single

  基本词汇  
['sɪŋɡl]     ['sɪŋɡl]    
  • adj.单一的;单个的;特指某人或某物;单身的;单人的;单程的
  • n.单程票;单曲;单人房间;单身者;<美>一元纸币;(网球)单打比赛;(板球)一分打;(棒球)一垒打
  • v.挑选(一个)
singleness singled singled singling singles
new

single是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 单身的,独身的
  2. 单一的,单个的,个别的,单独的
  3. 唯一的,专一的
  4. 孤单的
  5. 【植】单瓣的
  6. 单人用的,一个人用的
  7. <英>单程的
  8. 单纯的
  9. 仅只一个的
  10. 单式的
  11. (无线电)单工的
  12. 单次的
n.(名词)
  1. 单身者,无伴侣者
  2. 单人房,单人舱,单程票
  3. 一个
  4. <英>单程票,一英镑纸币
  5. <美>一元纸币
  6. 【棒】一垒安打,单打,一垒手
  7. 【网球】单打比赛
  8. 【植】单瓣花
  9. 单曲,单曲唱片
  10. 单臂动作
  11. 单缸发动机,单缸(发动机)摩托车(或汽车)
v.(动词)
  1. 【棒】击出一垒安打,作一垒手,以一垒安打得(分),以一垒打护送(队友)
  2. 拣出,挑选(现通常与out连用)
  3. 选拔
  4. 单步行进
  5. 单独挑出
adv.(副词)
  1. 一个又一个地

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 挑选 select from others for special attention, etc.
n.(名词)
  1. [C] 单程票 a single ticket
  2. [U] 单打 s single run
adj.(形容词)
  1. 单一的,单个的 having only one part, quality; being only one

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
single : 单 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
single : 独 ...
在 《外教社人口学英语词典》 中查看更多...
single : 单个的, 单 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
single : 单一的, 专 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a base hit on which the batter stops safely at first base

  2. the smallest whole number or a numeral representing this number;

    "he has the one but will need a two and three to go with it"
    "they had lunch at one"

Adjective:
  1. being or characteristic of a single thing or person;

    "individual drops of rain"
    "please mark the individual pages"
    "they went their individual ways"

  2. used of flowers having usually only one row or whorl of petals;

    "single chrysanthemums resemble daisies and may have more than one row of petals"

  3. existing alone or consisting of one entity or part or aspect or individual;

    "upon the hill stood a single tower"
    "had but a single thought which was to escape"
    "a single survivor"
    "a single serving"
    "a single lens"
    "a single thickness"

  4. not married or related to the unmarried state;

    "unmarried men and women"
    "unmarried life"
    "sex and the single girl"
    "single parenthood"
    "are you married or single?"

  5. characteristic of or meant for a single person or thing;

    "an individual serving"
    "single occupancy"
    "a single bed"

  6. having uniform application;

    "a single legal code for all"

  7. not divided among or brought to bear on more than one object or objective;

    "judging a contest with a single eye"
    "a single devotion to duty"
    "undivided affection"
    "gained their exclusive attention"

Verb:
  1. hit a single;

    "the batter singled to left field"

