- vi. 来; 来到 move towards, or nearer to; reach or arrive at a place
- vi. 移动,行走 move or travel
- vi. 到达,达到 reach a particular point or place by travelling over (a distance)
- vi. 出现于…,位于 … be in a particular place or position in order
- vi. 转入另一种状态 pass into another state
- vi. 成为,变为; 变得,终于 become
the thick white fluid containing spermatozoa that is ejaculated by the male genital tract
move toward, travel toward something or somebody or approach something or somebody;
"He came singing down the road"
"Come with me to the Casbah"
"come down here!"
"come out of the closet!"
"come into the room"
reach a destination; arrive by movement or progress;
"She arrived home at 7 o'clock"
"She didn't get to Chicago until after midnight"
come to pass; arrive, as in due course;
"The first success came three days later"
"It came as a shock"
"Dawn comes early in June"
reach or enter a state, relation, condition, use, or position;
"The water came to a boil"
"We came to understand the true meaning of life"
"Their anger came to a boil"
"I came to realize the true meaning of life"
"The shoes came untied"
"come into contact with a terrorist group"
"his face went red"
"your wish will come true"
to be the product or result;
"Melons come from a vine"
"Understanding comes from experience"
be found or available;
"These shoes come in three colors; The furniture comes unassembled"
"A scream came from the woman's mouth"
"His breath came hard"
be a native of;
"She hails from Kalamazoo"
extend or reach;
"The water came up to my waist"
"The sleeves come to your knuckles"
exist or occur in a certain point in a series;
"Next came the student from France"
cover a certain distance;
"She came a long way"
come under, be classified or included;
"fall into a category"
"This comes under a new heading"
happen as a result;
"Nothing good will come of this"
add up in number or quantity;
"The bills amounted to $2,000"
"The bill came to $2,000"
"This idea will never amount to anything"
"nothing came of his grandiose plans"
"News came in of the massacre in Rwanda"
come to one's mind; suggest itself;
"It occurred to me that we should hire another secretary"
"A great idea then came to her"
come from; be connected by a relationship of blood, for example;
"She was descended from an old Italian noble family"
"he comes from humble origins"
proceed or get along;
"How is she doing in her new job?"
"How are you making out in graduate school?"
"He's come a long way"
"she could not come because she was too upset"
have a certain priority;
"My family comes first"
- The train slowly came to the station.
- He will come on time even though it rains.
- They came to a river.
- I've come for my book.
- Their wish has come true at last.
- The film did not come up to my expectations.
- She had come to see the problem in a new light.
- We can see comet only when they come close to the earth.
- She tried to come the innocent with me.
- His family comes first.
- Come here!
- Nobody has come yet.
- Come and have some food.
- Come and have a drink.
- Do come and see us often.
- Nobody knew whether she was coming.
- He said they were coming this morning.
- I've been waiting for hours and he still hasn't come!
- First come, first served.
- Then came the day of his examination.
- The time has come for us to make a decision.
- I'm very busy, but come the new year I'll have more free time.
- The news came as a great shock to him.
- If winter comes, can spring be far behind?
- Monday comes after Sunday.
- Christmas is coming soon.
- Spring came late this year.
- I am ready for whatever comes.
- The government is coming under increasing pressure to change its policies.
- The train came puffing into the station.
- The sunshine came streaming through the window.
- Gerhard came running in from the yard.
- The lovely pupils came running to meet us.
- He came hurrying to see her as soon as he heard she was ill.
- The little girl came running to her mother for sympathy.
- They've come hundreds of miles to be here tonight.
- Computer technology has come a long way since the 1970s.
- The car skidded off the road and came to rest in a field.
- When did you come to know him?
- I have really come to love this city.
- I wonder how you came to miss your way.
- Now we have come to see how important it is to learn a foreign language.
- More and more people are coming to see through their tricks.
- He had come to see the problem in a new light.
- But gradually they came to see the menace to themselves.
- He came to realize that he was mistaken.
- You will come to realize that some day.
- He came to set an example with his own conduct.
- This is the kind of behavior we have come to expect of him.
- His dream of winning a gold medal has come true.
- Sweat glittered on the tip of her nose, and her breath came hard.
- The buttons on my coat came undone.
- It comes cheaper if you buy things in bulk.
- Careful lighting made the scene come alive .
- This great prediction is coming true.
