want

  基本词汇  
[wɒnt]     [wɑːnt]    
  • v.要;想要;通缉
  • n.缺乏;贫穷;需求品
wantless wanter wanted wanted wanting wants
new

want是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 要,想要,需要
  2. 想,想见,想用,想望,想得到
  3. <口>应该
  4. 缺少,缺乏,没有,不够,差欠,欠缺,只差
  5. 要求(某人)来
  6. 缉拿,追捕,通缉
  7. 必要,必须
  8. 生活困难,穷困,贫困
  9. 征求,征聘
  10. 希望
  11. 需要…在场
  12. 对…有性欲
  13. 打算
n.(名词)
  1. 缺乏,匮乏,缺少,不足
  2. 需要,欲求
  3. 贫困,贫穷,穷困
  4. 必需品,需要的东西
  5. 想要的东西,想望的东西,想往的东西,缺少的东西
  6. 招聘
  7. 并非办事不力

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 打算,希望 wish for; have a desire for
  2. vt. & vi. 想,要,需要 require; be in need of; lack
  3. vt. 应该 ought
n.(名词)
  1. [U] 缺乏,不足 lack or insufficiency of sth
  2. [C] 需要的东西,想往的东西 thing desired

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
want : 需要 ...
在 《外教社社会学英语词典》 中查看更多...
want : 想要, 要, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
want : 想要, 要, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
want : 需求 ...
在 《外教社市场营销英语词典》 中查看更多...
want : 材棱 ...
在 《外教社林业英语词典》 中查看更多...
want : 欲望 ...
在 《外教社广告学英语词典》 中查看更多...
want : 保险 ...
在 《外教社保险英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a state of extreme poverty

  2. the state of needing something that is absent or unavailable;

    "there is a serious lack of insight into the problem"
    "water is the critical deficiency in desert regions"
    "for want of a nail the shoe was lost"

  3. anything that is necessary but lacking;

    "he had sufficient means to meet his simple needs"
    "I tried to supply his wants"

  4. a specific feeling of desire;

    "he got his wish"
    "he was above all wishing and desire"

Verb:
  1. feel or have a desire for; want strongly;

    "I want to go home now"
    "I want my own room"

  2. have need of;

    "This piano wants the attention of a competent tuner"

  3. hunt or look for; want for a particular reason;

    "Your former neighbor is wanted by the FBI"
    "Uncle Sam wants you"

  4. wish or demand the presence of;

    "I want you here at noon!"

  5. be without, lack; be deficient in;

    "want courtesy"
    "want the strength to go on living"
    "flood victims wanting food and shelter"

