ago

  基本词汇  
[ə'ɡəʊ]     [ə'ɡoʊ]    
  • adv.以前
new

ago是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adv.(副词)
  1. 前,以前,已往
abbr.(缩略词)
  1. =American Guild of Organists 美国管风琴演奏家协会
adj.(形容词)
  1. 过去的,以前的,已往的
v.(动词)
  1. 离开

双解释义

adv.(副词)
  1. 以前 before now, in the past

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. gone by; or in the past;

    "two years ago"
    "`agone' is an archaic word for `ago'"

Adverb:
  1. in the past;

    "long ago"
    "sixty years ago my grandfather came to the U.S."

ago的用法和样例:

例句

用作副词 (adv.)
  1. The dinosaurs disappeared long ago.
    恐龙很久以前就绝种了。
  2. A hundred years ago, Britain had a large empire.
    一百年以前,英国有一个很大的帝国。

常见句型

用作副词 (adv.)
  1. Long, long ago there was a war between the birds and beasts.
    很久很久以前,鸟类和兽类间发生了一场战争。
  2. He started working for us three years ago.
    他3年前开始为我们干活了。
  3. I realized it three weeks ago.
    这是我在3个星期以前才明白的。
  4. She started studying with this instructor two months ago.
    她在两个月前,开始跟这位教员学习。
  5. We received his samples two days ago.
    我们两天前收到了他的样品。
  6. I sent out the samples four days ago.
    我是四天前寄出的样品。
  7. We held a fair two weeks ago.
    我们两周前曾举办过一次展览会。
  8. The actress you asked about was dead and gone a year ago.
    你问起的那个女演员在一年前就死了。
  9. Fossils are the remains of plants and animals of long long ago.
    化石是很久很久以前动植物的遗体。
  10. How long ago is it that you last saw her?
    你上次看见她是多久以前?
  11. As soon as the Chief had gone, he quickly ran to the merchant.He asked him,“Didn't you leave your money here with me some time ago?”
    那酋长走后,他便迅速地向那商人跑去,他问那商人,“难道你没有在不久前把钱放在我这里吗?”
  12. My father died long ago.
    我父亲早就去世了。
  13. She's gone long ago.
    她早就走了。
  14. I have long ago given up smoking.
    我早就戒烟了。
  15. His mother loved him, but he had long ago stopped to share his thoughts with her.
    他妈妈仍然爱他,可是他早已不和他妈妈说知心话了。
  16. You must have seen her three days ago.
    三天前你一定见过她。
  17. He ought to have been here long ago.
    他很久以前就应该到这儿了。
  18. You spoke of having seen her a week ago.
    你讲到过一周前见过她。
  19. My mind has been made up about that a long while ago.
    关于那件事我早就下了决心。
  20. They decided that many years ago men had brought the printing press and gunpowder from China to Europe.
    他们断定很多年前人们就把印刷术和火药从中国带到欧洲。
  21. I recalled William Blake's eloquent challenge of long ago.
    我回想起威廉·布莱克很久以前所提出的有力的挑战。
  22. That was a long year time ago.
    那是很久以前的事了。
  23. How long ago did you sign the contract?
    你多久以前签的合约?
  24. How many years ago did you first come to China?
    你第一次来中国是多少年以前?

常用短语

用作副词 (adv.)
...ago today
  1. …以前的今天 today in the past

    He came here a week ago today. 他在一周前的今天来到这里。

no longer ago than
  1. 就在〔最近〕… a little time in the past

    I met Mary no longer ago than last Sunday. 就在上星期天我还遇到玛丽。

词汇搭配

用作副词 (adv.)
名词+~ 副词+~

经典引文

  • He's drunk,..an hour agone.

    出自:Twelfth Night,Shakespeare
  • Ay, a goodish bit ago.

    出自:Dickens
  • A slight landslide occurred../ about an hour ago.

    出自:E. Bishop

ago的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. ago所适用的时态:通常来说,ago用于过去时态,不能用于完成时态,如不能说She has seen him a week ago,只能说She saw him a week agoago只有在有助动词或分词、动名词或不定式的形式中才能用完成时态。有时当语气强调“早已……”时,也可用完成时态。

    She must have seen him a week ago.
    She cannot have seen him a week ago.
    Having seen him a week ago, she is always thinking of him.

    I have long ago given up that habit.

  2. ago与before的比较:表示“早于现在多少时间前”,用ago。表示“早于过去某时多少时间前”,通常用before。不过英美人也有用ago,觉得语气比较生动。表示“早于将来某时多少时间前”,也用before。表示“早于任何某时(不是现在、过去或将来的某时)多少时间前”,仍用before。

    He started five minutes ago.

    He told me he had seen her a few minutes before.

    When you call at the shop again this afternoon, you may be told that the book has been sold only a few minutes before.

    He often forgets what he has heard only a few minutes before.

