rock

  基本词汇  
[rɒk]     [rɑːk]    
  • n.岩石;摇滚乐;困境
  • vt.使震惊;摇动;使动心
  • vi.来回摇动;跳摇摆舞
rockingly rocked rocked rocking rocks
new

rock是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 岩石,岩
  2. 礁石,暗礁,隐患,祸根,危险的事物
  3. 大石,岩块,<美口>石子
  4. 牢固的基础,支柱,靠山,庇护所
  5. 【地】矿石,矿砂
  6. <口>宝石,钻石
  7. <美俚>1块钱,1美元
  8. 冰糖,<主英>彩色硬棒糖
  9. <古>【纺】手工纺纱杆,锭子,锭子上的亚麻或羊毛
  10. 轻微摇摆
  11. 摇滚乐,摇滚舞
adj.(形容词)
  1. 摇滚乐的
v.(动词)
  1. 使剧烈震动,使震惊,使感动,使不安或苦恼
  2. 使轻轻摇摆,轻轻摇动,使摇晃
  3. 前俯后仰,发抖
  4. <喻>激动
  5. <口>奏摇滚乐,跳摇滚舞
  6. 【矿】摇洗(矿砂)

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [U]岩,岩层 part of the earth's crust
  2. [C]岩石,礁石 mass of this standing out from the earth's surface or from the sea
  3. [C]大石块,大圆石 large detached stone or boulder
  4. [U]摇滚乐 any of several styles of popular music which are based on rock and roll, usually , played on modern electrical instruments
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. (使)来回摆动 (cause to) move regularly backwards and forwards or from side to side
  2. vt. 使震惊; 使受震动 cause great shock and surprise to

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
rock : 岩石 ...
在 《外教社土木建筑英语词典》 中查看更多...
rock : 岩石 ...
在 《外教社地质学英语词典》 中查看更多...
rock : 摇摆, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
rock : 摇摆舞(曲 ...
在 《外教社戏曲舞蹈英语词典》 中查看更多...
rock : 岩石 ...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a lump or mass of hard consolidated mineral matter;

    "he threw a rock at me"

  2. material consisting of the aggregate of minerals like those making up the Earth's crust;

    "that mountain is solid rock"
    "stone is abundant in New England and there are many quarries"

  3. United States gynecologist and devout Catholic who conducted the first clinical trials of the oral contraceptive pill (1890-1984)

  4. (figurative) someone who is strong and stable and dependable;

    "he was her rock during the crisis"
    "Thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church"

  5. hard bright-colored stick candy (typically flavored with peppermint)

  6. a genre of popular music originating in the 1950s; a blend of black rhythm-and-blues with white country-and-western;

    "rock is a generic term for the range of styles that evolved out of rock'n'roll."

  7. pitching dangerously to one side

Verb:
  1. move back and forth or sideways;

    "the ship was rocking"
    "the tall building swayed"
    "She rocked back and forth on her feet"

  2. cause to move back and forth;

    "rock the cradle"
    "rock the baby"
    "the wind swayed the trees gently"

rock的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The ship struck on a rock and sank.
    船触礁沉没。
  2. The deer is standing on the edge of the rock.
    那只鹿正站在岩石的边缘。
  3. The 1970s were best known for rock music.
    20世纪70年代以摇滚乐而闻名。
  4. Their marriage is on the rocks.
    他们的婚姻濒于破裂
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. The news of the president's death rocked the nation.
    总统过世的消息震惊了全国。
  2. We will rock you with the poems of Keats.
    我们会用济慈的诗来感动你。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. He rocked back and forth in his rocking chair.
    他坐在摇椅里前后摇晃着。
  2. Con il coccodrillo balla il Rock!
    和蝾螈跳摇摆舞!

