award

  基本词汇  
[ə'wɔːd]     [ə'wɔːrd]    
  • n.奖品;奖
  • v.授予;给予;判给
awardable awarder awarded awarded awarding awards
new

award是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 裁定额
  2. 判决,裁定,裁决,审判
  3. 奖品, 奖金,奖赏
  4. 裁定书
v.(动词)
  1. 授与,奖与,颁发,授予
  2. 给与
  3. 判归,断与,判给,分给

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 授予,奖给; 判给 award sth(to sb)to make an official decision to give sth to sb as a payment, prize, etc.
n.(名词)
  1. [C][U]裁决; 决定; 裁定额 the amount of money that a court decides should be given to sb who has won a case; the decision to give this money
  2. [C]奖; 奖品; 奖金; 奖状 a prize such as money, etc. for sth that sb has done
  3. [C]〈英〉奖学金; 助学金 money that students get to help pay for living costs while they study or do research

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
award : 授予, 给与 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
award : 授予 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
award : 裁决(书) ...
在 《外教社外贸英语词典》 中查看更多...
award : 裁决,裁定 ...
在 《外教社商务英语词典》 中查看更多...
award : 中标 ...
award : 授予 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
award : 奖励 ...
在 《外教社人力资源英语词典》 中查看更多...
award : 赔款,裁决 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
award : 公断 ...
在 《外教社保险英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a grant made by a law court;

    "he criticized the awarding of compensation by the court"

  2. a tangible symbol signifying approval or distinction;

    "an award for bravery"

  3. something given for victory or superiority in a contest or competition or for winning a lottery;

    "the prize was a free trip to Europe"

Verb:
  1. give, especially as an honor or reward;

    "bestow honors and prizes at graduation"

  2. give as judged due or on the basis of merit;

    "the referee awarded a free kick to the team"
    "the jury awarded a million dollars to the plaintiff"
    "Funds are granted to qualified researchers"

