risk

  基本词汇  
[rɪsk]     [rɪsk]    
  • n.危险;风险;投资报酬的风险
  • vt.冒 ... 的危险;承受...的风险
risker risked risked risking risks
new

risk是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 危险,风险
  2. 保险金额
  3. 保险对象,被保险人,被保险物
  4. 冒险
  5. 危险率
  6. 【保险】风险(率)
  7. 危险性,弊,危害
  8. 严重影响
  9. 危险人物
  10. 会带来风险的事物
v.(动词)
  1. 冒险于,冒...的危险,冒风险
  2. 拼着,赌着(性命),冒死
  3. 好歹试试看,冒险去干,大胆做
  4. 冒昧
  5. 结结巴巴讲
  6. 冒失败的危险
  7. 使遭受危险,使…冒风险
  8. 以...作为赌注
  9. 不惜受伤

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C][U]危险,风险 (instance of the)possibility of meeting danger or suffering harm, loss, etc.
  2. [C]引起危险的事物 person or sth insured or representing a source of risk
v.(动词)
  1. vt. 使冒险,冒…险 put in danger; take the chance of losing

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
risk : 风险 ...
在 《外教社旅游英语词典》 中查看更多...
risk : 风险 ...
在 《外教社统计学英语词典》 中查看更多...
risk : 风险 ...
在 《外教社数学英语词典》 中查看更多...
risk : 冒险, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
risk : 冒险, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
risk : 风险;(保 ...
在 《外教社财政学英语词典》 中查看更多...
risk : 风险 ...
在 《外教社管理学英语词典》 中查看更多...
risk : 风险 ...
在 《外教社外贸英语词典》 中查看更多...
risk : 风险 ...
在 《外教社经济学英语词典》 中查看更多...
risk : 风险 ...
在 《外教社航空航天英语词典》 中查看更多...
risk : 风险 ...
risk : 冒险, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
risk : 风险 ...
在 《外教社人力资源英语词典》 中查看更多...
risk : 冒险 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
risk : 风险 ...
在 《外教社保险英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a source of danger; a possibility of incurring loss or misfortune;

    "drinking alcohol is a health hazard"

  2. a venture undertaken without regard to possible loss or injury;

    "he saw the rewards but not the risks of crime"
    "there was a danger he would do the wrong thing"

  3. the probability of becoming infected given that exposure to an infectious agent has occurred

  4. the probability of being exposed to an infectious agent

Verb:
  1. expose to a chance of loss or damage;

    "We risked losing a lot of money in this venture"
    "Why risk your life?"
    "She laid her job on the line when she told the boss that he was wrong"

  2. take a risk in the hope of a favorable outcome;

    "When you buy these stocks you are gambling"

risk的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. He saved my life at the risk of his own.
    他冒着自己的生命危险救了我的命。
  2. Investors in Central Asia have to face political risk.
    在中亚,投资者还得面临政治风险。
  3. Loans to farmers are now considered to be a bad risk.
    贷款给农民现在被认为要承受糟糕的投资报酬风险。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. The investor is not willing to risk the money in any investment.
    投资者不愿承受将这笔钱用于投资的风险。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. You are taking a big risk driving so fast.
    你开车这样快是在冒很大危险。
  2. He knew this secret represent a security risk.
    他知道这个秘密会对安全造成危险。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He is not willing to risk a single soldier.
    他不愿使任何一个战士遭受危险。
  2. Don't risk your health.
    不要拿你的健康冒险。
  3. Her husband was risking his life, so she was absolutely convinced.
    她的丈夫冒着生命危险,因此她绝对信服。
  4. The brave soldier risked his life to save the child.
    这个勇敢的战士冒着生命危险去救那个孩子。
  5. This man would rather risk anything than lose the ring.
    这个人宁愿冒任何危险,也不愿丢失这个戒指。
  6. He risked $50 on the horse race and lost it all.
    他下了50美元的赛马赌注,全输光了。
  7. Don't risk your money at cards.
    不要玩牌赌钱。
S+~+ v -ing
  1. Don't risk being late.
    不要冒迟到的危险。
  2. They were willing to risk losing their jobs.
    他们甘愿冒丢失工作的危险。
  3. They were unwilling to risk bombing their own troops.
    他们不愿冒炸伤自己队伍的风险。
  4. If you have an expensive rug, don't risk washing it yourself.
    如果你有一张很贵的厚毛毯,别冒险洗它。
  5. He risked losing everything this time to regain what he had lost in the gambling.
    为了赢回在赌博中失去的东西,他孤注一掷。
  6. The boatman was willing to risk ferrying them across.
    船夫愿冒险渡他们过江。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
at one's own risk
  1. 自担风险agreeing to make no claims for any loss, injury, etc.