want的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. I want large ones, not small ones.
    我要大的, 不要小的。
  2. He wants me to go with him.
    他希望我同他一起去。
  3. What they talked about is what we want to know.
    他们谈论什么是我们所想要知道的事。
  4. He is wanted by the police.
    警察正通缉他。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The plants died from want of water.
    这些植物因缺水而死。
  2. Thus a computer is soon viewed as a need rather than a want.
    这样,计算机很快就被视为必需品,而非需求品。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. You shall never want while I have any money left.
    只要我有余钱,你就不会缺少什么。
  2. A few pages of this book are wanting.
    这本书缺几页。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The brackets want an extra screw.
    托架需要再加一个螺丝钉。
  2. Children want plenty of sleep.
    儿童需要较多的睡眠。
  3. We wanted money badly to buy the machines we needed.
    我们迫切需要钱购买我们需要的机器。
  4. That sort of work wants a lot of patience.
    做这种工作需要很大的耐心。
  5. But the big monopoly capitalists do not want peace.
    但大垄断资本家不愿意要和平。
  6. What style do you want? —The usual uniform style.
    你要什么式样? ——就要平常的制服式样。
  7. She wants a holiday.
    她希望一次休假。
  8. He said he wanted a few words with me.
    他说他要和我说几句话。
  9. That sort of thing wants some doing.
    那种事情得花些工夫。
  10. The picture wants something of perfection.
    这幅画还有些不够完美。
  11. 用于be ~ed 结构
  12. He is wanted by the police.
    警方要缉拿他。
S+~+to- v
  1. I've long wanted to come to your country.
    我老早就想到你们国家来。
  2. I have accepted this, not wanting to disappoint them.
    我不想让他们失望,就接受了这个。
  3. You can study any subject you want to.
    你可以学任何想学的科目。
  4. You're the very person I've been wanting to meet.
    你正是我一直想见的人。
  5. The children are always wanting to see you.
    孩子们总是想见你。
  6. They may be wanting to know when you leave for home.
    他们可能是想知道你什么时候回家。
  7. He wanted to have an operation.
    他需要动手术。
  8. You want to be careful while doing the experiment.
    做实验时你需小心。
  9. They had wanted to help you,but couldn't get here in time.
    他们本来是要帮你的忙,但没能及时赶到。
  10. It wants to be done with great care.
    这件事必须小心地去做才行。
  11. The boxes want to be numbered.
    这些盒子需要编号。
  12. I want to〔should〕 speak to you so badly all these days.
    这几天我迫切想和你谈谈。
  13. Were you wanting to see me?
    你想见我吗?
S+~+ v -ing
  1. Your hair wants cutting.
    你的头发该理了。
  2. This curtain wants washing.
    这窗帘该洗了。
  3. Your coat wants brushing.
    你的大衣需要刷一刷。
  4. His pipe wants cleaning.
    他的烟斗需要擦一擦了。
  5. The sheets for your bed will want airing,I suppose.
    我想,你的床单需要晾晒一下了。
  6. Our house wants doing up.
    我们的房子需要修一修。
S+~+that-clause
  1. I want that people should appreciate what I say.
    我希望人们应该会理解我的话。
  2. He wanted that I should pay him next Monday.
    他要我下星期一付款。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. + adj./adv.
  1. I want the letter ready by tomorrow.
    我要明天就准备好这封信。
  2. I want it back right now.
    我要别人立刻把它还给我。
  3. Are you sure you want me back?
    你确实想让我回来吗?
  4. Don't forget,I want my ladder back the moment you have finished with it!
    不要忘记,你一用完梯子就还回来!
S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. That child wants a nurse to look after him.
    那孩子需要保姆照顾他。
  2. The manager wants you to think it over.
    经理希望你仔细考虑一下。
  3. She wants Mary to go with her.
    她希望玛丽和她一道去。
  4. My classmates want me to work for the wall newspaper.
    我班同学要我担任墙报工作。
  5. He wants you to see him in his office tomorrow.
    他要你明天早上到他办公室找他。
  6. Don't you want someone to go along with you?
    你不想要谁和你一道去吗?
  7. I don't want that sort of thing to keep happening.
    我不愿老发生这样的事。
S+~+ n./pron. + v -ing
  1. I do not want you answering the question.
    我不需要你回答这个问题。
  2. Of course he wouldn't want others interfering in his affairs.
    他当然不会愿意别人干涉他的事。
S+~+ n./pron. + v -ed
  1. I wanted it answered how the picture was drawn.
    我想就这幅画是如何绘画的得到一个回答。
  2. I don't want the child left alone.
    我不希望把这孩子单独留下。
  3. He wants his sprained ankle carefully treated.
    他要叫人把他扭伤的足踝细心地医治。
  4. We don't want anything said about this.
    我们希望这事不要谈起了。
  5. He did not want anything crossed out.
    他希望不要把任何东西划掉。
  6. I want these shoes resoled.
    我想把这双鞋换鞋底。
  7. China wanted the boundary properly negotiated.
    中国希望就边界问题进行适当谈判。
S+~+ n./pron. + prep. -phrase
  1. This child wants you out of the room.
    这孩子要你到外面去。
  2. The teacher wants you in the classroom.
    老师要你去教室。
  3. 用于be ~ed结构
  4. You're wanted on the phone.
    有你的电话。
  5. You're wanted at the director's office.
    要你到厂长办公室去一下。
其他 v -ed as Attrib.
  1. She is a wanted woman.
    她是通缉犯。
v -ing as s-Compl.
  1. That man is a little wanting.
    那人心智上有点缺陷。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Your work shows great want of judgement.
    你的工作表明你非常缺乏判断力。
  2. Your work shows want of care.
    你的工作证明你不够细心。
  3. For want of a nail the wheel came off.
    因少了一个钉子,这轮子掉下来了。
  4. For want of anything better to do, he continued to read.
    由于没有更好的事可做,因此他继续阅读。
  5. He failed for want of help.
    他因没有援助而失败。
  6. I fell sick for want of exercise.
    我因运动不足而生病。
  7. The houses were falling to pieces for want of care and a little paint.
    这些房屋没有油漆一下,又未维修,快要倒塌了。
  8. The boys were suffering from want of food.
    这些男孩子因缺少食物而受罪。
  9. She felt ill from want of air, so I opened the window.
    她因缺乏空气而感到不舒服,所以我把窗子打开了。
  10. The children are unhappy from want of love.
    这些孩子因为缺乏爱而不幸福。
  11. He's always in want of money.
    他总是缺钱。
  12. I'm in want of a good dictionary.
    我需要一本好的词典。
  13. The house is in want of repair.
    这房子需要修缮。
  14. You should try to reduce your wants.
    你应该努力减少需求。
  15. That supplies a want that has been felt for a long time.
    那个东西满足了长期以来的需要。
  16. Families were suffering from want.
    有些家庭正遭受着贫困。
  17. At that time, the labouring people were always reduced to want.
    那时,劳动人民总是穷得一无所有。
  18. What a terrible thing it must be to live in want!
    在贫困中生活,真可怕!

