fill

  基本词汇  
[fɪl]     [fɪl]    
  • vt.装满;弥漫;填充;担任
  • n.足量
filled filled filling fills
new

fill是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 填方
  2. 填土
  3. 足够
  4. 填满的量
  5. 充足
  6. 装填物
  7. 路堤
  8. 充满
  9. 饱满
  10. 填塞物
  11. 冲填
  12. 充填体
  13. 充水
  14. 填满…的量
  15. 吃饱的量
  16. 喝足的量
  17. 充分
  18. 足够…的量
  19. 满足
v.(动词)
  1. 满足
  2. 装满
  3. 填满
  4. 堵塞
  5. 注满
  6. 使充满
  7. 填补
  8. 被充满
  9. 鼓胀
  10. 装填
  11. 张满(帆)
  12. 使(帆背)受风
  13. 充实
  14. 普及
  15. 弥漫
  16. 供应
  17. 任(职)
  18. 堵塞(洞、孔)
  19. 填(缺)
  20. 配药
  21. 照满
  22. 填充
  23. 任职
  24. 填补(洞、孔)
  25. 使充满(感情)
  26. 使遍及
  27. 布满
  28. 变得沉重
  29. 凑成、组成同一花色或某种花色组合

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. (使)充满,(使)装满,填满 make sth full; occupy all of the space in sth
  2. vt. 满足 meet the needs or demands of
  3. vt. 任职 hold a position and do the necessary work
  4. vt. 配药 make up the medicine
n.(名词)
  1. [C]填满…的量 enough to fill sth
  2. [U]充分,足够 enough; plenty

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
fill : 充满, 装药 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
fill : 辅 ...
fill : 填方;填充 ...
在 《外教社土木建筑英语词典》 中查看更多...
fill : 填单 ...
fill : 填充物;淤 ...
在 《外教社地质学英语词典》 中查看更多...
fill : 填, 充满, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
fill : 填方 ...
在 《外教社市政工程英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a quantity sufficient to satisfy;

    "he ate his fill of potatoes"
    "she had heard her fill of gossip"

  2. any material that fills a space or container;

    "there was not enough fill for the trench"

Verb:
  1. make full, also in a metaphorical sense;

    "fill a container"
    "fill the child with pride"

  2. become full;

    "The pool slowly filled with water"
    "The theater filled up slowly"

  3. occupy the whole of;

    "The liquid fills the container"

  4. assume, as of positions or roles;

    "She took the job as director of development"
    "he occupies the position of manager"
    "the young prince will soon occupy the throne"

  5. fill or meet a want or need

  6. appoint someone to (a position or a job)

  7. eat until one is sated;

    "He filled up on turkey"

  8. fill to satisfaction;

    "I am sated"

  9. plug with a substance;

    "fill a cavity"

fill的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. Smoke filled the room.
    屋里尽是烟。
  2. Life just gives you time and space, it's up to you to fill it.
    生活只给我们时间和空间,我们自己决定如何去填充它。
  3. He is competent enough to fill that position.
    他完全胜任那个职位。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. No more tea,thank you,I've had my fill.
    谢谢你,不要再添茶了,我已经喝足了。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The hall soon filled.
    大厅里很快挤满了人。
  2. The cistern is empty but soon fills again.
    蓄水池里现在没水,但不久就会储满水的。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. People filled the room.
    人们把房间挤得满满的。
  2. Laughter filled the room.
    屋子里充满了笑声。
  3. Joy of victory filled the hearts of the fighters.
    战士们的心中充满了胜利的喜悦。
  4. Lucy is the best person to fill this secretary vacancy.
    露西是秘书这个空缺最好的人选。
  5. He filled the chair of Chinese literature at the university.
    他在那所大学里担任中国文学教授。
  6. This young man fills the office satisfactorily.
    这位年轻人非常称职。
  7. This should fill your requirements nicely.
    这将大大地满足你的要求。
  8. These products will fill the urgent need of the consumers.
    这些产品会满足消费者的迫切需要。
  9. Her main job was filling the doctor's prescriptions.
    她的主要工作就是给大夫开的药方配药。
  10. 用于be ~ed结构
  11. The reservoir was completely filled.
    那座水库蓄满了水。
  12. His departure left a gap in the Haes' family that would never be filled.
    他的死给黑斯家带来了不可弥补的损失。
  13. His place will not be easily filled.
    他的职位可不是随便能顶下来的。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. Please fill me a glass of wine.
    请给我斟一杯酒。
S+~+ n./pron. +for pron./n.
  1. Please fill this glass for me.
    请把这个杯子给我斟满。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. + adj.
  1. You've filled the bath too full.
    你把浴缸的水注得太满了。
  2. His friends shot old Darnell through and through—filled him full of bullets, and ended him.
    他的朋友们向老达尼尔全身开枪——在他身上射满了子弹,最后结束了他的生命。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Would you like a fill of my tobacco?
    想抽一烟斗我的烟吗?
  2. She cried her fill.
    她痛哭一场。
  3. She let us gaze out fill.
    她让我们看个够。
  4. When she had laughed her fill, she told him he was too late.
    尽情地笑够之后,她告诉他太迟了。
  5. After enjoying their fill of food, they strolled back to their village.
    他们吃饱东西后,才溜达回村去。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
fill away (v.+adv.)
  1. 顺风行驶 catch the wind by setting the yards or trimming the sails fill away

