[kʌm]     [kʌm]    
  • v.来;来到;来取、来拿;成为;达到;接近;摆出 ... 的样子;处于(某个位置)
came come coming comes



  1. 达到,到达,抵达,到,达
  2. 来,过来
  3. 发生,产生,出现
  4. 来到,来做,来拿,来取
  5. <英口>弄,搞;做,执行
  6. 进入,被带进(某种状态)
  7. 总共,共计
  8. 伸展
  9. 变成,成为,变得
  10. 结果,导致(常与of连用)
  11. 降临,落到(常与to连用)
  12. 出身于,来自
  13. (货物等)有,供购买
  14. <口>摆出...的样子,装出
  15. 将满(…岁),接近
  1. 当心!注意!喂!嗨!得啦!好啦!
  2. 别忙!听我讲!
  3. 走吧!
  4. 快一点!
  1. <粗><俚>精液,精子
  2. <粗><俚>(女子的)性分泌液
  3. 性欲高潮


  1. vi. 来; 来到 move towards, or nearer to; reach or arrive at a place
  2. vi. 移动,行走 move or travel
  3. vi. 到达,达到 reach a particular point or place by travelling over (a distance)
  4. vi. 出现于…,位于 … be in a particular place or position in order
  5. vi. 转入另一种状态 pass into another state
  6. vi. 成为,变为; 变得,终于 become


came : 来到, 来自 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
came : 来到, 发生 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
came : 来到, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
came : 来, 来临, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...


  1. the thick white fluid containing spermatozoa that is ejaculated by the male genital tract

  1. move toward, travel toward something or somebody or approach something or somebody;

    "He came singing down the road"
    "Come with me to the Casbah"
    "come down here!"
    "come out of the closet!"
    "come into the room"

  2. reach a destination; arrive by movement or progress;

    "She arrived home at 7 o'clock"
    "She didn't get to Chicago until after midnight"

  3. come to pass; arrive, as in due course;

    "The first success came three days later"
    "It came as a shock"
    "Dawn comes early in June"

  4. reach or enter a state, relation, condition, use, or position;

    "The water came to a boil"
    "We came to understand the true meaning of life"
    "Their anger came to a boil"
    "I came to realize the true meaning of life"
    "The shoes came untied"
    "come into contact with a terrorist group"
    "his face went red"
    "your wish will come true"

  5. to be the product or result;

    "Melons come from a vine"
    "Understanding comes from experience"

  6. be found or available;

    "These shoes come in three colors; The furniture comes unassembled"

  7. come forth;

    "A scream came from the woman's mouth"
    "His breath came hard"

  8. be a native of;

    "She hails from Kalamazoo"

  9. extend or reach;

    "The water came up to my waist"
    "The sleeves come to your knuckles"

  10. exist or occur in a certain point in a series;

    "Next came the student from France"

  11. cover a certain distance;

    "She came a long way"

  12. come under, be classified or included;

    "fall into a category"
    "This comes under a new heading"

  13. happen as a result;

    "Nothing good will come of this"

  14. add up in number or quantity;

    "The bills amounted to $2,000"
    "The bill came to $2,000"

  15. develop into;

    "This idea will never amount to anything"
    "nothing came of his grandiose plans"

  16. be received;

    "News came in of the massacre in Rwanda"

  17. come to one's mind; suggest itself;

    "It occurred to me that we should hire another secretary"
    "A great idea then came to her"

  18. come from; be connected by a relationship of blood, for example;

    "She was descended from an old Italian noble family"
    "he comes from humble origins"

  19. proceed or get along;

    "How is she doing in her new job?"
    "How are you making out in graduate school?"
    "He's come a long way"

  20. experience orgasm;

    "she could not come because she was too upset"

  21. have a certain priority;

    "My family comes first"



用作动词 (v.)
  1. The train slowly came to the station.
  2. He will come on time even though it rains.
  3. They came to a river.
  4. I've come for my book.
  5. The film did not come up to my expectations.
  6. She had come to see the problem in a new light.
  7. We can see comet only when they come close to the earth.
  8. She tried to come the innocent with me.
  9. His family comes first.


用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Come here!
  2. Nobody has come yet.
  3. Come and have some food.
  4. Come and have a drink.
  5. Do come and see us often.
  6. Nobody knew whether she was coming.
  7. He said they were coming this morning.
  8. I've been waiting for hours and he still hasn't come!
  9. First come, first served.
  10. Then came the day of his examination.
  11. The time has come for us to make a decision.
  12. I'm very busy, but come the new year I'll have more free time.
  13. The news came as a great shock to him.
  14. If winter comes, can spring be far behind?
  15. Monday comes after Sunday.
  16. Christmas is coming soon.
  17. Spring came late this year.
  18. I am ready for whatever comes.
  19. The government is coming under increasing pressure to change its policies.
  20. The train came puffing into the station.
  21. The sunshine came streaming through the window.
  22. Gerhard came running in from the yard.
  23. The lovely pupils came running to meet us.
  24. He came hurrying to see her as soon as he heard she was ill.
  25. The little girl came running to her mother for sympathy.
S+~+ n -A
  1. They've come hundreds of miles to be here tonight.
  2. Computer technology has come a long way since the 1970s.
S+~+to- v
  1. The car skidded off the road and came to rest in a field.
  2. When did you come to know him?
  3. I have really come to love this city.
  4. I wonder how you came to miss your way.
  5. Now we have come to see how important it is to learn a foreign language.
  6. More and more people are coming to see through their tricks.
  7. He had come to see the problem in a new light.
  8. But gradually they came to see the menace to themselves.
  9. He came to realize that he was mistaken.
  10. You will come to realize that some day.
  11. He came to set an example with his own conduct.
  12. This is the kind of behavior we have come to expect of him.
用作系动词 S+~+ adj.
  1. His dream of winning a gold medal has come true.
  2. Sweat glittered on the tip of her nose, and her breath came hard.
  3. The buttons on my coat came undone.
  4. It comes cheaper if you buy things in bulk.
  5. Careful lighting made the scene come alive .
  6. This great prediction is coming true.
  7. The situation will soon come clear.
  8. Work hard and everything will come right in the end.
其他 v -ed as s-Compl.
  1. Spring is come.