- The situation will soon come clear.
- Work hard and everything will come right in the end.
- Spring is come.
- come about (v.+adv.)
改变方向 change direction
- come across1 (v.+adv.)
偿还…; 被迫把…交出来 provide sth, especially money, on demand or request
When the traffic has all passed, it's safe to come across.
车辆都过去后再过马路就安全了。come across to sth
Why don't you come across to our house this evening?
Many more people have come across to the island since the new bridge was built.
Your speech came across very well.
He spoke for a long time but his meaning did not come across.
他讲了很久,但没把意思讲明白。come across with sth
For hours the police questioned the man, and finally he came across with the story.
好几个小时警察都在审问那个人,最后他说出了实情。come across with sth
The robber told the woman to come across with her purse.
He promised to pay me the arrears on time, but I don't believe he'll come across with it.
- come across2 (v.+prep.)
出现在头脑中,留下印象 occur to one's mind; arise in one's mind; make an impression on the audience
- come across as (v.+adv.+prep.)
像是,似乎是… seem to be
come across as sb/v-ing
She came across as a very sophisticated woman.
He came across as being rather nervous.
- come after (v.+prep.)
跟踪; 紧跟 follow
come after sb
He came after the thief all the way to the railway station.
The dog is coming after me.
- come along (v.+adv.)
再努一把力 make more effort
Do come along if you're free this afternoon.
These troubles came along all at the same time that I was at a loss.
这些乱子突然一起发生,使我不知所措。come along with sb
He came along with some friends.
Would you come along with me, please?
His work is coming along well.
The patient is coming along well after the operation.
Come right along!
Come along or we'll miss the train.
Come along, let's push it to the corner.
Come along, someone must want to know my invention.
- come apart (v.+adv.)
被拆开,被打开 be separated into parts
- come around〔round〕 (v.+adv.)
息怒,消气 stop being angry or annoyed
The wind came around at dawn.
拂晓时风向转了。come around〔round〕 by sth
We had to come around by the wheat fields.
Since there is no shortcut, you'll have to come round by the park.
He has come round.
I think he'll come round eventually.
我认为他最终会回心转意的。come around〔round〕 to sth
They came round to my idea one after another.
She is slowly coming round to our point of view.
I am always glad when pay-day comes round.
Late duty for each member of the staff comes round every ten days.
He got faint, but soon came around.
Come round when you have time.
He comes around to see us once or twice a week.
He's very angry now, wait till he comes round.
- come at (v.+prep.)
- come away (v.+adv.)
The handle of the cup came away in my hand.
我用手一拿,杯子的柄就掉了。come away from sth
When did you come away from the party?
The light switch came away from the wall.
- come back (v.+adv.)
〈非正〉重复说; 再次发言 talk again to sb on a particular matter
I'm going away and I may never come back.
Is the singer expected to come back?
那个歌手还将重返歌坛吗?come back to sth
I shall come back to the house before I go to the station.
Now, come back to what I was saying a moment ago.
Swimming has come back again.
Classic music is coming back.
古典音乐又开始流行了。come back to sb
It never came back to me where I saw it.
Gradually, the fragments of her childhood came back to her.
“But you're just as guilty!”Jane came back.
“可你同样有罪!”简回击道。come back at sb
He came back at the judge with some sharp questions.
他提出了几个尖锐的问题来反驳法官。come back with sth
When accused of theft, he came back with a stinging counter-accusation.
I didn't hear you, could you come back?
I will now ask the first speaker to come back.
现在我要请第一位发言者再次发言。come back to sth
Having had a break, they came back to the topic again.
- come before (v.+prep.)
交付…讨论 be presented to sb for consideration or decision
- come between (v.+prep.)
离间,使分开 cause trouble between
come between sb/sth
Don't let a little thing like that come between you two.
He never lets anything come between him and his smoking.
- come by1 (v.+adv.)
〈美〉来串门,来访 come to visit
- come by2 (v.+prep.)
- come down (v.+adv.)
(降)落到(某人)头上 fall in sb
The boy's temperature came down in the morning.
The plane came down safely in spite of the mist.
The price of beer is coming down soon.
啤酒的价格很快就要下跌。come down into sth
I watched the climbers come down into the valley.
The roof came down during the night.
That old building is coming down next year.
那座旧楼明年就要拆除。come down from sb/sth
This ring has come down from my great-grandmother.
