raise

  基本词汇  
[reɪz]     [reɪz]    
  • n.上升;增高;高地
  • vt.升起;举起;饲养;提出;引起;筹集,募集
raiser raised raised raising raises
new

raise是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 增加,提高
  2. <美>加薪
  3. 加薪额
  4. 拱高路段
  5. 上升
  6. 升起,抬起
  7. 高起处,隆起处
  8. 【矿】天井
  9. 加价
  10. 加赌注
  11. 筹措,筹募
v.(动词)
  1. 提高,增加,提升,升高,升起
  2. 使复活
  3. 饲养
  4. 唤起,引起,引起
  5. 提出
  6. 种植
  7. 竖起,举起, 扬起,抬起,立起
  8. 集结
  9. 发出
  10. 养育
  11. 建起,建造,建立
  12. 使起立,起身,站立
  13. 捞起,打捞(沉船),使浮起
  14. 筹,招
  15. 增加赌注

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 提起,举起,竖起 lift; push or move upward
  2. vt. 增加; 提升 increase in amount, size, etc.; bring to a higher level, rank, or degree
  3. vt. 抚养 produce, cause to grow or develop, and look after (living things)
n.(名词)
  1. [C](工资,薪金的)提升,增加 a salary raise

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
raise : 引发 ...
raise : 举起, 提高 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
raise : 举起, 提高 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
raise : 举起, 提高 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
raise : 涨工资,增 ...
在 《外教社人力资源英语词典》 中查看更多...
raise : 上升 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
raise : 培育 ...
在 《外教社林业英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the amount a salary is increased;

    "he got a 3% raise"
    "he got a wage hike"

  2. an upward slope or grade (as in a road);

    "the car couldn't make it up the rise"

  3. increasing the size of a bet (as in poker);

    "I'll see your raise and double it"

  4. the act of raising something;

    "he responded with a lift of his eyebrow"
    "fireman learn several different raises for getting ladders up"

Verb:
  1. raise the level or amount of something;

    "raise my salary"
    "raise the price of bread"

  2. raise from a lower to a higher position;

    "Raise your hands"
    "Lift a load"

  3. cause to be heard or known; express or utter;

    "raise a shout"
    "raise a protest"
    "raise a sad cry"

  4. collect funds for a specific purpose;

    "The President raised several million dollars for his college"

  5. cultivate by growing, often involving improvements by means of agricultural techniques;

    "The Bordeaux region produces great red wines"
    "They produce good ham in Parma"
    "We grow wheat here"
    "We raise hogs here"

  6. bring up;

    "raise a family"
    "bring up children"

  7. summon into action or bring into existence, often as if by magic;

    "raise the specter of unemployment"
    "he conjured wild birds in the air"
    "call down the spirits from the mountain"

  8. move upwards;

    "lift one's eyes"

  9. construct, build, or erect;

    "Raise a barn"

  10. call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses);

    "arouse pity"
    "raise a smile"
    "evoke sympathy"

  11. create a disturbance, especially by making a great noise;

    "raise hell"
    "raise the roof"
    "raise Cain"

  12. raise in rank or condition;

    "The new law lifted many people from poverty"

  13. increase;

    "This will enhance your enjoyment"
    "heighten the tension"

  14. give a promotion to or assign to a higher position;

    "John was kicked upstairs when a replacement was hired"
    "Women tend not to advance in the major law firms"
    "I got promoted after many years of hard work"

  15. cause to puff up with a leaven;

    "unleavened bread"

  16. bid (one's partner's suit) at a higher level

  17. bet more than the previous player

  18. cause to assemble or enlist in the military;

    "raise an army"
    "recruit new soldiers"

  19. put forward for consideration or discussion;

    "raise the question of promotions"
    "bring up an unpleasant topic"

  20. pronounce (vowels) by bringing the tongue closer to the roof of the mouth;

    "raise your `o'"

  21. activate or stir up;

    "raise a mutiny"