award的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. It is impossible to honor her with the award.
    奖品授给她是不可能的。
  2. The child smiled at his teacher as he received the award.
    孩子接过奖品时朝老师微笑着。
  3. It is the highest award a producer can receive.
    这是一个制作人所能获得的最高奖项。
  4. Bill accepted the championship award on behalf of the team.
    比尔代表他的队接受了冠军奖。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. The university awarded him an honorary degree.
    这所大学授给他名誉学位。
  2. The champion was awarded the gold medal.
    冠军被授予了金牌。
  3. She has been awarded first prize four years in succession.
    她已连续四年获得一等奖。
  4. The judge awarded costs to the defendant.
    法官判由原告向被告支付诉讼费。
  5. Custody of the children was awarded to the mother.
    儿童的监护权已判给母亲。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The referee awarded a free kick.
    裁判员裁定罚一个任意球。
  2. The court awarded heavy damages.
    法院判定很重的损失赔偿金。
  3. The jury awarded libel damages of £100,000.
    陪审团判定诽谤赔偿费为10万英镑。
  4. 用于be ~ed结构
  5. The prize is awarded annually.
    该奖每年颁发一次。
  6. The Glenn Gould prize is awarded for distinction in music.
    为在音乐方面取得杰出成就而颁布授格伦古尔德奖。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. The judge awarded both finalists equal points.
    裁判判定决赛双方得分相等。
  2. The judge awarded her $200 as damages.
    法院判给她200美元作为赔偿损失。
  3. A High Court judge awarded her custody of the children.
    高级法院法官将孩子的监护权判给了他。
  4. They awarded John the first prize.
    他们授予约翰一等奖。
  5. The government awarded him the title of Combat Hero.
    政府授予他战斗英雄的称号。
  6. The British Government awarded him a grant of £1500.
    英国政府授予他1500英镑的补助金。
  7. 用于be ~ed结构
  8. After much discussion, she was awarded the point.
    经过好一番讨论,她被裁定得分。
  9. She was awarded a medal for bravery.
    她因勇敢而获得奖章。
  10. He was awarded the prize for being the fastest runner.
    他跑得最快因而受颁奖品。
  11. He was awarded his damages by the court.
    法院判给他损失赔偿。
  12. He was awarded damages of£50,000.
    他判得损害赔偿金5万英镑。
  13. After graduation he was awarded a scholarship to do research.
    他毕业后获得了一笔科研奖学金。
  14. The best students are awarded special scholarships.
    最好的学生将授予特殊奖学金。
  15. Students who complete the course successfully will be awarded a diploma.
    顺利修完这门课程的学生将被授予文凭。
S+~+ pron./n. +to n./pron.
  1. The university has awarded $500 travel grant to Jane.
    大学给予简500美元旅行补助。
  2. They awarded scholarships to needy students.
    他们给贫苦学生颁发奖学金。
  3. The court awarded damages of 5000 dollars to him.
    法庭判给他5000美元损害赔偿金。
  4. The judges awarded the prize to her.
    评判人授予她奖品。
  5. The judge awarded a large sum of money to those hurt by the explosion.
    法官判给在爆炸中受伤的人一大笔钱。
  6. The judge awarded substantial damages to the victims of the explosion.
    法官判给爆炸事故中的受害人大笔的赔偿费。
  7. All things considered,I think we ought to award the job to Smith.
    考虑到各方面的情况,我想我们应该把这项工作交给史密斯去干。
  8. Councilor has been invited here today to award the school prizes to our successful boys and girls.
    参议员今天应邀来给我们优等男女学生颁奖。
  9. 用于be ~ed结构
  10. The prize was awarded to me for excellence in English.
    我因英语优良而得奖。
  11. A medal was awarded to her.
    一枚奖章授给了她。
  12. The gold medal was awarded to Mr. Brown for his fine exhibit of vegetables.
    布朗先生因其有益的蔬菜展览而获金质奖。
  13. The cup was awarded to our team.
    这奖杯被授予我们队。
  14. A $75 M contract has been awarded to Swedish construction firm.
    一项金额达7500万美元的承包工程已由一家瑞典公司得标。
  15. She's been awarded a scholarship to study at Oxford.
    她获得了去牛津大学念书的奖学金。
其他
  1. Damages awarded for loss of future earnings can be substantial.
    因失去将来收入判定的损失赔偿金可能非常多。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The award for this year's best actress went to her.
    今年的最佳女演员奖的得主是她。
  2. The judges may conceivably find themselves unable to make an award.
    裁判员可能料想到自己无法作出裁定。
  3. She received an award made annually by the British Cultural Council.
    她获得了英国文化委员会颁发的年度奖。
  4. The company received awards from various exhibitions.
    这家公司得到各种展览会的奖赏。
  5. He received honours and awards from the government for his contribution to agricultural production.
    他因为在农业生产上作出贡献而获得政府给予的荣誉和奖励。
  6. The new library has won an architectural award.
    这座新图书馆赢得了一项建筑奖。
  7. Who do you think should win the Academy Award for Best Director this year?
    你认为今年谁会获得奥斯卡最佳导演奖?
  8. She was given a special award for her bravery.
    她因勇敢而被授予一份特别的奖励。
  9. His horse was given the highest award at the horse-show.
    他的马在展览会中得到最高奖。
  10. The firm gave him an award.
    公司给他奖品。
  11. The teacher gave her best student an award.
    教师给了她最好的学生一份奖品。
  12. The novel earned him a literary award.
    这本小说为他赢得文学奖。
  13. You could apply for an award if you want to learn a new skill.
    如果你想学一门新技术你可以申请一笔奖学金。
  14. The film awards were presented annually.
    电影奖每年颁发。
  15. The Academy Awards are given out once a year.
    学院奖每年颁发一次。
  16. They have authorized awards of £900 to each of the victims.
    他们给予每位受害者900英镑赔偿金。
  17. He received an award of £10,000 in compensation for his injuries.
    他获得了一万英镑的损害赔偿金。
  18. The Olympic winner received a gold medal as an award.
    奥林匹克运动会的优胜者获得一枚金牌作为奖品。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • A pound of that same merchant's flesh is thine, The court awards it and the law doth give it.

    出自:Merchant of Venice,Shakespeare
  • A Court of Discipline, which awarded him two years imprisonment and fifty lashes.

    出自:G. B. Shaw
  • For his thesis on Dust Inhalation, he had been awarded his MD.

