climb

  基本词汇  
[klaɪm]     [klaɪm]    
  • v.攀登;爬;上升
  • n.爬;攀爬处
climbable climbed climbed climbing climbs
new

climb是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 攀登,爬(上),登上,爬高,攀缘向上,向上爬,沿着…攀缘而上,登山,攀岩
  2. 逐渐上升,徐徐上升
  3. 倾斜向上,倾斜上升
  4. 匆匆穿上
  5. 钻营
  6. 上涨,渐增,上升
  7. 爬升,晋升
  8. 攀缘生长
  9. 提高社会地位
  10. 增值,升值
  11. 责骂某人
n.(名词)
  1. 山坡,山,岩
  2. 攀登,攀爬,爬升,攀缘
  3. 需攀登的地方
  4. 【空】爬高
  5. 上升率
  6. 直线上坡
  7. 增值,升值
  8. 增加
  9. 爬阶梯
  10. 攀登用的时间
  11. 提高地位
  12. 达到更高标准

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 爬,攀登 go up by using the hands or feet; ascend
n.(名词)
  1. [S]攀登,爬 going up by using the hands or feet
  2. [S]上升,增长 rise; increase

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
climb : 爬, 攀登, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
climb : 爬升 ...
在 《外教社航空航天英语词典》 中查看更多...
climb : 攀移;爬移 ...
在 《外教社地质学英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. an upward slope or grade (as in a road);

    "the car couldn't make it up the rise"

  2. an event that involves rising to a higher point (as in altitude or temperature or intensity etc.)

  3. the act of climbing something;

    "it was a difficult climb to the top"

Verb:
  1. go upward with gradual or continuous progress;

    "Did you ever climb up the hill behind your house?"

  2. move with difficulty, by grasping

  3. go up or advance;

    "Sales were climbing after prices were lowered"

  4. slope upward;

    "The path climbed all the way to the top of the hill"

  5. improve one's social status;

    "This young man knows how to climb the social ladder"

  6. increase in value or to a higher point;

    "prices climbed steeply"
    "the value of our house rose sharply last year"

climb的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. I have some climbing plants in the garden.
    我的花园里长着一些攀缘植物。
  2. We go to climb mountains every Sunday.
    每个星期天我们都去爬山。
  3. The road climbs steeply for several miles.
    这条路有几英里向上倾斜得很陡。
  4. The value of imports has climbed sharply in the last year.
    去年进口货物的价值急剧上升。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Do you think you can climb that steep cliff?
    你以为你能爬上那座悬崖峭壁吗?
  2. There was a steep climb on the road out of town.
    市外公路上有一处很陡的上坡路。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Monkeys climb well.
    猴子善于攀登。
  2. The slope is too steep for us to climb.
    这斜坡太陡了,我们爬不上去。
  3. We climbed higher that we might see the scenes better.
    我们又往高处爬,以便更好地观看景色。
  4. He likes to go climbing at weekends.
    他喜欢在周末做登山运动。
  5. The plane climbed steeply.
    飞机斜着往上升。
  6. The road climbed steeply.
    道路陡峭地通向高处。
  7. The sun climbed steadily in the sky.
    太阳在空中徐徐升起。
  8. The crescent moon had climbed high in the sky before she sent the others home.
    一弯新月已经升到了天空,她才打发其他人回家。
  9. Prices climbed last summer.
    去年夏季物价上涨了。
  10. The dollar has been climbing steadily all week.
    整个星期美元一直在稳步增值。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n.
  1. Could you climb the chimney?
    你能爬上这烟囱吗?
  2. Do you think you can climb that tree?
    你看你能爬上那棵树吗?
  3. She often climbs the mountains on Sunday.
    她常在星期天去爬山。
  4. Although he was warned of the danger he adhered to his plans to climb the mountain alone.
    虽然他被警告有危险,但他仍然坚持其独自爬山的计划。
  5. We climbed that mountain last summer.
    去年夏天我们爬过那座山。
  6. We now set out to climb the hill.
    我们现在出发去爬山。
  7. He climbed the mountain carefully, all the time watching out for loose rocks.
    爬山时,他步步小心没踩上松动的石头。
  8. There are people climbing the mountains.
    不止一个人在爬山。
  9. Regardless of danger, he climbed the tower.
    他不顾危险,攀登高塔。
  10. She climbed the slippery slope with difficulty to search for herbs.
    她艰难地爬上滑坡,寻找草药。
  11. The enemy climbed the opposite cliff, we sloped our firing to follow them.
    当敌人爬向对面的山崖时,我们举枪向上朝他们射击。
  12. The little train climbed the mountainside slowly.
    小火车慢慢地在山坡上往上爬。
  13. The old lady broke her leg when she climbed the stairs.
    这个老太太上楼时摔坏了腿。
  14. The production of iron took three years to climb to 500,000 tons.
    用了三年,铁产量上升到50万吨。
  15. He climbed the social ladder.
    他爬上了上层社会。
其他 v -ing as Attrib.
  1. I have several climbing plants in the garden.
    我的花园里长着几株攀缘植物。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. He pulled at the rope hanging from above to see if it was safe for the climb.
    他用力拉了拉吊下来的绳子,看它是不是经得住爬。
  2. Mr. Burke carried on with the climb solo.
    伯克先生孤身一人继续登山。
  3. You'd better reserve your strength for tomorrow's climb.
    你最好留点力气明天爬山。
  4. We started the climb in the early morning of the next day.
    第二天一早,我们就开始爬山了。
  5. It's an hour's climb to the summit.
    到顶峰有1小时的路程。
  6. It was a long climb from the village to the top of the mountain.
    从村子到山顶要走很长的上坡路。
  7. The minister's climb to power had taken 20 years.
    这位部长花了20年的工夫攀升到权贵之尊。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
climb along (v.+prep.)
  1. 沿…爬 move along sth climb along sth

