consist

  核心词汇  
[kən'sɪst]     [kən'sɪst]    
  • vi. 由 ... 组成;构成;在于;符合
consisted consisted consisting consists
new

consist的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 在于,存在于,包含在...中,表现为
  2. (由...)构成,(由...)组成
  3. 符合,一致,连贯
  4. 适合
  5. 并存,并立,共存
  6. 生存
  7. 包括,包含
  8. 连结在一起

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vi. 由…组成〔构成〕 be made up of
  2. vi. 主要是 have as the chief or only element

英英释义

Verb:
  1. originate (in);

    "The problems dwell in the social injustices in this country"

  2. have its essential character; be comprised or contained in; be embodied in;

    "The payment consists in food"
    "What does love consist in?"

  3. be consistent in form, tenor, or character; be congruous;

    "Desires are to be satisfied only so far as consists with an approved end"

  4. be composed of;

    "The land he conquered comprised several provinces"
    "What does this dish consist of?"

consist的用法和样例:

例句

用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. The United Kingdom consists of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
    联合王国由大不列颠和北爱尔兰组成。
  2. How many players does a baseball team consist of?
    棒球队由几名队员组成?
  3. Matters consist of molecules, and molecules of atoms.
    物质由分子构成,而分子由原子构成。
  4. The islands consist of oyster reefs covered with a thin veneer of black mud.
    由牡蛎礁构成的小岛上覆盖着一层薄薄的黑色软泥。
  5. The beauty of the plan consists in its simplicity.
    该计划的妙处在于简洁明了。
  6. The beauty of Venice consists largely in the style of its ancient buildings.
    威尼斯的美很大程度上在于它那古代建筑的风格。
  7. Health does not consist with intemperance.
    健康和酗酒不能相容。
  8. The report does not consist with the fact.
    那报导与事实不合。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Learning and personality do not always consist together.
    学问与人格并不总是相一致的。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
consist in (v.+prep.)
    〈正〉以…为要素; 主要在于 make sth as its main part
    consist in sth/v-ing

    The beauty of this picture consists in its balance of colours.

    这张画美就美在色调均匀。

    Happiness consists in contentment.

    知足常乐。

    The true wealth does not consist in what we have, but in what we are.

    真正的财富不在于我们拥有什么,而在于我们的人格。

    Happiness consists in serving the people whole-heartedly.

    幸福在于全心全意地为人民服务。

consist of (v.+prep.)
    由…组成〔构成〕; 包括 be made up of; be composed of; include
    consist of sb/sth/v-ing

    A football team consists of 11 players.

    一个足球队由11名球员组成。

    The House of Commons consisted of 658 members.

    众议院是由658名成员组成的。

    A week consists of seven days.

    七天构成一星期。

    The book consists of nineteen chapters.

    全书共分19章。

    The United Kingdom consists of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

    英国由大不列颠和北爱尔兰组成。

    All bodies consist of molecules and molecules consist of atoms.

    一切物质都由分子组成,而分子由原子组成。

    Man consists of soul and body.

    人是由精神和肉体组成。

    The entire world consists of matter.

    整个世界都是由物质构成的。

    The material consists of eighty-five percent wool.

    这种衣料含有85%的毛。

    The atmosphere consists of more than 70% of nitrogen.

    大气中含有70%以上的氮气。

    As my secretary, your duty consists of answering the calls.

    作为我的秘书,你的职责包括接电话。

    I learned that the next entertainment would consist of a ballet entitled The Golden Harvest .

    我听说下一个节目是芭蕾舞,名叫《金色的收获》。

    A chair consists of a seat with a back.

    椅子是由椅座和椅背构成的。

consist with (v.+prep.)
    〈正〉和…一致; 并存 be equal to
    consist with sth

    The politician's actions do not consist with the promises in his speeches.

    那位 政客的行为与他在演说里所作的承诺不符。

    Love does not consist with hate.

    爱与恨是不能并存的。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Moral government consists..in rewarding the righteous, and punishing the wicked.

    出自: S. Butler
  • Part of my unease about my cousin consisted in a fear that he would succeed in life and I would fail.

    出自: I. Murdoch

consist的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. consist的基本意思是“某物由…组成”,是不及物动词。其后常接of短语表示其构成情况,且只用于一般时态,不用于进行体和完成体,也不用于被动结构。
  2. consist还常与in, with连用。与in连用表示“以…为要素”“主要在于”; 与with连用表示“和…一致”“并存”。
  1. consist of/in/with这三者各不相同:consist of 意为“由……组成,构成”。consist in意为“在于”或“存在于”。consist with意为“与……并存,或一致”。

    Our group consists of five teachers.
    我们组由5个老师组成。

    Correct English consists in the correct use of words and phrases.
    改正英语在于改正词和短语的用法。

    Theory should consist with pratice.
    理论要与实践并存。

  2. consist of 与contain的区别:consist of后面接全体的各部分。contain 后面接全体的一部分。但是在说到容量和重量的时候,两者意思相同。

    The poem, which consists of ten paragraphs.
    这首诗,由十个段落组成。

    The poem,which contains two paragraphs of description.
    这首诗包含了两段介绍的段落。

    A gallon consists of (或contains) four quarts.

词义辨析

v. (动词)
consist of, compose, comprise, constitute
  • 这组词都是“包括”的意思。其区别是:
  • 1.compose多用于被动结构,其主语多为物质名词或集合名词; comprise和constitute既可用于主动结构,也可用于被动结构; consist of则不能用于被动结构,意思与被动结构的compose完全相同。
  • 2.compose偶尔也用于主动结构,其主语通常为复数名词或集合名词。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 1520年左右进入英语,直接源自拉丁语的consistere:com(一起)+sistere(放置),意为坚决站在一起。
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