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
want for (v.+prep.)
  1. 〈正〉缺少,需要lack or be in need of sth want for sth

    Her little girl never wants for anything; she has everything she could possibly need.她的小女儿永远不会缺少任何东西,凡是她可能需要的东西,她样样都有。

    What do you want for more money for?You're earning good pay as it is!你为何还要更多的钱?你现在的工资就不少了!

  2. 为…需要; 需(某人)做或担任…need or desire (sth/sb) for (a purpose, job, etc.) or to be (a kind of person) want sb/sth for sb/sth

    I want you for my wife, will you marry me?我希望你做我的妻子,你同意嫁给我吗?

    What do you want more money for?你为何还要更多的钱?

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Two men are wanted for special duties.需要两人去执行特殊的任务。

  3. 通缉wish to seize sb to punish him for (a crime) want sb for sth 常用于 be ~ed 结构

    Doesn't he look like that man who's wanted for the jewel robbery?他不是很像那个因抢劫珠宝罪而受到通缉的罪犯吗?

    It's better to be wanted for murder than not to be wanted at all.为杀人罪受到通缉也比无人置理要好。

want in1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 想要进入desire to enter; wish to have sb arrive want in

    The visitor wants in.来访者想进来。

    Open the door, will you?The cat wants in.把门打开好吗?猫要进来。

    want sb ⇔ in

    Mother wants the doctor in, but I don't think it's as serious as that.母亲希望把医生请来,不过我认为病情并不那么严重。

  2. 〈俚〉希望被接受desire to be accepted want in

    I talked with him about our plan, and he wanted in.我同他谈了我们的计划,他想参加进来。

want in2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 缺少lack sth necessary such as a quality want in sth

    His book, while truthful, is wanting in excitement.他的书写得非常真实,但兴味索然。

want off (v.+adv.)
  1. 想要下车wish to leave a vehicle want off

    I must ring the bell; I want off at the next stop.我必须拉铃,我要在下一站下车。

want out (v.+adv.)
  1. 想要出去desire to leaveThis child wants out.这孩子想到外面去。
  2. 〈非正〉希望解脱出来wish to be freed from sth unpleasantI thought you were happy, it was such a shock when you said you wanted out.我还以为你很幸福,你说要摆脱婚姻的羁绊这使我大为震惊。

    Don't imagine that you can depend on his support any longer; he wants out. 别以为你还可以依靠他的支持,他希望摆脱目前的处境呢。

want up (v.+adv.)
  1. 想要起床wish to get out of bed want up

    The boy must be feeling better, he's been wanting up all day.这个男孩准是好多了,他整天都想要起床。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~

经典引文

  • The Highlands..are still more impracticable, from the want of road and bridges.