Many folk-tales have come down from a very remote past.
许多民间故事是从遥远的过去流传下来的。come down to sb
The custom has come down to us from our ancestors.
He has come down in my heart.
When father's business failed, the family came down.
Since he left the company, he's really come down in the world.
自从他离开公司以后,他真的败落了。come down to v-ing
He had come down to begging when his father found him.
She came down last year and settled in the village.
The whole family are coming down to stay for Christmas in South.
I can't come down till I've finished my last examinations.
When it all comes down, there isn't much in his story.
他的故事经精简后,就没什么内容了。come down to sth
Their quarrel comes down to money.
The whole matter comes down to a power struggle between the trade union and the directors.
It comes down to two choices: you either improve your work, or you leave.
Do you think your uncle will come down when we need more money?
我们再需要钱时,你认为叔父还肯接济吗?come down with sth
He had to come down with 10 pounds to her favorite charity.
他不得不为她热爱的慈善事业捐款10英镑。come down on〔upon〕 sb/sth/v-ing
The principal came down hard on the boys for breaking the window.
Examiners come down pretty heavily on mistakes in spelling and punctuation.
He came down hard on drinking in his speech.
他在演说中激烈地抨击饮酒。come down on〔upon〕 sb
What will you do if the debt collector comes down on you?
要是讨债人来向你要钱,你怎么办?come down with sth
He came down with pneumonia last week.
She's got a good constitution and never comes down with any illness.
她的体质很好,从不生病。come down on sb
Things like this don't come down on one suddenly.
- come for (v.+prep.)
来取; 来找; 来接 come to get sth/sb
- come forth (v.+adv.)
出来,涌现 appear, emerge
I went to his talk with great interest, but to my disappointment, nothing very new came forth.
- come from (v.+prep.)
由…造成,源自 result from
- come in (v.+adv.)
接受; 遭受 receive; suffer
Come in, please!
Diseases come in at the mouth.
There's not much money coming in at present.
His grandfather started the factory, and he came in when he was very young.
The news about the incident has just come in.
The mail has come in early this morning.
邮件今天一早就到了。come in on sth
He's decided to come in on our excursion.
Since you came in on the ground floor, you must have a better idea of the whole affair than me.
既然你一开始就参加了,你对整个事情的了解一定比我清楚。come in with sb
If you come in with us, we're sure to enjoy your company.
假如你加入我们,我们一定非常欢迎。come in adj\u002e
It's coming in chilly; we had better go home.
When do strawberries come in?
The tide is coming in.
The children got ashore before the tide came in.
This style is certain to come in this year.
The party came in at the last election.
When the present government came in, the country was in a difficult financial situation.
Calling all stations, come in please.
The batsmen came in.
The next player was very nervous as he came in.
另一个球员上场的时候很紧张。come in for sth
She came in for a sum of money when her father died.
His conduct came in for much criticism.
- come into (v.+prep.)
加入; 参加 join
- come of (v.+prep.)
由…引起 result from
come of sth/v-ing
Skill comes of practice.
That comes of being careless.
No harm can come of trying.
- come off (v.+adv.)
表现 acquit oneself; come into a good position as a result of the happening
- come on1 (v.+adv.)
上班 go to work
The general ordered the soldiers to come on.
The soldiers came on in the face of heavy fire.
You go first. I'll come on in a minute.
The cooling unit hasn't come on yet.
Just as I entered the house, all the lights came on.
The new play comes on tomorrow.
The election is coming on this autumn.
选举在今年秋天举行。come on to sth
Their best man came on to bowl.
The rain came on again while we were working in the fields.
Winter is coming on; you can feel it in the air.
冬天要来了,你从空气中就能感觉到。come on to-v
It came on to rain soon after midnight.
刚过午夜,就下起雨来了。come on toward sth
Rain came on toward morning.
Come on, it's getting dark!
Come on, be a sport.
Come on. It isn't the end of the world.
你要振作起来!天不会塌下来的。come on for sth
The case will come on for trial tomorrow.
He has been waiting for his case to come on.
His farm is coming on well.
How has he come on recently?
The new man doesn't come on till midnight.
- come on2〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
回到记忆中来 return to the memory of sb
- come out (v.+adv.)
初入社会 formally enter society
Come out and get some fresh air.
My tooth has just come out.