    出自:A. J. Cronin

award的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. award意为“授予”时可接双宾语。

    We awarded the prize to him.
    We awarded him the prize.

v.(动词)
  1. award的基本意思是“给予”,指通过裁判裁决或法官判决而授予、颁发、奖给或判给需要者或应得者。所给予的物品一般被认为是应得的,给予者是公正的、可信的。
  2. award是及物动词,可接名词或代词作宾语,也可接双宾语,其间接宾语可以转化为介词to的宾语。可用于被动语态。
n.(名词)
  1. award 指因竞赛获胜、工作成绩卓著而获得的“奖赏”“奖品”或“荣誉称号”。获奖者并不一定是竞争者,但必须满足或达到了颁奖人提出的条件或标准,有时,可指在某一竞赛中作出的颁奖或裁定行动。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
award, accord, concede, grant, vouchsafe
这组词的共同意思是尽责任、义务或施恩而给、送。其区别是:
accord指给予某人应得的或与其身份、地位相符的利益、尊重等; award指授予、判予,所给予的物品应是应得的或值得的,而给予者常被看成是公正的; concede多指因外在压力迫使而给予或授予; grant指出于同情、正义感或要求而给予,多用于上级给下级或长辈给晚辈等; vouchsafe则指地位高的人仁慈地给予地位低的人所乞求的东西,有时用作反语。
award, confer, give, grant, present
这组词都有“给予”的意思。其区别是:
give是最普通用语。present较正式,指以一定的形式或程序赠给,并暗示所给的物有一定的价值。例如:
When Mr. Brown left the firm, the director presented a gold watch to him.布朗先生离开这家公司时,董事长送给他一只金表。
grant指依照对方的希望或要求给予,有权者以正式手续给予。例如:
They have been granted permission to pull down the old theatre.他们已获准拆除这座旧戏院。
award指有充分理由给予奖赏。例如:
She's been awarded a scholarship to study at Oxford University.她获得了去牛津大学念书的奖学金。
confer指地位较高者把名誉或地位授予较低者。例如:
An honorary degree was conferred on him by the university.这所大学授予他荣誉学位。
award, reward
这两个词都可表示“给予”,它们的区别是:award强调“授予”(奖章、奖金等),后面可接两个宾语:被授予的人和所授的奖励; reward则强调“报酬”,只能以人或人的行为作宾语,如果要说明以何为报酬,须加with短语。
n.(名词)
award, honour, prize
这三个词都可作“奖励”解。其区别在于:
1.award指对于优异成绩或卓越贡献经评定后正式授予的奖励; prize指确认某人在竞赛中所获得的优异成绩并给予特殊的奖励,也含有优胜者几经拼搏、胜利来之不易的意思; honour可指正式授予的精神奖励,也可指个人在公开场合下对某人所表达的高度评价与尊敬。例如:
The new library has won an architectural award.新图书馆赢得了建筑奖。
He finished only a yard behind the winner of the race but he had to be content with the second prize.比赛到达终点时,他虽仅以一码之差输给了第一名,但获得了二等奖他也应心满意足了。
She brought honour to her family.她给家庭带来了荣誉。
2.award, prize既可指精神上的奖励,也可指物质上的奖励; honour只指精神奖励。例如:
The Golden Rooster Award is given out once a year.每年授予一次金鸡奖。
Her book gained several literary prizes.她写的书获得好几种文学奖。
Such a man is honour to his country.这种人是国家的光荣。
award reward
这两个动词均有“给予奖励”之意。
  • award:award侧重指官方或经正式研究裁决后对有功者或竞赛优胜者所给予的奖励。
  • reward:reward指对品德高尚和勤劳的人所给予的奖励。也可指为某事付酬金。

常见错误

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:the directors were awarding themselves with handsome salary.

    纠正:the directors were awarding themselves handsome salary.

    翻译:董事们奖励了自己丰厚的薪水。

    分析:award someone sth不能与介词with搭配使用,用法类似give someone sth.

词源解说

  • ☆ 15世纪晚期进入英语,直接源自盎格鲁法语的awaredr,意为仔细观察后决定;最初源自古法国北方语的eswaredr,意为决定,审查。

award的相关资料:

正版词典

award : 奖品;奖学 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

互动百科

  • award:award n. 奖, 奖品vt. 授予, 判给 英英解释:名词award:1. a grant made by a law court同义词:awarding2. a tangible symbol…

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