beg

  核心词汇  
[beɡ]     [beɡ]    
  • v. 恳求;乞讨
  • abbr. 开始(=begin)
begged begged begging begs
new

beg的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 行乞,乞讨,乞食,讨(饭)
  2. 蹲坐举前脚于胸前
  3. 乞求,请求,恳求,要求,恳请,祈求,哀求
  4. 请(原谅、允许)
  5. 回避(问题),躲避
  6. 假定…为正确
  7. 请求准许做某事
  8. 无人问津,没人要
  9. 请人原谅,向人道歉
  10. 令人置疑
abbr. (缩略词)
  1. =begin 开始
  2. =big evil grin 咧嘴坏笑
n. (名词)
  1. 行乞,乞讨

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 乞讨,乞求 ask (sb) for money, food (etc.)
  2. vt. & vi. 请求,恳求 ask earnestly or with deep feeling

英英释义

Verb:
  1. call upon in supplication; entreat;

    "I beg you to stop!"

  2. make a solicitation or entreaty for something; request urgently or persistently;

    "Henry IV solicited the Pope for a divorce"
    "My neighbor keeps soliciting money for different charities"

  3. ask to obtain free;

    "beg money and food"

  4. dodge, avoid answering, or take for granted;

    "beg the question"
    "beg the point in the discussion"

beg的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. She begs them not to punish her son severely.
    她恳求他们不要给他儿子太重的处罚。
  2. The boys hailed passing cars to beg a ride.
    这些男孩向过往的汽车呼叫恳求乘车。
  3. He knew he had hurt her and begged her to forgive him.
    他自知伤了她的心而央求她原谅。
  4. He lives by begging.
    他以行乞为生。
  5. He was too lazy to work and too proud to beg.
    他懒于工作,又不屑乞讨。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. His old mother was forced to beg.
    他的老母亲被迫乞讨。
  2. John was too lazy to work and too proud to beg.
    约翰懒惰成性,不愿工作,又心高气傲,不肯乞讨。
  3. He begged along the street.
    他沿街乞讨。
  4. Braving the biting wind, she went out to beg from door to door.
    她不顾寒风刺骨,出去挨门乞讨。
  5. Rather than get money in such a dishonest way, he would beg in the street.
    他宁愿在街上乞讨,也不肯用这种不正当手段捞钱。
  6. The old man was so poor that he had to beg in the street.
    那位老人迫于贫困,只好沿街乞讨。
  7. He begged and begged until I said yes.
    他一再恳求,直到我同意。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Be quiet,I beg you.
    请你安静一点。
  2. I begged his assistance.
    我请求他帮助。
  3. She begged her mother's forgiveness.
    她乞求母亲的宽恕。
  4. They begged a lift in our car.
    他们请求搭我们的车。
  5. He begged a meal.
    他乞讨一顿饭。
  6. He begged his bread professionally.
    他以讨饭为生。
  7. He was so poor that he had to beg his bread.
    他非常穷,不得不乞食。
  8. A man of many trades begs his bread on Sundays.
    行行都干,难免要饭。
  9. He begged money in the streets.
    他沿街讨钱。
S+~+to- v
  1. He begged to be excused.
    他请求原谅。
  2. He begged to be allowed to go home.
    他恳求让他回家。
  3. I beg to be excused from the party.
    我请求同意我不参加宴会。
  4. The child begged to go with mother.
    那孩子恳求和他妈妈一起去。
  5. I beg to differ.
    对不起,本人有不同意见。
  6. I beg to suggest a different plan.
    本人仅提出另一项不同计划。
  7. I beg to inform you that your father is seriously ill.
    请允许我通告您,您父亲病重。
  8. I beg to inform you that I have arrived at school safe and sound.
    我已平安抵校,谨此奉告。
S+~+that-clause
  1. I begged that he would stay.
    我恳求他不要走。
  2. The children begged that they might come with us.
    孩子们恳求与我们同来。
  3. He begged that I might help him.
    他请求我帮助他。
  4. He begs that he may not be interrupted.
    他要求别人不要打断他。
  5. I beg that they may not trouble us so much.
    我恳求他们不要找我们那么多麻烦。
  6. I beg that you will honor me with your further orders.
    我请求你继续向我订货。
  7. I beg that neither of you will say anything more.
    我求求你们两人谁也别再说什么了。
  8. I beg that he leave.
    我恳求他离开。
  9. I begged that he assist me.
    我请求他帮助我。
  10. I beg that he lend me a hand in carrying out this mission.
    我请求他助我一臂之力,以完成这一任务。
引出直接引语
  1. The boy begged,“I want to go to school, father!”
    这孩子哀求道:“爸爸,我要去上学!”
  2. He held on to one of the men and begged:“Take me along, too.”
    他缠着一位战士恳求说:“把我也带去。”
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. I begged them to speak a word for him.
    我恳求他们为他说句话。
  2. They begged us not to punish him.
    他们恳求我们不要处罚他。
  3. She begged me not to do that again.
    她恳求我不要再做那种事了。
  4. She begged him to listen to her.
    她请求他听她的诉说。
  5. I beg you to kindly reconsider my request.
    我恳求你费心重新考虑一下我的请求。
  6. I beg you to do me a favour.
    我求你帮个忙。
  7. I begged him to stay longer.
    我恳求他多留一会儿。
  8. Every day he begs me to take several books home with me.
    他每天都请求我捎几本书回家。
  9. They begged him to rest, but he insisted on staying up to nurse the child.
    他们恳求他休息,但他坚持不睡来护理小孩。
  10. Mary begged her mother not to work too hard.
    玛丽求她母亲不要干得太劳累。
  11. The mother begged the boys not to make so much noise.
    母亲请求孩子们不要那么吵闹。
  12. She begged Donald to help her find Henchard.
    她请求唐纳德帮她找到亨查德。
  13. The economists repeatedly begged the government to introduce market economy mechanism into that country.
    经济学家们再三请求政府把市场经济机制引入该国。
  14. I beg leave to disagree.
    请允许我表示异议。
  15. I beg leave to address the Council.
    我请求允许向议会发表演说。
  16. I agree to your objective, but I beg leave to ask how you are going to accomplish it.
    你的目的我是赞同的,不过,请问你打算怎样达到你的目的呢?
其他 v -ing as Adverb.
  1. Every day they went to the road nearby and stood there begging.
    他们每天到附近的大路上去,站在那里要饭。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
beg, steal or borrow
    无论如何弄到 obtain by any means
    beg, steal or borrow sth

