sit

  基本词汇  
[sɪt]     [sɪt]    
  • v.坐;栖息;使就座
  • n.坐;栖息
sat sat sitting sits
new

sit是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 坐(着),(使)就座(常与反身代词连用),蹲坐
  2. 开会
  3. 开庭
  4. 骑(马),骑乘
  5. 合身
  6. 栖息
  7. 调平(小船)
  8. 占有席位
  9. 憩息
  10. 当委员
  11. 进窝,伏窝
  12. 孵蛋
  13. 坐落于,位于,处于
  14. 静坐示威
  15. 【军】扎营,驻扎
  16. 摆姿势而坐
  17. 当模特儿
  18. 可供...坐
  19. 成为负担
  20. 停滞在胃里
  21. 搁置不用
  22. 替人临时照看小孩
  23. 可坐得下
  24. <英>参加(考试)
  25. 担任
  26. 被放在
n.(名词)
  1. 坐马
  2. 坐着等候的时间
  3. 合身的程度
  4. 栖息

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. (使)坐 rest on the lower part of the body, with the weight off the feet
  2. vi. (动物或鸟)栖息; 伏窝 (of an animal or bird) be or go into a position with the tail end of the body resting on a surface

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
sit : 坐, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
sit : 坐 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Verb:
  1. be seated

  2. be around, often idly or without specific purpose;

    "The object sat in the corner"
    "We sat around chatting for another hour"

  3. take a seat

  4. be in session;

    "When does the court of law sit?"

  5. assume a posture as for artistic purposes;

    "We don't know the woman who posed for Leonardo so often"

  6. sit and travel on the back of animal, usually while controlling its motions;

    "She never sat a horse!"
    "Did you ever ride a camel?"
    "The girl liked to drive the young mare"

  7. be located or situated somewhere;

    "The White House sits on Pennsylvania Avenue"

  8. work or act as a baby-sitter;

    "I cannot baby-sit tonight; I have too much homework to do"

  9. show to a seat; assign a seat for;

    "The host seated me next to Mrs. Smith"

  10. serve in a specific professional capacity;

    "the priest sat for confession"
    "she sat on the jury"

sit的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. He sat at his desk working.
    他坐在桌子旁边工作。
  2. There is a sparrow sitting on a branch.
    有只麻雀栖在树枝上。
  3. Sit yourself down and tell us what happened.
    你坐下,告诉我们怎么回事。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Would you like a sit on the deck-chair?
    在躺椅上坐一会儿好吗?
  2. Chickens sit on a roost at night.
    鸡夜晚栖息在竿子上。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Let's sit together.
    让我们一起坐。
  2. Come and sit here.
    来坐这儿。
  3. Are you sitting comfortably?
    你坐得舒服吗?
  4. That hen wants to sit.
    那母鸡要孵蛋。
  5. There was a bird sitting on the branch.
    一只鸟栖息在树枝上。
  6. I'm going to sit tight till I hear what they are going to do next.
    在我未得知他们下一步的行动之前我将不采取行动。
  7. Parliament will sit in the autumn.
    国会将在秋天开会。
  8. In a fortnight the House will be sitting.
    两星期后议院就要开会了。
  9. The House of Commons was still sitting at 3 a.m.
    下议院凌晨三点还在开会。
  10. The rider sits well.
    这个骑手的骑术很好。
用作系动词 S+~+(as) n.
  1. He sat there (as) a guest.
    他坐在那边思考。
S+~+ adj./v -ed/ v -ing
  1. She sat motionless, waiting for their decision.
    她坐在那里一动不动,等候他们作出决定。
  2. She sat silent in her own room.
    她在自己的房间里一动不动地坐着。
  3. With profits up 150% the company is sitting pretty.
    这家公司业务很好,利润增加了150%。
  4. We sat cross-legged on the blanket-covered kang .
    我们盘腿坐在铺了毯子的炕上。
  5. The books sat unread on the shelf for years.
    这些书在书架上搁了许多年无人读过。
  6. She sat drinking her beer.
    她坐着饮啤酒。
  7. Don't just sit watching, come and help me!
    别只是坐着看,来帮我!
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. She sat the baby on the grass.
    她让婴儿坐在草地上。
  2. All of them will sit an exam.
    他们所有的人将参加考试。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
sit about〔around〕 (v.+adv.)
  1. 懒洋洋地闲坐sit doing nothing in particular sit about〔around〕