    Then a wind arose, and the little sailing boat filled away.这时起风了,小帆船顺风行驶。

    Each vessel filled away, and kept in its course.每只船都借风航行,而且保持自己的航道。

    The fleet began to fill away on a northerly course.船队开始借风向北航行。

fill in (v.+adv.)
  1. 填平,填满 fill sth completely fill sth ⇔ in

    The workmen dug a hole, mended the pipe, and then filled the hole in again.工人们挖了个洞,修补好管道,然后又把洞填平。

    They were busy filling in a depression in the road to facilitate transportation.他们忙于填平路上的坑洼以便利交通。

    He helped us to fill in a big gap in our knowledge.他帮我们填补知识上的空白。

    用于be ~ed结构

    The ruts must be filled in so that traffic can pass.车轮压出的辙迹必须填平,以便行人和车辆通行。

  2. 填(写) add words to complete sth fill sth ⇔ in

    Many people find it difficult to fill in a form.许多人发现表格填写困难。

    You are expected to fill in your name to cash a cheque.要兑现支票你得填上姓名。

    You got the date wrong when you were filling in the cheque.你填写支票时把日期写错了。

    It took me only five minutes to fill in the questionnaire.填写这份问卷只用了我五分钟时间。

    用于be ~ed结构

    A blank space left so that the date could be filled in.留有空白,以便填写日期。

  3. 度过(时光) pass time fill in the time

    Sam, if you don't work, how can you fill in the time?山姆,你如果不上班怎么打发日子呢?

  4. 使(某人)熟悉,向(某人)提供消息等 make sb conversant; supply sb with information fill sb ⇔ in on sth

    Please fill me in on your future plan.请详细谈谈你今后的打算。

    Please fill me in on what happened at the meeting.请告诉我会上发生的事。

    He always fills us in on what his programme is.他会给我们提供详细情况的。

    Please fill me in on what's been happening while I've been away.请告诉我在外出期间发生的情况。

  5. 代替; 暂时补缺 take another person's place; substitute fill in

    John has gone to Paris.I have to fill in.约翰去巴黎了,我得代理他的工作。

    I don't know what to do,I'm just filling in while the regular girl is away.我不知道做什么才好,我只是临时顶替那个做这项工作的姑娘。

    fill in for sb

    I can't go to the meeting, will you fill in for me?我不能参加那个会了,你能替我去吗?

    Cage is ill.Can you fill in for her tonight?凯奇病了,你今晚替她一下好吗?

    用于be ~ed结构

    His medical skill is so superb that he can hardly be filled in for in an emergency.他医术高超,在紧急情况下很难用他人代替。

  6. 淤塞 become blocked by accumulations fill in

    The harbour gradually filled in.港口渐渐淤塞了。

  7. 填补 act as a replacement for fill sth ⇔ in

    He fills in a sketch with shadow.他在画稿上添衬上阴影。

    His research results helped filling in our knowledge.他的研究成果帮助我们填补了认识上的一个空白。

fill out (v.+adv.)
  1. 〈主美〉填写(表格等) complete (sth such as a paper) fill sth ⇔ out

    She'll soon become a Party member, she's filled out a membership application.她很快就要成为党员了,她已经填写了入党申请书。

  2. (通常指因充气)鼓起〔膨胀〕 swell usually with air fill out

    The sails filled out and the boat floated away .帆张满后船漂走了。

  3. 长胖 become fatter fill out

    The underweight child has begun to fill out after regular exercises.这个偏瘦的孩子在进行了一段有规律的锻炼后开始长壮了。

    It's strange she didn't fill out much after pregnancy.很奇怪,她怀孕后也没怎么发胖。

    Her cheeks began to fill out after she'd been in the convalescent hospital for a couple of months.在疗养院养了两个月以后,她的脸渐渐变圆了。

    fill sth ⇔ out

    Better health had filled her face out a little.她身体好转健康,脸蛋发胖。

  4. 充实; 增补 enlarge fill sth ⇔ out

    They say they'll publish your paper if you can just fill it out a little.他们说,只要你把论文内容稍加充实,他们就刊登。

    The manuscript might be usable if the author could fill it out a little.如果作者稍加充实,原稿就可以拿来使用。

    Tom has been asked to fill out the last part of his book to balance the first part.汤姆被要求把书中最后一部分充实一下,使之与第一部分相协调。

fill up (v.+adv.)
  1. (使)充满 make or become completely full fill up

    The theatre began to fill up just before the performance.就在演出开始前,剧场满座了。

    Following the heavy rain, the storage tanks were filling up again.那场暴雨过后,储水池又满了。

    We'd better call at the garage to fill up, we're nearly out of petrol.汽油快用光了,我们最好在加油站停车加油。

    fill sth ⇔ up

    Brooks said to the garage attendant:“Fill it up!”布鲁克斯对加油站服务员说:“把油箱加满。”