    I needed a special spanner and I couldn't beg, steal or borrow one anywhere.

    我需要一把特殊的扳手,但我无论如何也找不到。

    This book is so well worth reading that it should be begged, stolen or borrowed rather than missed.

    这本书真是值得一读,无论怎样去弄一本也不能不读。

beg for( v.+prep. )
    恳求,乞求 make an urgent request for (action)
    beg for sth

    In those years they were forced to beg for a living.

    那些年他们被迫出去讨饭。

    I had to beg for my food at the age of seven.7

    岁那年我不得不去讨饭。

    He went to his neighbour to beg for some milk to feed the motherless baby.

    他找街坊邻居讨了一些牛奶来喂养那个没娘的孩子。

    The old woman went from house to house, begging for bread.

    那位老太太挨家挨户地讨饭。

    beg sb for sth

    He begged us for money.

    他向我们讨钱。

    The tramp begged me for money.

    那个流浪汉向我讨钱。

    The poor girl begged the passers-by for money.

    这位可怜的女孩向过路人讨钱。

    May I beg you for a subscription?

    能请您捐点钱吗?

    They went from house to house, begging the people for bread.

    他们挨家挨户地向人们讨饭。

    beg for sth

    After the song ended, all clapped and begged for another.

    歌声停下来后,全体鼓掌,并请求再来一个。

    He will never beg for his life.

    他绝不会乞求饶命的。

    He went to his relatives to beg for help.

    他去向亲戚求援。

    The wounded soldier begged for mercy.

    那伤兵乞求怜悯。

    All the bandits knelt down and begged for mercy.

    匪徒们都纷纷跪下求饶。

    They begged for mercy for the sake of saving their own skin.

    他们恳求饶命。

    Her eyes are begging for an answer.

    她的眼睛在恳求回答。

    beg sb for sth

    The wounded soldier begged his enemy for mercy.

    那伤兵向敌人讨饶。

    He begged us for alms.

    他向我们恳求施舍。

    The prisoner begged the judge for mercy.

    犯人恳求法官宽恕。

beg from( v. + prep. )
    向…乞求,乞讨 ask humbly (for a gift) from (sb)
    beg from sb

    The beggar begged from the rich but they refused.

