discipline

  核心词汇  
['dɪsəplɪn]     ['dɪsəplɪn]    
  • n.纪律;训练;学科
  • vt.训练;惩罚
disciplinal discipliner disciplined disciplined disciplining disciplines
new

discipline是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 纪律(性),风纪,军纪
  2. 训练,训导,教导
  3. 学科
  4. 教养,修养
  5. 惩罚,惩戒,戒律,训诫
  6. 【宗】教规,宗规
  7. 锻炼,磨炼
  8. 训练方法
  9. 行为准则
  10. 符合准则的行为
v.(动词)
  1. 训练,训导
  2. 使有纪律,使守纪律,强使守纪律
  3. 使有条不紊
  4. 惩戒,惩罚,处罚,训戒
  5. 管教,管制
  6. 锻炼, 操练
  7. 限制,阻止
  8. 对...加以约束
  9. 自我控制, 严格要求(自己)

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 训导,训练 keep under control; train
  2. vt. 惩罚 punish
n.(名词)
  1. [U]训练; 锻炼; 训导 training; aimed at producing self-control; obedience
  2. [U]纪律 result of such training
  3. [U]处罚,处分 punishment
  4. [C]学科 subject of instruction

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
discipline : 纪律, 戒律 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
discipline : 纪律, 戒律 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
discipline : 纪律 ...
在 《外教社管理学英语词典》 中查看更多...
discipline : 处分 ...
在 《外教社人力资源英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a branch of knowledge;

    "in what discipline is his doctorate?"
    "teachers should be well trained in their subject"
    "anthropology is the study of human beings"

  2. a system of rules of conduct or method of practice;

    "he quickly learned the discipline of prison routine"
    "for such a plan to work requires discipline"

  3. the trait of being well behaved;

    "he insisted on discipline among the troops"

  4. training to improve strength or self-control

  5. the act of punishing;

    "the offenders deserved the harsh discipline they received"

Verb:
  1. develop (children's) behavior by instruction and practice; especially to teach self-control;

    "Parents must discipline their children"
    "Is this dog trained?"

  2. punish in order to gain control or enforce obedience;

    "The teacher disciplined the pupils rather frequently"

discipline的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. She is strict in the matter of discipline.
    她对纪律的要求是严格的。
  2. It takes years of discipline to become a pianist.
    要成为钢琴家需经多年训练。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. It showed that they had been well disciplined.
    这表明他们受过良好的训练。
  2. The dog was disciplined by a professional trainer.
    那条狗由一位专业训练师训练。
  3. He never disciplined his apprentices with violence.
    他从来不用暴力惩罚学徒。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. You must learn to discipline yourself.
    你要学会控制自己。
  2. The teacher disciplines the new comers at the beginning of the new term.
    新学期开始时教师都要对新生进行训练。
  3. 用于be ~ed结构
  4. She must have been well disciplined for her orderliness.
    她有条不紊,一定受过良好的训练。
  5. The boy was often disciplined for staying away from school.
    那孩子常因为逃学而受到处罚。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ pron. +to- v
  1. I've disciplined myself to do two hours of exercise every day.
    我坚持每天锻炼两个小时。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. She needs the discipline of having to write an essay every week.
    她需要进行每周写一篇文章的训练。
  2. Our soldiers showed perfect discipline under heavy fire from the enemy's guns.
    在敌人的炮火下,我们的士兵表现出良好的纪律。
  3. That child needs discipline.
    必须对这个孩子加以惩罚。
  4. Mathematics and physics are related disciplines.
    数学和物理是相关学科。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • If any be found unchast, she receives three Disciplines or scourgings.

    出自:J. Sergeant
  • Has he disciplin'd Aufidius soundly?

    出自:Coriolanus,Shakespeare

discipline的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. discipline的基本意思是“训导”“训练”,指某人被控制、管教在某事物下或某人在“训练”下,使之学到知识或技能。
  2. discipline用作及物动词,其宾语多为受“管教”“训练”的人。
  3. discipline的宾语是反身代词时,其后可接动词不定式作补足语。

词义辨析

drill exercise practice training discipline
这些名词都有“练习、训练、锻炼”之意。
  • drill:drill侧重进行有系统的,严格和重复的练习。
  • exercise:exercise主要指为强壮体魄而进行的锻炼,也可指进行练习以保持已经获得的技巧。
  • practice:practice指把所学的理论或知识用于实践以获得技艺与技巧。
  • training:training普通用词,泛指为从事某种职业而进行的身体或智力方面的训练。
  • discipline:discipline既可指训练又可指为达到某种熟练程度而进行约束。

词源解说

  • ☆ 13世纪初期进入英语,直接源自古法语的descepilne;最初源自拉丁语的discipilna,意为有必要的惩戒。

discipline的相关资料:

正版词典

discipline : 纪律;惩戒 ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...
discipline : 纪律;戒律 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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互动百科

  • discipline:discipline n. 纪律, 学科v. 训练 英英解释:名词discipline:1. a branch of knowledge同义词:subject, subject area, subje…

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