speak

  基本词汇  
[spiːk]     [spiːk]    
  • v.讲;说话;演说;发言
speakable spoke spoken speaking speaks
new

speak是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 说,讲
  2. 声明,演说,宣告
  3. 说话,发言
  4. 谈话,交谈
  5. 讲述,陈述,说出
  6. 谈论
  7. 陈述意见
  8. 发出信号
  9. 朗诵
  10. 传达
  11. 吠叫
  12. 提起
  13. 使用(某种语言)说话,会说
  14. 与…(通话)联络

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 讲; 谈 say in words; talk
  2. vt. & vi. 演说; 演讲 make a speech

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
speak : 说话, 发言 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Verb:
  1. express in speech;

    "She talks a lot of nonsense"
    "This depressed patient does not verbalize"

  2. exchange thoughts; talk with;

    "We often talk business"
    "Actions talk louder than words"

  3. use language;

    "the baby talks already"
    "the prisoner won't speak"
    "they speak a strange dialect"

  4. give a speech to;

    "The chairman addressed the board of trustees"

  5. make a characteristic or natural sound;

    "The drums spoke"

speak的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. Does anyone speak English here?
    这儿有人会说英语吗?
  2. I'm quite capable of speaking for myself, thank you!
    我还是有能力把话说清楚的,谢谢你吧。
  3. The patient is too weak to speak.
    病人太衰弱了,不能说话。
  4. He will speak on the air this evening.
    今晚他将在广播中演说。
  5. Please speak to the subject under discussion.
    请针对讨论的问题发言。
  6. It is the first time that I speak in public.
    这是我第一次在公共场合发言。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The child hasn't learnt to speak yet.
    孩子还没有学会说话。
  2. Children speak before they read.
    孩子们先说话,后认字。
  3. Is it very difficult to train the dumb to learn to speak?
    训练哑巴学说话是很难吗?
  4. He is due to speak this evening.
    今晚该他讲演。
  5. She was so frightened that she could not speak.
    她吓得连话都说不出来。
  6. Who's speaking?—This is Peter speaking.
    你是谁?——我是彼得。
  7. He spoke in front of a large audience.
    他面对广大听众做了演说。
  8. Who's going to speak at the meeting next Friday?
    下星期五的会上谁做报告?
  9. The President will speak tonight on television.
    总统今天晚上要在电视上发表演说。
  10. The big guns spoke thunderously.
    大炮轰鸣。
  11. The portrait speaks.
    这幅画像栩栩如生。
  12. Facts speak louder than words.
    事实胜于雄辩。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. How many languages do you speak?
    你会讲几种语言?
  2. He speaks English very fluently.
    他说英语说得很流利。
  3. She speaks a little French.
    她会讲一点法语。
  4. It's extraordinary that the American girl Jane speaks Chinese so fluently.
    这位美国姑娘珍妮中文讲得如此流畅,实属超凡。
  5. None of them can speak Spanish.
    他们都不会说西班牙语。
  6. He feels comfortable with those who speak the Shanghai dialect.
    他和讲上海话的人谈话总感到很自在。
  7. She speaks several languages.
    她能讲几种语言。
  8. He spoke only a few words.
    他只讲了几句话。
  9. He spoke a falsehood.
    他撒了谎。
  10. He always speaks the truth.
    他一贯说实话。
  11. He spoke words of praise.
    他讲赞扬话。
  12. In this passage the writer is speaking his own convictions.
    在这段文章里,作者表达出他自己的坚定信心。
  13. One little fact may speak volumes.
    一件小事往往很可以说明问题。
  14. When we asked the students what they thought of the new plan, they spoke their minds freely.
    当我们征求学生们对新计划的意见时,他们都畅所欲言。
  15. This poem speaks his optimism.
    这首诗表明了他的乐观主义精神。
  16. She spoke what was in her heart.
    她说出了她心中所想的。
  17. 用于be ~ed结构
  18. Is English spoken here?
    这里讲英语吗?

