hope

  基本词汇  
[həʊp]     [hoʊp]    
  • v.希望;期望;盼望
  • n.希望
hoper hoped hoped hoping hopes
new

hope是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 希望,期望,盼望,期待,渴望,奢望
  2. 信赖,信任,相信
  3. 指望
  4. 祝,但愿
  5. 依旧抱一线希望
  6. 希望某事顺利
  7. 寄予最大的希望
  8. 希望如此,但愿如此
  9. (非常)想要
n.(名词)
  1. 希望,期望,期待,愿望
  2. 可能性
  3. (被)寄托希望的人
  4. 霍普(音译名)
  5. 巴望着
  6. 信仰
  7. 毫无希望,毫无机会,不抱希望,不大相信某事会发生
  8. 希望的东西,期望的事情
abbr.(缩略词)
  1. =Help Organize Peace Everywhere 协助组织各地和平
  2. =Health Opportunity for People Everywhere 各地人民均可享受的保健机会

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 希望,期望 have hope of
n.(名词)
  1. [U][C]希望,期望 the expectation of sth happening as one wishes
  2. [S]有希望的人或事物 a person or thing that seems to bring success

行业释义

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hope : 希望, ...
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英英释义

Noun:
  1. a specific instance of feeling hopeful;

    "it revived their hope of winning the pennant"

  2. the general feeling that some desire will be fulfilled;

    "in spite of his troubles he never gave up hope"

  3. grounds for feeling hopeful about the future;

    "there is little or no promise that he will recover"

  4. someone (or something) on which expectations are centered;

    "he was their best hope for a victory"

  5. United States comedian (born in England) who appeared in films with Bing Crosby (1903-2003)

  6. one of the three Christian virtues

Verb:
  1. expect and wish;

    "I trust you will behave better from now on"
    "I hope she understands that she cannot expect a raise"

  2. be optimistic; be full of hope; have hopes;

    "I am still hoping that all will turn out well"

  3. intend with some possibility of fulfilment;

    "I hope to have finished this work by tomorrow evening"

hope的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. I hope to announce the winner shortly.
    我希望马上宣布胜利者的名字。
  2. After these dry days, everyone hopes for rain.
    干燥的天气之后,人人都希望下雨。
  3. I hope he will be adequate to the job.
    我希望他将胜任这一工作。
  4. And hope is what Yad Vashem is all about!
    而盼望正是大屠杀纪念馆的主旨。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The doctors held out no hope of recovery.
    医生们对痊愈不抱希望。
  2. I called in the hope of finding her at home.
    我希望她能在家才给她打的电话。
  3. Do you have any hope that he'll come?
    你想他会来吗?

