top

  基本词汇  
[tɒp]     [tɑːp]    
  • n.顶部;顶;上面;极点;陀螺
  • adj.最高的;顶端的
  • vt.形成顶部; 达到…的顶端; 处于…的最前头
  • vi.总结; 超越; 高耸; 结束
topped topped topping tops
new

top是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 顶部,顶,顶端
  2. 陀螺
  3. 头顶,山顶
  4. 盖,篷,栓
  5. 精华
  6. 表面
  7. 首席
  8. 极点
  9. 上方
  10. 上座
  11. 最重要的事物
  12. 长出地面部分
  13. 【棒】前半局
  14. 高速档
  15. 最优秀的人或物
adj.(形容词)
  1. 最高的
  2. 顶上的,顶的
  3. 最优良的,第一流的
  4. 最重要的, 主要的
  5. 居首位的
  6. 第一名的
  7. 高级的
  8. 最快的,最大的
  9. 尖端的,顶端的
abbr.(缩略词)
  1. =Technical Office Protocols【计】TOP协定,技术办公系统协议
v.(动词)
  1. 高过,高于,高出
  2. 戴上,盖上
  3. 向高处升
  4. 结束,完成
  5. 达到顶点,到...的顶上
  6. 装顶部
  7. 结束取胜
  8. 拔尖,得头名
  9. 超过,胜过
  10. 给...加盖
  11. 高度为(多少)
  12. 面施,铺施(肥料在地面上)
  13. 去(树)梢
  14. 为剪顶,打顶,为…打尖
  15. 摘心,剪芯
  16. 【染】末染
  17. 高耸

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C]顶,顶部 the highest point or face
  2. [C]上部,上端 the upper part
  3. [S]首位,最高位 the best, most important or most successful part or place
adj.(形容词)
  1. 最高的,最优良的 of or at the top; highest, most important, etc.
v.(动词)
  1. vt. 加以顶; 盖上盖儿 provide a top for; put a top on
  2. vt. 到…上面 reach the top of
  3. vt. 超过; 胜过; 高过 surpass; be taller or higher than; exceed; excel

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
top : 顶, 盖子, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
top : 天头 ...
在 《外教社出版印刷英语词典》 中查看更多...
top : 顶部;覆盖 ...
在 《外教社地质学英语词典》 中查看更多...
top : 毛条;化学 ...
在 《外教社纺织英语词典》 中查看更多...
top : 顶, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
top : 顶部, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
top : 树梢 ...
在 《外教社林业英语词典》 中查看更多...
top : 顶,顶端; ...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the upper part of anything;

    "the mower cuts off the tops of the grass"
    "the title should be written at the top of the first page"

  2. the highest or uppermost side of anything;

    "put your books on top of the desk"
    "only the top side of the box was painted"

  3. the top or extreme point of something (usually a mountain or hill);

    "the view from the peak was magnificent"
    "they clambered to the tip of Monadnock"
    "the region is a few molecules wide at the summit"

  4. the first half of an inning; while the visiting team is at bat;

    "a relief pitcher took over in the top of the fifth"

  5. the highest level or degree attainable; the highest stage of development;

    "his landscapes were deemed the acme of beauty"
    "the artist's gifts are at their acme"
    "at the height of her career"
    "the peak of perfection"
    "summer was at its peak"
    "...catapulted Einstein to the pinnacle of fame"
    "the summit of his ambition"
    "so many highest superlatives achieved by man"
    "at the top of his profession"

  6. the greatest possible intensity;

    "he screamed at the top of his lungs"

  7. platform surrounding the head of a lower mast

  8. a conical child's plaything tapering to a steel point on which it can be made to spin;

    "he got a bright red top and string for his birthday"

  9. covering for a hole (especially a hole in the top of a container);

    "he removed the top of the carton"
    "he couldn't get the top off of the bottle"
    "put the cover back on the kettle"

  10. a garment (especially for women) that extends from the shoulders to the waist or hips;

    "he stared as she buttoned her top"

  11. a canvas tent to house the audience at a circus performance;

    "he was afraid of a fire in the circus tent"
    "they had the big top up in less than an hour"

Adjective:
  1. situated at the top or highest position;

    "the top shelf"

Verb:
  1. be superior or better than some standard;

    "She exceeded our expectations"
    "She topped her performance of last year"

  2. pass by, over, or under without making contact;

    "the balloon cleared the tree tops"

  3. be at the top of or constitute the top or highest point;

    "A star tops the Christmas Tree"