    I wish I could just sit about and dream.我要是能闲坐着做梦该多好。

    The children sat about on the grass.孩子们都闲坐在草地上。

    He just sits around and does nothing all day.他整天闲坐无所事事。

    Most people in this office just sit around with nothing to do.这办公室里的大多数人都坐在那儿无事可做。

    They seemed to spend most of their time sitting around in bars.他们似乎花了大部分时间在酒吧里闲坐。

    I got tired of sitting around waiting, so I went home.我懒得坐着空等,所以我就回家了。

sit at (v.+prep.)
  1. 坐,在…坐 rest in a position with the upper body upright and supported at the bottom of the back sit at sth

    He sat at his desk working.他坐在办公桌旁工作。

    The child is not big enough to sit at table yet.那孩子还小,不能上桌吃饭。

sit back (v.+adv.)
  1. 向后靠着坐; 宽舒地休息lean back while sittingHe sat back in his chair and looked at me.他靠坐在椅子上看我。

    Sit back and listen to this. 往后靠着坐,听这件事。

    Get on with the work, this is no time to sit back. 好好干活,没有时间坐着休息了。

    After a long walk, it's pleasant to sit back with a drink and look out at the view. 在长途步行之后坐下来休息一下,喝点东西,看看外面的风景,实在愉快。

  2. 袖手旁观keep out of the way; become a spectatorDo you expect me to sit back and do nothing?你希望我袖手旁观啥也不管吗?

    They won't sit back and let you do it. 他们不会坐视不动让你干这件事儿。

    He just sat back while others were busy working. 别人忙着干活时,他却闲坐在那儿。

    He's the sort of person who never helps, just sits back and lets others work. 他就是这样一种人,别人工作,他只是袖手旁观,从来不去帮忙。

sit beside (v.+prep.)
  1. 坐在…的旁边 seat beside sit beside sb/sth

    He came over and sat beside me.他走过来坐在我旁边。

sit by1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 袖手旁观 look on with folded arms; look on unconcerned sit by

    Don't just sit by while the other children are all busy.别的孩子都忙着,你不要闲着袖手旁观。

sit by2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 坐在…的旁边 seat beside sit by sth

    We sat by the fire and chatted.我们坐在炉火旁聊天。

    She set the table and the two of them sat by the stove to enjoy a good hot meal together.她摆好桌子,两人就围着火炉吃起热腾腾的饭来。

sit down (v.+adv.)
  1. 坐下take a seat or a resting position after standing sit down

    Ask them to sit down.让他们坐下。

    After standing for so long, it was a pleasure to sit down and rest.站了那么久以后坐下来休息真是件美事。

    sit down to sth

    We sat down to a wonderful meal prepared by my uncle.我们坐下来享用我伯父准备的美餐。

    Both sides in the disagreement are prepared to sit down to long talks if necessary.如有必要的话,争执的双方都准备坐下来进行长时间的谈判。

    sit down with sth

    I can't sit down with that insult.我不能忍受那种侮辱。

sit for (v.+prep.)
  1. 参加(考试等) take part in (examination, etc.) sit for sth

    More students than ever before have sat for their law examinations this years.今年有比以往任何一年更多的学生参加法律考试。

    He sat for his examinations as a co-pilot.他参加了飞机副驾驶员的考试。

    She sat for a scholarship but failed to win it.她参加申请奖学金的考试但失败了。

sit in (v.+adv.)
  1. 照看look after sit in with sb

    He sits in with the patients while the nurse has a rest.他在护士休息时,照看病人。

  2. 代替replace sit in for sb

    He's sitting in for his friend today.他今天正代替他的朋友们。

    As the consul-general is away, one of the consuls is sitting in for him.由于总领事不在,一个领事代理他的工作。

  3. 静坐示威demonstrate by sitting in a place sit in at sth

    Some of the students are sitting in at the Faculty Office.有些学生在系办公室静坐示威。

    The students sat in at the administrative building to protest against racial discrimination.学生们在办公大楼静坐示威,抗议种族歧视。

    In protest against the wages cut, the workmen decided on sitting in at the factory.为了抗议降低工资,工人们决定在工厂里静坐示威。

