decide

  基本词汇  
[dɪ'saɪd]     [dɪ'saɪd]    
  • v.决定;判断;断定
decidable decidability decided decided deciding decides
new

decide是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 决定,抉择
  2. 选定
  3. 裁决,判决,判定
  4. (使)解决
  5. (使下)决心,决意, 使决断
  6. 确定,认定,确认,肯定,断定
  7. 认为
  8. 总结,得出结论
  9. 讨论
  10. 对…作出抉择
  11. 影响…的结果
  12. 成为(某人)做某事的原因
  13. 判断

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 下决心; (使)决定 settle a question or a doubt; make up one's mind
  2. vt. & vi. 解决,裁决,肯定,断定 give a judgement

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
decide : 决定, 下决 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Verb:
  1. reach, make, or come to a decision about something;

    "We finally decided after lengthy deliberations"

  2. bring to an end; settle conclusively;

    "The case was decided"
    "The judge decided the case in favor of the plaintiff"
    "The father adjudicated when the sons were quarreling over their inheritance"

  3. cause to decide;

    "This new development finally decided me!"

  4. influence or determine;

    "The vote in New Hampshire often decides the outcome of the Presidential election"

decide的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. That decided me to leave my job.
    那件事使我决定离职。
  2. A chance meeting decided my career.
    偶然的会面决定了我的事业。
  3. He decided to get married.
    他决定结婚。
  4. Don't decide on important matters too quickly.
    不要过于匆忙地对重要的事情作决定。
  5. It's difficult to decide between the two.
    对这两者,不易做出抉择。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Now you must decide.
    现在你必须做决定。
  2. It is for you to decide.
    由你来决定。
  3. You are the one to decide.
    该由你来决定。
  4. I have been waiting all day for them to decide.
    我整天都在等待他们作出决定。
  5. You must decide a week ahead.
    你必须提前一周作出决定。
  6. You should decide according to the changing situation.
    你应随机应变。
  7. It's the financiers who decide.
    有决定权的是那些金融家们。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The news decided me.
    这消息使我作出决定。
  2. Your words have decided him.
    你的话使他下定了决心。
  3. What he said decided me.
    他的话使我下了决心。
  4. It is man, and not any weapons, that decides the outcome of a war.
    决定战争胜负的是人而不是武器。
  5. We must decide that ourselves.
    这得由我们自己决定。
  6. The African people alone can decide the fate of Africa.
    只有非洲人民能决定非洲的命运。
  7. It is the people who decide the fate of mankind.
    决定人类命运的正是人本身。
  8. I've got to decide our whole future.
    我得决定我们的整个未来。
  9. They are having a discussion to decide the policy.
    他们正在讨论决定一项政策。
  10. I can't decide the date of the meeting.
    我决定不了这次会议的日期。
  11. The judge decided the case.
    审判官判决了这个案子。
  12. We decided the question by experiment.
    我们用实验解决了那个问题。
  13. We can't decide anything now.
    现在我们不能作出什么决定。
  14. She always decides things without knowing all the facts.
    她总是没弄清全部事实就决定事情。
  15. I'll decide a solution to the problem.
    我将给出解决问题的办法。
  16. The new information decided the argument.
    那项新资料使这场争论有了结论。
  17. That battle decided the entire military situation.
    那一仗决定了整个战局。
  18. A goal in the last minute decided the match.
    最后时刻的射门得分决定了这场比赛的胜负。
  19. It was this that decided the fate of the company.
    正是这决定了公司的命运。
  20. 用于be ~ed结构
  21. Nothing is decided yet.
    一切尚未决定。
  22. The question must be decided at once.
    这个问题必须马上解决。
  23. The case is to be decided by the International Court.
    这件案子将由国际法庭判决。
  24. The question will be decided by putting it to a vote.
    通过投票决定这个问题。
  25. In this world, things are complicated and are decided by many factors.
    世界上的事情是复杂的,是由各方面的因素决定的。
  26. The social system of a country should be chosen and decided by its own people.
    一个国家的社会制度应该由它自己的人民选择和决定。
S+~+to- v
  1. He has decided to go abroad.
    他已决意出国。
  2. We have decided to go to France for our holidays.
    我们已决定到法国去度假。
  3. The painting caught his fancy and he decided to buy it then and there.
    那幅画把他吸引住了,他决定当场就买下来。
  4. The presidium has decided to hold this evening's meeting elsewhere.
    主席团决定今天晚上的会议另选会场。
  5. We decided to take her advice and postpone our trip.
    我们决定采纳她的建议,延期旅行。
  6. He decided to give a one-man show.
    他决定唱一段独角戏。
  7. The city authorities decided to crack down on illegal trading.
    该市当局决定取缔黑市买卖。
  8. We've decided to put off our trip till next Friday, owing to the bad weather.
    由于天气不好,我们决定将启程顺延到下周五。
  9. The municipal people's government has decided to do away with overhead wires.
    市人民政府已经决定清除空中架设的电线。
  10. They decided not to accept the invitation.
    他们决定不接受邀请。
  11. He decided not to tell a lie again.
    他决心不再撒谎了。
  12. She hasn't decided to become a teacher.
    她还没有下决心当一名教师。
