surprise

  基本词汇  
[sə'praɪz]     [sər'praɪz]    
  • n.惊奇;惊喜;惊讶;突然
  • vt.使惊奇;使惊喜;突然袭击;惊讶地发现
surprising surprisingly surpriser
new

surprise是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 惊奇,意外,吃惊,诧异,惊恐 ,惊骇
  2. 意外的事,使人惊讶的事,意想不到的消息
  3. 奇袭, 突然袭击,偷袭
  4. 喜出望外
  5. 意外的礼物
v.(动词)
  1. 使感到意外,使惊奇,使吃惊,吓
  2. 乘不备时设法得到, 乘对方不备使其做某事
  3. 当场捉住, 当场逮捕
  4. 突然袭击,出其不意地袭击,突袭占领
  5. 从其得到某信息等
  6. 出其不意地使做...
  7. 忽然发现,意外发现
  8. 使措手不及
  9. 突然拜访

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 使惊奇,使诧异 give a feeling of surprise to
  2. vt. 意外地发现,撞见 find or catch when unprepared
n.(名词)
  1. [U] 惊奇,惊讶 feeling caused by sth happening suddenly or unexpectedly
  2. [C] 令人吃惊的事物 event or thing that causes this feeling

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
surprise : 使 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
surprise : 使 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
surprise : 使 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
surprise : 突击, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the astonishment you feel when something totally unexpected happens to you

  2. a sudden unexpected event

  3. the act of surprising someone

Verb:
  1. cause to be surprised;

    "The news really surprised me"

  2. come upon or take unawares;

    "She surprised the couple"
    "He surprised an interesting scene"

