descend

  常用词汇  
[dɪ'send]     [dɪ'send]    
  • v. 下降;降临
  • v. 传下来;遗传
  • v. 突然袭击;突然拜访
descendible descended descended descending descends
new

descend的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 下来,下降,下去
  2. 下斜,下倾
  3. 传给,传下来,遗传
  4. 系出,来自于;是...的后裔
  5. 屈尊,降尊,降低身分去做
  6. 堕落,堕落到…地步
  7. 突然袭击;突然拜访
  8. 走下,沿...向下
  9. 逐渐陷入
  10. (夜晚、黑暗、情绪等)降临,来临
  11. 从早到晚

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vi. & vt. 下来,下去 come or go down

英英释义

Verb:
  1. move downward and lower, but not necessarily all the way;

    "The temperature is going down"
    "The barometer is falling"
    "The curtain fell on the diva"
    "Her hand went up and then fell again"

  2. come from; be connected by a relationship of blood, for example;

    "She was descended from an old Italian noble family"
    "he comes from humble origins"

  3. do something that one considers to be below one's dignity

  4. come as if by falling;

    "Night fell"
    "Silence fell"

descend的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. The sun descended behind the hills.
    太阳下山了。
  2. I wish that the prices can descend.
    但愿物价会下降。
  3. I didn't expect him to descend to personal abuse.
    我没料到他会堕落到对我进行人身攻击的地步。
  4. At 6:30 p.m. the tropical darkness descends.
    在傍晚六点半的时候,热带地区的黑夜降临。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. The custom has descended to our day.
    这一习俗一直传到今天。
  2. He is descended from Confucius.
    他是孔子的後裔。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. Armed thieves descended on the helpless travelers.
    一群武装盗贼袭击了无依无靠的旅客。
  2. My sister's family is descending on us this weekend.
    想不到我姐姐一家本周末要到我们这里来

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Another oppressive night descended.
    闷热的夜又来临了。
  2. Darkness descended too soon.
    夜色过早降临。
  3. The walk descends sharply.
    小路下倾得很厉害。
  4. The sun descended behind the hills.
    太阳下了山。
  5. The sun descended over the western hills.
    日落西山。
  6. The plane descended through the clouds.
    那架飞机穿云而降。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Tears descend her cheeks.
    她泪落两颊。
  2. They descended the slope towards the hamlet.
    他们顺坡下山,向那个村子走去。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
descend down (v.+adv.)
    向下降 go down; come down
    descend down

    The moon is descending down.

    月正下沉。

    The sun is descended down.

    太阳正在下山。

descend from (v.+prep.)
    由…传留下来 be passed down from sb living in an earlier time
    descend from sth

    He descended from the tower.

    他从塔上下来。

    descend from sb/sth

    The ring has descended from my great-grandmother.

    这枚戒指是我曾祖母传下来的。

    His family descends from the first French immigrants.

    他这一家是第一批法国移民的后裔。

    This festival descends from a religious rite.

    这个节日起源于宗教仪式。

descend into (v.+prep.)
    向下行 go down into sth beneath one
    descend into sth

    He descended into a cellar.

    他走下地窖。

    The miners descended into the cave to search for the missing climbers.

    矿工们下到山洞去寻找失踪的登山者。

descend to (v.+prep.)
    屈尊或降低人格去从事某种活动或做某事 lower oneself morally to sth or doing sth wrong
    descend to sth/v-ing

    If a prisoner is badly treated he may descend to violence.

    如果囚犯受虐待,他就可能发展到行凶。

    All too soon they will descend to spreading scandal and gossip.

    过不了多久他们就会堕落到传播丑闻和谣言的地步。

    I'm surprised that you would descend to lying.

    你竟然不顾人格撒谎,真使我感到吃惊。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • I passed to the Nile descending on it at my leasure to the sea.

    出自: J. Hayward
  • The shades of evening began to descend.

    出自: J. Forbes
  • A couple of crows descended from the parched sky and landed in Tarry's plot of turnips.

    出自: P. Kavanagh

descend的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. descend的基本意思是“下来”“下去”,可指物体向下降落,也可指沿着山坡、梯子、台阶、树干等表示斜线或斜坡的物体下降。
  2. descend可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词,用作不及物动词时,常与介词from连用,表示“是…的后代”“从…传下来”, from所接的名词指祖先、祖宗,并不是指父辈。
  3. descend是正式书面用语,多用于文学语体中。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
descend, drop, fall, sink
  • 这四个词都可表示物体向下降落。它们之间的区别是:
  • 1.sink指在空气或水中垂直下降、下沉; descend则通常指沿斜线或斜坡下降; 而drop与fall均可指急速地向下坠落,可直可斜。例如:
  • The walk descends sharply.小路下倾得很厉害。
  • The ship struck against the rocks and sank.那船触礁沉没了。
  • We saw an apple falling〔dropping〕 down from the tree yesterday.昨天我们看见一个苹果从树上掉下来。
  • 2.drop指物体由于重力从高处往下落; fall指物体由于不明原因或物体本身失去平衡而向下降落,有自然下落的意思。例如:
  • She dropped the cup.她把杯子弄掉了。
  • Leaves fall in autumn.秋天树叶下落。
  • 3.drop通常是有意识、有目的地下落; 而fall则往往是无意识地下落。例如:
  • The enemy planes dropped bombs.敌机投下了炸弹。
  • Rain is falling fast.雨下得很大。
  • 4.drop引申可表示物价的降落; sink还可指精力或意识逐渐丧失。例如:
  • The price of oil has dropped sharply.石油价格暴跌。
  • His heart sank.他感到沮丧。
  • 5.drop一般用作及物动词,偶尔也用作不及物动词; fall则通常用作不及物动词。
  • descend,drop,fall,sink
  • 这些动词都表示“落下,下降”之意。
  • descend通常指沿斜线或斜坡下降。
  • drop指物体从一定高度落下。
  • fall与drop同义,指突然或猛烈地降落,但fall也可指任何下落,同高度或形式无关。
  • sink指在空气或水中垂直下降、下沉。
  • descend的相关资料:

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