用作动词 (v.)
come about (v.+adv.)
  1. 〔说明〕 come about通常不用于进行体。 come about
  2. 发生 take place

    It came about in this way. 它就是这样发生的。

    The flood came about as a result of the heavy spring rains. 春雨大造成了洪水泛滥。

    Can you explain how it came about that you were an hour late? 你怎么会迟到一个钟头,对此你能作出什么解释呢?

  3. 改变方向 change direction

    The wind has come about in the last hour. 最后一小时风向变了。

come across1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 过来; 过访 come to a place come across

    When the traffic has all passed, it's safe to come across.车辆都过去后再过马路就安全了。

    come across to sth

    Why don't you come across to our house this evening?今晚你何不到我们家来坐坐?

    Many more people have come across to the island since the new bridge was built.自从新桥建好以后,已经有更多的人到岛上来了。

  2. 被理解或接受 be understood or made clear come across

    Your speech came across very well.你的讲话很成功。

    He spoke for a long time but his meaning did not come across.他讲了很久,但没把意思讲明白。

  3. 吐露,说出 reveal; tell come across with sth

    For hours the police questioned the man, and finally he came across with the story.好几个小时警察都在审问那个人,最后他说出了实情。

  4. 偿还…; 被迫把…交出来 provide sth, especially money, on demand or request come across with sth

    The robber told the woman to come across with her purse.拦路抢劫者勒令那个女人把钱包交出来。

    He promised to pay me the arrears on time, but I don't believe he'll come across with it.他答应到时候把钱还给我,但我不相信他会这样做。

come across2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 穿过,越过 go through

    Be careful when you come across the street. 过马路要小心。

    The host came across the room to greet his guests. 主人穿过房间来迎接客人们。

  2. 偶然发现,偶然遇见 find〔meet〕 accidentally

    I came across him in the street yesterday. 昨天我在街上无意中碰到了他。

    While cleaning the attic yesterday,I came across an old photograph of my mother. 我昨天清扫楼顶时,意外地发现一张母亲的旧照。

  3. 出现在头脑中,留下印象 occur to one's mind; arise in one's mind; make an impression on the audience

    It came across my mind that I had met him somewhere before. 我突然意识到我曾在什么地方见过他。

    A good idea came across my mind. 我忽然想到一个好主意。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The papers were stored away in a secret place, and there they will probably remain until they are come across by someone who realized their importance. 文件被藏在一个秘密地方,在没有了解它的价值的人发现以前,它大概会一直放在那里。

come across as (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 像是,似乎是… seem to be come across as sb/v-ing

    She came across as a very sophisticated woman.她给人的印象是一个非常老练的女人。

    He came across as being rather nervous.他好像有些紧张。

come after (v.+prep.)
  1. 跟踪; 紧跟 follow come after sb

    He came after the thief all the way to the railway station.他跟踪那个小偷,一直跟到车站。

    The dog is coming after me.那条狗跟在我的后面。

come along (v.+adv.)
  1. 到来 appear; arrive come along

    Do come along if you're free this afternoon.今天下午你有空一定得来!

    These troubles came along all at the same time that I was at a loss.这些乱子突然一起发生,使我不知所措。

    come along with sb

    He came along with some friends.他和几个朋友一同来。

    Would you come along with me, please?请你陪着我,好吗?

  2. 取得进展 make progress come along

    His work is coming along well.他的工作进展得很顺利。

    The patient is coming along well after the operation.手术后,病人健康状况良好。

  3. 加紧; 赶快 hurry up come along

    Come right along!快走!

    Come along or we'll miss the train.快点,不然就误火车了。

  4. 再努一把力 make more effort come along

    Come along, let's push it to the corner.加把劲儿,我们把它推到角落里去吧。

    Come along, someone must want to know my invention.再努力想想看,肯定会有人对我的发明感兴趣。

come apart (v.+adv.)
  1. 〔说明〕 come apart常不用于进行体。 come apart
  2. 破碎 fall or break into pieces

    He says that the cup came apart in his hands, but I think he must have dropped it. 他说杯子是在他手里碎的,但我想一定是他摔碎的。

  3. 被拆开,被打开 be separated into parts

    The machine came apart when he started it up. 当他启动时,机器就散架了。

    The camera just came apart the first time I used it. 我第一次使用这架照相机时,它就裂开了。

come around〔round〕 (v.+adv.)
  1. 〔说明〕 come around〔round〕常不用于进行体。
  2. 调转方向 change direction come around〔round〕

    The wind came around at dawn.拂晓时风向转了。

  3. 绕道而行 travel a longer way than usual come around〔round〕 by sth

    We had to come around by the wheat fields.我们不得不绕着麦地而过。

    Since there is no shortcut, you'll have to come round by the park.既然没有近路可走,你就得绕公园过来。

  4. 开始接受或理解 come round to an idea; eventually change one's mind and accept or agree with come around〔round〕

    He has come round.他已同意了。

    I think he'll come round eventually.我认为他最终会回心转意的。

    come around〔round〕 to sth

    They came round to my idea one after another.他们相继接受了我的想法。

    She is slowly coming round to our point of view.她慢慢地开始接受我们的观点。

  5. 周而复始; 重又来到 come in the course of a regular rotation, or a recurrent series come around〔round〕

    I am always glad when pay-day comes round.当领工资的日子来到时,我总是很高兴。

    Late duty for each member of the staff comes round every ten days.工作人员值晚班每十天轮流一次。

