wish

  基本词汇  
[wɪʃ]     [wɪʃ]    
  • v.希望;想要
  • n.愿望;命令;渴望;祝颂(表达这个意思时,常用复数)
wisher wished wished wishing wishes
new

wish是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 盼望,希望,企求,想要
  2. 但愿
  3. 祝,祝愿
  4. 向...道(早安等)
  5. 请求,要求
  6. 默默盼祷
n.(名词)
  1. 希望,愿望
  2. 祝愿,祝辞
  3. 请求,要求,命令
  4. 希望的事
  5. 想要的东西

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 希望; 想要 have a desire
  2. vt. 祝愿 say that one hopes for
n.(名词)
  1. [C] 渴望,希望,盼望,愿望 a feeling of wanting sth, especially sth that is at present impossible; hope or desire
  2. [C] 希望的事,想要的东西 a thing wished for; object of hope or desire
  3. [C] 许愿,祈祷,祈求 an attempt to make a particular desired thing or situation happen, especially when it can only happen by magic expressed in a special way or silently; act of wishing

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
wish : 希望, 祝愿 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
wish : 希望, 祝愿 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a specific feeling of desire;

    "he got his wish"
    "he was above all wishing and desire"

  2. an expression of some desire or inclination;

    "I could tell that it was his wish that the guests leave"
    "his crying was an indirect request for attention"

  3. (usually plural) a polite expression of desire for someone's welfare;

    "give him my kind regards"
    "my best wishes"

  4. the particular preference that you have;

    "it was his last wish"
    "they should respect the wishes of the people"

Verb:
  1. hope for; have a wish;

    "I wish I could go home now"

  2. prefer or wish to do something;

    "Do you care to try this dish?"
    "Would you like to come along to the movies?"

  3. make or express a wish;

    "I wish that Christmas were over"

  4. feel or express a desire or hope concerning the future or fortune of

  5. order politely; express a wish for

  6. invoke upon;

    "wish you a nice evening"
    "bid farewell"