  22. establish radio communications with;

    "They managed to raise Hanoi last night"

  23. multiply (a number) by itself a specified number of times: 8 is 2 raised to the power 3

  24. bring (a surface or a design) into relief and cause to project;

    "raised edges"

  25. invigorate or heighten;

    "lift my spirits"
    "lift his ego"

  26. put an end to;

    "lift a ban"
    "raise a siege"

  27. cause to become alive again;

    "raise from the dead"
    "Slavery is already dead, and cannot be resurrected"
    "Upraising ghosts"

raise的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The percentage of the pay raise equals the increase in prices.
    薪水的提高比率和物价的上升一致。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. The first thing that we did when we conquered the town was to haul down the enemy's flag and raise our own.
    我们占领这座城市以后以后所做的第一件事就是降下城里敌人的旗帜,升起我们自己的旗帜。
  2. The guesture might come from Rome, when people raise the right hand to show their extolling and respect for the empire.
    这一手势有可能来自罗马,那时人们将右臂举起以表示对帝王的称颂或敬意。
  3. Many western countries raise and butcher a large number of beef cattle.
    许多西方国家饲养并屠宰大量的肉牛。
  4. I had asked everyone to raise questions in advance of the meeting.
    我要求大家在会议前提出问题。
  5. I wonder how he actually plucked up his nerve to raise that ridiculous question.
    我奇怪他怎会有胆量提出那个可笑的问题。
  6. Your speech and action will raise Cain.
    你的言行会引起骚乱。
  7. These two-way TV systems raise serious questions about privacy.
    这些双向电视系统将引起保密方面的严重问题。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. When he saw the principal, he raised his hand in salutation.
    他看到校长时举手敬礼。
  2. I'll raise both hands in favour of damming the river.
    我举双手赞成拦河筑坝。
  3. From then on we raised our heads and became our own masters.
    从此我们抬起头来当家做主了。
  4. Slowly he raised his bow and began to take aim at the bird.
    慢慢地他举起弓,开始瞄准那只鸟。
  5. Raise the overturned lamp.
    扶起倒了的灯。
  6. The car raised a dust as it went by.
    汽车走过时扬起一片尘土。
  7. They raised their output by more than half in less than three years.
    不到三年,他们把产量提高了一半还多。
  8. We must do everything we can to raise the people's living standards.
    我们要想一切办法来提高人民的生活水平。
  9. None of them raised any objection.
    他们谁也没提出反对意见。
  10. Why didn't you raise the question at the meeting?
    这问题你怎么没有在会上提出来?
  11. As no one raised his voice against the plan, it was agreed on.
    由于没有人提反对意见,那项计划便通过了。
  12. They decided to raise money by subscription.
    他们决定靠募捐的办法来筹集这笔款子。
  13. How were they going to raise enough money for it?
    他们怎样来为此筹集足够的资金呢?
  14. They helped us to raise the 200,000 yuan fund for the school buildings.
    他们帮助我们募集了20万元基金来建校舍。
  15. They are proud to have raised such a fine son.
    有了这么一个好儿子,他们感到自豪。
  16. They increased their income by raising silkworms and so on.
    他们靠养蚕等增加了收入。
  17. The old man likes raising rabbits, chickens, dogs and horses.
    这个老人喜欢养兔子、鸡、狗和马。
  18. They distinguished themselves by raising 180 kg of ginned cotton per mu last year.
    去年他们取得了亩产皮棉180公斤的优异成绩。
  19. This will enable them to raise bigger crops.
    这将使他们能取得更好的收成。
  20. They raised five thousand chrysanthemums last year.
    去年他们种了五千株菊花。
  21. According to the school regulation anyone who raises the devil on the school campus will be punished.
    遵照学校的规定,任何人在校园内捣乱都将受到惩罚。
  22. The children are raising the devil in the next room, tell them to keep quiet.