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Now we've tried everything, we can only hope.
    我们已经竭尽所能,现在只能希望有好的结果。
  2. In all things, it is better to hope than to despair.
    在任何情况下,抱有希望总比绝望强。
用作及物动词 S+~+to- v
  1. I hope to hear from you soon.
    我希望不久能收到你的来信。
  2. He hopes to take a vacation in May.
    他期望在五月休假。
  3. We all hope to go to college.
    我们都希望去上大学。
  4. She hopes to spend a year in England after she leaves school.
    她希望毕业后去英国呆一年。
  5. You might tell them that I hope to be back tomorrow night.
    你可以告诉他们,我希望明晚回来。
  6. You can't hope to win an easy victory.
    你不能指望侥幸取胜。
  7. With your nothing-can-be-done attitude, you can't hope to accomplish anything.
    抱着这种无所作为的态度,你别想有什么成就。
  8. I'm hoping to borrow some money.
    我希望借点钱。
  9. I am hoping to go abroad for further study this year.
    我正在盼望今年能出国深造。
  10. We had hoped to be able to come and see you.
    我们本来打算能来看你。
  11. She had hoped to visit her sister but it was impossible.
    她曾希望去看看妹妹,但是未能实现。
S+~+(that-)clause
  1. We hope that we will be better paid.
    我们希望得到更好的报酬。
  2. I hope she will like the flowers.
    我希望她会喜欢这些花。
  3. I hope you will help me.
    我希望你能帮助我。
  4. I hope it will be fine tomorrow.
    我希望明天天气好。
  5. I hope it may not come true.
    我希望这件事不会成为事实。
  6. I hope he may arrive safely.
    我希望他会安全到达。
  7. I hope that fortune may smile upon you.
    我希望幸运会降临到你的头上。
  8. We hope that you have a good time on the trip.
    我们希望你们旅行愉快。
  9. I hope you stay for lunch.
    我希望你留下来吃午饭。
  10. I hope the bus comes soon.
    我希望公共汽车很快会来。
  11. I was hoping that you could lend me your car.
    我希望您能借我用一下您的车。
  12. We were hoping that you would stay with us.
    我们希望你留下来和我们在一起。
  13. I had hoped that you would come to our rescue.
    我曾希望你会来救我们。
  14. I've been hoping that I'd have a chance to see the film.
    我一直希望有机会看到那部电影。
  15. I had been hoping that my son would be a teacher.
    我原先希望我的儿子能成为一名教师。
  16. I hope she doesn't dislike the flowers.
    我希望她不会讨厌这些花。
  17. I hope she doesn't wake up.
    我希望她没有醒来。
  18. I hope you haven't hurt yourself.
    但愿你没伤着自己。
  19. I hope I do not inconvenience you.
    我希望我没有使你不方便。
  20. I can't but hope that I arrive at the station in time.
    我只能希望我会及时赶到车站。
  21. I don't hope that you tell lies.
    我不希望你撒谎。
  22. I hope that you won't tell lies.
    我希望你不要撒谎。
S+~+so/not
  1. Will it be fine tomorrow? —I hope so.
    明天会晴吗?——希望会晴。
  2. Will it be windy tomorrow?—I hope not.
    明天会刮风吗?——但愿别刮风。
  3. He is annoyed with me, isn't he?—I hope not.
    他大概生我的气了吧?我希望不是这么回事。
It is ~d+to- v /that-clause
  1. It is hoped to finish the job this week.
    希望本周能结束这项工作。
  2. It is hoped that peace will be soon concluded.
    可以期望不久将缔结和约。
  3. It is hoped that there can also be a meeting with Dr. Johnson.
    希望也能和约翰逊博士会见。
  4. It is hoped that all these plans will be carried out next year.
    所有的计划可望明年执行。
  5. It is earnestly hoped that you'll attend out tea party.
    诚挚地希望你参加我们的茶会。
  6. It is sincerely hoped that we can join the National Day celebrations in Beijing.
    恳切希望我们能参加北京的国庆节庆祝活动。
  7. It is hoped that he will get a severe punishment.
    希望他会受到严厉的惩罚。
  8. It is hoped that everyone should pay attention.
    希望大家都要注意。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. All my hopes have come true.
    我所有的希望都已成为现实。
  2. Her great hope is a bicycle for Christmas.
    她非常希望圣诞节时能得到一辆自行车。
  3. Hope is a good breakfast, but a bad dinner.
    事前希望真美妙,事后失败成苦恼。
  4. She never completely gave up hope.
    她从不完全放弃希望。
  5. His promise gave me hope.
    他的许诺给了我希望。
  6. Do not allow yourself to indulge in false hopes.
    不要让自己沉湎于虚无缥缈的期望之中。
  7. We've pinned all our hopes on you.
    我们已把一切希望都寄托在你的身上。
  8. This brought new hope to him.
    这给他带来了新的希望。
  9. If it were not for hope, the heart would break.
    人是靠希望活着的。
  10. He was disappointed in his hopes.
    他失望了。
  11. There is a ray of hope.
    有一线希望。
  12. It fell short of my hopes.
    它不能满足我的希望。
  13. They are full of hope for the future.
    他们对未来充满希望。
  14. He left me with a great deal of hope.
    他使我充满希望。
  15. He is not without hope.
    他不是毫无希望。
  16. You're my only hope.Please help me.
    你是我唯一寄予希望的人,请帮帮我。
  17. A car is my hope.
    我想有一辆车。
~+of n. / v -ing
  1. She has no hope of success.
    她没有成功的希望。
  2. There is much hope of further improvement.
    大有进一步改进的可能性。
  3. He is the hope of the family.
    他是家中的希望。
  4. Peace is the hope of the world.
    和平是全世界的希望。
  5. Does our only hope of survival lie in disarmament?
    我们生存的唯一希望在于裁军吗?
  6. All hope of finding them was abandoned and the search was called off.
    找到他们的一切希望都已放弃,搜寻工作也已取消。
  7. He gave up all hope of succeeding.
    他放弃了一切获得成功的希望。
  8. He has lost all hope of becoming the president.
    他已经失去了当校长的一切希望。
  9. There is not much hope of their being alive .
    他们仍然活着的希望不大。
  10. There is no hope of his passing this examination.
    他没有希望通过这次考试。
~+for n./pron.
  1. I fear there is no hope for her.
    我怕她没有希望。
  2. Parents have high hopes for their children.
    父母对自己的孩子寄予厚望。
  3. I expressed my hope for his recovery.
    我表示希望他能康复。
  4. Our hopes for fine weather were not disappointed.
    我们希望有个好天气,老天没有让我们失望。
  5. Technical co-operation is the only hope for progress.
    技术合作是进步的唯一希望。
~+that-clause
  1. There is little hope that he will come.
    他来的希望很小。
  2. There is a faint hope that she may be cured.
    她治愈的希望很渺茫。
  3. I have good hope that he will soon be well again.
    我坚信他不久就会康复。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
hope for (v.+prep.)
  1. 希望,希望得到 hope that sth will happen; want to get hope for sth