    那叫花子向富人们乞讨,但遭到了拒绝。

    beg sth from sb

    May I beg a cigarette from you?

    给我一根香烟好吗?

    James lived on without begging alms from others.

    詹姆斯没有向别人乞求周济照样过活。

    He begged a few pence from us.

    他向我们讨几个便士。

    From whom did you beg this money?

    你跟谁讨的这些钱?

beg of( v. + prep. )
    〈正〉恳求,请求 ask (sb) politely
    beg of sb to-v

    I beg of you to keep quiet.

    我请求你们安静一点。

    I beg of you not to run any risk.

    我请求你不要冒险。

    I begged of him to stay.

    我求他呆下去。

    I beg of you to keep still.

    我恳求你别动。

    I beg of you not to mention her name again .

    我请求你别再提她的名字。

    I beg of you not to reveal the secret.

    我请求你不要揭露那个秘密。

    He begged of me to help him.

    他请求我帮助他。

    May I beg of you to offer some constructive suggestions about my thesis?

    能请您就我的论文提一些有建设性的意见吗?

    I beg of you to kindly reconsider my request.

    我恳求你费心重新考虑一下我的请求。

    beg sth of sb

    May I beg some time of you?

    我能占用你一点时间吗?

    He came to beg money of me.

    他来向我讨钱。

    He urgently begged a favour of me.

    他急切地恳求我帮他一个忙。

    Down, therefore, and beg mercy of the Duke.

    快快跪下来,请公爵开恩吧。

beg off( v.+adv. )
    恳求免除(责任、责罚等) (cause to) be excused (responsibility, punishment, etc.)
    beg off

    Mother told Tom to sweep away the dead leaves in the yard, but he tried to beg off.

    妈妈要汤姆打扫庭院里的落叶,可他却极力请求别叫他干这件事。

    Jane has just begged off, can you take her place in the team?

    简刚才请求退场,你能在这个队里替她吗?

    He promised to come and help but later begged off.

    他答应来帮忙的,但后来请求原谅他不能来。

    Half past four is an awkward time for me to attend a meeting, as I don't finish work until five, but I will try and beg off for half an hour.

    要我四点半去开会很尴尬,因为我要五点才下班,但我打算想办法请半小时假。

    beg sb/sth ⇔ off

    His mistake would have got him severely punished if they had not begged him off.

    要是他们不替他说情,他犯了那样的错误要受到严厉处罚的。

    Considering his ill health, they begged him off.

    他们考虑到他身体不好,请他别干了。

    Harry was running a fever, so we went to the office to beg him off from sentry duty that evening.

    哈利在发烧,所以我们去办公室要求免去他当天晚上值班任务。

    I'll have to beg Jane off, she's sick again.

    我得替简请假,她又病了。

    He begged a week off.

    他请求给一周的假。

go begging
    可以买得到 be able to buy
I beg your pardon
    参见pardon条。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Father's ruin was approaching, that we should all soon beg our bread in the streets.

    出自: C. S. Lewis
  • I went to the house and begged a glass of milk and a slice of bread and butter.

    出自: S. Beckett

beg的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. beg的基本意思是指谦卑地、甚至低三下四地“乞求”“恳求”,可乞求生活必需品如饭、钱等,也可恳求其他非物质的东西,也可表示“祈求”某事物。
  2. beg可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时可接名词、代词、动词不定式(短语)或that从句作宾语,也可接以动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语。
  3. beg后不可用于“beg+sb+sth”句型。表物宾语可用介词for引出; 表人宾语则可用介词of引出。
  4. beg后接that从句时,从句表示希望或愿望,其谓语动词多由will或may构成,也可用虚拟式。
  5. beg也可引出直接引语。
  1. begbeg for意为“请求”时,比ask和ask for语气要重。用boon,favour,leave,pardon,forgiveness和permission等词和施舍物时,多与beg搭配;
  2. 可以存在She begged him to...,She begged of him to...或She begged that...等表达方式;
  3. beg (leave) to state,beg (leave) to acknowledge,beg (leave) to inform等词都是较为礼貌的用法,一般作为商业信函中的客套语,在普通信函中尽量少用;
  4. beg指“向某人乞求”,在被请求的人前面用of或from。

    I begged a favour of/from my friend.