  4. 出席,列席,旁听attend without taking an active part sit in

    We're having a conference and we'd like you to sit in.我们将举行一次会议,希望你来旁听。

    sit in on sth

    They decided to sit in on the discussion.他们决定听一下这次讨论。

    I'd like you to sit in on this meeting.我希望你旁听一下这次会议。

    When I was doing teaching practice, people often sit in on my lessons.我教学实习时经常有人听我的课。

    A group of foreign visitors came to sit in on our English class yesterday.昨天有一批外宾来听我们的英语课。

    We sat in on classes and had discussions with the students.我们听了课,并和学生进行了座谈。

    Friends of the band who give their support may sit in on practices.凡给我们乐队支援的朋友都可来听我们乐队的练习。

sit on1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 继续坐continue to sit sit on

    The group of demonstrators sat on till morning.这一批示威者一直坐到早晨。

    She sat on until someone agreed to help.她一直坐到有人同意帮忙了才了事。

sit on2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 把某事物搁置起来; 压下,压制; 迫害suppress; persecute sit on sb/sth

    The committee sat on him.委员会刁难他。

    We cadres are ordinary workers and not overlords sitting on the backs of the people.我们干部是普通劳动者,不是骑在人民头上的老爷。

    They are sitting on that particular idea.他们在压制那个特别的意见。

    Jenkins sat on those students' applications for a month.詹金斯把学生们的申请压了1个月。

    The shop has been sitting on my complaint for more than three months.这个商店已把我的投诉压了3个多月。

    It's time you had a reply.是不是那些家伙还压着你的信?现在是该他们答复的时候了。

    That big corporation tried to bribe the press to sit on the story.那家大公司企图贿赂新闻界把这方面的报道压下来。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    I don't like being sat on by the authorities.我不喜欢为当局所摆布。

  2. 守卫,保护guard; protect sit on sb/sth

    I'll sit on the stuff for a few days.我将看守几天东西。

  3. 坐落,位于 lie or rest sit on sth

    The clock has sat on that shelf for years.这钟在那座架子上已放置多年。

    The house sits high on a hill overlooking a lake.房子高高地坐落在俯瞰一片湖水的小山上。

  4. 骑墙 be fence-sitter sit on the fence

    Sitting on the fence will not do.骑墙是不行的。

    They sat on the fence during the dispute.在辩论时,他们两边都不参与。

  5. 占议席; 当代表 have a position in an official body sit on sth

    A number of distinguished professors sat on the committee.许多有名的教授都是该委员会成员。

    He used to represent the Democrats but he now sits on the council as an Independent.他过去一直代表民主党但现在却以独立党担任地方议会议员。

    Please don't ask me to sit on any more committees this year,I already have my face share of meetings.请不要再让我在今年担任更多的委员会委员了,我参加的会议已经够多了。

    This was only one of the many bodies on which he had sat during his life of public service.这只是他担任公职期间出任委员的许多机构之一。

sit out (v.+adv.)
  1. 在户外坐sit outside in the open air sit out

    They sat out until the sun went in.他们一直在户外坐到太阳钻入云层。

    Let's go and sit out, shall we?我们出去坐好吗?

  2. 出席直至完全结束attend by sitting until completely finished sit sb/sth ⇔ out

    They sat out the play.他们坐着看完演出。

    He sat out all the other guests.他一直留到其他的客人都离去。

    I decided to sit out the rest of the film,I wasn't especially enjoying it, but my friends were.我决定把电影看完。虽然我并不特别喜欢这个电影,但是我的朋友们喜欢。

    When I go to a concert I like to sit out the whole thing, and not to go home half way.当我去听音乐会时,我喜欢把节目听完而不愿半途退场回家。

    We had to sit a long speech out yesterday afternoon.昨天下午我们不得不把一个冗长的演说听到底。

  3. 不参加某种活动not take part in certain activities sit sth ⇔ out

    I'll sit this dance out.这场舞我不参加。

    May I sit this one out?我可以不跳这一场吗?

