[reɪz]     [reɪz]    
  • n. 上升;增高;高地
  • vt. 升起;举起;饲养;提出;引起;筹集,募集
raiser raised raised raising raises



n. (名词)
  1. 增加,提高
  2. <美>加薪
  3. 加薪额
  4. 拱高路段
  5. 上升
  6. 升起,抬起
  7. 高起处,隆起处
  8. 【矿】天井
  9. 加价
  10. 加赌注
  11. 筹措,筹募
v. (动词)
  1. 提高,增加,提升,升高,升起
  2. 使复活
  3. 饲养
  4. 唤起,引起,引起
  5. 提出
  6. 种植
  7. 竖起,举起, 扬起,抬起,立起
  8. 集结
  9. 发出
  10. 养育
  11. 建起,建造,建立
  12. 使起立,起身,站立
  13. 捞起,打捞(沉船),使浮起
  14. 筹,招
  15. 增加赌注


v. (动词)
  1. vt. 提起,举起,竖起 lift; push or move upward
  2. vt. 增加; 提升 increase in amount, size, etc.; bring to a higher level, rank, or degree
  3. vt. 抚养 produce, cause to grow or develop, and look after (living things)
n. (名词)
  1. [C](工资,薪金的)提升,增加 a salary raise


  1. the amount a salary is increased;

    "he got a 3% raise"
    "he got a wage hike"

  2. an upward slope or grade (as in a road);

    "the car couldn't make it up the rise"

  3. increasing the size of a bet (as in poker);

    "I'll see your raise and double it"

  4. the act of raising something;

    "he responded with a lift of his eyebrow"
    "fireman learn several different raises for getting ladders up"

  1. raise the level or amount of something;

    "raise my salary"
    "raise the price of bread"

  2. raise from a lower to a higher position;

    "Raise your hands"
    "Lift a load"

  3. cause to be heard or known; express or utter;

    "raise a shout"
    "raise a protest"
    "raise a sad cry"

  4. collect funds for a specific purpose;

    "The President raised several million dollars for his college"

  5. cultivate by growing, often involving improvements by means of agricultural techniques;

    "The Bordeaux region produces great red wines"
    "They produce good ham in Parma"
    "We grow wheat here"
    "We raise hogs here"

  6. bring up;

    "raise a family"
    "bring up children"

  7. summon into action or bring into existence, often as if by magic;

    "raise the specter of unemployment"
    "he conjured wild birds in the air"
    "call down the spirits from the mountain"

  8. move upwards;

    "lift one's eyes"

  9. construct, build, or erect;

    "Raise a barn"

  10. call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses);

    "arouse pity"
    "raise a smile"
    "evoke sympathy"

  11. create a disturbance, especially by making a great noise;

    "raise hell"
    "raise the roof"
    "raise Cain"

  12. raise in rank or condition;

    "The new law lifted many people from poverty"

  13. increase;

    "This will enhance your enjoyment"
    "heighten the tension"

  14. give a promotion to or assign to a higher position;

    "John was kicked upstairs when a replacement was hired"
    "Women tend not to advance in the major law firms"
    "I got promoted after many years of hard work"

  15. cause to puff up with a leaven;

    "unleavened bread"

  16. bid (one's partner's suit) at a higher level

  17. bet more than the previous player

  18. cause to assemble or enlist in the military;

    "raise an army"
    "recruit new soldiers"

  19. put forward for consideration or discussion;

    "raise the question of promotions"
    "bring up an unpleasant topic"

  20. pronounce (vowels) by bringing the tongue closer to the roof of the mouth;

    "raise your `o'"

  21. activate or stir up;

    "raise a mutiny"

  22. establish radio communications with;

    "They managed to raise Hanoi last night"

  23. multiply (a number) by itself a specified number of times: 8 is 2 raised to the power 3

  24. bring (a surface or a design) into relief and cause to project;

    "raised edges"

  25. invigorate or heighten;