  6. 苏醒,恢复知觉 come to recover consciousness come around〔round〕

    He got faint, but soon came around.他昏死过去,但不久就苏醒了。

  7. 从你家来我家 come from your house to mine come around〔round〕

    Come round when you have time.有空来玩。

    He comes around to see us once or twice a week.每周他来看我们一两次。

  8. 息怒,消气 stop being angry or annoyed come around〔round〕

    He's very angry now, wait till he comes round.他现在正在气头上,等他气消了再说吧。

come at (v.+prep.)
  1. 〔说明〕 come at常不用于进行体。 come at sb/sth
  2. 袭击,威胁 attack, approach in a threatening way

    The man came at me with a big stick. 那人拿了根大棒向我扑来。

  3. 找到,得到 find, get hold of

    After much discussion we came at a conclusion satisfactory to all. 经过充分讨论,我们得出了大家都很满意的结论。

    Put the food where the cat can't come at it. 把食物放在猫够不着的地方。

  4. 弄明白,弄清楚 ascertain

    It was a long time before we came at the truth. 过了很久我们才弄清事实。

come away (v.+adv.)
  1. 离开 leave come away

    The handle of the cup came away in my hand.我用手一拿,杯子的柄就掉了。

    come away from sth

    When did you come away from the party?你什么时候离开晚会的?

    The light switch came away from the wall.电灯开关从墙上掉下来了。

come back (v.+adv.)
  1. 〔说明〕 come back不用于进行体。
  2. 回来 return come back

    I'm going away and I may never come back.我要走了,可能永远不再回来。

    Is the singer expected to come back?那个歌手还将重返歌坛吗?

    come back to sth

    I shall come back to the house before I go to the station.我去车站以前会回到这所房子来的。

    Now, come back to what I was saying a moment ago.现在回到我刚才说的问题。

  3. 再度时兴 be popular again come back

    Swimming has come back again.游泳运动又风行起来。

    Classic music is coming back.古典音乐又开始流行了。

  4. 记起,回忆起 return to one's memory; remember come back to sb

    It never came back to me where I saw it.我始终想不起在哪儿见过它。

    Gradually, the fragments of her childhood came back to her.渐渐地,她回忆起了童年生活的一些片断。

  5. 强烈反驳 reply vehemently come back

    “But you're just as guilty!”Jane came back.“可你同样有罪!”简回击道。

    come back at sb

    He came back at the judge with some sharp questions.他提出了几个尖锐的问题来反驳法官。

    come back with sth

    When accused of theft, he came back with a stinging counter-accusation.别人指控他盗窃,他反咬人一口。

  6. 〈非正〉重复说; 再次发言 talk again to sb on a particular matter come back

    I didn't hear you, could you come back?我没听见你说的什么,你能重复一遍吗?

    I will now ask the first speaker to come back.现在我要请第一位发言者再次发言。

    come back to sth

    Having had a break, they came back to the topic again.休息一下,他们又谈起了这个话题。

come before (v.+prep.)
  1. 〔说明〕 come before不用于进行体,也不用于被动结构。 come before sth
  2. 在…之上,比…重要 have precedence over ; be more important than sth

    In his mind, his work should come before his family. 在他看来,工作应该在前,家庭在后。

    Fighting poverty and unemployment should come before all other political considerations. 解决贫穷和失业问题比其他政治问题都更重要。

    Consideration of the workers' health must come before my own professional pride. 工人的健康比我自己的业务成就更重要。

  3. 交付…讨论 be presented to sb for consideration or decision

    This is one of the important problems that must come before the plenary meeting. 这是需要提交全会讨论的重要问题之一。

come between (v.+prep.)
  1. 离间,使分开 cause trouble between come between sb/sth

    Don't let a little thing like that come between you two.不要让这样的小事使你们两人产生隔阂。

    He never lets anything come between him and his smoking.任何事情都不能使他不抽烟。

come by1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 〔说明〕 come by常不用于进行体。 come by
  2. 经过,从旁边走过 pass; pass by

    Just now a number of people came by. 刚才有些人从旁边走过。

    Just then a bus came by so we got on and rode home. 正好那时过来一辆公共汽车,我们就坐上车回家了。

  3. 〈美〉来串门,来访 come to visit

    Why don't you come by some afternoon and have coffee with me? 为什么不在哪天下午来我这儿和我一起喝咖啡?

come by2 (v.+prep.)
come down (v.+adv.)
  1. 下来,下落 go down; descend; fall come down

    The boy's temperature came down in the morning.那个小男孩的体温在早上降了下来。

    The plane came down safely in spite of the mist.尽管有雾,飞机还是安全着陆了。

    The price of beer is coming down soon.啤酒的价格很快就要下跌。

    come down into sth

    I watched the climbers come down into the valley.我注视着爬山者下到山谷里去了。

  2. 倒塌,被拆除 collapse or be demolished come down

    The roof came down during the night.房顶在夜间塌下来了。

    That old building is coming down next year.那座旧楼明年就要拆除。

  3. 代代相传 be passed from one generation to the next come down from sb/sth

    This ring has come down from my great-grandmother.这只戒指是我曾祖母传下来的。

    Many folk-tales have come down from a very remote past.许多民间故事是从遥远的过去流传下来的。

    come down to sb

    The custom has come down to us from our ancestors.这一习俗是从祖辈相传下来的。

  4. 败落,社会地位降低 lose one's wealth or status come down

    He has come down in my heart.他在我心目中不如以前了。

    When father's business failed, the family came down.父亲的生意失败以后,家里就败落了。

    Since he left the company, he's really come down in the world.自从他离开公司以后,他真的败落了。

  5. 屈尊做某事 be forced to do sth come down to v-ing

    He had come down to begging when his father found him.他父亲找到他时,他已沦为乞丐。

  6. 从大城市到小地方,从北方到南方; 离开大学 come from a city or large town to a smaller locality; leave a university come down

