- n. 合同；婚约；合约；契约
- v. 缩小；订合同；缩短；感染（疾病）；招致
- 得（病） ，沾染（习惯），感染（疾病）
- vi. & vt. 缔结; 订契约 make, settle or establish by contract
- vt. 染上恶习; 染上疾病 get bad habits; catch an illness
- vi. 缩小; 紧缩 make smaller; shrink
- [C]契约,合同 compact; pact
a binding agreement between two or more persons that is enforceable by law
(contract bridge) the highest bid becomes the contract setting the number of tricks that the bidder must make
a variety of bridge in which the bidder receives points toward game only for the number of tricks he bid
enter into a contractual arrangement
engage by written agreement;
"They signed two new pitchers for the next season"
squeeze or press together;
"she compressed her lips"
"the spasm contracted the muscle"
be stricken by an illness, fall victim to an illness;
"He got AIDS"
"She came down with pneumonia"
"She took a chill"
become smaller or draw together;
"The fabric shrank"
"The balloon shrank"
"The heat contracted the woollen garment"
compress or concentrate;
"Congress condensed the three-year plan into a six-month plan"
make or become more narrow or restricted;
"The selection was narrowed"
"The road narrowed"
reduce in scope while retaining essential elements;
"The manuscript must be shortened"
- They had set a term to the contract.
- Families sought favourable alliances, either by marriage or contract.
- Several companies will bid for the contract.
- He managed to disengage himself from the contract.
- The heat contracted the woollen garment.
- We'd like to contract in on this project,if possible.
- It's an urgent business, we have no time for unnecessary consideration—please contract your inspection period!
- She has contracted a severe fever.
- He has contracted the habit of talking to himself.
- Earthworms can contract.
- Metal contracts as it becomes cool.
- Bad habits are easy to contract.
- They've contracted an agreement.
- The two business contracted a merger.
- She contracted debts of 1000 yuan .
- He contracted huge debts by rash spending.
- His hoarseness and coughing showed that he had contracted a cold.
- My son's contracted a severe fever.
- When you bend your elbow, you contract the muscles of the arm.
- By moving into smaller quarters he hoped shortly to contract his expenses.
- They have contracted to build a railway across Africa.
- Once you have reached formal agreement, you should enter into a contract with the other party.
- How long ago did you sign the contract?
- We can ill afford to lose this contract.
- contract for (v.+prep.)
承建; 承包,承办 offer one's price for making or supplying (sth)
contract for sth
The builders have contracted for three bridges this year.
- contract in (v.+adv.)
承诺参加 promise officially to take part in (an activity)
How many of the companies have contracted in so far?
- contract out (v.+adv.)
拒绝参加 refuse to join (in an agreement, etc.)
I don't want to be associated with your scheme; I'm contracting out.
我不想参与你们的计划; 我要退出。contract sth ⇔ out
The city council has already contracted out the work on the new road.
市政会已把这条新路的铺设工作包出去了。contract out of sth
Workers are permitted to contract out of the latest old-age insurance plan.
- contract to (v.+prep.)
缩写成 abbreviate (sth) into (sth)
contract sth to sth
In conversational English “is not” often contracts to “isn't”.
英语口语中 is not 常缩写为 isn't 。
“I am” is often contracted to “I'm”. I am
常缩写成 I'm 。
- contract with (v.+prep.)
与(某人或某公司)签订合同 make an agreement in law with (sb or a firm)
contract sth with sb
The woman claims that she contracted a form of marriage with the prisoner, who already has a wife.
She had contracted an alliance with a wealthy man of rank.
她和一位有身份的富人联姻。contract with sth
The city council has contracted with White Company for the new building.
They contracted with that factory for ten lathes.
Our shop contracted with a clothing firm to buy 100 coats a week.
- contract advantageously 有利地承包
- contract legally 合法承包
- contract physically 自然地订立合约
- contract solemnly 严肃地缔结
- contract out 立即把工作等包出,退出合同、协议等
- contract for 订契约,承包,承建
- contract for a house 承包盖房屋
- contract out of 订约使自己不受…的约束,退出合同
- contract out of an agreement 订明不受契约限制
- contract to sb 许配给某人
- contract with 与…立约
- contract with a factory for machines 向某厂订购机器
- contract party 签合同的一方
She wondered if having failed in one marriage she should hastily contract another.出自： I. Murdoch
- contract作“订契约”解时,指双方为共同利益所吸引。用作及物动词时可接名词或动词不定式作宾语; 用作不及物动词接for可表示“承包”“录入”; 接in可表示“承诺加入”; 接with可表示“与…订合约”。
- contract用作不及物动词时,可表示“订合同,订约”,后面常接介词with; 与介词for连用表示原因或目的。
- contract, abbreviate, abridge, condense, shorten
- 1.abridge, condense和shorten都可指压缩文章、著作的篇幅而内容不变, abridge比shorten更文雅; abbreviate主要用于删除音节、字母或单词而保留词头; contract通常指省略单词的中间部分,不包括只保留词头的词。
- 2.表示“缩略成…”时, abbreviate, condense, contract和shorten常与介词to搭配; condense也常与介词into搭配。
- contract, compress, condense, shrink
- 这组词都可表示“压缩”。condense指用一定的方法使物体聚缩得更紧密、结实或更浓厚、稠密,或减去不必要的部分使其体积变小,但不失去基本内容; compress指通过压〔挤,弄平〕等方式使物体变小或具有一定形状; contract指一物体由于某种原因或使用某种方法而使其体积由大变小或由长变短; shrink指长度、范围、容积等的收缩或变小。
- contract, covenant, engage, pledge, promise
- promise指作出口头或书面的许诺,但仅指主观意愿,并不暗示一定能实现或有实现的基础; engage指在正式或重大场合用誓言、条约等许下有约束力的诺言或作出可以信赖的保证,尤指订婚; pledge指用行动或言语作出庄严的许诺或正式保证; covenant指订立双方或多方共同遵守的协议; contract指订立慎重并且通常有法律效力的合同或协议。例如:
- Our son is engaged to a nice young girl.我们的儿子已跟一位漂亮的女孩订了婚。
- I covenant to pay 5000 pounds a year to help rebuild the college.我立约保证每年将付5000英镑帮助重建学院。
- They have pledged that any detail given to them will remain confidential.他们已保证,给他们提供的任何细节将予以保密。
- Many councils are contracting out services such as rubbish collection to private companies as a way of cutting costs.许多市政会把垃圾收集这样的服务项目包给私人公司以减少费用。
- contract, agreement, pact, treaty
- treaty指在外交谈判后按国际公法签署的正式条约,在重要性和约束力上都比pact强; agreement泛指人与人之间、团体或国家之间达成的任何“合同,协定”,包括正式的或非正式的、书面的或口头上的; contract通常用于双方或多方订立的“契约”,为正式的,有法定效力。
- ☆ 14世纪初期进入英语，直接源自拉丁语的contractus：com (一起） + trahere (画）。