  13. He hasn't decided to go to Xinjiang after graduation.
    他还没有下决定毕业后去新疆。
  14. They have not decided not to move to Wuchang.
    他们尚未决定不搬到武昌去。
  15. He has decided not to give up smoking.
    他决定不戒烟。
S+~+wh-to- v
  1. We must decide what to do with them.
    我们必须决定怎样处理他们。
  2. We haven't decided where to build the school.
    我们还没有决定在什么地方修建这所学校。
  3. My brother could not decide how to spend the sum of money.
    我的弟弟不知道如何使用这笔钱。
  4. They decide when to begin the meeting.
    他们决定什么时候开始这次会议。
  5. I can't decide whether to go or not.
    我决定不了去还是不去。
S+~+that-clause
  1. He decided that the doorbell was broken.
    他断定门铃坏了。
  2. We've decided that it's no use to worry.
    我们断定着急是没有用的。
  3. Before Emma went to sleep she had quite decided that it was foolish and wrong to try to bring any two people together.
    埃玛在睡觉以前,她得出了结论:想把任何两个人撮合在一起的做法是愚蠢的,错误的。
  4. Our teacher decided that it would be better to start at once.
    我们的老师决定还是立即出发好一些。
  5. More and more people decided that they would buy the new cars.
    越来越多的人想要买这种新车。
  6. We've decided that our sports meeting should be put off till next Monday.
    我们已经决定运动会推迟到下周一举行。
  7. We decided that we should give him as much help as possible.
    我们决定我们应该尽可能多地帮助他。
  8. He decided that he might as well have it out with her.
    他决定还是去和她谈清楚。
  9. More and more people are deciding that political power must be the backbone of every new advance.
    越来越多的人认为,政治权力是每前进一步的保证。
  10. He decided that he had been wrong.
    他肯定他是错了。
  11. I decided that she had missed the train.
    我断定她已错过了火车。
S+~+wh-clause
  1. He could not decide what he should do next.
    他决定不了下一步该做些什么。
  2. They had to decide what was the matter with Apollo 13.
    他们得弄清阿波罗13号出了什么样的问题。
  3. Of all those facts I can't decide as to what is the most important.
    我决定不了所有这些事实中哪个最重要。
  4. Only you can decide what's best for you.
    只有你才清楚什么对你最合适。
  5. I can't decide which I should take.
    我拿不定主意要拿哪一个。
  6. He will decide tomorrow where and how he will spend this coming Sunday.
    明天他将决定到哪里以及怎样度过这个星期天。
  7. Let's first decide where we should go.
    我们先决定一下到什么地方去。
  8. She has decided how she should settle the matter.
    她已作出决定如何来解决这件事。
  9. The federal courts decide whether the laws made by the Congress are in accordance with the Constitution.
    国会制定的法律是否符合宪法,由各联邦法院裁定。
  10. They haven't decided whether they will go to London or Berlin.
    他们尚未决定是去伦敦还是去柏林。
  11. I couldn't decide whether she was joking or not.
    我不能断定她是不是在开玩笑。
It is/was ~ed+to- v
  1. It has been decided to postpone the plan.
    该项计划已被推迟。
  2. After a warm discussion it was decided to start building the new airport right away.
    经过热烈讨论,决定马上开始修建这个新机场。
  3. It has been decided to build a factory here.
    已经决定在此建座工厂。
It is/was ~ed+that/wh-clause
  1. It has been decided that the meeting should be postponed.
    已决定会议延期举行。
  2. It has been decided that the exhibition shall not be open on Sunday.
    已经决定展览星期天不开放。
  3. It has been decided that Mr. Li will teach us English.
    已决定由李先生来教我们英语。
  4. It was decided at the meeting that Mr. Smith would be in charge of the trade- union work.
    会上已经作出决定由史密斯先生负责工会工作。
  5. It has been decided that we should design the machine ourselves.
    已经决定我们自己来设计这部机器。
  6. It is decided that a special committee shall see to this matter.
    决定由一个特别委员会来负责处理这事。
  7. It is not decided who will go to the meeting instead of you.
    还没决定由谁代替你参加会议。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. What decided you to vote for him?
    是什么使你决定投票选他的?
  2. What decided you to give up trying?
    什么事使你决定放弃你的尝试?
  3. Prof.Wang's words decided her to catch up with others.
    王教授的话使她下决心赶上其他人。
  4. His reputation had decided me to confide a secret to him.
    他的声誉使我决定向他吐露一桩秘密。
  5. What decided you to change your mind about going?
    什么原因使你改变主意,不再去了?
  6. His honesty decided me to employ him.
    他的诚实使我决定用他。
  7. It was this which finally decided me to come to India.
    就是这个原因使我决定到印度来。
S+~+ n./pron. +as adj.
  1. He decided her as silly.
    他断言她很傻。
其他 v -ed as Attrib.
  1. There is a decided difference between Chinese and Western culture.
    中西文化有绝对不同之点。
  2. This is a decided victory, but whether it is a decisive one only time can tell.
    这是一个无可争辩的胜利,但它是否具有决定性意义,目前还看不出。
v -ing as Attrib.
  1. I suppose cost shouldn't be a deciding factor.
    我认为费用不应成为决定因素。
as Parenth.
  1. Jack, he decided, was the very person for the job.
    他断定杰克做这项工作最合适。
  2. Her mother, he decided, was an invalid.
    他断言她的母亲是个病人。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
decide about (v.+prep.)
  1. 决定 make a decision on sth decide about sth/v-ing