    She came down last year and settled in the village.去年她从城里来就定居在这个村子里了。

    The whole family are coming down to stay for Christmas in South.全家要到南方去过圣诞节。

    I can't come down till I've finished my last examinations.参加完最后的考试,我才能离开大学。

  7. 精简; 归结起来(为…) boil down to come down

    When it all comes down, there isn't much in his story.他的故事经精简后,就没什么内容了。

    come down to sth

    Their quarrel comes down to money.他们吵架说到底是为钱。

    The whole matter comes down to a power struggle between the trade union and the directors.整个事情归根结蒂无非是工会与董事们之间的权力之争。

    It comes down to two choices: you either improve your work, or you leave.归结起来有两条出路:你或者改进工作,或者辞职。

  8. 提供钱财 make a gift of money come down

    Do you think your uncle will come down when we need more money?我们再需要钱时,你认为叔父还肯接济吗?

    come down with sth

    He had to come down with 10 pounds to her favorite charity.他不得不为她热爱的慈善事业捐款10英镑。

  9. 〈非正〉申斥; 抨击 criticize severely come down on〔upon〕 sb/sth/v-ing

    The principal came down hard on the boys for breaking the window.校长把那些打破窗户的男生狠狠地训了一顿。

    Examiners come down pretty heavily on mistakes in spelling and punctuation.主考人对拼写及标点符号方面的错误批评得相当严厉。

    He came down hard on drinking in his speech.他在演说中激烈地抨击饮酒。

  10. 粗暴地向…索取(钱财) make a payment demand on come down on〔upon〕 sb

    What will you do if the debt collector comes down on you?要是讨债人来向你要钱,你怎么办?

  11. 患病,病倒 fall ill come down with sth

    He came down with pneumonia last week.上星期,他得肺炎病倒了。

    She's got a good constitution and never comes down with any illness.她的体质很好,从不生病。

  12. (降)落到(某人)头上 fall in sb come down on sb

    Things like this don't come down on one suddenly.这类事并非一下就落到一个人的头上。

come for (v.+prep.)
  1. 向…冲去 move towards quickly in a threatening way to attack

    He took a knife and came for his enemy. 他操起一把刀向敌人砍去。

    They came for the crowd with sticks. 他们手中持木棒向人群冲去。

  2. 来取; 来找; 来接 come to get sth/sb

    His cousin just came for him. 他表哥刚才来找他。

    He came for his books. 他是来取他的书的。

come forth (v.+adv.)
  1. 出来,涌现 appear, emerge come forth

    I went to his talk with great interest, but to my disappointment, nothing very new came forth.我抱着极大的兴趣去听他的讲话,但使我失望的是讲话中没有什么新东西。

come from (v.+prep.)
  1. 来自某处 come from a certain place

    They came from all parts of the country. 他们来自全国各地。

    These raisins come from Xinjiang, they taste delicious. 这些葡萄干产自新疆,味道很美。

  2. 出生于 originate in

    What part of South America did she come from? 她出生在南美的哪个地方?

  3. 出身于 have a particular family background

    He came from a very good family. 他出身名门望族。

  4. 由…造成,源自 result from

    Knowledge comes from practice. 知识来源于实践。

    That's what comes from trying to be a good neighbor. 这就是想做个好邻居的结果。

come in (v.+adv.)
  1. 进来,进入; 来到,到达 enter; arrive come in

    Come in, please!请进!

    Diseases come in at the mouth.病从口入。

    There's not much money coming in at present.目前没有赚多少钱。

    His grandfather started the factory, and he came in when he was very young.他的祖父创办了这家工厂,他很年轻的时候就进厂任职了。

    The news about the incident has just come in.关于那个事件的消息刚刚收到。

    The mail has come in early this morning.邮件今天一早就到了。

    come in on sth

    He's decided to come in on our excursion.他决定参加我们的郊游行列。

    Since you came in on the ground floor, you must have a better idea of the whole affair than me.既然你一开始就参加了,你对整个事情的了解一定比我清楚。

    come in with sb

    If you come in with us, we're sure to enjoy your company.假如你加入我们,我们一定非常欢迎。

  2. (天气)开始变得… (the weather) begin to become come in adj.

    It's coming in chilly; we had better go home.天冷了,咱们还是回家吧。

  3. 上市 become seasonable; become available; mature and produce a harvest come in

    When do strawberries come in?草莓什么时候上市?

  4. (潮水)涨 (the tide) to rise come in

    The tide is coming in.涨潮了。

    The children got ashore before the tide came in.涨潮时,孩子们已经上岸了。

  5. 流行 begin to be adopted or used; come to be fashionable come in

    This style is certain to come in this year.这样式今年一定流行。

  6. 当选; 就任; 上台 assume official duties or station; gain power come in

    The party came in at the last election.上次大选中该党获胜执政。

    When the present government came in, the country was in a difficult financial situation.现政府在国家财政情况十分困难时上台。

  7. 回复; 回话 return come in

    Calling all stations, come in please.各站注意,请回答。

  8. 就位,上场 take a turn in a game, especially of a batsman come in

    The batsmen came in.板球手们参加比赛了。

    The next player was very nervous as he came in.另一个球员上场的时候很紧张。

  9. 接受; 遭受 receive; suffer come in for sth

    She came in for a sum of money when her father died.当她父亲去世时,她接受了一大笔钱。

    His conduct came in for much criticism.他的行为招来了不少批评。

come into (v.+prep.)
  1. 〔说明〕 come into不用于被动结构。 come into sth
  2. 进入 enter

    Come into my house, please. 请进屋来。

    Your suggestions will come into consideration. 你的建议将得到考虑。

    We don't often come into contact with our former neighbours. 我们与以前的邻居联系不多。

    He had been very poor, but one day he came into a fortune. 他过去很穷,但有一天他继承了一笔财产,富起来了。