  3. attack by storm; attack suddenly

surprise的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. John turned around and looked at me in surprise.
    约翰转过身来,惊奇地望着我。
  2. It was a great surprise to learn of her marriage.
    得知她结婚是一件十分令人惊喜的事。
  3. I tried to conceal my surprise when she said she was only 22.
    当她说她只有22岁时,我尽力掩饰自己的惊讶。
  4. I must say the news came as a total surprise.
    我得说这个消息来得太突然了。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. The news greatly surprised them.
    这消息使他们大为吃惊。
  2. It won't surprise me if they get married very soon.
    即使他们很快就结婚,我也不会感到意外。
  3. It may surprise her greatly to know that Frank has come back from Paris.
    要是知道弗兰克从巴黎回来了,她会惊喜万分的。
  4. The army attacked at night to surprise the rebels.
    军队在夜间发起攻击,把反叛者打了个措手不及。
  5. A teacher surprised the boys smoking cigarettes.
    一位老师惊讶地发现那些男孩子居然在抽烟。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He may surprise us all yet.
    他总有一天会让我们大家惊奇。
  2. This of course surprised us all.
    这自然使我们都很惊奇。
  3. His enrollment as a member of the cricket club surprised us very much.
    他成为板球俱乐部的成员使我们十分惊讶。
  4. The next contestant surprised me. She made 139 jumps in half a minute.
    下一个参加跳绳比赛的人使我吃惊,她在半分钟之内跳了139下。
  5. Her calmness at reception of the bad news surprised us.
    她接受那个坏消息时的平静态度令我们吃惊。
  6. The police surprised a burglar breaking into a store.
    警察意外地发现了一名盗贼闯入一家店铺。
  7. They surprised the animals at their food.
    他们乘那些动物吃食时突然袭击了它们。
  8. We surprised the enemy while they were still sleeping.
    在敌人还熟睡时,我们突然袭击了他们。
  9. 用于be ~ed结构
  10. Why are you surprised?It's proper that his wife should inherit all of his money.
    你为何觉得惊奇?他的妻子继承他的全部财产是合理的。
It ~s/ed+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. It surprised me to see so many people there.
    在那里看到那么多人使我感到意外。
It ~s/ed+ n./pron. +that-clause
  1. It surprised them that she was such a fine swimmer.
    她游得这么好,使他们都很惊奇。
S+be ~ed+to- v
  1. I'm surprised to hear you say that.
    听你这样讲,我感到吃惊。
  2. We were surprised to see how welcome they were in the countryside.
    我们惊奇地看到,它们在农村那么受欢迎。
  3. I was surprised to find that he knew nothing about the subject.
    我惊奇地发现,他对这个题目竟一无所知。
  4. The old man was quite surprised to find in the envelope a ten yuan note.
    老人十分吃惊地发现信封里装着10元钱。
S+be ~ed+that-clause
  1. I'm surprised that you should think this way.
    我感到奇怪的是你竟这样想。
  2. I'm surprised that you didn't get a bawling from your wife.
    我很惊奇你妻子没对你大吵大叫。
  3. I am surprised that you should press the suggestion.
    我很奇怪,你这样坚持提这个建议。
  4. Everyone was surprised that Jim didn't jump at his father's offer of a partnership.
    对于吉姆不急于接受他父亲让他合伙干的建议,大家都感到惊奇。
  5. I'm surprised that Mary's late.She's usually so prompt.
    我没料到玛丽迟到了,她平时做事总是很干脆的。
S+be ~ed+wh-clause
  1. I was surprised why he came here so early.
    他为什么到这里那么早,我很惊奇。
  2. I wouldn't be surprised if he changed his mind.
    如果他改变主意,我不会感到惊讶。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +(as) v -ing
  1. We returned early and surprised the burglars searching through the cupboards.
    我们回来得早,没想到正好撞见有贼在偷柜子里的东西。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. I'll never forget his surprise when we told him.
    我永远不会忘记我们告诉他时他所表现出来的惊讶表情。
  2. The truth must be elicited by surprise.
    必须出其不意,才能套出真情。
  3. Surprise, surprise! It's me! I'm back!
    想不到吧!是我!我回来了!
  4. He heard the news without surprise.
    他听到这消息后并不感到惊奇。
  5. Mr. Small showed no surprise at the news.
    斯摩尔先生对那条消息并不感到惊奇。
  6. His surprise was visible.
    看得出来,他很惊奇。
  7. He turned pale with surprise.
    他惊奇得脸色都变苍白了。
  8. I noticed with surprise that the house had not been repainted and the garden tidied up.
    我惊异地注意到房子没有重新油漆,花园也没有整理。
  9. His eyes shone with surprise and joy.
    他的两眼流露出又惊又喜的神情。
  10. She came to me with a look of surprise.
    她带着惊讶的神色走到我这里来。
  11. Jack stared at me in surprise.
    杰克惊异地打量着我。
  12. She looked at me in surprise when I suggested that the story might not be true.
    当我表示这个故事也许不真实时,她惊异地瞧着我。
  13. I asked in surprise why she had not stayed in the hospital.
    我惊异地问她为什么不住在医院里。
  14. I got a big surprise.
    我大吃一惊。
  15. What a nice surprise!
    多么好的一件惊喜事!
  16. She gave them a surprise by arriving early.
    她来得早,使他们感到很突然。
  17. Your letter was a pleasant surprise.
    没有想到会收到你的信,真高兴。
  18. I was prepared for a surprise by my cousin's mysterious letter.
    我的表哥突然来一封神秘的信,不过我思想上早有准备。
  19. I don't like surprises.
    我不喜欢碰上意想不到的事情。
  20. We've had some unpleasant surprises.
    我们得到了一些令人不快的意外消息。
  21. I have a surprise for you.
    我有一件你想不到的事告诉你。
  22. She said to him after dinner,“I've got a surprise for you”。
    宴会后她对他说:“我给你带来了一件你意想不到的礼物。”
  23. His visit was a great surprise to me.
    他的来访使我大为惊奇。
  24. It was a complete surprise to me.
    这对我完全是件意外的事。
  25. His resignation came as a complete surprise to his staff.
    他的辞职对手下工作人员来说是十分意外的。
  26. Philip was conscious that his failure was a surprise to no one but himself.
    菲利普知道他的失败,除了他自己外,对别人都是意料中的事。
  27. We have some surprises in store for you.
    我们有几件使你吃惊的事情要告诉你。
  28. The news of his promotion came as a surprise to Mr. Talbert.
    塔尔伯特先生听到了自己晋升的消息感到意外。
  29. Your visit will be a surprise to the family—they do not expect you.
    你的来访会使全家人感到意外——因为他们没想到你会来。
  30. She gave a surprise party.
    她举办了一次出人意料的宴会。
  31. Lanny came home for the weekend, and found a surprise letter.
    兰妮回家度周末,发现一封意想不到的信。
  32. I didn't know it was a surprise packet—I found a coin in the sweets!
    我真没想到——糖果里竟藏了一枚硬币。
  33. The President paid today a surprise visit to two Medicare patients.
    总统今天突然去看望了两位享受医疗保险的病人。
  34. They determined to attempt a surprise.
    他们决定采用奇袭。
  35. The troops were told to stand by for a surprise attack.
    部队受令准备突然袭击。
  36. This surprise attack put me in a fix.
    这一突如其来的打击使我陷入困境。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
surprise at (v.+prep.)
  1. 对…惊讶 give a feeling of surprise to sth be surprise at sth/(sb's) v-ing 用于 be ~ed 结构