single的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. The letter was written on a single sheet of paper.
    这封信只用一张纸写成。
  2. I'd like to have a single room, preferably, facing south.
    我想要一个套间,最好是朝南的。
  3. Every single child will receive a gift.
    每一个孩子都会收到一份礼物
  4. Freshwater is the single most precious element for life on earth.
    淡水对地球上的生命来说是最宝贵的一个要素。
  5. He can't stay single for a long time.
    他不会长时间保持单身的。
  6. A single room with a bath, if possible.
    如果可能,要一间带浴室的单人房。
  7. I need a single ticket to Paris tonight.
    我要一张今晚去巴黎的单程车票。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. There are two second-class singles to Leeds.
    有两张到利兹的二等的单程票.
  2. His first single topped the charts for six weeks.
    他的第一首单曲连续上榜六周并且名列前茅。
  3. I'm sorry. Mr. Smith, your request arrived too late to reserve a single.
    对不起,史密斯先生,您的订房要求来得太迟,单人房已经定完了。
  4. They organize parties for singles.
    他们为单身者组织聚会。
  5. I'd like to break this ten dollar bill into ten singles.
    我要把这张10元钞票换成10张。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. The teacher was reluctant to single out individual students for praise or blame.
    老师不愿挑出个别学生来给予表扬或者指责。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. They quoted 756 dollars for the single New York—London fare.
    他们对纽约到伦敦的单程机票开价是756美元。
  2. Two-second class singles to Leeds, please.
    请来两张到利兹的二等车厢单程票。
  3. He bore off the first prize in the men's singles.
    他获得男子单打冠军。
  4. The men's singles at Beijing last year were exciting.
    去年北京网球锦标赛男子单打打得真精彩。
  5. One £5 note and the other £5 in singles, please.
    请给我一张5英镑和五张一英镑的钞票。
  6. Evenings bring couples and singles for concert.
    夜晚引得成双成对和单身的男女去听音乐会。
用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. They desired their single son to become a pilot.
    他们想让他们的独生子当飞行员。
  2. The single child of a couple enjoys free medical care.
    独生子女享受公费医疗。
  3. She had screamed for half an hour and not a single person had come to her aid.
    她呼叫了半个小时,但没有一个人来帮助她。
  4. The president has not appointed a single black judge to the south.
    总统从未向南方委派过一个黑人法官。
  5. Hardly a single house was to be seen.
    几乎连一栋房子也见不到。
  6. Jane is coming to stay with us.Have we another single bed?
    简要来跟我们同住,还有单人床吗?
  7. A single spark can start a prairie fire.
    星星之火,可以燎原。
  8. Completely cured.Not a single spot on them.
    瞧!完全恢复了,在他们身上没有一点儿疤痕。
  9. The new furniture cost us every single penny we had.
    新家具花了我们所有的钱。
  10. There wasn't a single person on the beach.
    海滩上一个人影都没有。
  11. His single aim was to make money.
    他唯一的目标是赚钱。
  12. Papa would not permit the waste of a single drop of water.
    爸爸不允许浪费一滴水。
  13. You'd be surprised at the amount that boy can pack away in a single day.
    这个男孩子一天的饭量会叫你大吃一惊的。
  14. They covered 120 miles in a single night.
    他们仅一夜就走了120英里路。
  15. We can't afford wasting a single minute.
    我们连一分钟也不能浪费。
  16. Not a single one is omitted.
    没有一个人被遗漏。
  17. We have lumped all the advanced students into a single class.
    我们已把所有程度高的学生编成了一个班。
  18. Actors have to learn their lines by heart; they mustn't get a single word wrong.
    演员必须把他们的台词记熟,不得出一点差错。
  19. The single man was tired of instant noodles and ate out for a change.
    这个单身汉吃腻了方便面,于是下馆子换换口味。
  20. We could not understand why he went to so much trouble for a single nut.
    我们不理解为什么为了一颗螺帽他会费这么大事。
  21. Not a single boy in the class could get the problem out.
    班上没有一个学生解得出这道题。
  22. Not a single of speck cloud is to be seen.
    一朵云也看不见。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. Misfortunes never come single.
    祸不单行。
  2. Some roses are double; others are single.
    有些玫瑰是双瓣的,有些是单瓣的。
  3. Are you married or single?
    你是已婚还是单身?
  4. I wonder why he remains single.
    我纳闷为什么他不结婚。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
single out (v.+adv.)
  1. 挑出 select from others for special attention, etc. single sb/sth ⇔ out

    They were all to blame, why single him out for punishment?他们全都应该受到责备,为什么单单挑出他来受惩罚?

    Why have you singled this out for criticism?你为什么单挑这件事批评?

    He singled out in human nature the ugly elements to mock at.他挑选了人性中的丑恶成分来加以嘲讽。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Three other people were singled out for special praise.另外三人被挑选出来给予特别表扬。

    He was singled out to succeed his uncle.他被选出来继承他叔叔的产业。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词
用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词

经典引文

  • 'Refer to me as a bachelorette.' 'I think the term is swinging single now.'

    出自:M. Gordon
  • She lived in a condominium complex for singles.

    出自:D. Leavitt
  • Behold her, single in the field, yon solitary Highland lass.

    出自:Wordsworth
  • She was quite single and by herself, deriving from nobody.

    出自:D. H. Lawrence
  • His early sheep knowledge came back to him as he began to single out the ewe.

    出自:N. M. Gunn
  • When I talk to a group of people I always have to single one out and talk to him.