    "lift my spirits"
    "lift his ego"

  26. put an end to;

    "lift a ban"
    "raise a siege"

  27. cause to become alive again;

    "raise from the dead"
    "Slavery is already dead, and cannot be resurrected"
    "Upraising ghosts"



用作名词 (n.)
  1. The percentage of the pay raise equals the increase in prices.
  2. He got a raise in monthly wages.
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. The first thing that we did when we conquered the town was to haul down the enemy's flag and raise our own.
  2. The guesture might come from Rome, when people raise the right hand to show their extolling and respect for the empire.
  3. Many western countries raise and butcher a large number of beef cattle.
  4. I had asked everyone to raise questions in advance of the meeting.
  5. I wonder how he actually plucked up his nerve to raise that ridiculous question.
  6. Your speech and action will raise Cain.
  7. These two-way TV systems raise serious questions about privacy.


用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. When he saw the principal, he raised his hand in salutation.
  2. I'll raise both hands in favour of damming the river.
  3. From then on we raised our heads and became our own masters.
  4. Slowly he raised his bow and began to take aim at the bird.
  5. Raise the overturned lamp.
  6. The car raised a dust as it went by.
  7. They raised their output by more than half in less than three years.
  8. We must do everything we can to raise the people's living standards.
  9. None of them raised any objection.
  10. Why didn't you raise the question at the meeting?
  11. As no one raised his voice against the plan, it was agreed on.
  12. They decided to raise money by subscription.
  13. How were they going to raise enough money for it?
  14. They helped us to raise the 200,000 yuan fund for the school buildings.
  15. They are proud to have raised such a fine son.
  16. They increased their income by raising silkworms and so on.
  17. The old man likes raising rabbits, chickens, dogs and horses.
  18. They distinguished themselves by raising 180 kg of ginned cotton per mu last year.
  19. This will enable them to raise bigger crops.
  20. They raised five thousand chrysanthemums last year.
  21. According to the school regulation anyone who raises the devil on the school campus will be punished.
  22. The children are raising the devil in the next room, tell them to keep quiet.
  23. The disco party raised the roof until the small hours of the morning.
  24. He would raise the roof over her slightest mistake or shortcoming.
  25. What he said to me raised my hopes.
  26. They were all looking a bit miserable but Barry soon raised a laugh by telling a few jokes.
  27. Brenda's ambition is to get a supervisor's job, but I've raised my sights a bit higher than that.
  28. He raised a row when he found that someone had damaged the machine.
  29. Dad raised an awful stink when he saw what the children's cricket match had done to the lawn.
  30. Don't raise your voice to me!
  31. We all raised our eyebrows when we heard that two young men had beaten a tiger to death bare-handed.
  32. Many people raised their eyebrows at the news that their director had been removed from office.
  33. I think we should raise our glasses to our hostess.
  34. I raise my glass to the happy pair, wishing them a long life together.
  35. Ladies and Gentlemen, please raise your glasses to the bride and bridegroom.
  36. At the dinner, we all raised our glasses to the eighty-year-old man, wishing him a happy birthday.
  37. Don't you dare raise a hand to my son!
  38. Like all children, my boys were naughty when they were young, but I never raised a hand to them.
  39. He was good-tempered and never raised his hand to his children.
  40. 1
  41. The water level has been raised by 1.1 metres.
  42. The building was raised on level ground.
  43. That was the way he was raised.
  44. She was raised in Guangzhou.
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to be n./adj.
  1. We want to raise our children to be decent men and women.
  2. You raise your voice to be loud!
其他 v -ed as Attrib.
  1. Water raised by the electrified pumping stations poured into the terraced fields.
用作名词 (n.)
  1. He went to ask for a raise.
  2. The workers went on strike for a raise.
  3. The trade unions bargained away their rights in exchange for a small pay raise.


用作动词 (v.)
raise to (v.+prep.)
    提到; 提升到 heighten; promote
    raise sb/sth to sth

    She raised her finger to her lips as a sign of silence.