    There is nothing to be surprised at.没有可以惊奇的地方。

    You don't look very surprised at the news of his failure.你听到他失败的消息似乎并不感到怎么意外。

    I was surprised at hearing him say so.我听到他这样说很吃惊。

    We were surprised at finding the house clean, bright and spacious.我们发现房子又干净又豁亮感到惊奇。

    She was very much surprised at his coming at all.他居然来了,她非常惊讶。

surprise by (v.+prep.)
  1. 以…使(某人)惊奇 give a surprise of (sth unexpected) by doing sth surprise sb by sb/sth/v-ing

    I surprised everyone by wearing a terrible mask.我带了一副可怕的面具,使大家受惊了。

    He surprised us by producing from his pocket a five-pound note.他从口袋中取出一张5英镑的纸币,这使我们感到意外。

    The magician surprised the audience by producing from under his hat a rabbit.魔术师从帽子下面拿出了一只兔子,使观众感到惊奇。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    They were surprised by this strange noise.这奇怪的声音使他们很吃惊。

    She was much surprised by the news.那条消息使她大吃一惊。

    We were surprised by his success.我们因他的成功而感到惊奇。

surprise into (v.+prep.)
  1. 以出其不意的方式促使…进行 force (sb) into (action or doing sth) by surprising surprise sb into sth/v-ing

    With an unexpected question, the clever lawyer surprised the prisoner into admission of his guilt.聪明的律师以一个预想不到的问题迫使犯人承认了他的罪行。

    Her sudden question surprised him into betraying himself.她突然提出的问题使他原形毕露。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The prisoner was surprised into admitting his guilt.有人使囚犯无意中承认自己有罪。

surprise out of (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 出其不意地使某人说出某事 force (sb) to say sth by surprising surprise sth out of sb

    The court surprised a confession out of the defendant.法庭冷不防使被告招了供。

    They surprised the secret of the murderous past out of the hypocrite.他们出其不意地使那个伪君子说出了他杀人的往事。

    The judge surprised the facts out of the witness.法官使证人冷不防地吐出了真情。

surprise with (v.+prep.)
  1. 用…使(某人)惊奇 give a surprise of (sth unexpected) with sth surprise sb with sth

    They surprised us with a visit.他们突然来访使我们大感意外。

    He surprised us with his knowledge of the locality.他对那个地方的熟悉使我们感到惊奇。

    Let's surprise her with a birthday party!让我们给她办个生日聚会,叫她感到惊讶!