词义辨析

v. (动词)
beg sth, beg for sth
  • beg后可接介词,也可不接介词。例如:
  • He begged (for) money.他讨钱。这两种结构含义上有些差别,不加介词表示一个完成的动作,加介词只表示有这种目的。另外, beg your pardon是不可加介词的。
  • beg for, beg of
  • beg for常接sth,表示“讨某物”; beg of接sb,表示“求某人”。
  • beg from sb, beg of sb
  • 这两个短语都表示“向…乞讨”,在表示“乞讨钱〔物〕”时可通用,只是from强调“出处”; of强调“所有”。例如:
  • I would be ashamed to beg from my neigh- bours.
  • 我可没脸向邻居乞讨。
  • I would be ashamed to beg of my neigh- bours.
  • 我可没脸讨要邻居的钱。
  • “恳求”“乞求”非物质性的东西只用of。
  • beg, entreat, implore
  • 这三个词都含有“请求”的意思,并都含有浓厚的感情色彩。其区别在于:beg比较常用,但主要表示“恳求”“一再要求”, entreat含有企图说服对方或用热烈的请求软化反对意见的意思, implore表示非常迫切,焦急或苦痛的“要求”,常有“乞怜”的意味。例如:
  • Again and again I have entreated Mrs. Prayor to say what she thinks of him, but she still evades returning a direct answer.我再三请求普瑞尔太太谈谈她对他的看法,但是她还是避开了正面回答我的问题。
  • I implore you to go now.我恳请你现在就走。
  • beg, ask, demand, order, request, require
  • 这组词的共同含义是“请求”。其区别是:
  • 1.从语气上看, beg最弱,有“恳求”的意味,如ask后仍达不到愿望,就要进一步beg了。例如:
  • He begged me to excuse him.他乞求我原谅他。
  • request表示较客气,是有礼貌、谦虚地“请求”。例如:
  • Visitors are requested not to touch the exhibits.请观众不要抚摸展品。
  • ask的“请求”有时委婉,有时强烈。例如:
  • The boy asked timidly if he might see the book.那男孩怯生生地问能否看一下这本书。
  • He asked curtly for a cup of water.他粗声粗气地要一杯水喝。
  • require语气较request强烈,但较demand缓和。例如:
  • This plan requires secrecy.这计划要求保密。
  • demand已是不折不扣的要求。例如:
  • The guard demanded his business.警卫查问他来干什么。
  • 而order则比demand更强烈,丝毫不让步。例如:
  • If you make any more noise,I shall order you out of the classroom.你如果再叫,我就命令你从教室里出去。
  • 2.从目的上看,这组词都表示要求对方满足自己的某种愿望, ask希望对方能给予肯定的答复,而request则对能否得到肯定的答复把握不大。例如:
  • The meeting will take place at 8 o'clock. Your presence is requested.会议将于8时召开,敬请光临。
  • 3.从根据上说, demand一般指客观上必要,缺此不可,多来自权威方面。例如:
  • The work demands care and patience.这工作需要细心和耐心。
  • require则指基于事物内在原因提出的要求。例如:
  • His health requires that he go to bed earlier.他的健康状况要求他早睡。
  • 4.从感情色彩上看, beg含有浓厚的感情色彩,表示“一再要求”。例如:
  • The boy begged his mother not to punish him.那孩子要求他妈妈不要惩罚他。
  • demand含有“愤怒”“焦急”等义。例如:
  • The father demanded knowledge of what had occurred during his absence from home.父亲要求说明他不在家时究竟发生了什么事。
  • require则强调铁面无私。例如:
  • This requires great attention in our work.这一点我们在工作中要特别注意。
  • 5.从使用场合看, ask使用范围最广; order则多限于军队中或医生对病人。例如:
  • The officer ordered that the men should fire the guns.长官命令士兵开火。
  • 常见错误

    v. (动词)
      她来请我帮忙。

      She came to beg a favour from me.

      She came to beg a favour of me.

      当beg的宾语是非物质的东西时,应该说beg sth of sb,表示“向某人恳求某事”, favour是非物质的东西,所以用of。

      对不起,我的意见恰好和你的相反。

      I beg differing with you entirely.

      I beg to differ with you entirely.

      在需要搭用非谓语动词时, beg要搭用动词不定式(短语),不搭用动名词(短语)。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自古法语的begard,意为乞丐。
    今日热词
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