    If you go into the cave without waiting for the guide, you do it at your own risk. 如果你不等导游带领而进入山洞,你就得自担风险。

at risk
  1. 有危险threatened by the possibility of loss, failure, etc.; in danger

    The disease is spreading, and all children under five are at risk. 这疾病在蔓延,五岁以下的小孩都有危险。

at risk to
  1. 冒失去…的危险with the possibility of losing or injuring sb/sth

    He saved the child at considerable risk to himself. 他冒着极大的生命危险救了那个孩子。

at the risk of
  1. 冒可能…的危险with the possibility of (doing sth)

    He was determined to do it even at the risk of being ridiculed. 他决定即使冒着被人嘲笑的危险也要做它。

run the risk of
  1. 冒自身危险做某事do sth that exposes one to a danger, possibility, etc.

    Foreign ships and planes refused to run the risk of attack. 外国船只和飞机拒绝冒遭到攻击的危险。

take risks
  1. 冒险做可能失败的事do sth that involves the possibility of failure etc.

    You can't get rich without taking risks. 人不冒险不富。

用作动词 (v.)
risk it
  1. 冒险试试 place in danger to take the chance of

    I dare not risk it, it's too dangerous. 我不敢冒险试试,那太危险了。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词

经典引文

  • There would be great risk of lamentable change in the character of our public men.

    出自:Ld Macaulay
  • I notice that you always avoid risk But a full life involves risk.

    出自:P. Lomas
  • Those Galicians risked their lives to save him.

    出自:C. S. Forester
  • I never bet, and I wouldn't have risked money on that.

    出自:R. Davies
  • Unconstrained rivalry could risk everything..in a nuclear holocaust.

    出自:H. Kissinger

risk的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. risk的基本意思是“冒…的危险”,含有“以…孤注一掷并愿意承担后果”的意味。可指冒由于做某事而发生另一不幸之事的风险。也可指虽然明知做某事会产生不幸后果,但仍不顾一切地进行。
  2. risk用作及物动词,接名词、代词、动名词(不接动词不定式)作宾语。可用于被动结构。
  3. risk也可表示(玩纸牌、赛马等)赌钱,后接具体的钱数或money。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
risk, danger, hazard, peril
这组词都有“危险”的意思。danger是普通用语,含义很广,泛指任何可能发生的伤害或不良后果,适用于一切危险,如受害的遭遇、受害、受伤或丧命的可能性等; risk也属常用词,与danger相比,一般指难以预料的危险,常作“风险”解; hazard是正式用语,也指难以预料又无法控制的危险,但远不如danger和risk使用广泛; peril也属正式用语,常指严重而紧急的危险,多见于文学作品中。例如:
High flood waters put the town in danger.汹涌的河水使这个城市岌岌可危。
In war a soldier's life is full of danger.在战争中,士兵的生命是充满危险的。
He saved my life at the risk of losing his own.他冒着生命的危险拯救了我。
You have to take a lot of risks in my job.你不得不为我的工作担许多风险。
I will try it at all hazards.我要不顾一切地试试。
There would have been no triumph in success, had there been no hazard of failure.要是没有失败的危险就不会有凯旋的欢乐。
The city is in peril!该城危在旦夕!
The ship was in imminent peril of being wrecked.那只船有立即撞沉的危险。
v.(动词)
risk, chance, endanger, hazard, imperil, venture
这组词都可表示“有失败或受伤害的可能”。其区别是:
venture强调冒险的勇气和获得成功的可能,而不太侧重结果; chance不顾及行动或过程中的冒险成分,而寄希望于幸运; endanger强调面临危险,但本身不侧重冒险; imperil也强调面临危险,但更侧重不可肯定和危险的紧迫性; hazard侧重有失掉的危险,强调不确定,获得好结果的希望不大; risk更强调面对真正的危险。
danger risk hazard menace peril threat
这些名词均含有“危险、威胁”之意。
  • danger:danger含义广,普通用词,指能够造成伤害、损害或不利的任何情况。
  • risk:risk指有可能发生的危险,尤指主动进行某种活动或去碰运气而冒的危险。
  • hazard:hazard比risk正式,多指偶然发生的或无法控制的危险,常含较严重或有一定风险的意味。
  • menace:menace所指的危险性最严重,表示使用暴力或造成破坏性的可能。
  • peril:peril指迫在眉睫很有可能发生的严重危险。
  • threat:threat普通用词,语气弱于menace,指任何公开侵犯对方的言行,给对方构成危险或威胁。
venture chance dare hazard risk
这些动词均含有“敢于冒险”之意。
  • venture:venture指冒风险试一试,或指有礼貌的反抗或反对。
  • chance:chance指碰运气、冒风险试试。
  • dare:dare可与venture换用,但语气较强,着重挑战或违抗。
  • hazard:hazard主要指冒险作出某个选择,隐含碰运气意味。
  • risk:risk指不顾个人安危去干某事,侧重主动承担风险。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1661年进入英语,直接源自法语的risque;最初源自意大利语的risco,意为冒危着险。

risk的相关资料:

正版词典

risk : 危险, 风 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
risk : 危险;风险 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

缩略词

risk的相关缩略词,共有4

互动百科

  • risk:risk vt. 冒...的危险n. 冒险, 风险习惯用语a poor risk for insurance 风险大的保险户at risk 在危险中 (妇女不采取避孕措施)冒怀孕的危险at all r…

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