    She raised the fallen child to his feet.


    He was raised to the position of manager.


    His salary was raised to 2000 dollars a year.



用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词


  • Take my hand and raise me.

    出自: E. W. Lane



v. (动词)
  1. raise的基本意思是“向上动”“从低处向高处上升”,可指不太费力地将物体举向高处或将其从较低的平面移至较高的平面,也可指把某物垂直竖起来(即一头着地)。raise也常用于比喻,如提高政治觉悟、生活水平、物价、温度、声音、税率等。引申也可表示“筹集”“养大”“饲养”“种植”等。
  2. raise只用作及物动词,接名词、代词作宾语,偶尔也接以“to be+ n./adj. ”充当补足语的复合宾语。
n. (名词)
  1. raise用作名词时表示工资、薪金等的增加,是美式英语的用法,英式英语用rise表示。
  1. raise在美式英语中有“饲养,抚养”的意思,如 raise cattle(饲养牲口)和raise children(抚养孩子)。相对应的英式英语则是breed cattle和rear children;
  2. raise在美式英语中还有“增加”的意思,通常指工资等的上升,如a raise in/of salary。英式英语中习惯用rise或increase去替换该词;


v. (动词)
raise, rise
  • 这两个词都有“提高,上升,增加”的意思,但其用法不同。
  • 1.raise是及物动词,其主语通常是人; 而rise是不及物动词,其主语通常是物。例如:
  • I feel I must raise my voice against suggested changes in the law.我认为我必须对该法律所提出的修改条款提出反对。
  • The sun rises and bathes the earth.太阳升起,普照大地。
  • 2.raise和rise用于同一事物时含义不同。例如:
  • The price of TV sets has been raised re- cently.
  • 最近电视机提价了。
  • (政府或厂家主动行动)
  • The price of TV sets has risen recently.
  • 最近电视机提价了。
  • (市场调节)
  • raise, boost, elevate, enhance, exalt, grow, heighten, hoist, lift
  • 这组词都有“升,抬起,举高”“增加”的意思。它们的区别是:
  • 1.raise 含有使物体达到应有的高度的含义,可表示“升职”。
  • 2.elevate多是素质等方面提高。例如:
  • Reading good books elevates your mind.阅读好书能增进你的心灵修养。
  • The good news elevated everyone's spirits.这个好消息鼓舞了每个人的精神。
  • 3.而lift强调物体的沉重,暗示举起来需要很大力量。通常只用于指克服重力“提升”某一具体事物。例如:
  • This window will not lift.这个窗户推不上去。
  • The low clouds began to lift.低空的云开始上升。
  • He lifted a heavy stone.他举起了一块重石。
  • 4.exalt一般用于指“提高”职位或地位,是正式用语。例如:
  • The manager exalted many of his friends.经理提拔了他的许多朋友。
  • She thanked the President to exalt her.她感谢总统提拔她。
  • 5.boost指在数量上或力量上的提高或增加。例如:
  • It is reported that they will boost the price of crude oil by another 30 yuan a barrel for exportation.据说他们要把出口的原油价格每桶又提高30元。
  • 6.enhance是指在原有基础上增进价值、力量等。例如:
  • A beautiful garden enhances the appearance of a house.有个美丽的花园可使房屋更美丽。
  • The growth of a city often enhances the value of land close to it.城市的发展常常会提高其附近的地价。
  • 7.heighten指在程度、强度方面加强或提高,可用于精神或物质方面。例如:
  • This only heightens our admiration.这只能使我们更加敬佩。
  • The building had been heightened by the addition of the second storey.这幢楼房从两层楼往上又加高了一层。
  • 8.grow在作不及物动词时,表示体积、重量、长度、高度等增长。例如:
  • Babies grow very quickly.小孩长得很快。
  • The crops are growing well.庄稼长势很好。