  3. 加入; 参加 join

    Several new members have come into the club since last year. 自去年以来,又有些新成员加入了俱乐部。

    We can run our own business without all the lawyers coming into it. 我们自己的事自己能管,不用这一帮律师来插手。

come of (v.+prep.)
  1. 由…引起 result from come of sth/v-ing

    Skill comes of practice.熟能生巧。

    That comes of being careless.那是由于粗心造成的。

    No harm can come of trying.试一下不会有什么坏处的。

come off (v.+adv.)
  1. 〈非正〉成功 prosper, succeed

    The play doesn't quite come off. 这出戏不大成功。

    He made several attempts but none of them came off. 他进行了几次尝试,但却没成功。

  2. 表现 acquit oneself; come into a good position as a result of the happening

    He came off well by comparison with the others. 跟别人相比,他表现好。

    How will that come off, do you think? 那件事的结果将会如何,您想过没有?

come on1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 前进,出击 move onward, continue to advance come on

    The general ordered the soldiers to come on.将军命令士兵进攻。

    The soldiers came on in the face of heavy fire.战士们迎着烈火前进。

  2. 随后登程 follow; travel later come on

    You go first. I'll come on in a minute.你先走,我随后就来。

  3. 开始工作 begin working come on

    The cooling unit hasn't come on yet.冷却装置还未工作。

    Just as I entered the house, all the lights came on.我刚走进房门,所有的灯都亮了起来。

  4. 登台,出场 appear on stage, at a sports ground, etc. in order to perform come on

    The new play comes on tomorrow.这出新戏明天上演。

    The election is coming on this autumn.选举在今年秋天举行。

    come on to sth

    Their best man came on to bowl.他们的最佳球手上场了。

  5. 开始; 来到 start, arrive come on

    The rain came on again while we were working in the fields.我们在田里正干活的时候,又下起雨来了。

    Winter is coming on; you can feel it in the air.冬天要来了,你从空气中就能感觉到。

    come on to-v

    It came on to rain soon after midnight.刚过午夜,就下起雨来了。

    come on toward sth

    Rain came on toward morning.快到早上时开始下起雨来了。

  6. 快点; 赶紧 hurry come on

    Come on, it's getting dark!快点,天就要黑了!

  7. 加油; 振作起来 make more effort; work better come on

    Come on, be a sport.拜托!拿出男子汉大丈夫的气概来!

    Come on. It isn't the end of the world.你要振作起来!天不会塌下来的。

  8. 提出讨论,审问 arise for discussion come on for sth

    The case will come on for trial tomorrow.这个案件明天将开庭审理。

    He has been waiting for his case to come on.他在听候审理他的案子。

  9. 进步,发展 advance; improve come on

    His farm is coming on well.他的农场办得不错。

    How has he come on recently?他近来进展如何?

  10. 上班 go to work come on

    The new man doesn't come on till midnight.新来的人午夜时分才上班。

come on2〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
  1. 〔说明〕 come on〔upon〕常不用于进行体,也不用于被动结构。 come on〔upon〕 sb/sth
  2. 偶然发现 meet or find sb/sth by chance

    As we turned the corner we came on a group of men who were waiting for the public house to open. 我们转过屋角时碰到一群人等着店开门。

    I came upon this idiom in the newspaper. 我是在报纸上看到这个成语的。

  3. 发生于,降临于 happen to or have an effect on sb

    Fear came upon him as he stood in the empty house. 站在空荡荡的房子里,他感到一阵恐惧袭上心头。

  4. 攻击,袭击… make a surprise attack on

    The enemy came upon the town by night. 敌人夜间袭击了这个镇子。

  5. 回到记忆中来 return to the memory of sb

    At last the name of the book came on her. 最后她想起了那本书的书名。

come out (v.+adv.)
  1. 出来 emerge from a place come out

    Come out and get some fresh air.出来吸点新鲜空气。

    My tooth has just come out.我的牙刚掉下来。

    come out of sth

    He came out of the room.他走出屋来。

    We met each other coming out of the concert hall.从音乐厅出来时,我们碰到一起了。

    come out against sth

    Why is it that you've come out against the proposal he put forward?为什么你要反对他提出的建议呢?

  2. 说出 say; utter come out

    The meaning comes out as you read further.你接着往下读意思就清楚了。

    come out with sth

    Sure enough, he came out with all the news we wanted.果然,他把我们想要的消息都讲出来了。

    At the meeting last night he came out with a very good suggestion.他在昨晚的会议上提出了一项很好的建议。

    There was silence for a few moments, then someone came out with a most useful suggestion.沉默了一会儿,于是有人提出了一项极有用的建议。

    come out for sth

    They came out for building the hospital.他们宣布赞成建造医院。

    A s nobody was willing to give in, he came out for another voting.大家各持己见,他同意再投一次票。

  3. 可去掉 fade, vanish, go away come out

    Do you think that dirty mark will come out?你说那块污迹能去掉吗?

    The colors in these materials are guaranteed not to come out.这些料子保证不褪色。

  4. 出狱; 获释 be released from prison come out

    It's been a long year, but he will come out next Friday.这一年的时间真长啊,但他下星期五要出狱了。

  5. 出现 appear come out

    The child has got measles. The spots have come out.孩子得麻疹了,已出了疹痘。

    The sun came out as soon as the rain stopped.雨一停,太阳就出来了。

    A new model will come out this summer.今年夏天将有新的型号面世。

    come out in sth

    I came out in cold sweat.我出了一身冷汗。

    The curtain came out in spots with the light shower.轻微的阵雨在窗帘上留下斑斑水迹。

  6. 开花 bloom or flower come out

    The tulips have come out early this year because of the mild winter.郁金香今年开得很早,因为冬天不很冷。

  7. 出版; 发表 be published or produced, and become available to the public come out

    When this masterpiece came out, nobody cared for it.这部杰作在它问世时没人注意它。

    come out with sth

    That year they came out with another article.那一年他们又发表了一篇文章。

  8. 显像 (of a photograph) produce a clear picture, used of camera film come out

    You come out well in that photo.你那张相片照得很好。

    The photographs haven't come out very well.相片冲洗得不很好。

  9. 结果是…; 得出答案 produce an answer, especially of a calculation, problem, etc. be in the position or state described at the end of a process or event come out

    Let me know how the voting comes out.告诉我投票结果如何。

    I spent at least an hour adding, dividing, multiplying and subtracting, and then the whole thing came out wrong!花了我至少一个小时的时间加减乘除,可算出的结果竟是错的!