    出自:S. Plath

single的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. 形容词形式为signal,而动词形式为signalize。
v.(动词)
  1. single的基本意思是“选出”“挑出”,多指慎重地从若干人〔物〕中间挑选出适合要求的某一个人〔物〕。
  2. single只用作及物动词,常与副词out搭配使用。
n.(名词)
  1. single用作名词时,意思是“单程票”,是可数名词。
  2. single也可指网球的“单打”。
adj.(形容词)
  1. single的意思是“单一的,单个的”,指不伴随、不依傍、不参与其他事物。引申可指“单人的; 未婚的,独身的”等。
  2. single无比较级和最高级。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
single, choose, collect, elect, pick, select
这组词都指从若干事物或人中间“挑选出”适合要求、满足需要的事物或人。其区别在于:
1.pick可用于表示无需特别仔细的挑选、辨别的某种情况。例如:
My wife is going with me to help me pick out a new suit.我妻子和我一起去以帮我挑选一件新西装。
2.collect指有计划、有选择地“精选”。例如:
I like collecting stamps very much, and I've also collected many foreign stamps.我非常喜欢集邮,我还收集了许多外国邮票。
3.choose指判断和进行实际挑选,该词强调做决定过程中所下的决心,侧重于意志或判断。例如:
It is highly important for us to choose and train successors.对我们来说,挑选和培养接班人是十分重要的。
The students chose him as their monitor because they liked him.学生们选他做班长,因为他们喜欢他。
The greedy boy chose the largest apple in the dish.那贪心的孩子从盘中挑了一个最大的苹果。
You may choose from them the one you like best.你可从它们中间选出你最喜欢的一个。
They chose her a secretary.他们选择她做秘书。
He was chosen our team leader.他被选为我们的队长。
4.select强调在进行认真的考虑后,从很多的人或物中精选出最好的、最中意的。这是书面用语,有时具有庄严、正式的感情色彩。例如:
They selected a diamond engagement ring.他们挑选了一枚钻石订婚戒指。
Why didn't you select a nice subject?你为什么没选一个好题目?
Select the book you want.选你需要的书。
We selected her to represent us.我们选她作为我们的代表。
He selected the village as a base of operation.他选择了该村为试验基地。
He selected a pair of socks to match his suit.他为配他的那身衣服选了一双袜子。
5.elect所含的意思主要是指在一定的范围内,在有限的数量中,遵照一定的规章或法则,用投票或举手等表决方式,以多数为标准,选出代表或负责人。例如:
We elected the captain of our football team by a show of hands.我们举手选举我们的足球队长。
Only someone born in the United States can be elected as President.只有在美国出生的人才可以被选为美国总统。
The committee is made up of men and women elected by the people.委员会是由人民选出的人员组成。
6.single强调从若干人或物中慎重地挑出适合要求的人或物。例如:
He was singled out to succeed his uncle.他被选出来继承他叔叔的产业。
adj.(形容词)
single, only, sole
这三个词都有“唯一的”意思。其区别在于:
1.single的意思是“单一的,单个的”,指不伴随、不依傍、不参与其他事物。
2.only与单数可数名词连用时意思是“唯一的”,与复数名词连用时意思是“仅有的”。例如:
That is the only fault to be found with him.那是他身上挑得出来的唯一毛病。
We were the only women there.那儿的女生只有我们几个。
3.sole强调“单独的”,而且只考虑到单独的一个。例如:
The sole survivor of the crash was a little baby.这次撞车的唯一幸存者是一个婴儿。
He is the sales representative with sole responsibility for sales in the North East.他是负责东北地区销售业务的销售代表。
4.语义上, sole>single>only。
only single sole unique alone
这些形容词均可表示“唯一的”之意。
  • only:only普通用词,常可与sole换用,但侧重仅限于指定的人或物,而不需要更多。
  • single:single语气较强,强调仅此一个,再无第二个。
  • sole:sole语气强于only,指仅有一个或一群,只考虑这一个或这一群。
  • unique:unique非正式用词,侧重在一类中唯一无可匹敌、无与伦比的特征。
  • alone:alone着重专指某人或某物,而不是别的。
virgin maiden single
这些名词均含“未婚者,孤身一人”之意。
  • virgin:virgin通常指未婚者,贞洁未被玷污的人,或指婚烟关系尚未完成者。
  • maiden:maiden与virgin含义相近,但更着重年轻与未婚,或未曾发生过任何两性关系。
  • single:single指尚未结婚的人,但更多指终生不结婚的人。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 你为什么单单批评我?

    Why have you singled me up for criticism?

    Why have you singled me out for criticism?

    single out 是短语动词,作“挑出,选出”解,其中副词 out 不能由 up 替代。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1300年左右进英入语,直接源自古法语的sengle,意为一个,分开的;最初源自古典拉丁语的singulus,意为一个,单个,分开的。

single的相关资料:

正版词典

single : 单打;个人 ...
在 《外研社德语词典》 中查看更多...
single : 单一的,单 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

缩略词

single的相关缩略词,共有1

互动百科

  • single:single adj. 单一的, 单身的, 单纯的, 孤独的, 专一的, 个别的n. 一个, 单打, 单精度型vt. 选出vi. [棒]作一垒打 英英解释:名词single:1. a base hit…

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