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Rock is hard.
    岩石是坚硬的。
  2. The house was founded upon a rock.
    这栋房子建在岩石上。
  3. They sat at a flat rock.
    他们坐在一块扁平的岩石上。
  4. He lifted the rock without effort.
    他毫不费力地举起了石头。
  5. They cut a passage through the solid rock.
    他们从磐石中间劈出一条路。
  6. There were some fine specimens of rocks and ores in the museum.
    博物馆里有些很好的岩石和矿石标本。
  7. There was danger from falling rocks.
    坠落的巨石造成了险情。
  8. The waterfall pours down over the rocks.
    瀑布从岩石上倾泻而下。
  9. They climbed up among the rocks.
    他们从山石间爬上去。
  10. Ocean waves are gradually eating away the coastal rocks.
    海浪正在慢慢地侵蚀着岸边的岩石。
  11. The gale drove the ship on to the rocks.
    大风把船刮到岩石上。
  12. The cargo ship struck against a rock and sank.
    货轮触礁沉没。
  13. He steered the boat carefully between the rocks.
    他小心翼翼地驾船在礁石之间穿行。
  14. That boy threw rocks at me.
    那个男孩向我扔石子。
  15. They threw rocks at her car.
    他们向她的汽车扔石子。
  16. Rock music has a strong beat and goes on repeating the same few simple phrases.
    摇滚音乐节奏强烈、一直重复几个简单而又毫无变化的节奏。
  17. Our plan is built on the rock.
    我们的计划有牢固的基础。
  18. Our unity is as firm as a rock.
    我们的团结坚如磐石。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The ship rocked in the squall.
    船在暴风中颠簸。
  2. The tower rocked under the impact of the hurricane.
    在飓风袭击下这座高塔摇晃得厉害。
  3. The comedian made the audience rock with laughter.
    滑稽演员使观众笑得前仰后合。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. She rocked the baby in her arms.
    她怀里抱着婴儿晃动。
  2. Stormy applause rocked the hall.
    暴风雨般的掌声震动了大厅。
  3. The waves rocked the boat.
    波涛使小船摇晃。
  4. The earthquake rocked the house.
    地震使房屋摇动。
  5. The explosion rocked the valley.
    爆炸声震撼山谷。
  6. The event rocked the solid beliefs they had never dreamed of questioning.
    这一事件动摇了他们从未想到要怀疑的坚定信念。
  7. His sudden death rocked the village.
    他的突然死亡震惊了全村。
  8. The news of the president's assassination rocked the nation.
    总统遇刺的消息震惊全国。
  9. He refused to meddle with anything that might rock the boat.
    他拒绝干预任何会破坏现状的事情。
  10. Even if you don't agree with me, you mustn't rock the boat at this difficult time.
    即使你不同意我的意见,你也不能在这困难的时刻制造麻烦。
  11. 用于be ~ed结构
  12. The building was rocked by the earthquake.
    那座建筑物因地震而摇动。
  13. Our boat was rocked by the waves.
    我们的船随浪颠簸。
S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. The young mother rocked her baby to sleep.
    年轻的母亲摇着她的婴儿入睡。
  2. The movement of the ship rocked us to sleep.
    船的摇晃使我们进入了梦乡。
其他 v -ing as Adverb.
  1. She sat in her chair, rocking gently backwards and forwards.
    她坐在椅中前后轻摇。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
on the rocks
  1. 触礁 (of a ship) wrecked on rocks

    The ship was on the rocks. 船触礁了。

  2. 濒于破裂,濒于破产 (of a marriage, business, etc.) in danger of failing; in a severe crisis

    Their marriage is on the rocks and they've decided to split up. 他们的婚姻已经破裂,他们决定分手。

    Simon's business has been on the rocks for some time and I understand he's going into liquidation. 西蒙的生意遇到经济困难已有一段时间,我想他即将进行清算。

    His plan ran on the rocks. 他的计划遭到失败。

    I was on the rocks at the moment. 当时我身上连一分钱都没有。

    In the brief space of time the company went on the rocks. 那家公司很快就破产了。

  3. 饮料加冰块未加水 of drinks served with ice cubes but no water

    Frank always drinks bourbon on the rocks. 弗兰克喜欢往烈性威士忌酒中放冰块喝。

用作动词 (v.)
rock between (v.+prep.)
  1. 在…之间摆动 sway between sth rock between sth

    The speedometer was rocking between 60 and 65.速度表在60与65之间摆动着。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ ~+名词 介词+~
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Her father..was 'the rock' on which the family rested.

    出自:Janet Morgan
  • He rocked himself back and forth in his sorrow.

    出自:J. Steinbeck
  • She pushed the pram, rocking it up and down.