我的牙刚掉下来。come out of sth
He came out of the room.
We met each other coming out of the concert hall.
从音乐厅出来时,我们碰到一起了。come out against sth
Why is it that you've come out against the proposal he put forward?
The meaning comes out as you read further.
你接着往下读意思就清楚了。come out with sth
Sure enough, he came out with all the news we wanted.
At the meeting last night he came out with a very good suggestion.
There was silence for a few moments, then someone came out with a most useful suggestion.
沉默了一会儿,于是有人提出了一项极有用的建议。come out for sth
They came out for building the hospital.
A s nobody was willing to give in, he came out for another voting.
Do you think that dirty mark will come out?
The colors in these materials are guaranteed not to come out.
It's been a long year, but he will come out next Friday.
The child has got measles. The spots have come out.
The sun came out as soon as the rain stopped.
A new model will come out this summer.
今年夏天将有新的型号面世。come out in sth
I came out in cold sweat.
The curtain came out in spots with the light shower.
The tulips have come out early this year because of the mild winter.
When this masterpiece came out, nobody cared for it.
这部杰作在它问世时没人注意它。come out with sth
That year they came out with another article.
You come out well in that photo.
The photographs haven't come out very well.
Let me know how the voting comes out.
I spent at least an hour adding, dividing, multiplying and subtracting, and then the whole thing came out wrong!
The coalminers have come out for about two weeks.
She came out last season.
- come over1 (v.+adv.)
被理解并完全接受; 被通过 be understood and accepted
Come over! Here's a seat for you.
过来,这儿有个座位。come over from sth
He came over from France last week, just to see us.
他上周从法国专程来看我们。come over to sb
You are welcome to come over to us.
It's terribly noisy living near the airport; planes are coming over all the time.
You really must come over sometime and have dinner with us.
你确实应该找个时间来串个门,跟我们一起吃顿饭。come over to sth
Why don't you come over to our place one evening?
The sky came over dark as a thick cloud passed before the sun.
Did his speech come over?
他的讲话通过了吗?come over to sb
Did my points come over to you?
- come over2 (v.+prep.)
〈口〉摆架子 pretend that one is (a kind of person) for effect on (sb)
come over sb/sth
A fit of dizziness came over her so she had to lie down.
A strange feeling came over me.
A look of surprise came over her face.
Quiet came over the small town at twilight.
暮色苍茫,那个小镇笼罩在一片静谧之中。come sb/sth over sb
He's been coming the great political leader over us all since he won the election.
Don't try to come it over me!
- come through1 (v.+adv.)
(健康)恢复; 脱险 recover from a serious illness; survive
Has the train come through?
Listen, a message is just coming through.
I was just going out when a call came through on the phone from Tom.
His ability came through after he began to work.
The sun came through after days of rain.
下了几天雨之后,太阳出来了。come through to sth
The flood came through to my garden.
Well, last week, when I was sure that the parole was coming through,I wrote her again .
I hope he will come through all right.
He became so weak from loss of blood that at one time we started to think that he would not come through.
- come through2 (v.+prep.)
幸存下来 survive; continue to live in spite of danger〔difficulty〕
come through sth
He came through countless fights.
- come to1 (v.+adv.)
苏醒; 清醒 recover consciousness; realize what's happening
In a few moments she suddenly came to.
- come to2 (v.+prep.)
突然想起 enter the mind suddenly; occur to
- come to that (v.+prep.+pron.)
事实上 in fact
- come to this (v.+prep.+pron.)
出现这种情况 reach a condition
- come together (v.+adv.)
聚会,相见 get together; meet
The family must come together for the parents' silver wedding.
They finally came together after years of estrangement.
- come under (v.+prep.)
受到; 引起 be criticized or attacked
- come up (v.+adv.)
提到,提及 be mentioned or discussed
Come up! I'm upstairs.
While we were talking, a man came up.
我们正在谈话,一个人走了过来。come up to sb
A child came up to me and showed me the way to the station.
A chance may come up soon.
There is a film coming up next week.
下星期将有一部新片上映。come up for sth
He came up for interview but did not get the job.
Two of his colleagues came up for election last month.
The moon was still hanging on the western sky when the sun came up.
Will the case come up afresh?
An important witness was absent when the case came up.
Maybe his number will come up soon.
The silver has come up beautifully.
The housing problems came up at the meeting once again.
