mend

  核心词汇  
[mend]     [mend]    
  • vt. 修理;修补;改进
  • vi. 改过自新;改进;痊愈
  • n. 修补;改进;修补处
mendable mender mended mended mending mends
new

mend的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 改进
  2. 痊愈
  3. 好转
  4. 修缮部位
  5. 改良
  6. 修理
  7. 复原
  8. 改善
  9. 康复
v. (动词)
  1. 改善
  2. 缝补
  3. 改良
  4. 纠正
  5. 好转
  6. 渐愈
  7. 使恢复健康
  8. 改好
  9. 订正
  10. 加强
  11. 加(火)
  12. 增加…的引诱力
  13. 治愈
  14. 痊愈
  15. 弥合(分歧)
  16. 解决(争端)愈合
  17. 修缮
  18. 加快
  19. 赔偿
  20. 偿还

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 修理,修补 repair
  2. vi. 恢复; 康复 resume or regain; recover
  3. vt. & vi. 改〔纠〕正; 改善〔进〕 free from faults or errors

英英释义

Noun:
  1. sewing that repairs a worn or torn hole (especially in a garment);

    "her stockings had several mends"

  2. the act of putting something in working order again

Verb:
  1. restore by replacing a part or putting together what is torn or broken;

    "She repaired her TV set"
    "Repair my shoes please"

  2. heal or recover;

    "My broken leg is mending"

mend的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. We need an electrician to mend the iron.
    我们要请电工修理熨斗。
  2. It won't take long to mend the car.
    修理这辆汽车用不了很长时间。
  3. He sent for someone to mend the broken window.
    他叫人来修补破窗子。
  4. You'll have to mend your ways if you want to be successful in your job.
    如果你想在你的工作中取得成绩的话,你一定要有所改进。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. It is never too late to mend.
    改过不嫌晚。
  2. The patient is mending well.
    这个病人的病情正在好转。
  3. At length the crisis of the old man's disorder was past, and he began to mend.
    老人的危险期终于度过了,他开始痊愈起来。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The mends were almost invisible.
    修补过的地方几乎看不出来。
  2. The doctor said that he was on the mend.
    医生说他的病情正在好转。
  3. The coat has a mend on the elbow.
    这件外套的肘部补过。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. I've been mending all night.
    我缝补了一夜。
  2. Things are mending.
    情况正在好转。
  3. The relations between Facer and Ade are mending.
    费塞与艾德的关系在改善。
  4. The situation on the battlefield will begin to mend.
    战局将有转机。
  5. It is never too late to mend.
    改过不嫌晚。
  6. Least said quickest mended.
    少说为佳。
  7. His fractured wrist is mending rapidly.
    他断裂的手腕在迅速康复。
  8. He was waiting for his injury to mend.
    他正等待创伤好起来。
  9. His health is mending.
    他的健康状况正在好转。
  10. The patient is mending nicely after the operation.
    手术后病人在日益好转。
  11. The child will soon mend if she has enough to eat.
    这孩子如果有足够的东西吃就会很快恢复健康。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Will you please mend the sleeve of my blouse?
    请你把我衬衣的袖子补一下好吗?
  2. He asked his mother to mend the hole in the pocket of his jeans.
    他要他母亲为他缝补牛仔裤兜上的洞。
  3. He used to come in and mend our cars.
    他过去常来给我们修车。
  4. He sent for someone to mend the broken window.
    他叫人来修补破窗子。
  5. Let me mend the socks for you.
    让我来给你补袜子。
  6. I mended some toys for her.
    我给她修好了几样玩具。
  7. You should mend your manners.
    你的态度得改一改。
  8. I think I can do something to mend all this.
    我认为我能够为改善这一切做些事情。
  9. He was anxious to mend the rift between the two men.
    他急于修补这两个人之间的裂痕。
  10. Nothing short of this could mend the case.
    不这样就不能挽回局面。
  11. 1
  12. The roads were never mended.
    这些路从未修过。
其他 v -ed as o-Compl.
  1. I had my shoes mended.
    我已让人修了我的鞋。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
mend with (v.+prep.)
    用…修补 repair (sth) with
    mend sth with sth

    She mended a broken dish with glue.

    她用胶水把碟子粘好了。

    The torn page was mended with tape.

    撕破的一页用胶带补好了。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Poverty, the which I sought to mend By holding a poor office in the state.

    出自: Shelley
  • He tried to mend his previous statement.

    出自: R. K. Narayan

mend的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. mend的基本意思是“修理〔补〕”,常指使由于穿用而破碎的、撕裂的、破损的衣服、鞋、帽等具体物品重新完整或坚固起来,含有不需要高超的技艺或特殊的设备的意味。用于抽象事物可表示“恢复”“康复”“改〔纠〕正”“改善〔进〕”等,这时不强调手段,而强调结果。
  2. mend既可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时,多表示“修理”“修补”,接名词或代词作宾语; 用作不及物动词时,常表示“好转,恢复”,还可用于生物体受伤部位自动接合或愈合。
  3. mend可用于被动结构。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
mend, amend, fix, patch, repair
  • 这五个词都可表示“修理”“修补”。其区别是:
  • 1.fix是口语用词。
  • 2.repair是一般用词,凡是损坏、损伤、故障,尤其是收音机、手表、汽车、炉子等这类的机械装置需要“修理”“维修”时用repair。例如:
  • We have repaired the motor.我们已经修好了电动机。
  • Xiao Wang is repairing desks and chairs in the classroom.小王正在教室里修理桌椅。
  • The puncture has been repaired.那个洞被补上了。
  • The house must be repaired from top to bottom.这所房子必须彻底进行修理。
  • 3.mend多指修补磨损、穿破、撕毁的简单日常用品,也可用于比喻,指改进行为、修改法律、治愈感情创伤等。例如:
  • Let me mend the socks for you.让我来给你补袜子。
  • The child will soon mend if she has enough to eat.这孩子如果有足够的东西吃就会很快恢复健康。
  • The relations between John and David are mending.约翰与戴维的关系在改善。
  • It is never too late to mend.改过不嫌晚。
  • It is not too late to mend the fold even after some of the sheep have been lost.亡羊补牢,犹未为晚。
  • 4.amend是正式用语,含有改造人或法规的缺陷与不足之意。例如:
  • You must amend your pronunciation.你必须改正你的发音。
  • The thief has amended.这小偷改过自新了。
  • It's time you amended your ways.是你改过自新的时候了。
  • The regulations are amended.这些规则被修正了。
  • 5.patch指用一块材料把有洞的地方、有裂痕的地方、被穿破的地方贴起来。例如:
  • The workman patched the ceiling.工人修补了天花板。
  • This piece of material is just right to patch the roof.这块材料正好可用来补屋顶。
  • He patched all the fences near the house.他把靠近房子的围墙全都修了。
  • mend,repair,patch,fix
  • 这些动词均含“修理、修复”之意。
  • mend通常指较简单的修复过程,一般不需要专门技术或特殊工具。
  • repair可与mend换用,但一般指需要较高的职业技能和使用较复杂的工具进行修理。
  • patch通常指用类似材料修补破洞、裂缝或磨损的地方。
  • fix多用于美语,仅用于指带有安装,固定性质的修理。
  • 常见错误

    v. (动词)
      我得把表修一修。

      I'll have my watch mended.

      I'll have my watch repaired.

      表示“修理手表、机器”等时,必须用repair,而不能用mend。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 1200年左右进入英语,直接源自古法语的amender,意为改正,改进,修正。
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