like

  基本词汇  
[laɪk]     [laɪk]    
  • prep.
  • conj.如同
  • adv.大概;和 ... 一样
  • adj.相似的;同样的
  • v.喜欢;想;愿意
  • n.类似的人或物
liked liked liking likes
new

like是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

prep.(介词)
  1. 如,像
  2. 例如,诸如,比如
  3. 想要
  4. 好像是
  5. 与相称的
  6. 像要
  7. 像…才会
  8. 相似,类似
  9. 像…一样,宛如,犹如
  10. …怎么样
  11. 符合…的特点
  12. 和…一样
conj.(连词)
  1. 好像,如同,像…一样
  2. 仿佛,似乎
adv.(副词)
  1. 可能,大概
  2. 多半
  3. <旧>一样地
  4. 好像,像,如
adj.(形容词)
  1. 类似的,想像的,相似的
  2. 有相同性质的,相同的,同样的,相等的
  3. <旧><方>可能(发生)的
  4. 相同的
  5. 就要
v.(动词)
  1. 喜欢,喜爱,爱好
  2. 想,希望,想要,要
  3. 适合于
  4. 愿意
  5. <口>使…感到惬意;合…的口味;适合…的肠胃
  6. <废>比较;比喻
n.(名词)
  1. 爱好,喜好
  2. 同样的人
  3. 象...这样的人
  4. 诸如此类
  5. 类型,种类
  6. 类似的人或物

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 喜欢,喜爱 be fond of;have a taste for;find satisfactory or agreeable
  2. vt. 想要 want, wish, prefer
adj.(形容词)
  1. 相似的,相同的 having some or all of the qualities or features of;similar
n.(名词)
  1. [S]相类似的人或事物 person or thing that is like another
  2. [C]喜爱的东西 thing one like very much

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
like : 喜欢, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a similar kind;

    "dogs, foxes, and the like"
    "we don't want the likes of you around here"

  2. a kind of person;

    "We'll not see his like again"
    "I can't tolerate people of his ilk"

Adjective:
  1. resembling or similar; having the same or some of the same characteristics; often used in combination;

    "suits of like design"
    "a limited circle of like minds"
    "members of the cat family have like dispositions"
    "as like as two peas in a pod"
    "doglike devotion"
    "a dreamlike quality"

  2. equal in amount or value;

    "like amounts"
    "equivalent amounts"
    "the same amount"
    "gave one six blows and the other a like number"
    "the same number"

  3. having the same or similar characteristics;

    "all politicians are alike"
    "they looked utterly alike"
    "friends are generally alike in background and taste"

  4. conforming in every respect;

    "boxes with corresponding dimensions"
    "the like period of the preceding year"

Verb:
  1. prefer or wish to do something;

    "Do you care to try this dish?"
    "Would you like to come along to the movies?"

  2. find enjoyable or agreeable;

    "I like jogging"
    "She likes to read Russian novels"

  3. be fond of;

    "I like my nephews"

  4. feel about or towards; consider, evaluate, or regard;

    "How did you like the President's speech last night?"

  5. want to have;

    "I'd like a beer now!"

like的用法和样例:

例句

用作副词 (adv.)
  1. It'll rain this afternoon, as like as not.
    今天下午很可能要下雨。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. I like movies, but I don't like Westerns.
    我喜欢电影,但不喜欢西部牛仔片。
  2. I would like to have a word with you.
    我想同你说句话。
  3. If you like, we could go out this evening.
    你要是愿意的话,咱们今天晚上出去。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. She likes children.
    她喜欢孩子。
  2. All of us liked her very much.
    我们大家都很喜欢她。
  3. Do you like oil paintings or water colours?
    你喜欢油画还是喜欢水彩画?
  4. Does she like music?
    她喜欢音乐吗?
  5. How did you like the film?
    你觉得这部电影怎样?
  6. I'm hungry;I'd like some hot food.
    我饿了,我想吃一点辣味食品。
  7. I should like that one.
    我想要那一个。
  8. I should like a word with you.
    我想和你说句话。
  9. 用于be ~ed结构
  10. The child is liked by everybody.
    这孩子人见人爱。
S+~+to- v
  1. I like to visit him as often as possible.
    我喜欢尽可能多地去拜访他。
  2. I liked to read what they liked to read.
    我爱读她们所喜欢读的书籍。
  3. He likes to swim in big rivers.
    他喜欢在大河里游泳。
  4. He liked to draw and to paint pictures.
    他喜欢绘画。
  5. She likes to work far into the night.
    她喜欢工作到深夜。
  6. She doesn't like to make a scene before strangers.
    当着生人的面,她不愿大吵大闹。
  7. I don't like to argue with him on such trivial points.
    我不喜欢在这类无关紧要的问题上和他辩论。
  8. I don't like to start in such bad weather, but I must go.
    这样坏的天气我不愿动身,但我必须去。
  9. I don't like to be fussed at.
    我可不愿听人唠唠叨叨地训我。
  10. I liked to be treated seriously.
    我喜欢别人认真地对待我。
  11. Women like to be thought younger than they are.
    女人喜欢人家说她年轻。
  12. They would not like to wait too long.
    他们不愿等得太久。
  13. I should like to have a cup of tea.
    我想喝杯茶。
  14. I should like to stay a bit.
    我想呆一会儿。
  15. “I'd thought of asking Julie to give me some driving practice. What do you think she'd say?”“I'll ask her, if you like to do.”
    “我早已想好了要朱丽带我试试车,你想她会怎么说呢?”“你要是愿意,我就请她来。”
S+~+ v -ing
  1. He likes getting up early.
    他喜欢早起。
  2. Do you like reading?
    你喜欢阅读吗?
  3. She likes helping others.
    她喜欢帮助别人。
  4. She likes going to the theatre.
    她喜欢看戏。
  5. He likes being with children.
    他喜欢跟孩子们在一起。
  6. I don't like smoking.
    我不喜欢抽烟。
  7. We don't like discussing them behind their backs.
    我们不愿意背后议论他们。
  8. Old people like sitting still and drinking tea;they don't like noisy dancing.
    老年人喜欢静坐品茶,不喜欢吵闹的舞蹈。
  9. She doesn't like being helped because she can do it herself.
    她不喜欢人家帮助她,因为她自己能做。
  10. He doesn't like people praising him.
    他不想让人们表扬他。
  11. I don't like people talking like that.
    我讨厌听人这么谈话。
  12. She doesn't like you talking to me, does she?
    她不喜欢你同我讲话,是吗?
  13. I don't like her telling me what to do.
    我不喜欢她吩咐我该做什么。
  14. She doesn't like me driving her car.
    她不喜欢我开她的车。
S+~+that-clause
  1. I like that you called on me frequently.
    我喜欢你经常来拜访我。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +(to be) adj./v -ed
  1. I like my tea rather weak.
    我喜欢喝淡茶。
  2. I like my coffee strong.
    我喜欢喝浓咖啡。
  3. She likes it hot and spicy.
    她喜欢它那种又麻又辣的味道。
  4. I'd like my steak well-done.
    我喜欢牛排煎得透。
  5. He liked young people to be conscientious in their work.
    他喜欢年轻人工作认真负责。
  6. She didn't like her husband to be so timid.
    她不喜欢她的先生这样胆小怕事。
  7. I like it done at once.
    我希望能够马上做这件事。
  8. I would like the problem to be discussed at the next meeting.
    我希望这问题在下次会议上讨论。
S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. I like people to tell me the truth.
    我喜欢人们对我说实话。
  2. He never liked people to see his car until a deal was completed.
    他从不愿意在交易做成之前让人家看见他的车。
  3. I should like you to go there.
    我希望你到那儿去。
  4. I should like you to stay a bit if you have time.
    如果你有空的话,我希望你呆一会儿。
  5. Would you like me to go there?
    你要我到那儿去吗?
  6. Would you like me to call you up?
    你想让我叫你起床吗?
用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. Like father like son.
    有其父必有其子。
  2. There are many hospitals and like institutions in Shanghai.
    上海有许多医院以及同类性质的机构。
  3. Each employee received a like bonus.
    每个雇员都得到了相同数目的奖金。
  4. Like causes tend to produce like results.
    类似的原因往往产生类似的结果。
  5. We have like attitudes in this matter.
    我们对这件事的观点大致相同。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. He and his brother are very like.
    他和他兄弟很相像。
  2. The two girls are very like.
    这两个女孩很相像。
  3. They're not twins, but they're very like.
    他们俩虽非双胞胎,却十分相像。
  4. The two buildings are very like.
    这两栋楼很像。
  5. Your shoes and mine are like.
    你的鞋和我的很相像。
  6. They are as like as two peas.
    他们一模一样。
  7. Uncle Jack was more like a book of reference to my father.
    杰克大叔对我父亲来说,真是一部参考书。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. All the talk about “negotiation” and “reconciliation” by Smith and his like is nothing but deceit.
    史密斯之流所说的“谈判”和“和解”,完全是欺人之谈。
  2. We should only compare like with like.
    我们只应该把同类的事物相比较。
  3. That is what my like.
    那就是我喜欢的东西。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
and the like
  1. 诸如此类,等等 sth of the same kind