- come directly 有目的地来
- come duly 按时来
- come gradually 逐步发生
- come honestly 诚实出现
- come indirectly 无目的地来
- come naturally 自然地来
- come punctually 准时地来
- come rapidly 快速地来
- come rarely 难得来
- come readily 有准备地来
- come really 真正地来
- come sheepishly 害羞地来
- come suddenly 突然地来
- come unfamiliarly 不熟悉地来
- come about 发生,(风等)变向
- come along 自然出现,一道来,进步,同意,请过来,快一点
- come back 突然想起,恢复,回来,还嘴
- come by 经过,到手,获得,拜访,看望
- come down 降落,下来,(物价)下跌,(树)被砍倒,(屋子)被毁,传下来,没落,拿出钱来
- come in 进入,当选,就任,上台,当权,党派组阁,到达,流行起来,兴起,到时候,有用,收进,到手,得名次,有效,干涉,妨碍
- come off (计划等)实现,成功,人走了,脱落,成为胜者,完成,结果,离开
- come on 来吧,遇到,演员出台,进步,进行,发展,来临,接近,敌人攻来,雨下起来,(暴风雨等的)发作,病情加重,给人以突出印象,取得切实效果,提交讨论,被提出来,跟我来
- come out 出版,公之于世,出来,(花)开出,展出,首次出现,参加,解出,结果是,消失
- come over 发生,感到,从远方来,投奔过来,变节
- come round 登门拜访,恢复知觉
- come up 提出,发生,走过来,上升,抬头,(风雨)发作,流行起来,被提出来
- come up to 达到,符合,及得上,不负期待,适合标准
- come up to scratch 准备动手干
- come up with 提出,提供,赶上某人,赶上,补充
- come across 偶然遇见
- come at 攻击
- come by big money 得到许多钱
- come by boat 乘船来
- come from 是…(地方)的人
- come into 进入
- come into being 开始存在
- come into effect 生效
- come into focus 开始明晰
- come into fortune 继承财产
- come into sight 出现
- come into the open 公开化
- come into touch 与…取得联系
- come into use 开始被使用
- come of age 达到成年
- come on duty 开始值勤
- come on the scene 登场
- come out of 离开,走出
- come to 合计,共计
- come to an agreement 达成协议
- come to an end 结束,告终
- come to bat 需要对付(困难、考验等)
- come to blows 打起来
- come to life 振作起来
- come to light 显露真相,明朗化
- come to no good 弄不好,结果不好
- come to nothing 完全失败
- come to terms 达成协议
- come to the point 抓住问题
- come to the same thing 殊途归路
- come to time 服从命令
- come under 受到
- come under fire 遭到枪击
- come under sb's influence 受到某人的影响
- come under sb's notice 引起某人的注意
- come under this class 归入这一类
He at their invoking came.出自： Milton
When will you come to see me?出自： Dickens
I never came a-begging for myself.出自： Tennyson
Come and see us.出自：Oxford English Dictionary
If someone came looking for them.出自： J. Fowles
- come在祈使句中一般不接动词不定式表示目的,而多用“come and to/ - v ”结构,在美式英语中,尤其是口语中and常可省略。
- come的进行时可表示按计划或安排即将发生的动作,这时一般有表示将来的时态或特定的上下文。若表示过去将来的情况须用was/were coming,但come通常不用be going to结构。
- come into possession of, come into the possession of
- 短语come into possession of指(人)占有〔获得〕某物,以人为主语; 而come into the possession of(物)为人所有,占有,以物为主语。例如:
- When did he come into possession of those rare books?
- When did this rare books come into the possession of him?
- come to, add up to, amount to, count up to, run into
- 1.从构成上说, add up to和count up to是动副介型短语; 而amount to, come to和run into是动介型短语。
- 2.从主语上说, add up to和come to相同,均多为钱、账单、数目等; amount to和run into的主语多为loss, cost, expense, debt, sum等名词; 而count up to的主语则仅限It。例如:
- Our hotel bill added up to〔amounted to,came to〕 300 dollars.我们的旅馆费共计300美元。
- His debts amounted to〔ran into〕 over 3000 dollars.他的债务已高达3000多美元。
- It counts up to 300 dollars.共计300美元。
- 3.从宾语上说, add up to, amount to, come to后一般接数字; 而count up to和run into后除可接数字外,还可接名词。例如:
- It counts up to a considerable sum.合计起来数目相当可观。
- Losses run into six figures.损失高达6位数。
- 4.从使用场合上说, come to最通俗, count up to不常用。
- come to this, come to that
- come to this是“就是这样,出现这种情况”的意思; come to that指“事实上,无论如何”。
- come, go
- 1.一般说来, come所表示的动作是朝向说话人或听话人的; 而go则用于运动方向。
- 2.在作定语时, to come意为“即将来到的”, to go则是“剩下”的意思。试比较:
- You should always think of the danger to come.