    Her daughter surprised her with a full mark in a math examination.她女儿的数学考试得了满分,叫她感到惊奇。

用作名词 (n.)
(much/greatly) to one's surprise
  1. 使某人惊奇的是 not expect sth is to happen

    To our great surprise, he won the prize. 使我们感到十分惊奇的是他得了奖。

    To my surprise, the door was unlocked. 使我惊奇的是,门竟然没锁。

    To my surprise,Premier Zhou Enlai himself showed up at our meeting. 使我惊奇的是,周恩来总理竟然亲自出席了我们的会议。

    Much to my surprise it had stopped raining by the time I wanted to go out. 我想出去的时候,雨就停了,使我大为惊奇。

take by surprise
  1. 出其不意或毫不预示地攻击、捕获 attack, capture, etc. sb/sth unexpectedly or without warning take sb/sth by surprise

    The policeman took the burglar by surprise as he opened the window.当夜盗开窗时,警察冷不防地捉住了他。

    The town was well defended so there was little chance of taking it by surprise.该城防守严密,万难袭占。

    The invaders took the town by surprise.入侵者突然袭击,攻下了那座城。

    The fort was taken by surprise.那堡垒出其不意地被攻占了。

  2. 使某人吃一惊 happen unexpectedly, so as to shock sb slightly take sb by surprise

    The news took me by surprise.这消息使我大吃一惊。

    His sudden appearance took us quite by surprise.他的突然出现使我们非常惊讶。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Government troops..crushed Pancho Banderas..in a surprise attack.

    出自:Ottawa Journal
  • His father had bought a..radio for the trip, so they would not be surprised by weather.

    出自:T. McGuane

surprise的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. surprise的基本意思是“使惊奇”,指未曾预料的或空前的事物使人产生某种惊讶感或诧异感,强调始料不及或缺乏准备,引申可表示对未做防范的人采取行动或揭露其试图掩盖的事实。用于军事上可指袭击,但不表示是否袭击成功。
  2. surprise是及物动词,其宾语常是人称代词。接名词、代词或以现在分词充当补足语的复合宾语。
  3. surprise后接介词at表示“对…感到惊讶”; 后接介词from表示“出其不意使…说了”; 后接介词into表示“出其不意地使人…”; 后接介词with表示“以…使(某人)惊奇”。
  4. surprise的现在分词和过去分词都可用作形容词,在句中作表语或定语。surprise的现在分词作表语时含主动意义,主语一般是物。常采用以it作形式主语的结构,其真正主语由that引出。surprise的过去分词作表语时含被动意义,主语一般是人,后接由介词at引导的短语、动词不定式或that/wh-从句,表示“对…感到惊奇”。
n.(名词)
  1. surprise表示“惊奇,惊讶”,用作不可数名词; 表示“令人吃惊的事物”,用作可数名词。
  2. surprise在句中还可用作定语。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
surprising, surprised
surprise的现在分词和过去分词都可用作形容词,在句中作主语或表语,但两者含义不同:surprising指施加影响于人,使人产生惊讶的情绪; 而surprised指人受到外界影响而产生惊讶的情绪。
surprise, startle, wonder
这组词都有“惊异”“震惊”的意思。其区别在于:wonder指对异常现象或难以解释的事感到“惊讶”或“疑惑”; surprise是普通用词,表示各种各样的惊讶; startle指因没有提防而“大吃一惊”或“吓了一跳”。
surprise, alarm, amaze, astonish
这组词共同的意思是“惊异”“震惊”,它们之间的区别是:
1.surprise语气最强, alarm次之, astonish更次之, amaze最弱。
2.在使用场合上:surprise指对事出突然或意外而“惊奇”“惊愕”甚至“震惊”; alarm指由于某种危险或不祥之兆而“惊恐”; astonish指事情的发生不可思议而“难以置信”; amaze指对不太可能的事或根本不可能发生的事而感到“迷惑不解”。
surprise, ambush, waylay
这三个词的共同意思是“突然袭击”。其区别在于:surprise指趁对方出其不意时突然发动攻击,也指在对方没有料到时突然出现; ambush指游击战时在灌木丛中埋伏以便伏击敌人,引申指类似遭到伏击的情况; waylay指潜伏在路边伺机伏击或拦路抢劫,也可指在路上拦住某人说话。
surprise amaze astonish astound startle stun
这些动词均含“使惊愕,使惊讶,使惊奇”之意。
  • surprise:surprise普通用词,多指因未预料或意外的事而引起的惊奇之感。
  • amaze:amaze语气较强,指因认为不可能或极少可能发生情况的出现而感到惊讶或迷惑不解。
  • astonish:astonish语气较强,指出乎预料,意外发生,但又无法解释而感到惊奇。
  • astound:astound语气强,指由于事情令人难以置信或实在罕见而使人感到震惊。
  • startle:startle指因突然的惊吓或意料不到的刺激等而使人惊跳或震惊。
  • stun:stun语气最强,指极度惊讶而目瞪口呆,不知所措。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 他的去世使我们很吃惊。