    Let's sit this one out, shall we?I'm afraid I tango very badly.咱们不跳这个舞好吗?我怕我的探戈舞跳得太糟。

    The general sat out the war in a nice safe office in the home base.这位将军呆在国内基地一个又安全、又漂亮的办公室中,直到战争结束。

    The injured left forward was compelled to sit out the rest of the play.受伤的左前锋只好退出比赛坐在一旁直到终场。

    He sat out the 2001 presidential campaign.他没有参加2001年的总统竞选。

sit round (v.+prep.)
  1. 围着…就座 be seated round sth sit round sth

    Let's sit round the table.让我们围桌而坐吧。

    They were all sitting round the fire.他们正围坐在炉火旁。

sit up (v.+adv.)
  1. (使)端坐(cause to) sit upright sit up

    He told the children to sit up and not slouch.他告诉孩子们坐直,别无精打采的。

    sit sb/sth ⇔ up

    She sat the baby up and tried feeding him.她让婴儿直坐着,然后试着喂他。

    The nurse tried now and then to sit me up while I was lying in bed in hospital.我住院期间,护士时常扶我坐起来。

    The little girl sat all her dolls up.这小女孩把她所有的“娃娃”都摆成端坐的样子。

  2. 晚睡,熬夜not go to bed until later than the usual time sit up

    We don't allow the children to sit up late.我们不允许孩子们熬夜。

    The doctor warned his patient not to sit up late at night.医生告诫他的病人晚上不要熬夜。

    sit up with sb

    The mother sat up all night with the sick child.母亲彻夜不眠守候着那生病的孩子。

    She sat up with her husband.她不睡而看护着她的丈夫。

    Mother, please don't sit up with me,I don't like to think that you're worrying about me.妈妈,请不要陪我熬夜,我不愿意想到你在为我操心。

    I sat up with her, discussing her problems.我一直陪她坐到深夜,谈论她的问题。

    sit up for sb

    She sat up for her husband.她不睡而等待她的丈夫。

    Mrs. Smith always sits up for her daughter no matter how late it may be.不管多晚,史密斯夫人总是不睡觉等候女儿回来。

    sit up into sth

    He sat up far into the night and studied.他熬夜学习到深夜。

  3. 〈口〉引起注意,用心听; 警觉,诧异,关注take notice sit up

    At first the boy had not seemed much interested in what the teacher was saying, but when the teacher called him, he began to sit up.起初那男孩子似乎对老师说的话不太感兴趣,但是当老师叫他的时候,他才开始用心听讲了。

    I call him a damned hypocrite and that made him sit up.我称他为十足的伪君子,这使他大吃一惊。

    These new crime statistics should make people sit up.这些新的犯罪统计数字应使人们大吃一惊。

sit with (v.+prep.)
  1. 帮助照料 help sb to look after sit with sb

    A neighbour's daughter sat with the children.一个邻居的女儿帮助照料孩子们。

  2. 对…合适; 被…接受 be fit for sth; be accepted sit with sb/sth

    The painting sits well with the rest of the room, doesn't it?这幅画和房间的其余部分很协调,不是吗?

    The decision did not sit well with the rest of the committee, who had voted against it.这一决定未被委员会的其余委员接受,他们投了反对票。

    How did your story sit with your mother?你编造的那一套你妈妈相信吗?

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+副词+介词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Volodya..was sitting on a wooden chair.

    出自:P. Fitzgerald
  • Gildas..was sitting at the piano.