    We bought chairs, tables and the like. 我们购买了椅子、桌子等等。

    I like jazz, rock and the like. 我喜欢爵士乐,摇滚等诸如此类的乐曲。

    He went on about the need to work harder, moderate wage demands, invest more and the like. 他继续谈论有必要更加努力工作、节制工资需求、做更多的投资等等。

    Wheat, oats and the like are cereals. 小麦、燕麦等都是谷物。

the like(s) of
  1. 像…这样的人或东西 a similar person or thing

    Will we ever see the like of Mozart again? 我们还会再见到莫扎特那样的天才吗?

    We have met the likes of him before. 我们以前碰到过像他这样的人。

    He's a bit of a snob— won't speak to the likes of me. 他这个人有点势利——不会和我这样的人说话。

    I've never seen the likes of it. 我从未见过跟它一样的东西。

    High class restaurants aren't for the likes of us. 高级餐馆不是为我们这样的人开的。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词
用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • 'Sports' .. which breed true when crossed with their like.

    出自:E. W. Macbride
  • The recent murder..was the work of Mr Mohtashemi or his like.

    出自:Guardian
  • Claws like to a bat's but broader.

    出自:M. Twain
  • Farmer's lung and like conditions.

    出自:Lancet
  • At first. it liked me ill.

    出自:Sir W. Scott
  • I rode sullenly Upon a certain path that liked me not.

    出自:D. G. Rossetti
  • We had lik'd to have had our two noses snapp'd off.

    出自:Much Ado about Nothing,Shakespeare

like的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. 动词like在单用时指经常的爱好,不指一时的爱好,如可以说I like it ,不可说I like it today。不过don't like 和didn't like往往指一时的“不肯”或“不愿”;
  2. like与would连用组成Would you like...的句型时,后面只可加不定式,不可加动名词。

    Would you like to come to dinner tomorrow?
    你明天愿意过来吃饭吗?

  3. like引导的句子中,有时should不可省略。

    I should like to see him tomorrow.
    句中should不可省略,可用would代替,但不符合“标准英语”。

  4. 动词like后不可省略宾语,like和宾语成分间通常不能插入其它成分。
  5. like作为动词时,后面既可接不定式,也可接动名词:表示“一时的爱好”时,只可用不定式,不可用动名词。表示“经常的爱好”时,不定式或动名词均可用。针对经常的爱好而言,对于简单的动作或情况多用动名词,而对于复杂些的事,多用不定式。

    He would like to dance with us tonight.

    He likes to dance.
    He likes dancing.

    He likes dancing.
    He likes to work far intio the night.

  6. like表示“喜欢”,但not like除了“并不喜欢”外还有“厌恶”的意思,因此要表示不喜欢却也不厌恶看到他时,用I do not care to see him,而不是I do not like to see him;
  7. 动词like后面可接that从句。

    I like that you write to me frequently.
    我喜欢你常给我写信。

  8. 句式I like him较句式I have a liking for him语气重些;
  9. like常被用作连接词。

    He studies English very hard, like he did Chinese some years ago.
    他非常用功地学英语,就像多年前学中文一样。
    根据“标准英语”,like可替换为as。