    出自:H. E. Bates

rock的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. rock是物质名词,表示“石”。在英式英语中a rock指“一块岩石”或者“一块大石头”,约有一百斤重,不指那种三两重的小石头。不过,在美式英语中,a rock也可以指“一块小石头”的意思。
n.(名词)
  1. rock作“礁石”“巨石”解时,是可数名词,常用作复数形式; 作“岩,岩层”“摇摆舞,摇滚乐”解时,是不可数名词。
  2. rock还可作“小石头”解,主要用于美式英语中,是不可数名词。
v.(动词)
  1. rock的基本意思是“(使)来回摆动”,指物体在外力作用下来回摇摆,多指猛烈摇动将其高高抬起,并常含有塌落危险的意味。引申可表示为“使震惊”“使受震动”等。
  2. rock既可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词、代词作宾语; 用作不及物动词时,常与介词连用。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
rock, stone
这两个词都可表示“石头”。其区别是:
stone指体积较小的天然石块; rock指体积巨大的天然石块。例如:
The wall is made of stone.这堵墙是石头块砌成的。
He built his house on rock.他在岩石上建起了房子。
v.(动词)
rock, quake, quiver, shake, shiver, tremble
这组词都可表示由于震动或受刺激而引起的振动或颤抖。其区别是:
在表示因寒冷或恐惧而发抖时, shake, tremble, quiver和shiver常可互换。rock和shake强调外界因素所致, quake则强调自身因素引起。在摇动的幅度上, rock>quake>quiver>shiver。在摇动的频率上, shiver>tremble>quiver>rock。在程度上, quake最弱,几乎难以觉察。tremble强调无法克服性,而shiver则强调短暂性。用于指声音时, tremble只表示声音断断续续; quiver则指音调高低或声音强弱方面的颤抖。例如:
His hands were trembling〔shaking〕 from cold.他冷得两手直哆嗦。
He was quaking〔shivering〕 in his boots at the thought.他一想到这些就怕得发抖。
The ground quaked under his feet.大地在他脚下震动。
His insides quaked at the thought.想到这一点,他心里就发慌。
The pine needles were still quivering.松针还在抖动着。
A network of ripples quivered momentarily across the surface of the still pool.顷刻间平静的池面上轻轻地泛起一层涟漪。
She tried to steady her fingers, but they quivered uncontrollably.她想稳定住自己的手指,但它们不由自主地抖动不已。
The tower rocked under the impact of the hurricane.在飓风袭击下这座高塔摇晃得厉害。
The earthquake rocked the house.地震使房屋摇动。
He was trembling with rage.他气得发抖。
The whole house trembled as the train went by.火车经过时,整座屋子都在震颤。
Such thought may make you shiver at first.这种想法一开始会使你心惊肉跳。
rock stone gravel pebble
这些名词均含“石、石头”之意。
  • rock:rock普通用词,指构成地表最坚硬部分或突出于周围地面的巨大岩石,也可指石头或石块。
  • stone:stone普通用词,泛指井然的或经加工的各类石头,可大可小。
  • gravel:gravel集合名词,常指用于铺路的小石子和沙砾。
  • pebble:pebble多指海边、河边或沙中圆形的小卵石。
rock sway swing
这些动词均含“摇动”之意。
  • rock:rock多指猛烈地摇动或摇晃。
  • sway:sway主要指树枝等的来回摇动。
  • swing:swing指有规律地前后、上下摆动,也可指不停地转动。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1300年左右进英入语,直接源自古英语的rocc,意为石头。

rock的相关资料:

正版词典

rock : 裙子: hin ...
在 《外研社德语词典》 中查看更多...
rock : 摇摆舞;摇 ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...
rock : 地壳的坚硬 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

派生词

v.(动词)
  • rocky adj. 多岩石的,由岩石组成的; 坚如磐石的,坚硬的; 摇摆的;摇晃的

缩略词

rock的相关缩略词,共有28

互动百科

  • rock:介绍 ROCK究竟是什么,是一种精神,一种生活的态度,一种真实的行为,一种忘我的境界,一种想要超脱自我的自由。ROCK究竟是什么,每个人都有自己的定义,和为之付出的行动。因为喜欢。 解释另类,疯狂,重…

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