    出自:I. Murdoch

sit的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. sit的基本意思是“(使)坐”,引申可表示“(动物)蹲”“(鸟类)停落”“(照相或画像时)摆好姿势”“(在议会中)担任职务”等。
  2. sit主要用作不及物动词,表示“坐着”的状态。sit也可用作及物动词,表示“使…坐下”,表示瞬间的动作,不可与表示一段时间的状语连用。
  3. sit还可用作系动词,后接名词、形容词、过去分词或现在分词作表语。
  4. sit可用副词充当宾语补足语。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
sit at, sit in, sit on
这三个短语均可表示“坐在某处”。其区别在于:
1.当宾语是table, desk时用介词at; 当宾语是chair, bench, sofa, branch, ground时用介词on; 当宾语是armchair时用介词in。
2. sit in与sit on的意思不同。试比较下面两句:
  • sit in the grass
  • 坐在草丛里
  • sit on the grass
  • 坐在草地上
3.作“作委员”“作陪审员”“搁置”解时用sit on; 作“静坐示威”解时用sit in; 作“列席”解时则用sit in on。
sit up for, sit up with
sit up for表示“不睡等(人)”时,含有“期待”的意味; sit up with表示“不睡陪伴(人)”时,含有“照顾”的意味。例如:
I shall be late getting back tonight, so please don't sit up for me.今晚我回来得迟,请不要等我了。
The nurse sat up with her patient all night.护士整晚不睡,照顾病人。
sit, seat
这两个词都有“坐”的意思。它们的区别是:seat作“使就座”解,是及物动词,一般和反身代词连用,或用于被动结构,强调坐在座位上, be seated是正式用语; sit 作“坐”解,与stand(站)相对,一般作不及物动词。例如:
Sit down, please.(请坐)。
此外, seat还有“可容纳若干人”的意思,而sit无此义。例如:
Don't just sit there watching—come and help me!别坐在那儿观看,过来帮帮我的忙吧!
The hall will seat 200.这大厅将能容纳二百人。
sit up, stay up, stop up
这三个短语均可表示“熬夜”。其用法区别在于:sit up和stay up常跟现在分词短语,表示伴随动作; 而stop up常跟动词不定式表示目的。例如:
They sat up all night discussing these questions.他们整宿没睡,讨论这些问题。
We stayed up until midnight talking about our work.我们谈论工作一直到深夜还没睡。
I stopped up to watch the match.我熬夜观看比赛。
下面两个句子的句法结构是不同的:
  • They sat talking all through the night.
  • 他们通宵地坐着谈论。
  • He sat in the armchair reading the news- paper.
  • 他坐在扶手椅里读报纸。
  • 第一句sat和talking结合紧密,直接连用,有些语法学家认为sat在这时是系动词, talking是主语补足语,也有些语法学家认为sat是不及物动词, talking是伴随状语,修饰前面的sat。而第二句中He sat in the armchair句意完全, reading the newspaper起状语作用,不可误认为主语补足语。
下面两个短语的意思相同:
  • sit at one's feet
  • sit at the feet of
  • 拜某人为师
下面两个句子的意思不同:
  • Shall we sit here for a moment?
  • 我们在这儿坐一会儿好吗?
  • Shall we sit down here for a moment?
  • 我们在这儿坐下歇会儿好吗?
seat sit
这两个动词均含“坐”之意。
  • seat:seat及物动词,常与反身代词连用,常用过去分词seated形式。
  • sit:sit多用作不及物动词,用作及物动词时,可与seat换用。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 那孩子尚小,还不能坐在桌旁。

    The child is not old enough to sit on the table yet.

    The child is not old enough to sit at the table yet.

    sit at the table表示“坐在桌子旁边”,而sit on the table则表示“坐在桌子上”。

  2. 他正在参加一场重要的考试。

    He is sitting an important examination.

    He is sitting for an important examination.

    be sit for sth 表示“参加某事”时, for不可省。

  3. 经理走进他的办公室,看到一个老人坐在椅子里等他。

    When the manager entered his office, he saw an old man sitting in a chair waiting for him.

    When the manager entered his office, he saw an old man waiting for him in a chair.

    可删去分词sitting。因为in a chair已足以表示老人“坐”在椅子里了。

  4. 昨天夜里你到几点才睡?

    How late did you sit last night?

    How late did you sit up last night?

    sit up 表示“熬夜”,为固定短语, up不能省。

  5. 她默默地坐着,等待他们的决定。

    She sat silently, waiting for their decision.

    She sat silent, waiting for their decision.

    “默默地”是描述句子主语的状态,而不是描述动词表现的动作,故应用silent作表语,而不是silently作状语。

  6. 请坐。

    Sit, please.

    Sit down, please.

    sit表示“坐”这一动作的状态,表示持续的动作。而sit down则表示“坐下”,表示瞬间的动作。

  7. 我没有椅子坐。

    I have not got a chair to sit.

    I have not got a chair to sit down.

    I have not got a chair to sit on.

    动词不定式修饰名词作后置定语时,该动词不定式与所修饰的名词是动宾关系。sit是不及物动词,接a chair时必须借助介词on。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的sitatn,意为坐下。

sit的相关资料:

正版词典

sit : 食物 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
sit : 坐,就座, ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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sit的相关缩略词,共有116

互动百科

  • sit:sit v. (使)就座, (使)坐 英英解释:动词sit:1. be seated同义词:sit down2. sit around, often unused3. take a seat同义词:s…

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