    We hope for an early spring.我们希望春天早早到来。

    After this dry weather everyone hopes for rain.经过这段干旱天气之后,人人盼望下雨。

    How I hope for his speedy recovery!我多么希望他早日康复啊!

    We hope for foreign aid but cannot depend on it.我们希望有外援,但是我们不能依赖它。

    This time they really hoped for better results.这次他们的确希望取得较好的成果。

    We all hope for a better life.我们都希望生活得好些。

    He still hopes for more.他还抱更多的期望。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    A still larger attendance is hoped for.希望有更多的人出席。

    An improvement in our meal is hoped for.大家希望改善一下伙食。

    There is nothing to be hoped for.没什么可指望的了。

    hope for sb/sth to-v

    I hope for my son to become a doctor.我希望我儿子会成为一名医生。

    I hope for this book to become a best seller.我希望这本书会成为一本畅销书。

    I hope for the weather to improve soon.我希望天气会很快转好。

  2. 抱乐观态度,作最好的打算 be hopeful of success, a good result, a happy ending; believe in victory hope for the best

    Let us hope for the best.我们往最好处想吧。

    Hope for the best and prepare for the worst.抱最好的希望,作最坏的准备。

用作名词 (n.)
be beyond〔past〕 hope
  1. (成功、痊愈等)毫无希望 have no chance of succeeding, recovering, etc.

    They are trying to cure him of his drug addiction but he is beyond hope. 他们想戒除他的毒瘾,但是他已经不可救药了。

    It is beyond all hope of repair. 它已无法修理了。

    She is past hope of recovery. 她没有康复的希望了。

build up〔raise〕 sb's hopes
  1. 使某人抱有希望 encourage sb to expect better fortune, etc.