wish的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. I wish you a good journey.
    祝你一路平安。
  2. Do you wish to say anything?
    你想要说什么吗?
用作名词 (n.)
  1. His wish to be an actor has come true.
    他想当演员的愿望实现了。
  2. The Asian confederation has said it would leave its four executive committee members to vote as they wish rather than give an order.
    亚足联声称将由其四位执委按照他们自己的意愿进行投票,而不会下命令。
  3. I have no wish to be an official.
    我没有当官的愿望。
  4. We all send our best wishes (for your recovery).
    我们都祝你早日康复。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Let's wish!
    但愿如此!
  2. Here again was a chance for him to make amends if he wished.
    如果他愿意,现在又是一个弥补过失的机会。
  3. I don't think I ought to, but I will if you wish.
    我觉得我不该这样,但如果你希望我就照办。
  4. Do you wish when you see a shooting star?
    当你看见流星时你许愿吗?
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. They informed him that they wished reconciliation.
    他们告诉他,他们愿意和解。
  2. Well, if you wish it I could call on you on Friday.
    好的,如果你真希望那样,那么我可以在星期五拜访你。
  3. That's what I have always wished.
    这是我一向想要的。
S+~+to- v
  1. I wish to lodge a complaint.
    我想提出控告。
  2. She ardently wished to be independent.
    她热切地盼望自立。
  3. I don't wish to be disturbed in my work.
    我希望工作时不受干扰。
  4. Mr. White is on the phone, wishing to speak to you.
    怀特先生来电话,要跟你讲话。
  5. I wish to leave my property to my children.
    我想把财产留给子女。
  6. They wished to have closer cultural and economic links with us.
    他们愿意和我们有更密切的文化和经济联系。
  7. I wish once again to express our warmest welcome to you.
    我愿意再次向你们表示最热烈的欢迎。
  8. The doctor, not wishing to make her nervous, did not fully explain the seriousness of her condition.
    大夫不愿意使她紧张,没有充分给她说明病情的严重性。
S+~+(that-)clause
  1. I wish I were a millionaire.
    我但愿自己是个百万富翁。
  2. He wished Rose were there to share in the joy.
    他真愿意露丝也在那里分享他的喜悦。
  3. How I wish it wasn't raining.
    现在要是不下雨多好。
  4. I do wish I knew more about the subject.
    我要是对这问题知道得更多一些多好。
  5. I wish I knew what was going to happen.
    但愿我能知道要发生什么事。
  6. She wished she'd stayed at home.
    她但愿当时在家。
  7. He wished he hadn't done it.
    他想要是自己没这样做多好。
  8. I wish Haas had come with us.This is more in his line than mine.
    要是哈斯也来了就好了。对这,他比我更懂行一些。
  9. I wish that you hadn't told me all this.
    我倒希望你当初别把这一切都告诉我。
  10. She wished she had stayed at home.
    她懊悔的是她当时要是在家就好了。
  11. I wish that I could have gone with you last night.
    我但愿昨晚能和你一起去了那里。
  12. I earnestly wish I could have been present at the meeting yesterday.
    我倒真愿意能参加昨天的会议。
  13. I wish he would arrive at some conclusions.
    我希望他能得出某种结论。
  14. We wish that he would settle down.
    他要是过上安定的生活就好了。
  15. He wishes that his father would decide the matter for him.
    他希望他父亲能替他决定此事。
  16. I wish you wouldn't smoke any more.
    我希望你别再抽烟了。
  17. I wish he wouldn't go out every night.
    他要是每天晚上不出去就好了。
  18. I wish very much you could manage to come over.
    我非常希望你能设法到这里来。
  19. I wish it might prove true.
    我希望证明这是真的。
  20. She wishes sincerely that she might do something to comfort him.
    她真诚地希望自己能做些什么来安慰他。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. The pupils wish their teacher good morning before classes begin.
    上课前学生问老师早晨好。
  2. I wished her good night and went upstairs.
    我和她说了声“晚安”就上楼了。
  3. He wished them all a Merry Christmas and departed early.
    他向他们大家说了“圣诞快乐”之后,很早就走了。
  4. They wished us good luck.
    他们祝我们交好运。
  5. They wished him a quick recovery.
    他们希望他早日痊愈。
  6. Let's wish you a long life.
    祝你长寿。
  7. Wish you a pleasant trip.
    祝你旅途愉快。
  8. We certainly wish them victory.
    我们当然希望他们胜利。
  9. I wish him joy of his dealing with the customer who had caused so much trouble before.
    他要和那位增添了那么多麻烦的主顾打交道,我但愿他吉利吧。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +(to be) adj.
  1. You know we wish you to be happy.
    你知道我们希望你幸福。
  2. I wish it to be clear that the decision is final.
    我希望明确一下,这个决定是不可更改的。
  3. He wished himself dead.
    他希望自己死去。
  4. We wish nobody ill.
    我们不希望任何人有病。
  5. Do you wish your coffee black or white, sir?
    先生,您要的咖啡加不加牛奶?
S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. Do you wish me to stay?
    你想要我留下吗?
  2. Do you wish me to serve dinner now?
    你想让我现在开饭吗?
  3. Why don't you wish her to accept the post?
    你为什么不愿意她接受这个职位?
  4. I wish you to leave me alone.
    我不要你管我。
  5. Is there anything else you wish me to bring you?
    你还想让我给你带点儿别的什么东西吗?
  6. He wished someone else to take his place.
    他希望有别人来替他。
  7. I don't wish the subject to be raised again.
    我希望不要再提出这个问题。
  8. He wishes the country to be reunited at an early date to see her.
    他多么盼望祖国早日重新统一,见她一面啊!
S+~+ n./pron. + v -ed
  1. I wish the work finished tomorrow.
    我希望这工作明天完成。
  2. He did not wish it mentioned.
    他不愿意提到这件事。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Our wish for better times has come true.
    我们要求过好日子的愿望已实现。
  2. Please respect my wishes and do as I ask.
    请尊重我的意愿,按我要求的去做。
  3. If you had three wishes, what would you choose?
    假设你有三个愿望,这三个愿望都是什么呢?
  4. She wanted a new bike for Christmas and she got her wish.
    她想在圣诞节得到一辆新的自行车,结果如愿以偿了。
  5. May all your wishes come true!
    但愿你所有的愿望都能实现。
  6. I have no wish for a well-paid position.
    我不祈求待遇优厚的职位。
  7. He closed his eyes and made a wish.
    他闭上眼睛许了个愿。
  8. Give my best wishes to your parents.
    请转达我对你父母最美好的祝愿。
  9. We sent our best wishes for her birthday.
    我们对她的生日致以最良好的祝愿。
  10. Please accept my sincere wishes.
    请接受我的真诚祝愿。
  11. The wish is father to the thought.
    愿望为信念之父。
~+to - v
  1. She had expressed a wish to see the gardens.
    她表示了想看看花园的愿望。
  2. His wish to make progress will surely be realized.
    他要求进步的愿望一定会实现。
  3. I have no wish to go with him.
    我不想同他一起去。
  4. I have no wish to appear rude.
    我无意显得粗鲁。
  5. She expressed a wish to be alone.
    她表示希望别人不要打扰她。
  6. I have no wish to go again.
    我不希望再去。
~+that-clause
  1. It is our wish that he should do what he pleases.
    我们希望他爱做什么就做什么。
  2. It is our wish that he go abroad for further study.
    我们希望他出国继续深造。
  3. It is my wish that he do so.
    我希望他这样做。
~ is/was+that-clause
  1. His last wish was that he should see his grandchildren again.
    他临死之前,最后的愿望是想再看看他的孙子孙女们。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
wish away (v.+adv.)
  1. 继续表达个人的愿望 continue to express one's wishes〔说明〕 wish away作此解时通常不用于进行体。 wish away

    It's no use just wishing away for week after week, you have to take some action!光是周复一周地表白你的愿望是毫无作用的,你必须付诸某种行动!

