shortage

  常用词汇  
['ʃɔːtɪdʒ]     ['ʃɔːrtɪdʒ]    
  • n. 不足;缺少,短缺
new

shortage的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 缺少
  2. 不足,不足额
  3. 匮乏,短缺,短缺现象
  4. 缺乏
  5. 缺点,缺陷
  6. 欠缺

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C] [U] 不足;缺少;缺少量;不足额 lack;the state of not having enough;an amount lacking

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the property of being an amount by which something is less than expected or required;

    "new blood vessels bud out from the already dilated vascular bed to make up the nutritional deficit"

  2. an acute insufficiency

shortage的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The war was lost because of a shortage of munitions.
    战争因军火不足而失败。
  2. Power shortage browned out the city that winter.
    那年冬天,由于电力不足,市里采取了部分停电供应措施。
  3. He always bemoans the shortage of funds for research.
    他总是叹息研究经费不足。
  4. Continuance of the war will mean shortage of the food.
    战争的持续意味着食品短缺。
  5. The company's main problem is the shortage of skilled personnel.
    这家公司的主要问题是缺少有技术的人员。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. There is no shortage of things to do in the town.
    城里不愁找不到活干。
  2. There was a shortage of skilled workers.
    缺少熟练工人。

词汇搭配

经典引文

  • With the staff shortage I sometimes have to take charge.

    出自:Woman
  • There's no shortage of guidebooks about Paris.

    出自:Modern Maturity

shortage的详细讲解:

词义辨析

n. (名词)
shortage, absence, lack, want
  • 这组词都有“缺乏”的意思。其区别是:
  • 1.从内容上说:absence指在某一特定的场合应具备或想要的某一事物或事实; lack指应具备或需要的东西; shortage指按规定应具备或需要的数量; want则指缺少必不可少的东西,尤指为一整体的完美所必须具备的东西。
  • 2.从程度上说:absence指根本就不存在; lack指完全没有或不够充足; shortage指部分短缺或开始减少; want则指缺少。
  • 3.从用法上说:absence, lack和want都是不可数名词,间或可加不定冠词; 而shortage可用作不可数名词,也可用作可数名词。
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