repair

  核心词汇  
[rɪ'peə(r)]     [rɪ'per]    
  • v. 修理;修补;补救;赴;去
  • n. 修理;修补;补救;维修工作;维修状态
repairable repairably repairability repaired repaired repairing repairs
new

repair的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 弥补,补救
  2. (使)恢复
  3. 修理,修补,修缮,修保
  4. 去,往,赴
  5. 集合,聚集,群集,聚拢
  6. 经常去,时常去,大伙儿去
  7. 赔偿,补偿
  8. 依靠,依赖
  9. 改正,订正,矫正,纠正
  10. 治疗
n. (名词)
  1. 修理(工作),修补(工作),修缮
  2. 恢复
  3. 补偿,赔偿
  4. 维修(状况)
  5. 修补部位
  6. 常去之处,人来人往的地方,热闹场所
  7. 改正,订正,矫正
  8. 依赖,依靠
  9. 状况良好

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 修理,修补 make (sth worn or broken) work again; mend
  2. vt. 纠正,补救 put right (a wrong, mistake, etc.)
  3. vi. 去,赴 visit, especially frequently or in large numbers
n. (名词)
  1. [C][U]修理,修补 (an act of) mending sth
  2. [C]修补的地方 a mended place

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the act of putting something in working order again

  2. a formal way of referring to the condition of something;

    "the building was in good repair"

  3. a frequently visited place

Verb:
  1. restore by replacing a part or putting together what is torn or broken;

    "She repaired her TV set"
    "Repair my shoes please"

  2. make amends for; pay compensation for;

    "One can never fully repair the suffering and losses of the Jews in the Third Reich"
    "She was compensated for the loss of her arm in the accident"

  3. move, travel, or proceed toward some place;

    "He repaired to his cabin in the woods"

  4. set straight or right;

    "remedy these deficiencies"
    "rectify the inequities in salaries"
    "repair an oversight"

  5. give new life or energy to;

    "A hot soup will revive me"
    "This will renovate my spirits"
    "This treatment repaired my health"

repair的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. She turned the chair on its side to repair it.
    她把椅子翻转过来修理。
  2. I'll have my watch repaired; it doesn't work.
    我得修修表,它不走了。
  3. The overcoat is so old, it won't repair.
    这件大衣太旧了,不能修补了。
  4. How can I repair the wrong I have done her?
    我冤枉了她,怎样才能补救呢?
  5. The majority of the damage is easy to repair.
    这次的损害大部分容易补救。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The brickwork in this house is in need of repair.
    这所房子的砖造需要修理。
  2. He sent his car to the garage for repair.
    他把汽车送到修车厂修理。
  3. I'm afraid this old radio is beyond repair.
    恐怕这台旧收音机不能修了。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The shirt is so old, it won't repair.
    这件衬衫太旧了,无法再修补了。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. We have repaired the motor.
    我们已经修好了电动机。
  2. He is repairing desks and chairs in the classroom.
    他正在教室里修理桌椅。
  3. He is always ready to help others repair radios.
    他总是乐意帮助别人修理收音机。
  4. I have been to ask him to repair my watch.
    我去让他给我修表了。
  5. She was repairing a glove when I came in.
    我进去时,她在补手套。
  6. The workers are repairing the roads.
    工人们在修路。
  7. You need more nutrition to repair your health after the operation.
    开刀后,你需要更多的营养来恢复健康。
  8. It will take a while to repair foreign confidence.
    要恢复外国人的信心需要时间。
  9. The most important issue is to repair relations in the region.
    目前最重要的问题是如何修复这个地区的紧张关系。
  10. The question is how to repair the error.
    问题是如何补救这一错误。
  11. I immediately repaired my error in my speech.
    我立即纠正了我发言中的错误。
  12. I'll try to repair the damage caused by the accident.
    我将努力弥补因事故而造成的损失。
  13. Although his range of reading was wide, he could not in some respects repair the lack of early education.
    虽然他的阅读范围很广,但是在某些方面还不能弥补早年所受教育的不足。
  14. She opened her handbag and began to repair her face.
    她打开手提袋开始化妆。
  15. 1
  16. When this building is repaired, it will be serviceable.
    这栋楼房修好后还可以住。
  17. The house must be repaired from top to bottom.
    这栋房子必须彻底进行修缮。
  18. These shoes have to be repaired.
    这些鞋得修了。
  19. The puncture has been repaired.
    那个洞被补上了。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The house is in need of repair.
    那房子需要修理。
  2. Repairs done while you wait.
    修理东西,立等可取。
  3. This house needs a lot of repairs before anyone can live in it.
    此屋需大加修理方可住人。
  4. The shop will be closed during repairs.
    内部整修,暂停营业。
  5. The road has been closed off for repairs.
    这条公路因修筑路面禁止通行。
  6. People without insurance had to pay for their own repairs.
    没参加保险的人得自己付修理费。
  7. The repairs to the school will be financed by a private company.
    学校的修缮费将由一家私营公司提供。
  8. He was an old hand at repair work.
    他在修理工作方面是个老手。
  9. The repair is barely visible.
    修补处几乎看不出来。
  10. This coat has many repairs.
    这件上衣有许多修补过的地方。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
repair to( v.+prep. )
    经常地〔成群地〕去(某地) go to a place often or in large numbers
    repair to sth

    We all repaired to a restaurant and drank coffee together.