    The branch began to bend as I climb along it.我沿树枝爬时,它弯了下来。

    They climbed along the tortuous mountain trail.他们沿着崎岖的山路攀登。

climb down (v.+adv.)
  1. 下来,爬下来 move downward by using both hands and feet

    He said he would climb down and help them. 他说他要爬下去帮他们一把。

    When you reach the top of a mountain, the worst part is climbing down. 当你爬上山顶以后,下山就是最困难的事了。

  2. 〈非正〉让步,屈服,妥协 retreat from a position previously taken; compromise; admit defeat

    The speaker's forceful words persuaded his opponent to climb down. 那位演讲者雄辩的言词使他的对手为之折服。

climb into (v.+prep.)
  1. 进入 go into sth

    They found a taxi parked nearby and climbed into it. 他们找到了一辆停在附近的出租汽车,就上去了。

    At ten the household climbed into a car to go to church.10 点钟,全家人坐上汽车到教堂去做礼拜。

    A thin column of smoke climbed into the sky. 一缕轻烟徐徐升入空中。

    The year has climbed into summer. 时光已慢慢进入了夏季。

  2. 〈非正〉穿衣 have clothes on one's body

    The soldiers climbed into their uniforms at the sound of the warning bell. 士兵们一听到警铃就匆匆忙忙地穿上了衣服。

climb on (v.+prep.)
  1. 爬到…上 move onto sth higher by climbing

    I can give you a ride if you don't mind climbing on this load of boxes. 如果你不怕麻烦爬到这一大堆箱子的上面,我可以让你搭车。

  2. 赶浪头,效仿他人的成功做法 copy other people's successful actions

    While prices are rising so fast, many shops think they can climb on the bandwagon and raise their prices, too. 值此价格飞涨的时候,许多商店认为可以赶浪头提高商品价格。

climb out of (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 爬出 lift oneself out of a place by climbing

    The cat fell into the hole and couldn't climb out of it. 那只猫掉进洞里,爬不出来了。

    The man glanced the burglar climbing out of the window. 那人瞥见盗贼正从窗户里爬出来。

  2. 〈非正〉设法使自己不为受过,受责备 try to clear oneself of blame for sth

    But you were seen taking the book, now try to climb out of that one. 但是你拿书被人看见了,现在你得想法洗刷自己。

climb to (v.+prep.)
  1. 钻营,向上爬 carry favour with sb in authority for personal gain climb to sth

    The ivy climbed to the roof.常春藤爬上屋顶。

    The boy has climbed to the head of his class.这个男孩已经升到全班第一。

    He climbed to the heights of power in ten years.10年间,他爬到了权力的顶峰。

    From this humble beginning he climbed to a position at the very top.他从卑微的出身爬上了极高的地位。

    It was with the support of the reactionaries at home and abroad that this young minister climbed to the Golden Throne.由于国内外反动派的支持,这位年轻的大臣才登上了宝座。

climb up (v.+prep.)
  1. 向上爬,攀登 move upward by using both hands and feet climb up sth

    I expected we may climb up the mountains before noon.我希望我们在中午之前爬上山顶。

    Cats often find it easier to climb up a tree than to climb down.猫儿爬树往往是爬上去比爬下来容易些。

    The boy climbed up the tree like a monkey.这男孩像猴子般地爬上树去。

    The fireman gripped the railing to climb up.消防队员抓紧栏杆爬上去。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • John climbed to the topmost branches of the old ash tree.

    出自:A. Ransome
  • I climbed up the goat-paths.