    出自:Country Walking
  • He..does not want resolution, but it is mixed with too much obstinacy.

    出自:L. Namier

want的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. want的基本意思是“想”“要”,指人希望、愿意或决心做某事或获得某物,是日常用语,强调主观愿望。引申可表示“缺少”“缺乏”“不够”“差”“没有”“应该”等。
  2. want既可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,可接名词、代词、动词不定式、动名词作宾语,也可接以形容词、现在分词、过去分词、动词不定式、介词短语、副词充当补足语的复合宾语。
  3. want可接由that引起的宾语从句,表示“请求,命令,建议”等,主要用于美式英语中。
  4. want作“需要”解时,可接被动形式的动词不定式或主动形式的动名词。
  5. want用于过去完成时,表示“未达到本来的愿望”。
  6. want一般不用于进行体,但表示语气婉转时可用现在进行时或过去进行时。
  7. want用作不及物动词时,多与介词for或in连用。
  8. want可用一般时表示将来,一般不与be going to连用。
  9. want是表示思想状态的动词,不可用于被动结构。
  10. 在口语中,可用want to代替should。
n.(名词)
  1. want用作名词时意思是“缺乏,不足”,是抽象名词,不可数,引申作“需要的东西,想往的东西”时,是可数名词,常用复数形式。
  2. want有时可作“贫穷”解。
  3. for want of和from (the) want of在句中均可用作原因状语,但前者多用于主语指人的句子,说明理由; 而后者多用于主语指事物的句子,说明原因。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
want, desire, hope, wish
这组词都含有“想”“希望”的意思。其区别是:
1.desire和hope多指可以达到的事; wish通常用于难以实现或达到的事, wish也可表示祈愿。
2.desire, wish和hope后均可接从句或不定式作宾语; wish和desire后接that从句一般用虚拟语气; desire和wish后可接复合宾语; hope用作不及物动词时常接of, for引起的短语。
3.desire在语气上比wish更强烈,更庄重,且很少用于口语。
want, lack, be deficient in
这组词(组)均可表示“缺乏”。其区别在于:
1.lack指完全没有或有而不足,所缺之物可好可坏,在用法上, lack 后面不能接动名词。
2.want指缺乏值得有、希望有或为了完整性而必需的东西,在用法上want也可以跟动名词作宾语,而且用主动形式表示被动的意义。例如:
She is wanting in common sense.她缺乏常识。
You shall never want while I have any money left.只要我有余钱,就不会叫你缺少什么。
3.be deficient in则是具体或明确地指出、说明在某方面缺少或不足。例如:
This food is deficient in iron.这种食物缺乏铁。
Nothing was deficient in this project.这项工程什么都不缺。
want, need
这组词都有“需要,要求”的意思。其区别是:
need表示因缺少而需要某物或需要做某事,尤其强调这种需要的迫切性; want表示从一般需要的意向到强烈、迫切的要求以及各种程度不同的愿望。
want for, lack for
这两个短语都可表示“缺乏必要的或想要的东西”,意义相近,常可互换,只是前者表示“客观缺乏什么”,而后者则进一步表明“主观上想要”,且lack for的意味比want for的意味弱。例如:
As he is very rich he lacks for nothing.他很富有,什么也不缺。
We should not want for food.我们不会缺少食物。
n.(名词)
want, absence, lack, shortage
这组词都有“缺乏”的意思。其区别是:
1.从内容上说:absence指在某一特定的场合应具备或想要的某一事物或事实; lack指应具备或需要的东西; shortage指按规定应具备或需要的数量; want则指缺少必不可少的东西,尤指为一整体的完美所必须具备的东西。
2.从程度上说:absence指根本就不存在; lack指完全没有或不够充足; shortage指部分短缺或开始减少; want则指缺少。
3.从用法上说:absence, lack和want都是不可数名词,间或可加不定冠词; 而shortage可用作不可数名词,也可用作可数名词。
desire wish hope expect want long
这些动词都有“希望”之意。
  • desire:desire语气较正式庄重,着重渴望的力量与热切,常含有强烈的意图和目的。
  • wish:wish语气较弱,多指难于实现或不可能实现的愿望。
  • hope:hope指对愿望实现有一定信心的希望。
  • expect:expect通常指有很大程度的把握,但仍含有预料之意,或预计某事或某行动的发生。
  • want:want一般指所想要的东西是切望得到的东西,能弥补实际需要。
  • long:long语气强,指极殷切地盼望着,这种盼望侧重于很难或不可能得到的东西。有时也指一般愿望,但含一定感情色彩。
lack need want require
这些动词均有“缺少、短少”之意。
  • lack:lack指完全短缺或数量不足。
  • need:need语气较重,指需要必不可少的东西,强调急需。
  • want:want侧重缺少某种必需之物,或个人渴望得到的东西。
  • require:require使用广泛,语气较轻。强调急需时可与need换用,但有时暗示所需的人或物是完成某一任务必不可少的。
lack want absence shortage scarcity
这些名词均含“缺乏,不足”之意。
  • lack:lack普通用词,指部分或完全的不足。
  • want:want指完全或短缺某物,侧重缺少之物是必需的东西。使用范围比lack窄些。
  • absence:absence指某物根本不存在或完全短缺,或某人虽存在,但未到现场。
  • shortage:shortage指不足,但侧重达不到规定的,需要的或已知应有的数量。
  • scarcity:scarcity指产量不足或缺乏某物难以应付或满足需要。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 他给我几块蛋糕,说道:“你要吗?刚出炉的。”

