preach

  常用词汇  
[priːtʃ]     [priːtʃ]    
  • vt. 讲道;说教
  • vi. 传道;训诫
preachingly preached preached preaching preaches
new

preach的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 说教
  2. 讲道
  3. 训诫
  4. 布道
v. (动词)
  1. 鼓吹
  2. 【宗】布道
  3. 反复灌输
  4. 唠叨地劝诫
  5. 布讲
  6. 说(教)
  7. 讲学
  8. 规戒
  9. 提倡
  10. 说教
  11. 讲道
  12. 宣扬
  13. 唠叨
  14. 向教徒宣教
  15. 教读书人写大字
  16. 宣讲
  17. 劝诫
  18. 传道
  19. 宣传
  20. 劝告
  21. 倡导

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 讲道 deliver a sermon; make know a religious doctrine, etc.; give a talk especially in church about religion or morals
  2. vt. & vi. 劝诫; 说教 give moral advice

英英释义

Verb:
  1. deliver a sermon;

    "The minister is not preaching this Sunday"

  2. speak, plead, or argue in favor of;

    "The doctor advocated a smoking ban in the entire house"

preach的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. The priest preached a sermon on the need of charity.
    牧师在布道会上宣讲慈爱的必要。
  2. Those people go around preaching revolution.
    那些人到处宣扬革命。
  3. Christ preached that we should love each other.
    基督在布道中说人们应该互敬互爱。
  4. She preached economy as the best means of solving the crisis.
    她大力鼓吹节约是解决危机的关键。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. The priest preached to the congregation about the Sermon on the Mount.
    那位祭司就山中圣训向会众说教。
  2. Our teacher always preaches at me about being late for school.
    我们老师经常就上学迟到之事谆谆劝诫我。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The minister preaches every Sunday.
    牧师每个礼拜天布道。
  2. We had to walk three miles to the church, where he preached.
    我们不得不步行3英里去他传教的教堂。
  3. He felt very tired, for he preached for a long time.
    由于讲道太久,他感觉非常疲劳。
  4. It is not the author's business to preach, but to give a real, historical picture of life.
    作者的责任不在于说教,而在于展现一幅真实的具有历史意义的生活画面。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The priest preached a sermon on the need for charity.
    神父在布道会上宣讲慈爱的必要性。
  2. The man was preaching the Gospel.
    此人在传布福音。
  3. She's always preaching the value of fresh air.
    她总是宣传新鲜空气的价值。
  4. While they were preaching international peace, they were making war preparation.
    他们一面鼓吹国际和平,一面备战。
S+~+that-clause
  1. Christ preached that we should love each other.
    基督在布道中说人们应该互爱。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. Don't preach me that.
    不要以那件事说教我。
  2. He often preaches me a sermon about being honest.
    他常常对我讲要诚实的大道理。
  3. Don't preach me a sermon about being lazy now, please.
    请不要现在对我讲有关懒惰的大道理。
  4. 1
  5. We were preached a good sermon last Sunday.
    上星期天我们听了一个很好的布道。
S+~+ n./pron. +to pron./n.
  1. Don't preach this to me.
    不要以此对我说教。
  2. He preached economy to the people.
    他向人们宣传节约。
  3. The old man preached temperance to young people.
    那位老人劝年轻人戒酒。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +as/to be n./adj.
  1. She preached economy as the best means of solving the crisis.
    她倡导说节约是解决危机的最佳方法。
  2. 1
  3. Tom said,“We are preached to be honest, but the priest himself isn't honest at all.”
    汤姆说:“神父总叫我们诚实,可他本人就一点也不诚实。”

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
preach against (v.+prep.)
    宣传反对 declare one's solemn opposition to (sb) especially in a speech in church
    preach against sth/v-ing

    All the great churchmen have preached against immorality.

    所有教会中有影响的人物都作了反对不道德行为的布道。

    They are preaching against speculation and in favour of honest investment.

    他们正在宣传反对投机,赞扬真正的投资。

    Do all churchmen preach against taking drug?

    所有的教会人士都竭力反对吸毒吗?

preach at (v.+prep.)
    向…唠叨 speak to sb in the manner of a priest or minister of religion
    preach at sb (about sth)

    He does nothing but preaches at his children.

    他除了跟他的孩子们唠叨之外,什么事都不干。

    He kept preaching at his students about studying.

    在关于学习问题上,他不断地向学生们说教。

    My sister has been preaching at me again about my lack of neatness.

    我姐姐又在跟我唠叨要我改掉不爱整洁的毛病。

    I don't mind listening to advice that I've asked for, but I refuse to be preached at.

    我不介意听取我要求得到的忠告,但就是不乐意听人说教。

preach down (v.+adv.)
    谴责; 当众折服 commend by preaching; speak against
    preach sb/sth ⇔ down

    We failed to preach down these people.

    我们未能说服这些人。

    The president preached down war and violence.

    总统(用宣讲)谴责战争和暴力。

preach to (v.+prep.)
    向…传道; 说教 deliver a sermon to sb; give moral advice to (sb)
    preach to sb

    Christ preached to large crowds.

    基督向群众传教。

    The clergyman preached to people.

    牧师向人们讲道。

    He preached to deaf ears.

    他对聋子讲道(他在对牛弹琴)。

    The headmaster was preaching to his pupils.

    校长正对他的学生们谆谆劝诫。

preach up (v.+adv.)
    吹捧,赞扬 commend by preaching; speak in favour of
    preach sth ⇔ up

    Christianity preaches up forgiveness.

    基督教颂扬宽恕之道。

    These misguided people go around preaching up violence.

    这些误入歧途的人到处鼓吹暴力。

practise what one preaches
    干自己要别人干的事 do what one tells others they should do

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The great Calvinist evangelist..who preached every Sunday..and reduced his congregation to weeping.

    出自: E. Wilson
  • A baptist minister who preaches against gambling.

    出自:Grimsby Evening Telegraph

preach的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. preach的基本意思是牧师为宣扬自己而“讲道”。引申可作“劝诫”解。
  2. preach可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时可接名词、代词或that从句作宾语,也可接双宾语,其间接宾语可转化为介词to的宾语。用作不及物动词时常与介词at, against或to连用。
  3. preach有时还可接以“as/to be+ n./adj. ”结构充当补足语的复合宾语。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
preach, advocate, agitate for, air
  • 这组词语都有“鼓吹”的意思。其区别在于:preach指认为正当或有价值而极力主张; advocate指公开宣扬一种计划或主张; agitate for则指公开极力宣扬或强烈反对某些政治或社会变革; 而air则指大声宣扬自己的思想、观点或抱怨等。
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