hesitate

  核心词汇  
['hezɪteɪt]     ['hezɪteɪt]    
  • vi. 犹豫;不情愿;口吃
hesitatingly hesitation hesitated hesitated hesitating hesitates
new

hesitate的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 犹豫,踌躇,犹豫不决,犹豫不定, 委决不下,踌躇不定,彷徨,踟蹰,动摇,迟疑
  2. 说话吞吞吐吐,支吾,含糊,结巴,口吃
  3. 不愿,顾虑,有疑虑,不情愿,勉强
  4. 犹豫地表示,不情愿地表示
  5. 停顿,稍停

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vi. 犹豫; 踌躇 pause before taking an action or making a decision
  2. vi. 不情愿 not be willing

英英释义

Verb:
  1. pause or hold back in uncertainty or unwillingness;

    "Authorities hesitate to quote exact figures"

  2. interrupt temporarily an activity before continuing;

    "The speaker paused"

hesitate的用法和样例:

例句

用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. Do not hesitate to tell us if you have a problem .
    你有问题就直截了当地告诉我们。
  2. I would hesitate to get involved in this adventure.
    我犹豫是否参加这次探险。
  3. She hesitated to hurt the child's feelings.
    她不想伤害孩子的感情。
  4. I hesitate to spend so much money on clothes.
    我舍不得把这麽多钱花在穿衣服上.
  5. Embarrassment caused the speaker to hesitate.
    困窘使演讲人话语吞吐。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. If you hesitate too long, you will miss the opportunity.
    如果你老是犹豫不决,那就会错失良机。
  2. I hesitated before reciting the next line.
    朗诵下一行之前,我停了一下。
  3. He hesitated before choosing a book.
    他犹豫了一会才选了一本书。
  4. He hesitated before diving into the icy water.
    在跳进冰水之前他犹豫了一阵。
  5. At first Philip hesitated on account of expense.
    起初,菲利普因费用而犹豫不决。
  6. The driver hesitated at the intersection, then turned right.
    司机在交叉路口停了一会,然后往右拐。
  7. Embarrassment caused the speaker to hesitate.
    困窘使演讲人话语吞吐。
  8. When I asked her what had happened, she hesitated in speaking.
    我问她出了什么事,她支支吾吾。
S+~+to- v
  1. He hesitated to go into the room.
    他迟疑不决是否要进屋。
  2. He did not hesitate to ask her to sit beside him.
    他毫不犹豫地让她坐在他的身边。
  3. He hesitated to make his discovery known.
    他犹豫不决,不敢把他的发现公之于世。
  4. I hesitate to spend so much money on such a dress.
    我不太愿意花这么多钱买这样一件衣服。
  5. She hesitated to hurt the child's feeling.
    她不愿伤害孩子的感情。
  6. He hesitated to take such a big risk.
    他不情愿冒这样大的险。
  7. I hesitated to ask you, you were very busy.
    你那么忙,我不愿打扰你。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
hesitate about (v.+prep.)
    对(某事)犹豫不决 pause before taking an action or making a decision for (sth)
    hesitate about v-ing

    He's still hesitating about joining the expedition.

    他对于参加这次探险队仍犹豫不决。

    hesitate about wh-to-v

    He hesitated about what to do next.

    他对下一步做什么犹豫不决。

    I hesitated about whether to accept the invitation.

    我对是否接受邀请犹豫不决。

hesitate at (v.+prep.)
    对(某事)犹豫 be slow in deciding for (sth)
    hesitate at sth

    We hesitated at the propriety of the method.

    我们对这种办法是否适用拿不定主意。

    He hesitated at nothing.

    他对任何事都毫不犹豫。

hesitate between (v.+prep.)
    在两者间踌躇 be slow in deciding for two things
    hesitate between sth and sth

    They hesitate between fighting and submitting.

    他们不能决定是战还是降。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The items are so incredible that I hesitate to print them.

    出自: L. Steffens
  • A time when it is better to do something, even if it is wrong, than to hesitate.

    出自: J. Marquand
  • They would not hesitate to put an end to my life.

    出自: W. Soyinka

hesitate的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. hesitate的基本意思是“犹豫”“踌躇 ”,指在决定说做或选择某事前的暂停或其他犹豫不决的表现,也可译为“停了一会”“停顿”或“说话吞吞吐吐”,引申可表示“不情愿”。
  2. hesitate是不及物动词,其后接about, at或in,表示对某事犹豫不决;后接between,再接由and连接的并列结构,表示在两者间犹豫不决。
  3. hesitate作“不情愿”解时,可接动词不定式。
  1. hesitate to do与hesitate about doing这两种表达方式结构不同,但是意思一样。

    She seems to hesitate to answer.
    She seems to hesitate about answering.

词义辨析

v. (动词)
hesitate, falter, vacillate, waver
  • 这组词都可表示“不确定”“缺少信心”。其区别是:
  • hesitate最常用,指难于下决心去做某事或作出某种选择; falter指行动上明显迟疑或畏缩,暗示有恐惧、紧张、口吃等征兆; vacillate侧重在互相冲突或矛盾的行动方案之间摇摆不定; waver可指因优柔寡断而迟迟不采取行动,或指虽然作出决定,但行动上却表现出动摇或畏缩不前。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 17世纪20年代进入英语,直接源自古典拉丁语的haesitatum,意为陷入。
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