  4. be ahead of others; be the first;

    "she topped her class every year"

  5. provide with a top or finish the top (of a structure);

    "the towers were topped with conical roofs"

  6. reach or ascend the top of;

    "The hikers topped the mountain just before noon"

  7. strike (the top part of a ball in golf, baseball, or pool) giving it a forward spin

  8. cut the top off;

    "top trees and bushes"

  9. be the culminating event;

    "The speech crowned the meeting"

  10. finish up or conclude;

    "They topped off their dinner with a cognac"
    "top the evening with champagne"

top的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The mountain tops are covered with snow.
    白雪覆盖着山顶。
  2. The green book is at the bottom of the pile and the red one is on top.
    绿皮书在那一堆书的底下,红皮书在上边。
  3. He worked his way to the top of his profession.
    他一步一步努力,终于成为行业内的翘楚。
  4. The child gazed at the spinning top.
    孩子盯着旋转的陀螺。
用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. I live on the top floor.
    我住在顶层。
  2. Tall as he is, he cannot reach the top shelf.
    尽管他高,他也够不着书架顶端。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. That top belongs to this box.
    那个盖是这个盒子上的。
  2. The mountaineers did not begin to come down the mountain till they had reached the top.
    登山者们登上顶峰后才开始下来。
  3. She was aiming for the top in her career.
    她立志攀登事业的顶峰。
  4. The top of the box bends back to show the goods.
    箱子盖向后敞开,里面装的货都露了出来。
  5. The road will bring you up to the top of the cliff.
    这条道会把你引到峭壁的顶端。
  6. The old man was puffing and blowing when he got to the top of the hill.
    那老人到达山顶时,喘息不止。
  7. I lifted my head and looked up.Red flags were flying from the top of the pass.
    我抬头望去,只见山顶上红旗招展。
  8. They seldom went far from home, and they fancied that the whole world was seen from the top of their hill.
    他们难得离开家园,他们以为从他们的小山顶上可以看见全世界。
  9. She feared for the little boy when she saw him at the top of the tree.
    她看到那小男孩在树顶上时,着实替他捏了一把汗。
  10. Mark the total at the top of the page “brought forward”.
    给这页上方的数字标上“由上页入”的字样。
  11. I shouted at the top of my voice and instantly the mountains and valleys answered.
    我高声呼喊,山谷立即发出回声。
  12. The light on top of the police car was flashing.
    警车上部的灯在闪耀。
  13. The house has been redesigned, top and bottom.
    这房子完全是重新设计的。
  14. He sits at the top of the table.
    他坐上席。
  15. He is at the top of his class.
    他是班上最优秀的学生。
用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. He took up residence on the top floor of a hotel.
    他在一家旅馆的顶层住下。
  2. I won't pay top prices for goods of inferior quality.
    我不愿付高价买那些质量低劣的商品。
  3. The top team in each group played off seven games against each other.
    各组的前几名彼此进行7场比赛。
  4. Jim may be a good runner, but when he entered for the top international competitions, he found he had bitten off more than he could chew.
    吉姆算得上是优秀赛跑运动员,但当他参加了最高级国际比赛时,他觉得自己力不从心。
  5. He is running at top speed.
    他正在全速地奔跑。
用作表语 S+be+~+ prep. -phrase
  1. She is top in French.
    她的法语学得最好。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. His car topped the steep hill easily.
    他的汽车很轻易地就爬上了这座陡峭的小山顶端。
  2. A church tops the hill.
    山顶有一座教堂。
  3. A steeple tops the church.
    教堂的顶端是一个尖型结构。
  4. He is going to top the barn tomorrow.
    他打算明天给粮仓封顶。
  5. Please top the box.
    请盖上盒子。
  6. He topped his father by half a head.
    他比他父亲高出半个头。
  7. The sun topped the horizon.
    太阳从地平线上升起。
  8. She is expected to top the poll.
    预计她得票最多。
  9. He tops the rest in scholarship.
    他的学识超过其他人。
  10. 用于be ~ed结构
  11. The prairie is topped occasionally by low hills.
    偶尔可见大草原上隆起几座低矮的小山。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
top off (v.+adv.)
  1. 修剪…的顶部; 给…最后装饰或加盖 trim at the top; put a finishing or cover on top sth ⇔ off

    He topped off the hedge.他整修了树篱顶部。

    They topped off their little hut with a straw thatch.他们给自己的小屋盖了稻草顶。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The tallest commercial building in that state was topped off yesterday.该州最高的商业大楼于昨日封顶。