    我们大家都常去餐厅一起喝咖啡。

    It was our custom after the play to repair to the local coffee house to argue about the quality of the performance.

    看完戏后,我们就到当地的咖啡馆去争论演出的成败,这已成为我们的习惯。

用作名词 (n.)
beyond repair
    无法修补的; 无法恢复的 too badly broken to be mended
in bad〔poor〕 (state of) repair
    失修的,破损的 in bad condition
in good〔repair〕
    维修良好; 处于完好状态 in good/bad condition
in repair
    保养完好的 keeping sth very well
make repairs
    修理 mend
out of repair
    失修,破损 without mending
under repair
    正在修理 being mended

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Jack was incapable of doing..household repairs.

    出自: G. Sayer
  • Friendships were..fractured..beyond repair.

    出自: fig.
  • I..repaired to a cafe for some food.

    出自:Bicycle
  • The Baths..will, I hope, repair my strength.

    出自: H. L. Piozzi
  • A builder is repairing someone's leaking roof.

    出自: D. Dunn
  • The damage done to Maria in infancy took a lifetime to repair.

    出自: fig.

repair的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. repair的基本意思是“修理”,指将破损的东西通过一些加工处理后使其恢复原有的功能或价值。用于抽象事物还可指“纠正,补救”。
  2. repair主要用作及物动词,后接名词或代词作宾语; 可用于被动结构。偶尔也可用作不及物动词,其主动形式常含有被动意义。
  3. repair还表示“经常地或成群地去(某地)”解,是不及物动词,常与介词to连用,往往出现在文学语言或修饰语里。
  4. repair有时可用以指妇女修饰自己的面容,作“打扮”解。
n. (名词)
  1. repair用作名词的意思是“修理,修补”,表示抽象的“修理行为”时是不可数名词,表示具体的“维修工作”或“维修的地方”时是可数名词。
  2. repair用作可数名词时常用复数形式,但不与数词或不定冠词a连用。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
repair, amend, fix, mend, patch
  • 这五个词都可表示“修理”“修补”。其区别是:
  • 1.fix是口语用词。
  • 2.repair是一般用词,凡是损坏、损伤、故障,尤其是收音机、手表、汽车、炉子等这类的机械装置需要“修理”“维修”时用repair。例如:
  • We have repaired the motor.我们已经修好了电动机。
  • Xiao Wang is repairing desks and chairs in the classroom.小王正在教室里修理桌椅。
  • The puncture has been repaired.那个洞被补上了。
  • The house must be repaired from top to bottom.这所房子必须彻底进行修理。
  • 3.mend多指修补磨损、穿破、撕毁的简单日常用品,也可用于比喻,指改进行为、修改法律、治愈感情创伤等。例如:
  • Let me mend the socks for you.让我来给你补袜子。
  • The child will soon mend if she has enough to eat.这孩子如果有足够的东西吃就会很快恢复健康。
  • The relations between John and David are mending.约翰与戴维的关系在改善。
  • It is never too late to mend.改过不嫌晚。
  • It is not too late to mend the fold even after some of the sheep have been lost.亡羊补牢,犹未为晚。
  • 4.amend是正式用语,含有改造人或法规的缺陷与不足之意。例如:
  • You must amend your pronunciation.你必须改正你的发音。
  • The thief has amended.这小偷改过自新了。
  • It's time you amended your ways.是你改过自新的时候了。
  • The regulations are amended.这些规则被修正了。
  • 5.patch指用一块材料把有洞的地方、有裂痕的地方、被穿破的地方贴起来。例如:
  • The workman patched the ceiling.工人修补了天花板。
  • This piece of material is just right to patch the roof.这块材料正好可用来补屋顶。
  • He patched all the fences near the house.他把靠近房子的围墙全都修了。
  • repair, maintain
  • maintain的意思是“维修”,以免不发生故障; repair的意思是“更新”“恢复原状”。
  • 下面三个句子的意思相同:
  • My watch wants repairs.
  • My watch wants repairing.
  • My watch wants to be repaired.
  • 我的手表需要修理了。
  • 常见错误

    n. (名词)
      本店内部整修,暂停营业。

      The shop is closed during repair.

      The shop is closed during repairs.

      during repairs表示“在维修期间”,其中repair表示“维修工作”,是可数名词,并常用复数形式。

      这座古建筑正在修缮之中。

      The ancient building is under repairs.

      The ancient building is under repair.

      under repair表示“在修理之中”,其中repair表示“修理”,是不可数名词,不能用复数形式。

      尽管那座桥已用了50多年,但仍然维修良好。

      Although the bridge has been used for more than fifty years, it is still in a good repair.

      Although the bridge has been used for more than fifty years, it is still in good repair.

      in good repair表示“维修良好”。在这个词组中, repair是不可数名词,表示“维修状况”,前面不能加a。

      我们只好改道,因为前面正在修路。

      We had to divert, because the road ahead was in repair.

      We had to divert, because the road ahead was under repair.

      in repair的意思是in good working condition(状况良好)。“正在被修理”应该是under repair,它相当于being repaired,介词under的意思是“在…中”“在…期间”。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 14世纪中期进入英语,直接源自古法语的reparer,意为修缮;最初源自拉丁语的reparare,意为修复。

    repair的相关资料:

    近反义词

    派生词

    n.(名词)
    • repairable adj. 可修理的;可恢复的‖repairer n. 修理工

    临近单词

    今日热词
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