effort

  核心词汇  
['efət]     ['efərt]    
  • n.努力;努力的成果
effortful effortfully
new

effort是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 努力,尽力,花费精力,费力
  2. 努力的成果,努力的结果,结果,成就,成绩
  3. 艰难的尝试
  4. 尝试,试图,企图
  5. 运动
  6. 【机】作用力
  7. 工作
  8. 工作研究计划
  9. 气力
  10. 费力的事
  11. 有组织的活动

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [S][U]力气,努力 (sth that needs) the use of physical strength or power of the mind; trying hard with mind or body
  2. [C]努力的尝试,尽力 an attempt using all one's powers
  3. [C]努力的结果,成果; 作品 result of an attempt; works

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
effort : 努力, 成就 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
effort : 努力, 成就 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish something;

    "made an effort to cover all the reading material"
    "wished him luck in his endeavor"
    "she gave it a good try"

  2. use of physical or mental energy; hard work;

    "he got an A for effort"
    "they managed only with great exertion"

  3. a notable achievement;

    "he performed a great feat"
    "the book was her finest effort"

  4. a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end;

    "he supported populist campaigns"
    "they worked in the cause of world peace"
    "the team was ready for a drive toward the pennant"
    "the movement to end slavery"
    "contributed to the war effort"

effort的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. All my efforts were fruitless.
    我所有的努力都白费了。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. It doesn't need much effort.
    那不需要太多的精力。
  2. A great deal of effort has gone into this exhibition.
    为了这次展览投入了很大力量。
  3. His efforts were wasted.
    他的努力都白费了。
  4. His efforts were much appreciated.
    大家都夸他的努力。
  5. Finishing the work in one day was a very good effort.
    在一天内完成这项工作是努力的结果。
  6. That's a good effort.
    这事做得不错。
  7. We redouble our efforts for Manhan's release.
    为了解救马汉,我们做了最大的努力。
~+to- v
  1. It was a real effort to stay awake through the film.
    真要强打着精神才能看完整部电影。
  2. His effort to finish his work in one day failed.
    他要在一天内完成其工作的努力白费了。
  3. His effort to reform her at length succeeded.
    他要改造她的努力最终成功了。
~+at n./pron./v-ing
  1. His maiden effort at authorship was a long tale.
    他在写作生涯中的处女作是一部长篇故事。
  2. This is his effort at depicting the peasants.
    这是他描写农民的作品。
  3. This is his maiden effort at depicting the soldier.
    这是他描写战士的处女作。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
make efforts〔an effort, every effort〕
  1. 作出努力 use of strength and energy to do sth make efforts〔an effort, every effort〕 to-v

    The workers are making efforts to fulfil this year's plan.工人们正在努力完成今年的生产计划。

    The prisoner made an effort to escape, but he couldn't climb the prison wall.囚犯企图越狱,但是爬不上监狱的墙。

    I will make every effort to arrive on time.我将尽一切努力准时到达。

put effort into
  1. 对某事付出很大力气 use of much strength and energy for sth put effort into sth/v-ing

    He put a lot of effort into arranging the concert.他为音乐会的筹备工作付出很大力气。

    我们在这个项目上用尽全部心思。我们在这个项目上用尽全部心思。

spare no effort
  1. 不遗余力,尽力去做 try one's best spare no effort to-v

    They spared no effort to undermine the democratic life inside the party.他们不遗余力地破坏党内的民主生活。

with (an) effort
  1. 努力地 hard

    With an effort, he restrained himself. 他努力克制自己。

    He spoke in English with effort. 他努力地用英语讲。

without effort
  1. 毫不费力地 without much strength and energy

    He lifted the rock without effort. 他毫不费力地举起了石头。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~

经典引文

  • With a considerable effort of will he rose..and shuffled to the bathroom.

    出自:A. Koestler
  • I make no effort to save myself.

    出自:J. Rhys
  • Praising just a little, demanding always more effort, a higher standard of perfection.