- With only a few minutes to go, he went to school in a hurry.
- 3.表示参加到说话人的活动中去时,通常用come (with),而不用go。
- come, become, go, grow, turn
- 1.come多指向好的方向转变; go往往指向坏的方面转变; become指向好的(也可指向坏的)方面发展, turn是正式用语,指向好的,也指向坏的方面转变。试比较:
- When did that style of dress come into fashion?
- When did that style of dress go out of fashion?
- 2.come的主语往往是人; become的主语可以是人或物; 而go的主语多是物。
- 3.come的表语通常是形容词; become的表语可以是形容词、代词或名词(须加不定冠词); go和grow的表语为形容词; turn的表语可以是形容词或名词(不加不定冠词)。
- come, arrive
- He arrived in Beijing by the twelve o'clock train.
- I have been waiting for hours and he still hasn't come.
- come off, chance, take place
- 1.chance含有“偶然”发生的意味; take place和come off常指按计划“发生”。例如:
- On our vacation we chanced upon an interesting antique store.我们度假时无意中发现一家有趣的古玩店。
- The sports meet came off in spite of the rain.尽管下雨运动会仍如期举行了。
- The talk is scheduled to take place tomorrow morning at eight o'clock.预定明早8时举行会谈。
- 2.take place的主语只能是事物; come off强调出现的结果。例如:
- What may take place with telephones in the future?将来电话会发生什么变化呢?
- The wedding came off in spite of Jim and Mary's last minute quarrel.尽管吉姆和玛丽结婚前最后一刻还在争吵,婚礼还是正常举行了。
- It chanced that the winter of that year was a severe one.碰巧,那年冬天特别寒冷。
- come into, enter
- 2.enter可用作及物动词和不及物动词; 而come只用作不及物动词,后面接介词into后方可带宾语。例如:
- He rose as we entered (the room).
- He rose as we came into the room.
- come this way, step this way
- come back, be back, get back, go back, return
- return与其他词相比有些书卷气; come back的意思是“回归”“回来”,指回到说话人所在的地方; go back指回到出发点,是一种非正式说法,常用于口语中; get back是回到原来的出发点; be back意为“回来了”,表示状态,是日常应用最广的非正式说法。例如:
- Did Duff come back?—Yes, he came back.达夫回来了吗?是的,他回来了。
- Now let's go back to the beginning of the page.现在让我们回到这页的开头。
- When he got back, he found that supper was over.当他回来的时候,他发现晚餐已经结束了。
- I'll be back next Saturday.我将在下个星期六回来。
- She had come in third.
- She had come on the third.
- He comes from Shanghai.
- He has come from Shanghai.
误 He came to realizing the importance of studying science.
正 He came to realize the importance of studying science.
析 表示“逐渐(认识到,懂得,明白等)”时,须用“come+动词不定式”来表示, to是动词不定式符号,不可把to误用作介词而接动名词。下课后学生们都从教室里出来了。
误 All the students came out from the classroom after class.
正 All the students came out of the classroom after class.
析 表示“从…中出来”须用come out of,注意不能用from代替of。我在街上遇到一位老朋友。
误 I came across with an old friend in the street.
正 I came across an old friend in the street.
析 come across表示“遇见”，可直接跟宾语,不需要再加介词with。他差点被射死。
误 He came very near to be shot.
正 He came very near being shot.
析 come near后接动名词形式,表示“几乎到…的程度”, come near to表示“接近…”。他到我这儿来过三次了。
误 He has come here three times.
正 He has been here three times.
析 have come(已经来),表示一个单程,即“人现在还在这儿,没离开”; 如表示“到过”，应该说have been,含有“人现在已不在这儿”的意思。
- ☆ 直接源自古英语的cuman，意为来；最初源自原始日耳曼语的kwem-，意为来，来到。