forgive

  核心词汇  
[fə'ɡɪv]     [fər'ɡɪv]    
  • v. 原谅;宽恕;饶恕
forgivable forgivably forgiver forgave forgiven forgiving forgives
new

forgive的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 原谅,饶恕,宽恕
  2. 免除,豁免,宽免(债务),放弃索(债)
  3. 厚待,释然,容得下
  4. 不念旧恶,不记仇
  5. (银行、国家等)免除(债务)
  6. 放任,宽容,赦免(罪过,过错)

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 原谅; 饶恕 say or feel that one is no longer angry about
  2. vt. 免除 say that sb need not repay sth

英英释义

Verb:
  1. stop blaming or grant forgiveness;

    "I forgave him his infidelity"
    "She cannot forgive him for forgetting her birthday"

  2. absolve from payment;

    "I forgive you your debt"

forgive的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. Forgive me.
    请原谅我。
  2. If he is really repentant, we should forgive him.
    如果他真心悔过,我们就应该原谅他。
  3. He is not a man who forgives easily.
    他不是一个肯轻易宽恕人的人。
  4. They forgive the people who trespass against them.
    他们总是宽恕冒犯他们的人。
  5. I forgave him his crimes.
    我饶恕了他的罪行。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. He is not a man who forgives easily.
    他不是一个轻易宽恕别人的人。
  2. To error is human, to forgive is divine.
    犯错是人之常情,宽容才是超凡脱俗。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. I hope you'll forgive me.
    希望你能原谅我。
  2. Your disciple failed to welcome you. Forgive me.
    你的徒弟没能迎接你,请原谅我。
  3. Forgive me, but I'm busy at the moment. I can't go out with you.
    对不起,我现在很忙,不能和你外出。
  4. We may not agree about this, but forgive me,Geoffrey,I think we could at least discuss it.
    我们在这一点上也许看法不一,但请谅解,乔弗莱,我想,我们对此事起码可以商讨一下吧。
  5. Will you try to forgive me, my dearest, as I forgave you?
    亲爱的,您能像我原谅您那样地原谅我吗?
  6. I was unkind last night; please forgive me if you can.
    昨晚我不太礼貌,能否请你原谅。
  7. They forgave their enemies.
    他们饶恕了敌人。
  8. I forgave his behaviour.
    我宽恕了他的行为。
  9. We can't forgive his impoliteness.
    我们不能原谅他的粗鲁。
  10. It was clearly a lymphoma, if you forgave my medical jargon.
    如果你能谅解我使用医学术语的话,那分明是个淋巴瘤。
  11. 1
  12. You're forgiven.
    原谅你了。
  13. Your sins will be forgiven.
    你的罪将被宽恕。
  14. Sins cannot be undone, only forgiven.
    犯了罪不能说没犯罪,只能求宽恕。
S+~+ v -ing
  1. I cannot forgive his calling me a liar.
    他骂我是撒谎者,我不会原谅他。
  2. Jack will never forgive swearing in his presence.
    杰克绝不会宽恕当着他的面骂人。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. He forgave her the awful things she said about him.
    他原谅了她所说的关于他的那些坏话。
  2. She forgave him his thoughtless remark.
    她原谅了他那无心的话。
  3. They forgave us our rudeness.
    他们原谅了我们的无理。
  4. Have you forgiven him his rudeness?
    你原谅了他的粗鲁吗?
  5. Forgive me my offence.
    请原谅我的冒失。
  6. Please forgive me my neglect in returning your dictionary.
    请原谅我的疏忽,没有把字典还给你。
  7. If you forgive men their trespasses, your Heavenly Father will also forgive you.
    如果你们饶恕他们的过失,你们的天父也必将饶恕你们的过失。
  8. He forgave our friends their faults.
    他宽恕了我们那些朋友的过失。
  9. I'm surprised that he should agree to forgive you the debt unconditionally.
    使我感到惊讶的是,他会无条件同意豁免你的债务。
  10. Will you forgive me the debt?
    你豁免我的债务行吗?
  11. 1
  12. He was forgiven his offences.
    他的罪被赦免了。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
forgive for (v.+prep.)
    原谅(某人)做了(某件错事) show mercy to sb for a fault
    forgive sb for sth

    I'll never forgive you for what you said to me last night.

    我绝不会宽恕你昨晚对我所说的话。

    I will never forgive you for what you have done to me.

    我永远也不会宽恕你对我所做的事。

    forgive sb/oneself for v-ing

    I cannot forgive myself for not seeing my mother before she died.

    母亲临终前我未去看她,为这件事我永远不会原谅我自己。

    I shall never forgive myself for failing to help you when you were in danger.

    在你遭遇危险的时候,我未能及时帮助你,这是我永远不能饶恕自己的过失。

    Can you forgive me for forgetting your birthday?

    你能原谅我忘了你的生日吗?

    Forgive me for misunderstanding you.

    请原谅,我误解了你的意思。

    Forgive me for leaving some of your questions unanswered.

    请原谅,你有几个问题我没回答。

    He forgave her for missing the date.

    他原谅了她的失约。

    An Ming forgave her brother for tearing off a page from her exercise book.

    安明的弟弟从她练习本上撕了一页,她原谅了他。

    He was forgiven for missing the meeting.

    他没有来开会,得到了(大家的)谅解。

    The family could be forgiven for thinking that we were still in London.

    家人以为我们还在伦敦也是可以谅解的。

forgive and forget
    不念旧恶,不记某人的仇 dismiss from one's mind all unkind feelings and the desire to blame and punish sb

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Clonmell never forgave this to Grattan.

    出自: T. Moore
  • A scheme that would forgive all debt.

    出自:Time

forgive的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. forgive的基本意思是“原谅”或“宽恕”某人或对某人所做的违法或过失之事而不施以惩罚甚至打消一切记恨、埋怨或复仇心理,引申可指免除某人的债务等。在礼貌用语中,可表示希望不使他人因自己而被烦扰。
  2. forgive既可用作及物动词,又可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词或动名词作宾语,也可接两个直接宾语,变为被动结构时应以人作主语; 用作不及物动词时,通常与介词for连用。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
forgive, spare
  • 这两个词都可表示“赦免,饶命,宽恕”。其区别是:
  • spare往往指放过不杀,保全性命; forgive则指“宽恕”,饶过某人的过失,不涉及丧命与否。例如:
  • We forgave our friends' faults.我们宽恕朋友们的过失。
  • 常见错误

    v. (动词)
      原谅我来这么晚。

      Forgive me to come so late.

      Forgive me for coming so late.

      表示“原谅某人做某事”须用forgive sb for sth/ v -ing结构,不可接不定式。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自古英语的forgifan,意为不给处置。
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