    The new agreement raised their hopes for conditions of prosperity and harmony. 新的协议唤起了他们对繁荣和谐前景的期望。

hold out hope
  1. (对…)抱有(…)希望 provide (some, etc.) reason to expect sth

    He holds out some hope of marrying her. 他对于娶她为妻抱有一些希望。

hope against hope
  1. 抱一线希望 continue to hope when there is little chance of success

    He hoped against hope that his lost watch would be found. 他抱着侥幸的心理,希望能找到他那只丢失的表。

    We were hoping against hope that our son was among the survivors. 我们对儿子生还存一线希望。

in (the) hope (of)
  1. 怀着…的希望 because of the wish for sth/that... in the hope of sth/v-ing/that...

    He's in the hope of success.他满怀成功的希望。

    We returned to the park in the hope of finding her wallet.我们回到公园,希望能找到她的钱包。

    He came to see me in the hope that I would help him.他来找我,希望我能帮助他。

    I'm in great hope that she will recover.我非常希望她会康复。

live in hope(s)
  1. 希望事情会成功; 乐观地寻求改进 be hoping for sth to succeed; look optimistically for an improvement live in hope

    I haven't found a suitable job yet, but I still live in hope.我还未找到合适的工作,但希望能有工作使我如愿。

    Things seem bad, but we live in hope.形势似乎很糟,但我们仍希望有好的转机。

    The exam results haven't come through yet, but I live in hope.虽然考试结果还未公布,但我仍在期待着好成绩。

    live in hope(s) of sth

    We live in hopes of better times.我们希望情况会好转。

    The prisoner lives in hope of an early release.这个囚犯希望能提前被释放。

some hope
  1. 毫无指望 not a hope; no chance at all

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
副词+~ ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • And still we follow'd..In hope to gain upon her flight.

    出自:Tennyson
  • My hopes of ever escaping from provincial young-ladyhood were almost abandoned.

    出自:V. Brittain
  • After he had completely given up hope, a miracle..happened.

    出自:B. Emecheta
  • Always baiting his master in hopes of getting a..stripe or two across those..buttocks.

    出自:T. Pynchon
  • 'Make sure you get the right mix of weapons and explosives.' 'You've got a hope'.

    出自:C. Egleton
  • Fair Hope, with smiling face but ling'ring foot.

    出自:personified
  • She hoped, the way children hope, for a happy ending to this courtship.

