previous

  核心词汇  
['priːviəs]     ['priːviəs]    
  • adj.以前的;先于;在 ... 之前
previously previousness
new

previous是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 以前的,前的,先的,先前的,前面的,以往的
  2. <口>过早的,过急的
  3. 前人的
  4. 原来的,就有的
adv.(副词)
  1. 在前,在先,在以前, 在...以前

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. [A]先前的,以前的 coming before in time or order
  2. [P]过早的,过急的 acting too soon

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
previous : 早先的, 先 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
previous : 先 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. just preceding something else in time or order;

    "the previous owner"
    "my old house was larger"

  2. (used especially of persons) of the immediate past;

    "the former president"
    "our late President is still very active"
    "the previous occupant of the White House"

  3. too soon or too hasty;

    "our condemnation of him was a bit previous"
    "a premature judgment"

previous的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. His previous attempts had been unsuccessful.
    他以前的尝试没有成功。
  2. You must collect enough materials previous to your writing.
    你在写作之前必须收集好足够的材料。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. The author mentioned it in the previous paragraph.
    作者在前一段里提到这件事。
  2. He said he had arrived on the previous night.
    他说他是在前一天夜里到达的。
  3. His previous attempts had been unsuccessful.
    他以前的尝试没成功。
  4. A previous engagement prevents me from accepting your kind invitation.
    我因事前有了约会,不能接受您的盛情邀请。
用作表语 S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. Don't be too previous about refusing.
    别过急地拒绝。
  2. Aren't you rather previous in supposing that I will marry you?
    你以为我会同你结婚,你这想法不是过早了吗?

常用短语

用作形容词 (adj.)
previous to
  1. 在…之前before; prior to

    Previous to that, we had traveled by car to Paris. 在那之前,我们坐车去了巴黎。

    Previous to coming here,I worked in London. 来此之前,我在伦敦工作。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+介词

经典引文

  • Commanders who had sprung to arms..without any previous military training.

    出自:E. Hemingway
  • We had made friends on his previous visit.

    出自:J. F. Lehmann

previous的详细讲解:

词义辨析

previous foregoing preceding prior former
这些形容词均可表示“在前的”之意。
  • previous:previous指时间上、顺序上较早的,或指正在谈论的某事的前一个。
  • foregoing:foregoing指前所述的,是following的反义词。
  • preceding:preceding特指时间和地位上紧接在前。
  • prior:prior与previous同义,常可换用,但prior有时强调更大的重要性,对比意味强。
  • former:former系latter的反义词,比prior更着重对比。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1625年进入英语,直接源自拉丁语的prvius:pr (之)前 + via (路),意为之前的路。

previous的相关资料:

正版词典

previous : 先前的;在 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

派生词

adj.(形容词)
  • prevision n. 预知,预见

互动百科

  • previous:previous adj. 在前的, 早先的adv. 在...以前返回上一级菜单 英英解释:形容词previous:1. (used especially of persons) of the imm…

临近单词

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