    They have decided about it.他们对此已作出了决定。

    As to the journey, we shall decide about that later.至于旅行,我们以后再对此作出决定。

    I want to think it over before I decide about joining it.在决定参加之前,我想考虑考虑。

decide against (v.+prep.)
  1. 〔说明〕 decide against一般不用于进行体。
  2. 决定不做 make a decision not in favour of sth/doing sth decide against sth/v-ing

    But I decided against it.可是我决定不这样做。

    They decided against a picnic in the park.他们决定不去公园野餐了。

    After talking the matter over, we decided against the plan.经过反复讨论,我们决定不采用该计划。

    He decided against the action finally.他最后决定反对这行动。

    We decided against a big wedding ceremony.我们决定不办隆重的婚礼。

    The Greens decided against a holiday in Italy.格林一家决定不去意大利度假。

    They decided against an expensive education for their children.他们决定不让孩子受昂贵的教育。

    The family have decided against camping in the mountains.全家决定不在山上露营。

    They decided against having a second child.他们决定不生第二胎。

    We decided against punishing him.我们决定不惩罚他。

    The committee decided against holding an election.该委员会决定不举行选举。

    They decided against going there on Sunday.他们决定星期天不到那儿去。

    At the meeting we decided against carrying out the plan.在会上我们决定不执行这项计划。

  3. 判决…败诉; 判决…不利 deliver a verdict or judgement against; find against decide against sb

    The court decided against the defendant.法院判决被告败诉。

    decide sth against sb 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The case was decided against Mr.Johnson.已就这一案件作出不利于约翰逊先生的裁决。

decide between (v.+prep.)
  1. 作出抉择 choose between two things or people or doing different things decide between sth/v-ing