  3. ago后面带从句时,可以接that 引导的从句,而不可以用since。

    He died 20years ago.(不带从句)
    It is 20 years since he died.(not ago)
    It was 20 years ago that he died.(带从句)

  4. 注意在as long ago as 1864等表达方式中,第二个as后面没有in。通常说as long as forty years,不说as long ago as forty years;
  5. 句子She died three years ago next Monday指“她在3年前的下周一去世”,而句子It happened a fortnight ago tomorrow指“这事发生在13天以前”。“刚过去的第二个晚上”常用 two evenings ago来表示。
adv.(副词)
  1. ago是表示时间的副词,其基本意思是“以前”,表示事情发生在“从此刻算起若干时间以前”,也可以表示“事情发生距现在有多长时间”。简言之, ago的时间参照点是现在。
  2. ago在句中一般不单独使用,须与表示时间的名词或副词搭配使用,且要放在它所修饰词的后面。
  3. ago短语在句中修饰谓语动词时,该动词一般须用过去时态。但在某些固定短语或人们意识到所涉及的事情是过去发生的时刻, ago也可用于一般现在时,着重表示“到现在已有多长时间了”。当不仅表示动作发生,而且强调动作的后果时, ago可和过去完成时连用。在强调句型中,如强调ago短语,谓语动词be可用于一般现在时,也可用于一般过去时。long ago用于加强语气时,也可与现在完成时连用。
  4. ago短语在句中修饰非谓语动词或者句中有情态动词时,除可与一般时连用外,也可和完成时连用。
  5. 在文学作品中为了叙述生动, ago可与现在完成时连用,也可用于一般现在时,这是因为作者与读者都沉浸在故事情节之中,而把作品中的人物与现实生活融合到一起了。
  6. ago短语通常在句中作状语,但有时它在句中也可作介词of的宾语、后置修饰语或表语。
  7. ago可用于疑问句。
  8. ago不用于比较等级。
  9. ago不能同连接词since连用,应该接that或when,这是因为犯了同义词重复的错误。但是口语或报纸杂志中ago since也可用。从语法的角度讲,同义词重复是不对的。
  10. ago可同名词连用,如ten years ago中, ago其实应作形容词看待,但为了人们容易接受,还是当作副词看待为好。

词义辨析

adv.(副词)
ago, before
这两个词都可表示“从前”。其区别是:
1.ago一般只作副词; 而before除作副词外,还可用作连词、介词。
2.ago总是与表示时间的名词或形容词连用,不单独使用; 而before可以单独使用。
3.ago用于从现在算起的某段时间从前,和一般过去时连用,不用现在完成时。而before用于从过去某时起若干时间以前的场合,动词需用过去完成时。例如:
  • I left school three years ago.
  • 我三年前离开了学校。
  • He said he had finished the job three days before.
  • 他说他在三天前就完成了这项工作。
  • I told you before.
  • 我以前告诉过你。
  • 以前我从来未见过那本书。
  • [误] I never saw that book ago.
  • [正] I never saw that book before.
ago, for
这两个词都表示时间。但含义不同:ago说明某事发生在过去的某一时间,而for则指动作或状态延续了多长时间。试比较:
  • The old woman died two days ago.
  • 那老太太两天前去世了。
  • The old woman was ill for three years before she died.
  • 那老太太病了三年后,去世了。
ago, early
两者都可表达“某时之前若干时间”。其区别在于:如果是从现在起向过去推算,用表示时间度量的短语加ago,并与动词的一般过去时连用; 如果表示从过去时刻向更深远的过去推算,则用earlier,并常与动词的过去完成时连用。例如:
Stirring scene from the film still sticks in my mind, though I saw it several years ago.虽然这部影片我是几年前看的,但那激动人心的场面仍然印在我的脑海里。
Four days earlier his foot had been bitten by a poisonous snake.4天前他的脚被毒蛇咬了一下。
ago before
这两个副词均含“……以前”之意。
  • ago:ago指从现在起往前推算一段时间,始终置于所修饰的词之后,与一般过去时连用。
  • before:before或指从过去某一时间起向前推算的若干时间的以前,通常与过去完成时连用;或泛指以前,并不具体指若干时间以前,可使用现在完成的或过去时;还可指从将来某一时间起的若干时间以前。

常见错误

adv.(副词)
  1. 第二天我就去看她了。

    And I visited her the next day ago.

    And I visited her the next day.

    如果ago所修饰的时间状语已含有过去的意思,就无需再加ago了。

  2. 事情发生已经有三年了。

    It has been happening since three years ago.

    It happened three years ago.

    ago不能与现在完成进行时连用。

  3. 事故发生在10年前。

    The accident happened at ten years ago.

    The accident happened ten years ago.

    ago不能与at并用。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪初期入英进语,直接源自古英语的agan,意为离开,逝去。

ago的海词问答与网友补充:

提问补充

网友补充

ago的相关资料:

正版词典

ago : 过去 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...
ago : 针 ...
在 《外研社意大利语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【近义词】
【反义词】

缩略词

ago的相关缩略词,共有24

互动百科

  • ago:ago adv. 以前的, 以往的习惯用语long ago 很久以前, 从前some time ago 不久前a while ago 刚才…

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