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
speak about (v.+prep.)
  1. 提到… mention or talk openly about sth/sb speak about sb/sth

    We don't speak about that unfortunate period in our family history.我们不提我们家史中的那段不幸。

    Nice people don't speak about such unpleasant matters.有教养的人不谈这种令人不愉快的事。

speak for (v.+prep.)
  1. 代表…讲话; 为…辩护 speak in the interest of; representHe says he will speak for us at the committee meeting.他说他要在委员会会议上代表我们发言。

    Don't speak for your friend,speak for yourself. 不要代表你的朋友发言了,谈你自己的看法吧。

    I can only speak for myself, others may have different views. 我只能谈我自己的意见,别人可以有不同看法。

    Please speak for me to the director. 请为我向主任说说情。

    Please speak for me to the principal. 请为我向校长辩护。

    At the meeting John spoke for the change in the rules. 约翰在会议上为更改规则辩护。

  2. 预定〔要求〕得到… get the right to sth in advance; reserveThe teacher was giving away some books, students spoke for the same one.老师要送出一批书,几个学生都争要同一本。

    The first 600 cars of this new model have already been spoken for. 首批600辆新型汽车已有买主。

    I cannot let you have this clock, as it is spoken for, but I could get you another one like this. 这个钟已有了买主,所以不能给你了。不过,我可以给你弄到一个和这个相同的。

  3. 不言而喻 need no further explanation〔说明〕 speak for作此解时通常不用于进行体。

    The facts speak for themselves. 事实显而易见。

    There is no need for me to praise it, it speaks for itself. 无需我来称赞,那是显而易见的。

speak of (v.+prep.)
  1. 谈到,讲到 talk about; mention in speaking speak of sth

    She spoke of the government's plans for the unemployed.她提到了政府对失业者制定的计划。

    I have never spoken of these things to anyone before.我过去从未和任何人提到过这些事。

    In his lecture, he spoke of the increasing use of computers.他在讲演中谈及了计算机日益广泛的使用。

    It is nothing to speak of.那不值得一提。

    Whom have you been speaking of?你们在说谁呀?

    That is the museum that I spoke of just now.那就是我刚说到的博物馆。

    The lecturer spoke of many things relating to chemistry.讲师谈到了许多有关化学的问题。

    We defy death,not to speak of hardships and difficulties.我们死都不怕,更不用说艰苦困难了。

speak out (v.+adv.)
  1. 大胆讲; 毫无保留地说出 speak boldly, freely, and plainly speak out

    We've been silent for too long, it's time to speak out.我们沉默得太久了,现在是大胆地发表意见的时候了。

    Speak out—don't be afraid.大胆说吧,别害怕。

    I was determined to speak out.我决心直言不讳。

    speak out against sth

    I am going to speak out against the committee's decision.我打算直言反对委员会的决定。

    I expect you to speak out against tyranny when the time comes.我希望到时候你能大胆地讲几句反暴政的话。

    He spoke out against the plan because he thought it was too costly.他认为那个计划费用太大,所以他大胆地表示反对。

speak to (v.+prep.)
  1. 对…讲; 和…说话 talk to; have conversation with sb speak to sb/sth

    Did you speak to him in English?你用英语对他说的吗?

    Could you come and speak to our Literary Society?你愿来我们文学社作报告吗?

    She was afraid to be seen speaking to me.她怕跟我讲话被别人看见。

    Few noble persons ever spoke to those of humble origins but to give an order.贵人们除了发号施令以外很少跟出身卑贱的人说话。

    speak sth to sb

    He has spoken his mind to me.他已对我说明了他的心事。

    I am angry and I want a chance to speak my mind to the director.我很气愤,我想找机会向主任坦率地谈谈自己的想法。