    出自:M. Keane

effort的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. effort指“努力”时,后面跟不定式。

    His effort to reform her at length succeeded.
    他为改变她作出努力最后取得了成功。

  2. effort指“作品”时,后面跟at和动名词或名词。

    This is his effort at depicting the peasants.
    这是他描绘农民的一幅作品。

  3. effort指“努力”时,是抽象名词,不可直接用于make后。只能以an effortefforts,every efforts等形式出现;
  4. 表示相反的状态时,用without effort或without great effort中,注意是单数effort
  5. effort可用于以下句型中:Effort has been made to...(不定式),Effort has been directed to...(介词)或make special effort to...(不定式)等。
n.(名词)
  1. effort的基本意思是“力气”“努力”,指做某事所使用的力气和努力,作此解时只用作单数形式,引申表示“努力”“奋斗”,指费力做某事或艰苦的尝试,作此解时是可数名词。effort还可表示“努力的事例”“努力的成果”,即“作品”“成就”,为可数名词。
  2. effort表示“努力”时,其后可接动词不定式作其定语,偶尔也可接介词短语作定语。
  3. make efforts, make an effort, make every effort后面常接动词不定式,表示“努力做某事”,接an effort时表示“做一番努力”; 接efforts时表示“作出多次努力”,接every effort表示“每做一次努力”。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
effort(s), bid, endeavour(s), exertion(s), pain(s)
这组词都可作“努力”解。其区别是:
effort(s)着重指动作的本身; endeavour(s)着重作出努力的认真和决心; exertion(s)着重于动作的积极性或剧烈性; bid着重于为达到某种企图而作出的努力; pain(s)侧重为完成某事花费气力。例如:
I will make a great effort to master English我会努力掌握英语。
The cabinet is making all possible endeavours to bring about national economic stabilization.政府内阁将尽最大努力使国家经济趋于稳定。
I was quite hot and tired after all my exertions.用力干后,我又热又累。
Our Department is making a bid for the interdepartmental basketball championship.我们系正力求夺取系际的篮球赛冠军。
For thirty years,Teacher Liu has been taking great pains in educating us.30年来,刘教员一直劳心努力地教育我们。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 我会努力帮助你。

    I will do every effort to help you.

    I will make every effort to help you.

    effort表示“作出努力”时,须与make搭配,而不可与do搭配。

  2. 尽力帮助他。

    Great efforts have been made to help him.

    Great effort has been made to help him.

    make与effort搭配用于被动结构时, effort多表示抽象的行为概念,是不可数名词。

  3. 他们作出更大努力以加强团结。

    They make more efforts at〔in〕 strengthening unity.

    They make more efforts to strengthen unity.

    make efforts〔an effort〕后面通常跟动词不定式,而不能用“at〔in〕+动名词”形式。

  4. 他费了很大劲才搬开那块石头。

    He took the rock away with big effort.

    He took the rock away with great effort.

    “很大的力气”可说great effort, a lot of effort,不可用big修饰effort。

  5. 我费了很大劲,从人群中挤了出去。

    With a lot of efforts I edged my way out of the crowd.

    With a lot of effort I edged my way out of the crowd.

    with a lot of effort意为“费了很大气力”,但这里effort为不可数名词,词尾不可加s。

  6. 他毫不费力地完成了工作。

    He finished the work without an effort.

    He finished the work without effort.

    without effort表示“毫不费力地”时, effort指“力气”,是不可数名词,不可以说without an effort,而在with effort中, effort前有时可加an。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:he cleaned the blackboard without efforts.

    纠正:he cleaned the blackboard without effort.

    翻译:他毫不费力地擦干净了黑板。

    分析:effort在句中指“力气”,是不可数名词。

词源解说

  • ☆ 15世纪晚期英进入语,直接源自古法语的esforz;最初源自通俗拉丁语的exfortiare:ex (出) + fortis (强大的),意为展示强大实力。

effort的相关资料:

正版词典

effort : 努力,用力 ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...
effort : 力气;努力 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

缩略词

effort的相关缩略词,共有2

互动百科

  • effort:effort n. 努力, 成就 英英解释:名词effort:1. earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish so…

临近单词

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