    He had to decide between the two.他必须在两者之间作出抉择。

    We must decide between going home and staying at school during this winter vacation.我们必须决定寒假期间是回家还是留校。

decide for (v.+prep.)
  1. 决定 make up one's mind to do sth

    You must decide for yourselves. 得由你们自己来决定。

    They have a right to decide for themselves. 他们有权自己作出决定。

    I decided for the plan to go for our holiday. 我赞成去度假的计划。

    She had decided for taking the entrance exam. 她决定参加入学考试。

    I shall decide for having my holidays later. 我决定以后再度假。

  2. 有利于 give judgment in favour of sb making a request in court

    The judge decided for the plaintiff. 那法官的判决有利于原告。

    They decided for the man who had made the claim. 他们的裁决有利于提出要求的那个人。

decide on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
  1. 就…作出决定,决定要 make a choice; choose from two or more possibilities decide on〔upon〕 sth/v-ing/wh-clause/wh-to-v

    Peter decided on a blue sweater.彼得挑了一件蓝色的运动衫。

    He has decided on a new car.他选定了一辆新车。

    What date have you decided on?你选定了哪个日子?

    At first I didn't know which one would be the best, but afterwards I decided on this.开始我不知道哪个好,后来才选定这一个。

    They decided on a cab which would seat three.他们租定了一辆可乘三人的出租汽车。

    Harriet took a long time to decide upon the articles she wished to buy.哈利特久久拿不定主意买什么东西好。

    The two nations have decided on the establishment of diplomatic relations.两国决定建立外交关系。

    We felt that we must decide on something.我们感到必须作出决定了。

    Let's put our heads together and decide on a plan of action.咱们集思广益,决定一项行动计划。

    Don't decide on important matters too quickly.重要的事不要过于匆忙地作出决定。

    Finally we decided on the tasks we should undertake.最后我们决定了要完成的任务。

    He decided upon the law, and he entered my father's office as an office boy.他决定从事法律工作,于是进我父亲的事务所去当勤杂员。

    OK,I have decided on buying the jacket.How much is it?好吧,我已经决定买这件夹克衫了。多少钱?

    He decided on helping us.他决定帮助我们。

    I have decided (up)on seeing a film.我决定要看场电影。

    They decided on adjourning the session.他们决定休会。

    They've decided on building a power plant there.他们已决定在那里修建一座发电厂。

    They have decided on getting married next year.他们已决定明年结婚。

    I've decided on going to America for my holidays.我已经决定去美国度假。

    I decided on spending the vacation by the sea.我决定在海边度假。

    It is necessary to decide on which type of fuel is most suitable.必须决定哪一种燃料最合适。

    He has decided on where to go.他已经决定去哪儿。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Has the list of candidates been decided upon?候选人名单决定了吗?

    They need a new car, but the precise model is still to be decided on.他们想买一辆新车,但确切的型号尚未决定。

    decide sb on sth

    When I was 17,I opened an inviting letter that decided me on my choice of colleges.我17岁时接到一封邀请信,这封信对我选择什么样的大学起了决定性的作用。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Deeds must decide our Fate.

    出自:Pope
  • The fight [a boxing-match]..will..be decided upon points.

    出自:Conan Doyle
  • The only evidence that can decide a case of malpractice is expert evidence.

    出自:G. B. Shaw

decide的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. decide的基本意思是“决定”,指一人或多人对某一事实、行动、方针引起怀疑、动摇、争议,经过比较、思考、商议或研究后拿定主意,作出选择或判断,决定是与非、取与舍,含有不再疑惑、踌躇或争执的意味。引申可表示“肯定”“断定”。
  2. decide用作不及物动词时,通常跟介词about或on〔upon〕。跟on〔upon〕连用时表示“就重大事情作出决定”或在多种情况〔事物〕中“作出选择”; 与about连用时表示“就一般事情作出决定”。
  3. decide用作及物动词表示“决定”“决心”时,可接名词、代词、动词不定式、带疑问词的动词不定式或虚拟的名词从句作宾语。decide不可以直接跟动名词,但decide on可以接动名词短语。
  4. decide作“决定”解时,主语可以是得出这种结论的人,也可以是使某(些)人得出结论的一件〔些〕事。
  5. decide作“肯定,断定”解时所跟that从句要用陈述语气; 如作“决定”“决意”解要用虚拟语气。
  6. decide后还可接动词不定式或“as+ adj. ”充当补足语的复合宾语。
  7. decide用于系表结构,常常可使结论显得更客观,不带感情色彩,而且语体比较正式。
  8. decide的过去分词decided常用如形容词,在句中用作定语或表语。
  9. 一般动词大都通过否定谓语动词来否定其他成分,而decide却是例外,在其接动词不定式时可有以下两种否定形式:

