把烟熄掉。
  2. They tried to extinguish the flames.
    他们竭力要把火焰扑灭。
  3. The dictator wanted to extinguish all of his opposition in one go.
    这位独裁者想一口气消灭所有对手。
  4. Nothing could extinguish his faith in human nature.
    没有什么能使他丧失对人性的信心。
  5. We have to extinguish the memory of the defeat.
    我们必须抹去对那次失败的记忆。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He extinguished his opponents with a single word.
    他一句话便使对手哑口无言。
  2. You may extinguish a nation, but not the love of liberty.
    你能灭亡一个国家,但却不能消灭人们对自由的热爱。
  3. Firemen extinguished the blaze quickly.
    消防队员很快把火扑灭。
  4. Nothing could extinguish his faith in human nature.
    没什么能使他丧失对人性的信念。
  5. His discovery extinguished the achievements of his colleague.
    他的发现使他的同事的成就黯然失色。
  6. 1
  7. Hope for his safe arrival was slowly extinguished.
    对他平安到达的希望慢慢地破灭了。
  8. His life was finally extinguished by the onset of pneumonia.
    他的生命之火终于因肺炎的侵袭而熄灭了。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词

经典引文

  • He extinguished the light and mounted the stairs in darkness.

    出自: W. Trevor
  • Nothing could wholly extinguish the flame of genius.

    出自: fig.

extinguish的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. extinguish的基本意思是用窒息、闷死、水浇等方法“使熄灭”“扑灭”。extinguish还可引申表示如同吹灭一支蜡烛或用水浇灭一堆火一样使某事物突然和完全结束、不复存在或销声匿迹。
  2. extinguish是及物动词,接名词或代词作宾语,可用于被动结构。
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