v.(动词)
  1. like的基本意思是“喜欢”“喜爱”,指对某人或某事赞赏或发生兴趣,有好感或不厌恶,主要用于使人愉快但尚不至唤起极大热情或迫切愿望的人与事。
  2. like是表示感觉的动词,不能用于进行体中,也不用于现在完成时,一般不用于被动结构。
  3. like表示“喜欢,爱好”时,其后接名词、代词、动名词、动词不定式或that从句作宾语,也可接以“(to be+) adj./v -ed”或动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语;作“想要”解时,用作like的宾语的动名词可用属格或者宾格的代词,表示其逻辑主体。
  4. like作“希望,想”解时,本身就有将来的意味,其一般时就可以表示将来时,故不与be going to连用。
  5. like接动名词作宾语时,多指一个人的爱好、习惯等;接动词不定式或含有动词不定式的复合结构时,表示一时的爱好或比较复杂的经常性爱好;接that引导的从句时,从句中的谓语动词要用虚拟式。
  6. like一般不能用very来修饰,而可用much或very much来修饰,修饰语应放在like之前或句末。
  7. 在较婉转的客套话中,表示“不愿或不想做什么”时,常用like的否定形式not like。
  8. “if you like”的意思是“如果你喜欢,如果你愿意”,常用来引出一个比喻、套话、奇想或别的东西,也可表示“可以说,换句话说”。How did you like的意思是“你觉得怎样”,而不是“你怎样喜欢”。
  9. like与would或should连用时表示“希望”“很想”,多用于客气地询问别人的意思或较委婉地表示个人意愿。would可用于各种人称之后,但在英式英语中第一人称后只用should。should〔would〕 like to- v 的完成体表示“过去应干而未干”,常带有惋惜、威胁、怀疑或讽刺的意味。
  10. 用作like宾语的动名词,其逻辑主体可用属格,也可用宾格,大体有如下规律可循:
  11. 位于句首时多用属格。例如:My falling into the river was embarrassing.我摔到了河里,使我非常尴尬。
  12. 动名词短语用作真实主语时多用属格。例如:It is very risky your driving her car.你开她的车,那是很危险的。
  13. 动名词是being时,多用属格。例如:Excuse my being late.请原谅我来晚了。
  14. 用宾格比用属格使人感到更为自然,尤其在非正式语体中。须注意,有些测试题中常取属格为正确答案,故学习者还是多用属格更有把握些。
adj.(形容词)
  1. like用作形容词时,其意思是“相似的,相同的”,指两个或两个以上的人或物具有某些类似之处,以至区别不开,但并非同一个人或物。
  2. like多用来修饰外貌、性质等抽象的事物,有时也可修饰具体事物。
  3. 多数语法学家认为用作形容词的like只能用作定语,而不能用作表语,用作表语时应当用alike。各级多类测试中也常有以此命题者,故学习者似应以此为准。当然,实际语言中不乏作表语者,且已收入词典。
  4. like作“相像”“相似”解时多数语法学家认为是介词,对此笔者的看法是:作“相似”“相像”解,用作定语时是形容词;作“例如”解,引起同位语时是介词。例如:

    The man like Tom is over there.那个像汤姆的人就在那边。( adj. )There're many people interested, like Tom.有很多人有兴趣,如汤姆。( prep. )