  2. 希望…离开〔消失〕 desire (sb/sth) to leave; try to make (sb/sth) disappear by wishing wish sb/sth away

    With all her heart, she wished him away, but he refused to go.她一心一意地希望他离开,可是他就是不走。

    It would be nice, wouldn't it?if we could wish this terrible weather away and make the sun shine!如果能凭我们的愿望把这可怕的天气变得阳光明媚,那真是妙极了,不是吗?

    She kissed the child's knee and said that she would wish the pain away.她亲吻着孩子的膝盖说道,她会用祝愿驱走他的疼痛的。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    These problems cannot be wished away, you know.你要知道,这些问题不是你希望它不存在它就能不存在的。

wish for (v.+prep.)
  1. 希望得到 desire (usually sth) wish for sth

    The fisherman wished for a new house, but he was soon sorry.渔夫想得到一幢新房子,但他很快就后悔了。

    I will send you the book you wished for.我会把你想要的那本书寄给你的。

    The children have everything they could possibly wish for.孩子们要什么有什么。

    We wish for peace.我们盼望和平。

    How she wished for an opportunity to come and visit our Great Wall.她多么希望能有机会来看看我们的长城。

    If you wish for further explanation, you'd better apply in person to the director.如果你想得到进一步说明,你最好直接找主任联系。

    We were wishing for cool weather.我们盼望着凉爽的天气。

    When it is hot they wish for winter.天气热的时候他们向往冬天。

    It's no use wishing for things you can't have.想要得不到的事物是徒劳的。

    What more could one wish for?夫复何求?

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The weather was all that could be wished for.天气是再好也没有的了。

wish on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
  1. 向…祈求 use sth as a means of hope or obtaining a wish wish on〔upon〕 sb/sth

    You can wish upon a star.你可以向星星祈祷。

    Mary wished on a star that she could pass the test.玛丽求老天保佑她考试及格。

  2. 使打扰,使染上 cause sth bad or sb unwanted to trouble sb〔说明〕 wish on〔upon〕作此解时通常不用于进行体。 wish sb/sth on〔upon〕 sb

    I don't think we can wish the children on your parents while we're away.我想在我们外出期间,不能把孩子们推给你父母亲照管。

    She's a difficult person; I wouldn't wish her on my worst enemy.她是个难相处的人,就是我的死敌,我也不愿把她推给他。

    They wished the hardest job on me.他们把最艰苦的工作硬推给我。

    I wouldn't wish such an illness upon my worst enemy.我绝不希望我的死敌染上这样的一种病。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~
  • death wish (有意识或无意识地希望自己或他人死亡的)死亡愿望
介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • I would not wish Any companion in the world but you.

    出自:Tempest,Shakespeare
  • She hears that Miss Biggs is to be married...I wish it may be so.

    出自:J. Austen
  • I wished both magazine and review at the bottom of the sea.

    出自:C. Lamb
  • Let us remember James by name and wish him happy.

    出自:Dickens
  • You should do just what your grandfather wishes.

    出自:L. M. Alcott
  • 'I wish we could marry now,' murmured Stephen, as an impossible fancy.

    出自:T. Hardy
  • If men really wish to be good, they will become good.

    出自:J. B. Mozley
  • These words were a barrier between us which she wished me..to remove.