  2. 针对…讲,围绕…谈 direct one's remarks to; talk about speak to sb/sth

    He did not speak to the subject.他没有说到本题。

    We must speak to the topic under discussion.我们必须针对讨论的主题来讲。

    He spoke to the question.他说得对题。

    I can speak to his veracity.我可以证明他说的是实话。

    He did not speak to the point.他的话不中肯。

  3. 责备〔提醒,请求〕 speak severely to; admonish; ask sb to do sth speak to sb

    He was late again today; it's time you spoke to that boy.那男孩今天又迟到了,你该说说他了。

    I'll speak to him about his rudeness at the meeting.他在会上太不礼貌了,我非责备他不可。

    The manager spoke to John about his slackness in work.经理责备约翰工作松懈。

speak up (v.+adv.)
  1. 大声讲 speak more loudly speak up

    The teacher asked the shy little girl to speak up.老师要求那个怕羞的小姑娘说话声音大点。

    Would you please speak up, as we can't hear you?我们听不清楚,请大点声说行不行?

    His talk is interesting but I do wish he'd speak up.他的报告很精彩,不过我真希望他能讲得大声一些。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • It was fair the speak of the place that happening early in April.

    出自:L. G. Gibbon
  • The one who spoke had a broad Lancashire accent.

    出自:J. Wain
  • William found her very weak and unable to speak distinctly.

    出自:G. Battiscombe
  • No one spoke except about the weather.

    出自:Encounter
  • He must speak to this woman.