  • Plants can't grow without water.没有水植物不能生长。
  • 9.hoist指用机器将重物吊起。例如:
  • The sailor hoisted the cargo on board.水手们用机器把货物装在船上。
  • raise, bring up, grow up, rear
  • 这组词(组)都有“抚养、饲养”的意思。其区别在于:
  • 1.raise是非正式用语,英式英语中指“养动植物”,美式英语中指“抚养人”。
  • 2.rear在英式英语中指“抚养人”,在美式英语中指“养动植物”,既指“从小养到大”,也指“教养”,是正式用语。例如:
  • The mother reared her children wisely.那位母亲很会教养自己的孩子。
  • We reared our children to help others.我们教育子女要乐于助人。
  • She likes rearing birds.她喜欢养鸟。
  • He used to rear pigs.他以前养猪。
  • 3.bring up是动词短语,作“抚养”解时无语体之分,侧重于童年时期的“精心教养”。例如:
  • The woman brought up four children alone .那个妇女独自养育了四个孩子。
  • He was brought up to believe that money is the most important thing in life.他所受的教养使他相信,金钱是生活中最重要的东西。
  • 4.grow up的意思是“成长”,侧重于“达到成熟阶段”。例如:
  • This bush has grown up a lot in the last few months.这矮树丛几个月来已向上长高了很多。
  • Jane is growing up so fast,I think she's going to be a tall woman.简长得真快,我想她一定能长成一个高挑儿的姑娘。
  • Stop acting like a child with your bad temper! Do grow up.别耍小孩子脾气了!快成熟点吧。
  • arise,rise,raise,lift
  • 这些动词均有“上升,举起”之意。
  • arise书面用词,多用于诗歌或比喻中,具有特殊的修辞色彩。
  • rise普通用词,指具体的或抽象的事物由低向高移动。
  • raise及物动词,常用词,多指把某物从低处升到高处,有时作引申用。
  • lift语气比raise强,指用体力或机械的力举起或抬起某物。
  • lift,hoist,raise,elevate,heave,boost
  • 这些动词均有“升起、举起”之意。
  • lift指用人力或机械力把某物升到较高的位置。
  • hoist多指用绳索、滑轮等机械把重物升起。
  • raise较正式用词,常可与lift换用,但强调把某物举起或抬起到应有的高度。常用比喻。
  • elevate较正式用词,指位置、高度的升高,多作比喻用,指职位、品德等的提高。
  • heave指需花大力气或借外力才能举起或抬起重物。
  • boost原义指从后面或下面推起或提高,现常用于指提高价格、振作精神等抽象概念。
  • raise,keep,support,feed
  • 这四个词都有“抚养”、“养家”、“赡养”的意思,但也有区别。
  • raise意为“抚养(指人);饲养(指动物或禽畜)”之意。
  • keep表示“养活(指人);饲养(指动物或禽畜)”。
  • support意为“养活”,不用于饲养动物。
  • feed意为“喂养;饲养;以......为食”。
  • 常见错误

    v. (动词)

      He rose his hand to ask a question.

      He raised his hand to ask a question.


      The hostess raised to greet us.

      The hostess rose to greet us.

      raise和rise都可表示“由低向上升高的动作或趋势”,但raise是及物动词,在主动句中其后必须有宾语; rise是不及物动词,后面不直接跟宾语。


      October 1,1949 saw the rising of the five-star red flag for the first time on Tian An Men Square.

      October 1,1949 saw the raising of the five-star red flag for the first time on Tian An Men Square.

      国旗是被升起的,不是自动上升的。因此, rising尽管形式不错,但意义不准确,应该用raising。


      He studies hard to raise his English level.

      He studies hard to improve his English.

      raise his English level是逐字直译的汉式英语,“提高英语水平”可用 improve one's English表达。


    • ☆ 1200年左右进入英语,直接源自古北欧语的reisa,意为抬起,升起;最初源自古日耳曼语的raizjan。
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