    出自:I. Murdoch

wish的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. wish的基本意思是“希望”“想要”,指对未曾达到、难以达到或不可能达到的目标极其渴望。wish还可作“祝愿”解。
  2. wish既可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时,后接名词、代词、动词不定式或that从句作宾语,从句中的谓语动词要用虚拟式。wish有时也可接双宾语,还可接以“(to be+) adj. ”、动词不定式或过去分词充当补足语的复合宾语。过去分词作宾语补足语时表示被动或完成意义。
  3. 当表示实现的可能性不大的主观设想时,从句中的谓语动词不用一般现在时,而须用一般过去时; 当表示与过去的事实相反时,从句中的谓语动词不用一般过去时,而须用过去完成时或“could〔would〕+have ~ed ”结构; 当表示对未来的设想时,从句中的谓语动词要用“would〔could,might〕+动词原形”结构。
  4. wish引导的that从句中的主语是单数第一人称、第三人称或表示单数的名词词组时,其后的be既可以是was,也可是were。
  5. wish用作不及物动词时,常与介词for连用。
  6. wish是表示感情的动词,不用于被动结构。
n.(名词)
  1. wish用作名词时,意思是“渴望,希望,盼望,愿望”,指在心中形成对某物的追求,也可指“希望的事,想要的东西”。wish还可指为了达到某一目的而进行的“许愿,祈祷,祈求”。
  2. wish后可接that引导的同位语从句和表语从句,从句中的谓语动词要用虚拟式,从句中可用should,也可省略should,而用动词原形。wish作“祝愿”解时,要用复数形式。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
wish, desire, hope, want
这组词都含有“想”“希望”的意思。其区别是:
1.desire和hope多指可以达到的事; wish通常用于难以实现或达到的事, wish也可表示祈愿。
2.desire, wish和hope后均可接从句或不定式作宾语; wish和desire后接that从句一般用虚拟语气; desire和wish后可接复合宾语; hope用作不及物动词时常接of, for引起的短语。
3.desire在语气上比wish更强烈,更庄重,且很少用于口语。
下面两个句子意思不同:
  • I wish you had called on me yesterday.
  • 你昨天来看我就好了。
  • I wish you could have called on me yes- terday.
  • 我本以为你昨天会来看我。
desire wish hope expect want long
这些动词都有“希望”之意。
  • desire:desire语气较正式庄重,着重渴望的力量与热切,常含有强烈的意图和目的。
  • wish:wish语气较弱,多指难于实现或不可能实现的愿望。
  • hope:hope指对愿望实现有一定信心的希望。
  • expect:expect通常指有很大程度的把握,但仍含有预料之意,或预计某事或某行动的发生。
  • want:want一般指所想要的东西是切望得到的东西,能弥补实际需要。
  • long:long语气强,指极殷切地盼望着,这种盼望侧重于很难或不可能得到的东西。有时也指一般愿望,但含一定感情色彩。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 我希望我们的老师来参加我们的晚会。

    I wish that our teacher will come to our evening party.

    I wish that our teacher would come to our evening party.

    I hope that our teacher will come to our evening party.

    hope和wish都可表示“希望”,但hope表示的“希望”一般可以实现,充当其宾语的从句中的动词用将来时。wish所表示的“希望”实现的可能性不大,充当其宾语的从句中的动词用虚拟式。

  2. “今天晚上你想去看电影吗?”“我希望能去,但我得准备一次考试。”

    “Would you like to go to the movies tonight?” “I wish I did, but I have to study for a test.”

    “Would you like to go to the movies tonight?” “I wish I could, but I have to study for a test.”

    wish后接的宾语从句常用虚拟语气。指将来的情况多用would, could或might加动词原形构成谓语。如果谓语动词用了过去式形式,则是对现在情况的假设。

  3. 我现在就要见他。

    I wish seeing him at once.

    I wish to see him at once.

    wish后接动词不定式表示“希望”,强调主语的主观愿望,该愿望大都可以实现。这时, wish后不能接动名词。

  4. 祝你成功!

    I hope you success.

    I wish you success.

    wish后可以跟双宾语,但hope后不可以。

  5. 他不希望得到任何回报。

    He does not wish any reward.

    He does not wish for any reward.

    表示“希望得到某物”时要用wish for。

  6. 祝你生日快乐!

    I hope you a happy birthday.

    I wish you a happy birthday.

    表示“祝愿”时,一般用wish而不用hope。

  7. 圣诞节前夕,我们拜访我们的美国老师,祝愿他圣诞节快乐。

    On Christmas Eve we visited our American teacher, congratulating him on a merry Christmas.

    On Christmas Eve we visited our American teacher, wishing him a merry Christmas.

    congratulate是因某人有喜事或成功地完成某项工作时对他表示“祝贺”,至于圣诞节或新年,对别人的“祝愿、祝福”通常用wish。

n.(名词)
  1. 她10年前自愿嫁给了一个工人。

    She married a young worker in her own wish ten years ago.

    She married a young worker at her own wish ten years ago.

    She married a young worker by her own wish ten years ago.

    表示“自愿”, wish前面用at或by,而不可用in。

  2. 他表达了对我们大家的美好祝愿。

    He expressed his best wish to us all.

    He expressed his best wishes to us all.

    wish作“祝愿”解时,通常用其复数形式。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的wyascn;最初源自原始日耳曼语的wunskijanan,意为祈望。

wish的相关资料:

正版词典

wish : 但愿,希望 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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