    出自:E. O

hope的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. hope用作动词的基本意思是“希望”“期望”,指热切、专心致志地对未来的、积极的、崇高的、一些好的或有利的结果的盼望,含有一定的主观性,相信其可能实现。
  2. hope既可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,其后一般接动词不定式或宾语从句,但不能接名词、动名词作宾语,也不能接复合宾语; 用作不及物动词时,常与介词for连用表示“对…抱有希望”。
  3. hope接动词不定式的完成体也是表达将来时间。
  4. hope所接的that从句中的谓语多由will〔may〕+ v. 构成, that可省略。在对话中常可用so或not代替前面句子中肯定式或否定式的宾语(动词不定式或that从句)。
  5. hope作“希望”解,本身即指将来,所以在hope的宾语从句中常可用一般现在时表示将来时间,一般不与be going to连用。
  6. hope不是转移否定动词,表示否定意义时,否定词可放在主句中,也可放在从句中,但意义不同,用so或not代替时亦如此。注意can't but hope的意思是“只能希望”。
  7. hope是静态动词,一般不用于进行体。如用于进行体,则强调当时的思想情况,或是表达一种强烈的愿望,除具有“短暂性”外,语气也较为婉转。其过去进行体was hoping出现在句中有时并不表示过去的时间,而可能指现在的时间,这种用法比其现在进行体语气更加委婉。
  8. hope用于过去完成时可表示以前的希望或设想未曾实现,含有一种对希望幻灭的惋惜之情。
  9. hope以动词不定式或that从句作主语时可用于被动结构,但必须采用形式主语结构。
  10. I shall hope to see you when we return to town.中的shall hope是个婉转用语,它实际上是指现在的hope, to see you才指将来的行为。但英语不能说I hope to shall see you ... ,因此才把shall转移到hope上。
n.(名词)
  1. hope用作名词的基本意思是有可能实现的“希望”或“期望”,也可表示“有希望的人或事物”。作“希望,期望”解时,既可用作可数名词,也可用作不可数名词; 作“有希望的人或事物”解时是可数名词,常用于单数形式。
  2. hope常与介词of或for连用,其后可接名词、动名词或动名词的复合结构。其后还常接由that引导的同位语从句。
  3. be beyond〔past〕 hope的意思是“(成功、痊愈等)毫无希望”; build up〔raise〕 sb's hopes的意思是“使某人抱有希望”; hold out hope的意思是“(对…)抱有(…)希望”; in the hope of sth/ v -ing/that-clause的意思是“怀着…的希望”; live in hope(s)的意思是“希望事情会成功”或“乐观地寻求改进”; some hope则用于反语,意思是“毫无指望”。
  4. 可以说in the hope of,也可说in hopes of; 可以说in the hope that,也可说in hopes that。hope用于单数形式时,其前须加the; 用于复数形式时,其前不加the。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
hope, desire, want, wish
这组词都含有“想”“希望”的意思。其区别是:
1.desire和hope多指可以达到的事; wish通常用于难以实现或达到的事, wish也可表示祈愿。
2.desire, wish和hope后均可接从句或不定式作宾语; wish和desire后接that从句一般用虚拟语气; desire和wish后可接复合宾语; hope用作不及物动词时常接of, for引起的短语。
3.desire在语气上比wish更强烈,更庄重,且很少用于口语。
hope, expect
这两个词均可表示对某事的实现持有信心,其含义的差别仅在于程度上:hope指持有一定的信心,而expect指持有高度的信心。在用法上, hope不可接名词、动名词作宾语,也不可接复合宾语; 而expect既可接名词、动名词作宾语,也可接复合宾语。
下面两个句子意思不同:
  • I don't hope that he will come tomorrow.
  • 我不希望他明天来。
  • I hope that he will not come tomorrow.
  • 我希望他明天不来。
n.(名词)
hope for, hope of
hope后可接for,也可接of,其区别在于:
1.of引出的是“希望”的内容, for指对某人〔事物〕的“希望”。
2.of后可接 v -ing,而for不可。
3.for后可接表示人的名词或代词,而of不可。
desire wish hope expect want long
这些动词都有“希望”之意。
  • desire:desire语气较正式庄重,着重渴望的力量与热切,常含有强烈的意图和目的。
  • wish:wish语气较弱,多指难于实现或不可能实现的愿望。
  • hope:hope指对愿望实现有一定信心的希望。
  • expect:expect通常指有很大程度的把握,但仍含有预料之意,或预计某事或某行动的发生。
  • want:want一般指所想要的东西是切望得到的东西,能弥补实际需要。
  • long:long语气强,指极殷切地盼望着,这种盼望侧重于很难或不可能得到的东西。有时也指一般愿望,但含一定感情色彩。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 我希望你成功。

    I hope your success.

    I hope for your success.

    hope不可直接接名词作宾语,须用短语动词hope for。

  2. 我希望马上能见到他。

    I hope seeing him at once.

    I hope to see him at once.

    I hope that I shall see him at once.

    I have the hope of seeing him at once.

    hope不可直接接动名词作宾语,只能接动词不定式,也可用hope+that-clause或have the hope of v -ing来代替。

n.(名词)
  1. 他们几乎没有成功的希望。

    They have little hope to success.

    They have little hope of success〔succeeding〕.

    在hope之后一般都接介词of,表示“…的希望”,而不用介词to。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的hoipan,意为希望,期望,盼望。

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正版词典

hope : 希望,期望 ...
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  • hope:hope n. 希望, 信心v. 希望, 盼望, 期待, 信赖 英英解释:名词hope:1. a specific instance of feeling hopeful2. the general…

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