  10. 拒绝工作,罢工 go on strike come out

    The coalminers have come out for about two weeks.煤矿工人已罢工约两周了。

  11. 初入社会 formally enter society come out

    She came out last season.她在上个季节里踏入社会。

come over1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 〔说明〕 come over常不用于进行体。
  2. 过来; 从远处来 come (to visit) from a distance come over

    Come over! Here's a seat for you.过来,这儿有个座位。

    come over from sth

    He came over from France last week, just to see us.他上周从法国专程来看我们。

    come over to sb

    You are welcome to come over to us.欢迎你到我们这方面来。

  3. 在上空或上方经过 pass overhead or above ; pass over come over

    It's terribly noisy living near the airport; planes are coming over all the time.在机场附近住吵死了,飞机总是从上空飞个不停。

  4. 顺便来访 make a short informal visit come over

    You really must come over sometime and have dinner with us.你确实应该找个时间来串个门,跟我们一起吃顿饭。

    come over to sth

    Why don't you come over to our place one evening?你何不找个晚上到我们这里来坐坐?

  5. 逐渐变得 turn gradually come over+adj.

    The sky came over dark as a thick cloud passed before the sun.乌云蔽日,天色一时昏暗起来。

  6. 被理解并完全接受; 被通过 be understood and accepted come over

    Did his speech come over?他的讲话通过了吗?

    come over to sb

    Did my points come over to you?我的观点你理解了吗?

come over2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 发生于,降临于 trouble or annoy sb; suddenly happen to sb come over sb/sth

    A fit of dizziness came over her so she had to lie down.她突然感到头晕,不得不躺下来。

    A strange feeling came over me.我突然产生一种奇怪的感觉。

    A look of surprise came over her face.她脸上露出一种惊讶的神色。

    Quiet came over the small town at twilight.暮色苍茫,那个小镇笼罩在一片静谧之中。

  2. 〈口〉摆架子 pretend that one is (a kind of person) for effect on (sb) come sb/sth over sb

    He's been coming the great political leader over us all since he won the election.他竞选获胜后总在我们大家面前以伟大的政治领袖自居。

    Don't try to come it over me!别对我神气活现的!

come through1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 到达 arrive come through

    Has the train come through?火车到达了吗?

  2. 传来,接通 get connected by telephone come through

    Listen, a message is just coming through.注意,电报来了。

    I was just going out when a call came through on the phone from Tom.我正要出去时,汤姆打电话来了。

  3. 明显地表现出来 be clearly shown by what is said or done, especially after some procedure has been carried out come through

    His ability came through after he began to work.他参加工作后,开始表现出他的能力。

  4. 穿过; 穿透 pass through come through

    The sun came through after days of rain.下了几天雨之后,太阳出来了。

    come through to sth

    The flood came through to my garden.洪水直涌入我的园子。

  5. 获准 be passed〔agreed〕 to by the authorities come through

    Well, last week, when I was sure that the parole was coming through,I wrote her again .噢,上个礼拜,当我得知就要同意我假释出狱时,我又给她写了封信。

  6. (健康)恢复; 脱险 recover from a serious illness; survive come through

    I hope he will come through all right.我希望他能安然无恙。

    He became so weak from loss of blood that at one time we started to think that he would not come through.他因失血过多而变得非常虚弱,以致我们以为他不行了。

come through2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 幸存下来 survive; continue to live in spite of danger〔difficulty〕 come through sth

    He came through countless fights.他身经百战。

come to1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 苏醒; 清醒 recover consciousness; realize what's happening come to

    In a few moments she suddenly came to.过了一会儿,她突然苏醒过来。

come to2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 到达; 达成 arrive at

    Please come to me. 请到我这儿来。

    He has come to our college. 他来我们学院了。

    After much talk they came to an agreement. 经过多次商谈,他们达成了协议。

    It comes to this that I shall never trust him in the future. 事情到了这样的地步,将来我再也不信任他了。

    We come now to the main business of the meeting. 我们现在到了会议的主要议程。

  2. 共计 reach〔amount〕 to a total

    Ask the waiter what our bill comes to. 问问侍者我们一共应付多少钱。

  3. 突然想起 enter the mind suddenly; occur to

    I was already on my way when it suddenly came to me that I hadn't hung out my washing. 我上路以后才想起我没有把洗完的衣服晾出去。

come to that (v.+prep.+pron.)
  1. 事实上 in fact

    I was not very well off at that time. Come to that, only a few of us were so. 当时我们的生活不太富裕。其实,我们大多数人都是那样。

come to this (v.+prep.+pron.)
  1. 出现这种情况 reach a condition

    What you say comes to this. 你说的就是这意思。

    I never thought things would come to this. 我从未想到事情会到这种地步。

come together (v.+adv.)
  1. 聚会,相见 get together; meet come together

    The family must come together for the parents' silver wedding.全家必须聚会,庆祝父母的银婚。

    They finally came together after years of estrangement.在多年不和之后,他们终于言归于好了。

come under (v.+prep.)
  1. 〔说明〕 come under不用于被动结构,也不用于进行体。 come under sb/sth
  2. 编入; 归入 be entered in a list