    He offered me some cakes, saying,“Do you want?They're hot from the oven.”

    He offered me some cakes, saying,“Do you want any?They're hot from the oven.”

    表示“某人想要某物”时, want为及物动词,其后须接宾语。

  2. 这件衣服需要清洗。

    This coat wants to wash.

    This coat wants washing.

    This coat wants to be washed.

    表示“某物需要处理”时,可用主动形式的动名词(want+ v -ing)形式,在意义上也可用被动形式的动词不定式(want+to- v )。

  3. 我想听听你的意见。

    I was wanting your opinion.

    I want your opinion.

    want一般不用于进行体。只有在表示“一直…”“老是…”等感情或婉转语气时,才可用want的进行时态。

  4. 她从不缺钱用。

    She has never wanted of money.

    She has never wanted for money.

    表示“(不)缺乏什么东西”,一般可说(not) want for sth,介词用for,不用of。

  5. 她想嫁给一个富商。

    She wanted marrying a rich merchant.

    She wanted to marry a rich merchant.

    表示“某人想做某事”时, want是及物动词,接动词不定式短语作宾语,而不能用动名词作want的宾语。

n.(名词)
  1. 这孩子有长长一单子需要的东西。

    The child has a long list of want.

    The child has a long list of wants.

    want意为“需要的东西”时,是可数名词,且通常用于复数形式。

  2. 访问贵国是我长久的愿望。

    To visit your country is my long-felt wants.

    To visit your country is my long-felt want.

    want表示“需要”“愿望”时,是不可数名词,只有单数形式。

  3. 许多人生活穷困。

    Many people live for want.

    Many people live in want.

    表示“生活困难”“穷困”可以说in want,其中介词in不可改为for。

  4. 由于缺少汽油,我们的车一点用处也没有。

    Our car was useless in want of petrol.

    Our car was useless for want of petrol.

    表示“由于缺乏”“因为缺乏”可以用for want of〔through want of,from want of〕,而in want of是“需要”的意思。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1200年左右进入英语,直接源自古北欧语的vtana,意为缺乏,想要;最初源自原始日耳曼语的wanen。

want的相关资料:

正版词典

want : 想要;希望 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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want的相关缩略词,共有3

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  • want:want vt. 想要, 希望, 需要, 短缺, 缺少n. 需要, 短缺 英英解释:名词want:1. a state of extreme poverty同义词:privation, depriva…

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