    出自:J. Fowles

climb的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. climb的基本意思是“攀登,向上爬”,是指步行或用手脚(也可借助工具)向上攀登,也可指日月的上升。引申可表示在社会地位上“钻营”“向上爬”; 在非正式用语中可作“匆忙或费力地穿衣或脱衣”解,此时常与介词into连用; 也可指货币“增值”。
  2. climb用作及物动词时,可接名词或代词作宾语; 用作不及物动词时,可接down, on, out of和up等,表示动作的方向。
  3. climb up本身已有“向上”的含义,所以climb up中的up有时可以省略。
  4. climb中的字母b不发音。
n.(名词)
  1. climb用作名词时,表示“向上爬”的动作,通常只用于单数形式。引申可指“攀登处,陡坡”,也可指为追求名或利而向上爬。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
climb to, climb into
climb to的意思是“爬到或升到…”,强调位置; climb into的意思是“爬进”,强调动作。例如:
I climbed to the top of the mountain yesterday.我昨天爬到了山顶。
She climbed into the lifeboat.她爬进了救生艇。
climb, ascend, mount
这三个词的共同意思是“攀登”。其区别是:
climb指费力地攀登或上升; ascend是正式用语,多用于指登至极高的地方; mount指向上登的过程,尤指上马等一次跳跃的动作。例如:
It took me almost three hours to climb the steep hill.我花了几乎三个小时才爬上这座陡峭的山。
He ascended the stairs.他登上了楼梯。
The soldiers stood beside their horses, waiting for the order to mount.士兵们站立在马的旁边,等待上马的命令。
He mounted his horse away.他骑上他的马走了。
climb, crawl
这两个词的共同意思是“爬”。其区别是:
climb是指“用手脚攀登”,一般用于垂直地或倾斜地向高处爬; 而crawl一词是水平地“顺地爬,蠕动,匍匐前进”的意思。例如:
After many attempts to climb it, the mountain was finally conquered〔overcome〕 in 1985.经过多次努力攀登,这座山终于在1985年被征服了。
The baby crawled across the room.那个婴孩从房间的这边爬到那边。
climb, scale
scale和climb都指攀登。scale仅指身体的动作,特别是为了越过障碍而采取的艰苦动作; climb强调吃力地或曲折地向上运动。
ascend climb mount
这些动词均含有“攀登,上升”之意。
  • ascend:ascend正式用词,指不用手攀,一直上升直到相当高的地方。
  • climb:climb普通用词,含义广泛,侧重运用手足费力地攀登或上升,也可指抽象事物。
  • mount:mount书面用词,词义与ascend相近,强调连续不断地向上移动、攀登或上涨。指骑马时用mount。
creep climb crawl
这些动词都有“爬”之意。
  • creep:creep多指人或四足动物匍匐爬行,尤指偷偷地或不出声地缓慢向前爬行。也指植物的蔓延生长等。
  • climb:climb通常指用手或足爬上或爬下,也指飞机、日、月的上升,还可用作比喻。
  • crawl:crawl指人或动物以身躯贴着地面缓慢地移动。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 他迅速地爬进树上茂密的枝叶中。

    He climbed quickly on a tree.

    He climbed quickly into a tree.

    这里不用介词on,而用介词into,是因为进入了茂密的枝叶之中。同时, on a tree通常是指固定的东西,如果实和树叶。

  2. 我们乘缆车到了山顶。

    We climbed the peak by cable car.

    We went up the peak by cable car.

    climb表示“爬,登”,一般指用步行方式或手脚并用; 用其他方式或工具(如“车载”)时,用go up。

  3. 我们忘了带钥匙,只好爬过大门。

    We forgot our key so we had to climb off the gate.

    We forgot our key so we had to climb over the gate.

    表示“翻越”“爬过”时, climb需接 over ,不能用off。

  4. 我们明天打算去爬山。

    We are going to climb tomorrow.

    We are going climbing tomorrow.

    表示体育或娱乐活动,应说go+ v -ing,而不用go+to- v 。

  5. 你爬上树去看一下打架的情况。

    You climb the tree to see the fight.

    You climb tree to see the fight.

  6. 他想吃到果子就必须爬上那棵长满果子的树。

    He that would eat the fruit must climb tree.

    He that would eat the fruit must climb the tree.

    在说“爬树”时,如果不指明爬什么树或爬哪棵树,则不用冠词,只说climb tree; 但如果特指,则要加冠词。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自中古英语的climebn;最初源自古英语的climban,意为抓住,爬。

climb的相关资料:

正版词典

climb : 向高处爬, ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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  • climb:climb v. 攀登, 爬n. 攀登, 爬习惯用语at the climb (黑话)当飞贼; 专干从屋顶侵入盗窃的勾当on the climb 有迁升的希望climb aboard [美]上车…

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