n.(名词)
  1. like用作名词时,其意思是“相类似的人或事物”,指两个或两个以上在外貌或性质上相近的人或事物。like还可指“喜爱的东西”。like可用复数形式,也可用单数形式。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
like to-v, like v-ing
like后可接动词不定式或动名词,二者意思上通常没什么差别,只是后接动词不定式时多表示“一时喜欢”。例如:
I like to take a walk with you this evening.今天晚上我想和你散散步。
而接动名词时多表示“经常喜欢”。例如:
I like taking a walk with someone in the evening.晚上我喜欢和别人一起散步。
但用于否定句时则没有这种区别。例如:
I don't like dancing〔to dance〕.我不喜欢跳舞。
Do you like...?,Would you like...?
这两种结构的区别在于:Do you like...?用于“询问”对方喜欢什么或喜欢做什么;而Would you like...?则用于表示礼貌的“请示”“邀请”。试比较以下两句:
  • Do you like reading?
  • 你喜欢读书吗?
  • Would you like to come for a walk with me?
  • 你来跟我散散步好吗?
like, enjoy, love
这组词表示不同程度的“喜爱”“喜欢”。其区别是:
like表示一般意义上的“喜欢”, enjoy带有欣赏性质的“喜欢,喜爱”,且含“享受”之义,而love指炽烈的爱恋,感情比like深刻。例如:
Leave whenever you like.随便什么时候离开都可以。
I was learning and enjoying it like any child.我就像任何儿童一样学习着,享受着学习的乐趣。
He can't love but hate.他只能恨不能爱。
like, prefer
这两个词都有“喜欢”的意思。其区别在于:
1.like表示喜欢; 而prefer表示“更喜欢”“较喜欢”,相当于like better。
2.like可与(the) most〔best〕连用,而prefer不可。
3.两者之间一般用prefer,而三者之间则常用like。试比较以下两句:
  • I like the white and black ones. Which do you prefer?
  • I like the white, the black, and the red equally. Which do you like best?
4.可以说I prefer it so.,也可以说I so prefer it.,但不可以说I so like it.,而只能说I like it so.。
下面两句意思略有不同:
  • You may come if you like.
  • 如果你愿意就来吧。
  • You may come if you like to.
  • 如果你愿意来就来吧。
下面两句意思不同:
  • I like it fine.
  • 我很喜欢它。
  • I like it to be fine.
  • 我希望它好。
adj.(形容词)
like, alike, same
这三个词的共同意思是“相似的,相同的”。其区别是:
1.like指人或物在外貌、性质或特征上非常相似以致区别不开,但并非同一;alike和like同义,但只能作表语或后置定语。例如:
The two experiments are very like 〔alike〕 .这两个实验很相像。
same指同一个人或物,也指具有相同性质、特征、种类的两个或两个以上的人或物,常与定冠词连用。例如:
They live in the same room.他们住在同一间房里。
2.like可用very修饰,而alike则只能用much, very much修饰。
alike like similar comparable parallel uniform identical
这些形容词均有“相似的,类似的”之意。
  • alike:alike指事物在性质、特征或外貌上固有的而不是偶然的相似。普通用词,只作表语。
  • like:like普通用词,含义广泛,指多个或全部特性都相似,但并非同一个,也可指在某个特殊的偶然相似。
  • similar:similar强调不同的人或事物之间完全或部分相似,暗示可暂不考虑或无视其差异之处。
  • comparable:comparable指在某一点或几点上有相似之处,可作有限或粗略的对比,尤指在价值或能力等方面可相提并论。
  • parallel:parallel主要指在外表或在性质上相似到有可以相提并论的程度。
  • uniform:uniform指在性质、数量、形态或程度等方面相似到很难看出差异的地步。
  • identical:identical语气最强,可指同一个人或物,也可指数个人或物之间完全没有差别。
as like
这两个词均有“像”之意。
  • as:as从属连词,引出方式从句。
  • like:like是前置词,后面跟的是宾语。
like love enjoy fancy adore prefer
这些动词都有“喜欢、喜爱”之意。
  • like:like最常用词,往往只表不太强烈的兴趣或关注,不带强烈的感情,除非另加修饰语。
  • love:love不但表示强烈的喜欢,而且含依恋之情,因此多用于能激起深厚情感的人或物。
  • enjoy:enjoy指对能提供感观或智力上满足或快乐的东西表示欣赏或喜爱。
  • fancy:fancy指喜爱投合自己心意、嗜好或欲望等的人或物。
  • adore:adore非正式用词,口语体,指非常喜爱,带强烈的感情色彩。
  • prefer:prefer指有选择性或偏向性的喜欢。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 我喜欢文学胜于哲学。

    I like literature more than philosophy.

    I like literature better than philosophy.

    修饰动词like的程度副词通常是very much, better, best,而不是more, most。

  2. 我喜欢去听音乐会。

    I often like to go to the concert.

    I like to go to the concert.

    like接动词不定式时本身就含有“经常”的意思, often是多余的。

  3. 你愿意和我们一起踢足球吗?

    Would you like playing football with us?

    Would you like to play football with us?

    would like表示“想,愿意”时,用于指“一时”的感觉,后面只能接动词不定式,不能接动名词。

  4. 我希望他下星期来。

    I like he is going to come next week.

    I like he comes next week.

    like作“希望”解时,本身就可表示将来,不与be going to连用。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:i don't like to eat anything. maybe i'm suffering from fastidium.

    纠正:i don't like eating anything. maybe i'm suffering from fastidium.

    翻译:我不喜欢吃任何东西。我可能患上了厌食症。

    分析:like跟动名词表示习惯性的动作,跟不定式表示一次性的动作。此处表达的是一种患病后的常态,因而应用动名词eating。

  • 错句:"do you like ballet?" "yes, i like."

    纠正:"do you like ballet?" "yes, i like it."

    翻译:“你喜欢芭蕾吗?”“是的,我喜欢。”

    分析:动词like后往往不能省略宾语,所以这里要加上宾语it。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的geilc,意为类似的;最初源自原始日耳曼语的galikaz,意为有相同的形式。

like的相关资料:

正版词典

like : 像,跟…一 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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  • like:n.爱好, 同样的人(或物) adj.相似的, 同样的 vt. 喜欢, 希望, 愿意 vi. 喜欢,希望prep. 象, 如同 adv. 可能…

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