    I think this point should come under the second sub-heading. 我认为这一点应该归入第二小标题。

  3. 隶属于 be subjected to; be managed or controlled by authority

    This university comes under the Education Department. 这所大学直属教育部。

  4. 受到; 引起 be criticized or attacked

    Now he's my boss yet he came under me at our last job. 他现在是我的上司,然而在上次的工作中,他受我支配。

    The country came under attack from both sides. 这个国家腹背受敌。

come up (v.+adv.)
  1. 上来; 走近 move to a higher level (as upstairs or above the surface of water); come close come up

    Come up! I'm upstairs.上来! 我在楼上。

    While we were talking, a man came up.我们正在谈话,一个人走了过来。

    come up to sb

    A child came up to me and showed me the way to the station.一个孩子走上前来,指点我到车站去的路。

  2. 发生 happen unexpectedly; take place come up

    A chance may come up soon.很快就会有个机会。

    There is a film coming up next week.下星期将有一部新片上映。

  3. 出席,参加 present oneself come up for sth

    He came up for interview but did not get the job.他到场接受面试,但并未得到工作。

    Two of his colleagues came up for election last month.他的两位同事参加上个月的竞选活动。

  4. 升起; 长出来; 响起,刮起 rise; grow; blow; rise through water above the surface come up

    The moon was still hanging on the western sky when the sun came up.太阳升起的时候,月儿仍挂在西边的天空。

  5. 开庭 be heard in a court come up

    Will the case come up afresh?这个案子会重新审判吗?

    An important witness was absent when the case came up.开庭时,有个重要的证人没有出席。

  6. 被选上 be selected come up

    Maybe his number will come up soon.也许他的号码很快就会被抽中的。

  7. 显露光泽,开始发光 develop a lustre; begin to shine come up

    The silver has come up beautifully.那银器显露出美丽的光泽。

  8. 提到,提及 be mentioned or discussed come up

    The housing problems came up at the meeting once again.住房问题又一次在会上提出来了。


用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词


  • He at their invoking came.

  • When will you come to see me?

  • I never came a-begging for myself.

  • Come and see us.

    出自:Oxford English Dictionary
  • If someone came looking for them.

    出自:J. Fowles



  1. come的基本意思是“朝某中心点接近、到达某地点或达到某种状态”。
  2. come可以表示“来临,降临”,常用以指时间或事件按规律或自然法则等“顺理成章”地到来,也可指和他人在一起来参加某活动。
  3. “come+静态动词的不定式”构成复合谓语,可表示一种情况变化的过程,如由“不知”到“知之”,由“不清楚”到“清楚”,由“不理解”到“理解”,即给静态动词一个起点,而使其具有动态意义,且具有“终于”的意味。
  4. 现在分词与come连用,可表示伴随动作〔状态〕,指某人或某事物按某种方式行进或某人在行进中做某事,也可表示目的。
  5. come在祈使句中一般不接动词不定式表示目的,而多用“come and to/ - v ”结构,在美式英语中,尤其是口语中and常可省略。
  6. come可以用作系动词,接形容词作表语,意思是“变得,成为”,常常指好的事情。
  7. come除在成语或谚语中外一般不用于被动结构,但其过去分词可和be连用构成系表结构。
  8. come的进行时可表示按计划或安排即将发生的动作,这时一般有表示将来的时态或特定的上下文。若表示过去将来的情况须用was/were coming,但come通常不用be going to结构。
  9. come是非延续性动词,不与表示一段时间的状语连用。
  10. come是终止性动词,不可与表示一段时间的状语同用于完成体中,但可通过换词或改变句型的方法来表示“达到”的意思。例如:

    他来中国两年了。[误] He has come to China for two years.[正] He has been in China for two years.[正] It's two years since he came to China.[正] Two years have passed since he came to China.[正] He came to China two years ago.但是,在否定句中, come却可与表示一段时间的状语同用于完成体中,表示“没有来”的状态。例如:He hasn't come to China for two years.他两年没到中国来了。

  11. come在对话中可用作祈使语,表示不耐烦、劝导或其他情感。例如:“Come, come,” he said,“don't be so modest!”“好了,好了,”他说,“别那么谦虚了。”Come, we must hurry.喂,我们得赶快。Now, come, be patient.哎,耐心点。
  12. come与how连用是美国口语,意思是“怎么会…的?”以人为主语时,后接动词不定式,也可接从句。例如:

    How came you to know him so well?你怎么会这么了解他?How comes it that you finished your work so soon?你怎么会这么快就完成你的工作?

  13. come用于货品时,表示“现有的、可以买得到的”。例如:These shirts come in three different colours: white, pale blue and khaki.这种衬衫有三种颜色:白的、浅蓝的、土黄的。
  14. come间或在口语中用作及物动词,意思是“做,达到,假装,完成”等。例如:Don't come the grand lady with me!别对我装出一副高傲的贵妇人架势!He cannot come that.他不能完成那件事。