  2. 达到最高点 reach a peak top off

    The production figures this month have topped off.这个月的生产数字已达最高点。

    The rise in prices seems to have topped off, so goods should cost the same for a longer time now.看来物价上涨已达顶点,所以在较长一段时间内物价会保持稳定。

  3. 〈非正〉使成功地完成 climax or complete top sth ⇔ off

    She topped off her dinner with coffee.她以咖啡结束了她的晚餐。

  4. 重新给…加满燃料 resupply or refuel to capacity top off

    Does the car need topping off?这辆汽车需要加满油吗?

    top sth ⇔ off 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The ship has been topped off with fuel.这艘船已经加满了燃料。

top out (v.+adv.)
  1. 举行建筑物落成典礼 perform a ceremony to mark the completion of a high building top out

    When we top out, there will be souvenirs for everyone who has worked on the site.到我们举行落成典礼时,凡是在工地上劳动过的人都会得到纪念品的。

top up (v.+adv.)
  1. 给…加满 add sth in order to make full top sb/sth ⇔ up

    Your glass is empty, let me top you up.你的杯子是空的,让我给你斟满。

    The waiters were constantly on the move, topping up the glasses.服务员不停地走来走去,把酒杯斟满。

    Could you let me have a small can of water to top up my radiator?能给我一小罐水让我把水箱加满吗?

    He topped up the car with a special brand of petrol.他给汽车加满了一种特别牌号的汽油。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The wind blew in the tops of the pine trees.

    出自:E. Hemingway
  • I climbed to an upper terrace..and then to the very top.

    出自:J. Kosinski
  • He glanced up..over the top of his spectacles.

    出自:R. Pilcher
  • I'd rather be topped than do 20 years behind bars.

    出自:Daily Telegraph
  • I have been desperately unhappy..but I have never given a thought to topping myself.

    出自:Sun

top的详细讲解:

词语用法

n.(名词)
  1. top的基本意思是“顶部”,主要指“顶端,盖子”,是可数名词,通常与the连用,引申可指“首位,最高的地位”,此时多用作单数形式。
  2. 表示“在…上面”可以说on the top of sth,也可说on top of sth,但“在上面”只能说on top。
  3. top常以复数形式tops表示“(套装、睡衣的)上衣”“(根菜类的)叶”。
adj.(形容词)
  1. top作形容词时意思是“最高的,最优良的”。
  2. top在句中一般只作定语,在英式英语中偶尔可用作表语。
v.(动词)
  1. top用作名词时意思是“顶端”“最高点”,转化为动词时意思是“到…顶上〔上面〕”“作为…顶端”,引申可表示“盖上盖子”“覆盖”“超过”。
  2. top是及物动词,接名词或代词作宾语。

词义辨析

summit climax peak top
这些名词均含“顶点”之意。
  • summit:summit书面用词,指山的最顶峰部分,也指通过努力可以达到的最高水平,还指最重要的,国家间的首脑最高级会谈。
  • climax:climax指戏剧等的高潮,也指事物发展中的极点,因此多含其后由盛而衰的意味。
  • peak:peak指山峰的全部或上部。
  • top:top普通用词,可指包括人或物或其它任何的最高点或顶点。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 她从头到脚穿了一身黑衣。

    She was dressed in black from the top to the toe.

    She was dressed in black from top to toe.

    from top to toe表示“从头到脚”,其间不能插定冠词the。

  2. 这个女秘书能胜任她的工作。

    The girl secretary is on the top of her job.

    The girl secretary is on top of her job.

    on top of表示“驾驭,熟练掌握”时, top前不能加the。

  3. 我把我的包放在你的包上。

    I put my bag at (the) top of yours.

    I put my bag on (the) top of yours.

  4. 他的名字高列榜首。

    His name was on the top of the list.

    His name was at the top of the list.

  5. 一面红旗耸立在山顶上。

    A red flag stands on the top of the hill.

    A red flag stands at the top of the hill.

    表示“在…上面”应该用 on (the) top of,介词on不可以改成at。但表示“在…顶端”“在…最上方”时要用at the top of。因为at表示一个点,而on表示一个面,范围比at广。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的top,意为顶点,冠,最高点,一簇;最初源自原始日耳曼语的tupapz,意为一簇头发。

top的相关资料:

正版词典

top : 报时音响信 ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...
top : 局部, 部 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
top : 顶端,上面 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

缩略词

top的相关缩略词,共有92

互动百科

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临近单词

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