    His death was surprising to us all.

    His death surprised us all.

    surprise为及物动词,表示“令…吃惊”,可以直接加宾语。

  2. 听到那消息,我们很吃惊。

    We are surprising to hear the news.

    We are surprised to hear the news.

    surprising为现在分词作形容词表主动,说明主语的性质。surprised为过去分词作形容词表被动,具有“由于…原因而惊骇”的意思,常跟动词不定式或at+sb's/sth v -ing。

  3. 我对他在聚会上的举动感到吃惊。

    I was surprised with his behavior at the party.

    I was surprised at his behavior at the party.

    表示“对…感到吃惊”,应该说 be surprised at,而不能说 be surprised with。

  4. 他在20天内写完了一本小说,真令人吃惊。

    It was surprised that he finished writing a novel in only twenty days.

    It was surprising that he finished writing a novel in only twenty days.

    surprised 表示“感到吃惊的”,其主语应该是人,而 surprising 表示“令人吃惊的”,其主语应该是物或某件事情。所以误句中的 surprised 应改成 surprising。

  5. 关于对儿童施加暴行的新闻报道使人们感到震惊。

    The newspaper report of an outrage against the children surprised the public.

    The newspaper report of an outrage against the children shocked the public.

    surprise 侧重于表示“出人意料而使人感到惊讶”,语气较弱。汉语中的“震惊”,在英文中是 shock,这个词的意味远比 surprise 强。

  6. 听到你这么说,我真觉得奇怪。

    I surprised to hear you say that.

    I am surprised to hear you say that.

    当surprise作及物动词表示“使惊奇”“使震惊”时,它后面可直接跟宾语,但要表示“某人对某事感到惊奇”,往往采用 be surprised to- v 的系表结构, surprised是过去分词,在句中作表语。

n.(名词)
  1. 令我吃惊的是他得奖了。

    In my surprise, he won the price.

    To my surprise, he won the price.

    to one's surprise是固定用法,意为“令人吃惊的是”。

  2. 使我吃惊的是,他只用几天时间就完成了这项工作。

    To my surprised, he managed to finish the work only in a few days.

    To my surprise, he managed to finish the work only in a few days.

    “使某人吃惊的是”,英文是“to one's surprise”, to 是介词,所以后接名词。

  3. 听到这消息,他脸上露出惊异的神情。

    His face showed surprises at the news.

    His face showed surprise at the news.

    surprise表示“惊奇”时为抽象名词,不可数。

  4. 有一件你想不到的事告诉你。

    Here is surprise for you.

    Here is a surprise for you.

    surprise表示“使人惊异的事或东西”时,用作可数名词,可在前面加不定冠词a。

词源解说

  • ☆ 16世纪中期英进入语,直接源自古法语的surprendre:sur (过) + prendre (超),意为超过某人;最初源自古典拉丁语的prendere,意为抓住,获取。

surprise的相关资料:

正版词典

surprise : 突然,意外 ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...
surprise : 令人惊奇的 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • surprise:简介专 辑:Surprise 歌 手:S.E.S 语 言:韩文 日 期:2002.04.24 其它 【01】Sweety Humming 【02】Believe In Love 【03】Love is…

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