    出自:P. Fitzgerald

speak的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. speak的基本意思是“讲”“谈”,指用声音表达意思,着重开口发声,而且着眼于个人的言语行为,可指自言自语,也可指支离破碎地交谈。其后常接语言、实话等词。speak还可作“发言,演说,作报告”解,指连贯、系统、正式的讲话。
  2. speak还可表示用说话以外的方式“表明”“显示”“表达”,引申还可表示“用响声宣告”。
  3. speak可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
speak well〔ill〕 for, speak well〔ill〕 of
这两个短语都可表示“说好〔坏〕话”。其区别是:
1.speak well〔ill〕 for的意思是“证〔说〕明…好〔坏〕”; 而speak well〔ill〕 of的意思是“说…好〔坏〕话”。例如:
His generous gift speaks well for his willingness to help others.他慷慨的赠品说明了他助人的诚意。
I have never spoken ill of him.我从未说过他的坏话。
2.speak well〔ill〕 for的主语可用事态名词作主语,也可用无人称代词it作主语; 而speak well〔ill〕 of只能以人作主语。
3.speak of中间可用副词highly或favourable; 而speak for不可。例如:
I'd like to meet his daughter, everyone speaks very highly of her.我很想见见他的女儿,人人都称赞她。
speak to, speak with
这两个短语都可表示“和…谈话”。其区别是:
speak to强调一个人对另一个人讲话,有主动讲与被动听的意味; 而speak with则着重“相互交谈”的意味。例如:
I wish to speak to you in private.我希望私下和你谈谈。
I spoke with them for an hour.我和他们谈了一个小时。
另一方面英式英语中常用speak to,而美式英语中常用speak with。
speak to, talk to, tell off
这三个短语都可表示“责备”“斥责”。其区别是:
speak to是指某人做错了事,因此说说他,是温和地责备,轻微地申斥,含有规劝的意味; talk to的意思是“训斥”“劝诫”; tell off表示述说某人的坏行为。例如:
I'll see that he is spoken to about it.关于那件事我想我得找人和他谈谈。
I'll talk to him.我会训斥他的。
That fellow needs to be told off.那个家伙该挨一顿骂。
not to speak of, not to say
这两个短语的意思相近。其区别是:
前者的语气比后者重。试比较:
  • She speaks Greek, not to speak of English.
  • 她会说希腊语,英语更不在话下。
  • She speaks Greek, not to say English.
  • 且不说英语,希腊语她也会说。
speak, chat, converse, talk
这四个词都可表示“交谈”。其区别是:
speak含义较广,较正式,可指连贯、系统地发言、讲话,也可指支离破碎地交谈,还可指自言自语; converse常指在谈话中交换意见或想法,且表示在几个人之间的交谈; chat往往指以友好的态度,谈一些不重要的事情; talk强调“交谈”多半是指数人之间的交谈,包括严肃的讨论,也表示轻松的闲聊。例如:
The two friends sat in a corner and chatted about the weather.那两位朋友坐在一个旮旯里谈论天气。
I can converse with anyone about anything.我可以和任何人谈论任何事情。
He is talking to a friend.他在和一个朋友交谈。
speak, declaim, deliver, lecture
这组词都可表示“演讲”。其区别是:
speak一般指在公共场合讲话; declaim有慷慨激昂地演说、朗诵或以言辞攻击某人或某种观点的含义; deliver指讲道、陈述意见或讲授一门功课; lecture可指就某一专题演讲或强调教导性的演说。例如:
She was declaiming against the waste of the taxpayers' money.她慷慨陈词,猛烈抨击对纳税人金钱的浪费。
He is delivering a speech.他正在作演讲。
I wish you'd stop lecturing me.我希望你不要再教训我。
speak, say, talk, tell
这组词的共同含义是“说,告诉”。其区别是:
say指“说出”,着重指说出具体的内容,一般用作及物动词,后面的宾语是所说的话; speak指“说话,发言”,着重开口说话的动作,一般用作不及物动词,其宾语通常是表示某种语言名称的词; talk指“讲话,谈论”,意思与speak相近,在一些情况下可以通用,通常talk用作不及物动词; tell指“告诉”,是直接给对方讲或以间接的方式转诉某事,在多数情况下, tell的后面通常接双宾语,在少数情况下可用简单宾语。试体会下面这几个词的用法和含义:He had talked for a long time, but he spoke so fast that we couldn't catch what he said.他讲了很长时间,但他说得太快了,我们没听清他讲了些什么。
Mr. Green was invited to speak〔talk〕 to us on Greek philosophy.格林先生应邀给我们讲希腊哲学。
He told me the news.他告诉了我这个消息。
He told me that he was coming.他告诉我说他就来。
下列各组中的句子意思有区别:
  • Do you speak English?
  • 你讲英语吗?
  • (问你操何种语言)
  • Can you speak English?
  • 你会讲英语吗?
  • (问除了其他语种还能否讲英语)
  • He speaks English.
  • 他讲英语。
  • (暗示“英语是他的母语”)
  • He speaks in English.
  • 他用英语讲话。
  • (暗示“还能用别的语种讲话”)
  • He is speaking to her.
  • 他正对她讲话。
  • He is speaking at her.
  • 他正攻击她。
  • She didn't speak of the matter.
  • 她没有谈及此事。
  • She didn't speak about the matter.
  • 她没有谈有关此事的任何情况。
  • Let's practise speaking English.
  • 咱们练习讲英语吧。
  • Let's practise spoken English.
  • 咱们练习英语口语吧。
say speak state talk tell utter
这些动词均有“说、讲”之意。
  • say:say最普通常用词,指用语言表达思想,着重所说的内容。
  • speak:speak侧重于说话动作的本身,着重说话的能力而不在内容,比如能说某种语言。
  • state:state较正式用词,通常指用明确的语言或文字着重地叙述事实,既强调内容又注重语气。
  • talk:talk普通用词,侧重指与人交谈时的连续说话,可指单方面较长谈话,和speak一样,着重说活动作而不侧重内容。
  • tell:tell指告诉或讲述。
  • utter:utter着重说话的行为,常指声音的使用,突出用噪子发声。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 他没有说他住哪儿。

    He didn't speak where he lived.

    He didn't say where he lived.

    speak不可以从句作宾语。

  2. 他英语说得很好。

    He says English well.

    He speaks English well.

    当表示操某种语言时,要用speak,不可用say。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的speacn,意为说话。

speak的相关资料:

正版词典

speak : 谈话,交谈 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

缩略词

speak的相关缩略词,共有3

互动百科

  • speak:speak v. 说话, 谈话, 说明事实, 表示意见, 发言, 演讲, 操(某种语言) 英英解释:动词speak:1. express in speech同义词:talk, utter, mouth…

临近单词

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