come into possession of, come into the possession of
短语come into possession of指(人)占有〔获得〕某物,以人为主语; 而come into the possession of(物)为人所有,占有,以物为主语。例如:
  • When did he come into possession of those rare books?
  • 他什么时候得到那些珍本的?
  • When did this rare books come into the possession of him?
  • 这珍本什么时候被他得到的?
come to, add up to, amount to, count up to, run into
1.从构成上说, add up to和count up to是动副介型短语; 而amount to, come to和run into是动介型短语。
2.从主语上说, add up to和come to相同,均多为钱、账单、数目等; amount to和run into的主语多为loss, cost, expense, debt, sum等名词; 而count up to的主语则仅限It。例如:
Our hotel bill added up to〔amounted to,came to〕 300 dollars.我们的旅馆费共计300美元。
His debts amounted to〔ran into〕 over 3000 dollars.他的债务已高达3000多美元。
It counts up to 300 dollars.共计300美元。
3.从宾语上说, add up to, amount to, come to后一般接数字; 而count up to和run into后除可接数字外,还可接名词。例如:
It counts up to a considerable sum.合计起来数目相当可观。
Losses run into six figures.损失高达6位数。
4.从使用场合上说, come to最通俗, count up to不常用。
come to this, come to that
come to this是“就是这样,出现这种情况”的意思; come to that指“事实上,无论如何”。
come, go
1.一般说来, come所表示的动作是朝向说话人或听话人的; 而go则用于运动方向。
2.在作定语时, to come意为“即将来到的”, to go则是“剩下”的意思。试比较:
  • You should always think of the danger to come.
  • 你得经常想到今后的危险。
  • With only a few minutes to go, he went to school in a hurry.
  • 只剩下几分钟了,他匆匆忙忙上学去了。
3.表示参加到说话人的活动中去时,通常用come (with),而不用go。
come, become, go, grow, turn
1.come多指向好的方向转变; go往往指向坏的方面转变; become指向好的(也可指向坏的)方面发展, turn是正式用语,指向好的,也指向坏的方面转变。试比较:
  • When did that style of dress come into fashion?
  • 那种式样的衣服是什么时候时兴的?
  • When did that style of dress go out of fashion?
  • 那种式样的衣服是什么时候不时兴的?
2.come的主语往往是人; become的主语可以是人或物; 而go的主语多是物。
3.come的表语通常是形容词; become的表语可以是形容词、代词或名词(须加不定冠词); go和grow的表语为形容词; turn的表语可以是形容词或名词(不加不定冠词)。
come, arrive
  • He arrived in Beijing by the twelve o'clock train.
  • 他是坐十二点的火车到北京的。
  • I have been waiting for hours and he still hasn't come.
  • 我已等他好几个小时了,可他还没来。
come off, chance, take place
1.chance含有“偶然”发生的意味; take place和come off常指按计划“发生”。例如:
On our vacation we chanced upon an interesting antique store.我们度假时无意中发现一家有趣的古玩店。
The sports meet came off in spite of the rain.尽管下雨运动会仍如期举行了。
The talk is scheduled to take place tomorrow morning at eight o'clock.预定明早8时举行会谈。
2.take place的主语只能是事物; come off强调出现的结果。例如:
What may take place with telephones in the future?将来电话会发生什么变化呢?
The wedding came off in spite of Jim and Mary's last minute quarrel.尽管吉姆和玛丽结婚前最后一刻还在争吵,婚礼还是正常举行了。
It chanced that the winter of that year was a severe one.碰巧,那年冬天特别寒冷。
come into, enter
2.enter可用作及物动词和不及物动词; 而come只用作不及物动词,后面接介词into后方可带宾语。例如:
  • He rose as we entered (the room).
  • He rose as we came into the room.
  • 我们进屋时他站起身来。
come this way, step this way
come back, be back, get back, go back, return
return与其他词相比有些书卷气; come back的意思是“回归”“回来”,指回到说话人所在的地方; go back指回到出发点,是一种非正式说法,常用于口语中; get back是回到原来的出发点; be back意为“回来了”,表示状态,是日常应用最广的非正式说法。例如:
Did Duff come back?—Yes, he came back.达夫回来了吗?是的,他回来了。
Now let's go back to the beginning of the page.现在让我们回到这页的开头。
When he got back, he found that supper was over.当他回来的时候,他发现晚餐已经结束了。
I'll be back next Saturday.我将在下个星期六回来。
  • She had come in third.
  • 她比赛得第三名。
  • She had come on the third.
  • 她于3号到达。
  • He comes from Shanghai.
  • 他是上海人。
  • He has come from Shanghai.
  • 他刚从上海来。
become get grow turn go come
  • become:become最普通用词,作为连系动词,指从一个状态向另一个状态的变化。
  • get:get常指某人或某物有意无意地获得引起变化的因素,结果使变成另一状态。
  • grow:grow常指逐渐地变成新状态,强调渐变的过程。
  • turn:turn侧重指变得与原来截然不同,有时含贬义。
  • go:go作为连系动词,通常与形容词连用,指进入某种状态,从而发生变化,多指不好的状态。
  • come:come侧重变化的经过或过程,多用于不良情况。
come arrive reach
  • come:come普通用词,含义广泛。强调到达的动作或进程,不侧重是否到达目的地。也可用于比喻意义。
  • arrive:arrive侧重到达目的地或达到某一目标。也可用作比喻。
  • reach:reach既可指到达目的地,又可指到达途中的中间站。强调经过的周折或付出的努力。


  1. 他逐渐认识到科学的重要性。

    He came to realizing the importance of studying science.

    He came to realize the importance of studying science.

    表示“逐渐(认识到,懂得,明白等)”时,须用“come+动词不定式”来表示, to是动词不定式符号,不可把to误用作介词而接动名词。

  2. 下课后学生们都从教室里出来了。

    All the students came out from the classroom after class.

    All the students came out of the classroom after class.

    表示“从…中出来”须用come out of,注意不能用from代替of。

  3. 我在街上遇到一位老朋友。

    I came across with an old friend in the street.

    I came across an old friend in the street.

    come across表示“遇见”,可直接跟宾语,不需要再加介词with。

  4. 他差点被射死。

    He came very near to be shot.

    He came very near being shot.

    come near后接动名词形式,表示“几乎到…的程度”, come near to表示“接近…”。

  5. 他到我这儿来过三次了。

    He has come here three times.

    He has been here three times.

    have come(已经来),表示一个单程,即“人现在还在这儿,没离开”; 如表示“到过”,应该说have been,含有“人现在已不在这儿”的意思。


  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的cuman,意为来;最初源自原始日耳曼语的kewm-,意为来,来到。



came : 来;来到; ...
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  • came:come vi. 来, 来临, 到达, 出现, 来(自), 出生(于), 开始int. 嗨!vbl. 来, 到达, 合计为习惯用语as they come 按照原来的样子 [口]非常, 极其Easy…


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