    The report of the accident filled up a column of that paper.有关这次事故的报道占了那张报纸的整整一栏。

    We'll have to fill up the page with photographs.我们得用照片把这页排满。

    用于be ~ed结构

    The swimming pool is filled up with mud.游泳池里全是泥。

    The canal was filled up with boats on account of a vessel being aground and blocking the way.因为有只船搁浅阻道,运河上挤满了船。

    I can't see you till tomorrow, the rest of the day is filled up.我今天工作都安排满了,明天才能会见你。

fill with (v.+prep.)
  1. (使)充〔挤〕满 (cause to) become full with (things or people) fill with sth

    The sails filled with wind.航程充满了风浪。

    The lake is filling with the heavy rain.由于大雨湖面正在上涨。

    The sky filled with stars.星斗满天。

    The valley filled with stretchers.Local women hurried over to carry the wounded.山谷里摆满了担架,当地妇女赶忙去运送伤员。

    fill sth with sb/sth

    They filled the hole with rubbish.他们用垃圾填坑。

    Please fill the bottle with water.请把这瓶子装满水。

    Fill the tyres with air.把车胎打上气。

    用于be ~ed结构

    The box was filled with gifts.盒子里装满了礼物。

    The old well was filled with poisonous gas.那口古井里充满毒气。

    The hall was at once filled with joy.大厅里顿时一片欢腾。

  2. 使满怀(某种情感等) fill (sb) with (sth such as a feeling) fill sb with sth

    The sound of that music fills me with memories.那音乐声使我充满了回忆。

    This thought filled me with pleasure.这种想法使我心里充满喜悦。

    The sight of him filled her with happiness.一见到他,她心里充满了幸福。

    The birth of my grandchild filled me with joy.孙子的出生给我带来了无尽的快乐。

    用于be ~ed结构

    She seemed to be suddenly filled with anger.她好像突然充满了愤怒。

    He was filled with pity for the poor girl.他对那个衣衫破旧的女孩充满同情。

用作名词 (n.)
one's fill
  1. 能忍受的限度 as much as one can bear

    I'd had my fill of her gossip. 我受够她那论人是非的闲话了。

    I've had my fill of Imes for one evening! 整晚跟艾姆斯在一起,我受够了!

    She decided she had her fill of his cruelty. 她认为自己已经受够了他的虐待。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Away, my goats, away: for you have browz'd your fill.

    出自:Dryden
  • She had had her fill of the cloisters and the hovering nuns, kindly as most of them were.

    出自:fig.
  • She filled the kettle and placed it on the stove.

    出自:J. L. Waten
  • The..brutality..filled him with a despairing desire to escape.

    出自:J. Conrad

fill的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. 一般来说,fill常与介词with连用,表示“把东西放满在……里”,如fill the cup with wine(用酒装满杯子)。要注意fill不表示“把东西放满在……上”,如fill the table with books(把桌子堆满书)这中表达方式是错误的;
  2. 在英美两国,fill有时可与fulfil表示相同意思,但是现在已不普遍在英国使用。

    He filled five engagements that day.
    他那天赴了5个约会。

  3. fill后可接双宾语。

    He filled me a glass of beer.
    他给我倒满了一杯啤酒。

  4. fill in/up/out都可用来表示“填写(表格)”,而fill单用,或者是fill in/up/out都可用来表示“填写(在空白处)”。

    Please fill in your name and address.
    Please fill these blanks.

v.(动词)
  1. fill的基本意思是“充满”,可指填满空间、填充空白、填写表格,也可用于填补职位上的空缺,还可表示度过空余时间等。
  2. fill可以人作主语,也可以物作主语。
  3. fill可作不及物动词,也可作及物动词。用作不及物动词时,主动形式常含有被动意义; 用作及物动词时,可接名词或代词作宾语,也可接双宾语,其间接宾语可转化为介词for的宾语。还可接以形容词充当补足语的复合宾语。
n.(名词)
  1. fill用作可数名词的意思是“填满…的量”,常与of连用,用于具体名词; fill用作不可数名词可表示抽象意义“充分,足够”,一般用于正式文体中。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
下面三个句子意思相同:
  • The jar filled with water.
  • The jar was filled with water.
  • The jar was full of water.
  • 罐子里装满了水。
下面三个句子意思相同:
  • Tears filled her eyes.
  • Her eyes filled with tears.
  • Her eyes were filled with tears.
  • 她眼里充满了泪水。
下面三个短语意思不同:
  • fill sth in 把…填平 fill ... into ... 将…装进…里面 fill...with... 将…装满…

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 司机用汽油装满了油箱。

    The driver filled gasoline into the tank.

    The driver filled the tank with gasoline.

    表示“用…装满…”,应该说fill sth with sth,其中fill的宾语应该是某种容器, with的宾语是填充物。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的fylaln,意为填充。

fill的相关资料:

正版词典

fill : 注满,装满, ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

互动百科

  • fill:简介 Fill()功能建立一个由指定字符串填充的指定长度的字符串。语法Fill ( chars, n ) 参数chars string类型,指定用于重复填充的字符串n:long类型,指定由该函数返回…

临近单词

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