    He decided not to do it.他决定不做这件事。(否定宾语)He did not decide to do it.他没有决定做这件事。(否定谓语)

词义辨析

v.(动词)
decide sth, decide on sth
decide sth 意为“决定”“解决”,表示解决某个悬而未决的问题,使用范围较窄,一般接question, case, argument, dispute, outcome, match, fate等; 而decide on sb/sth 意思是“选定”“决定”,表示从几个事物或人中选定一个,使用范围较广。
decide about, decide on
这两个短语都有“决定”的意思。其区别在于:
1.必须作出决定而涉及的一般事物用 about ,已决定的事情用on。例如:
We still have to decide about a date for the meeting.我们还得决定一个开会的日期。
What date have you decided on?你已决定什么日期?
2.decide跟on连用时表示“就重大事情作出决定”或在多种情况〔事物〕中“作出选择”; 与about连用时表示“就一般事情作出决定”。例如:
She decided about the red shoes.她决定买这双红鞋。
They decided on the route they were to take in development.他们确定了在发展中要走的路线。
decide, determine, fix, make up one's mind, resolve, settle
这组词(组)都有“决定”的意思。其区别在于:
1.decide是普通用词,指经过讨论、思考消除分歧而对是非、优劣、取舍等问题“作出决定”; resolve强调信念的目的性; 而settle则强调最后的“决定”。例如:
From that moment she resolved to trace the unknown element.从那时起,她决心找出这种未知的元素。
He resolved that nothing should hold back.他决心不为任何阻碍所挫。
The heavy rain might settle the changeable weather.这场大雨也许能使变幻不定的天气稳定下来。
2.determine强调“意志坚定”“不可动摇”,也常用于科技方面通过调查或认真思考后作出“决定”或“确定”。例如:
His advice determined me against further delay.他的劝告使我决定不再拖延。
He is determined to break away all the bad habits.他决心改掉所有坏习惯。
An X-ray determined that no bones were broken.经X光测定,没有发生骨折。
3.fix指经过考虑和商议后作出决定,强调不再改变。例如:
Once the aim is fixed, we should not change it arbitrarily.目标一经确定,我们就不要随意改变。
4.make up one's mind指下决心做某事,不再改变。例如:
Have you made up your mind about it?关于这件事,你拿定主意了没有?
They have made up their minds to set off tomorrow afternoon.他们决定明天下午动身。
下面三句话的意思不同:
  • They have decided the matter.
  • 他们已经决定了那件事。
  • They have decided about the matter.
  • 关于那件事,他们已下了决心。
  • They have decided on the matter.
  • 他们已赞同那件事。
decide determine resolve settle
这些动词都含“决定”之意。
  • decide:decide侧重指经过思考、比较、讨论或询问之后做出的决定。
  • determine:determine指经过深思熟虑,决心去做某事并坚持施行。
  • resolve:resolve语气较强,强调以坚定不移的信念去做或不做某事,暗含有远大抱负和坚强决心。
  • settle:settle指排除犹豫、怀疑和争论之后作出明确的最终结论。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 他决定再试一次。

    He decided trying again.

    He decided to try again.

    decide后面可跟动词不定式作宾语,而不能跟动名词。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自中古法语的decired;最初源自拉丁语的decirede,意为下决心,解决,决定,裁决。

decide的相关资料:

正版词典

decide : 决定;选定 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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互动百科

  • decide:decide v. 决定, 判决 英英解释:动词decide:1. reach, make, or come to a decision about something同义词:make up one'…

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