    孩子们在隔壁吵得太厉害了,叫他们安静点。
  23. The disco party raised the roof until the small hours of the morning.
    那场迪斯科舞会吵闹至凌晨才结束。
  24. He would raise the roof over her slightest mistake or shortcoming.
    她出一点差错,他就会大发雷霆。
  25. What he said to me raised my hopes.
    他对我讲的那番话使我感到更有希望了。
  26. They were all looking a bit miserable but Barry soon raised a laugh by telling a few jokes.
    他们看上去有点难受,但巴里的几个笑话却顿时使气氛活跃了起来。
  27. Brenda's ambition is to get a supervisor's job, but I've raised my sights a bit higher than that.
    布伦达的志向是当一名主管,但我的抱负要比他的高一点。
  28. He raised a row when he found that someone had damaged the machine.
    当他发现有人把机器弄坏时,发了一顿脾气。
  29. Dad raised an awful stink when he saw what the children's cricket match had done to the lawn.
    孩子们在草坪上进行板球比赛时把草坪踩得一塌糊涂,他们的父亲看到后为此大发雷霆!
  30. Don't raise your voice to me!
    你不要对我大声嚷嚷。
  31. We all raised our eyebrows when we heard that two young men had beaten a tiger to death bare-handed.
    当听到两个青年赤手空拳打死了一只老虎时,我们都不禁为之愕然。
  32. Many people raised their eyebrows at the news that their director had been removed from office.
    听说厂长被撤职许多人大吃一惊。
  33. I think we should raise our glasses to our hostess.
    我想我们该为我们的女主人祝酒。
  34. I raise my glass to the happy pair, wishing them a long life together.
    我为这幸福的一对干杯,祝愿他们白头偕老。
  35. Ladies and Gentlemen, please raise your glasses to the bride and bridegroom.
    先生们,女士们,让我们为新郎新娘的健康干杯!
  36. At the dinner, we all raised our glasses to the eighty-year-old man, wishing him a happy birthday.
    席间,我们频频举杯,祝贺这位老人80寿辰。
  37. Don't you dare raise a hand to my son!
    你敢碰我儿子一指头!
  38. Like all children, my boys were naughty when they were young, but I never raised a hand to them.
    和别的孩子们一样,我的孩子小时也很顽皮、淘气,但我从不体罚他们。
  39. He was good-tempered and never raised his hand to his children.
    他脾气很好,从不动手打孩子。
  40. 用于be ~ed 结构
  41. The water level has been raised by 1.1 metres.
    水位提高了1.1米。
  42. The building was raised on level ground.
    平地上建起一座高大的楼房。
  43. That was the way he was raised.
    他就是这样给养大的。
  44. She was raised in Guangzhou.
    她是在广州长大的。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to be n./adj.
  1. We want to raise our children to be decent men and women.
    我们盼望把孩子们培养成优秀人才。
  2. You raise your voice to be loud!
    把你的声音提高点。
其他 v -ed as Attrib.
  1. Water raised by the electrified pumping stations poured into the terraced fields.
    由电泵抽上来的水哗哗地流入了梯田。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. He went to ask for a raise.
    他要求增加工资。
  2. The workers went on strike for a raise.
    工人举行罢工,要求增加工资。
  3. The trade unions bargained away their rights in exchange for a small pay raise.
    工会不惜牺牲自己的权利以换取微薄的加薪。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
raise to (v.+prep.)
  1. 提到; 提升到 heighten; promote raise sb/sth to sth

    She raised her finger to her lips as a sign of silence.她把手指放到嘴唇上以示安静。

    She raised the fallen child to his feet.她扶起跌倒的孩子。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    He was raised to the position of manager.他被提升到经理的位置上。

    His salary was raised to 2000 dollars a year.他的薪水提升到一年2000美元。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Take my hand and raise me.

    出自:E. W. Lane

raise的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. raise在美式英语中有“饲养,抚养”的意思,如 raise cattle(饲养牲口)和raise children(抚养孩子)。相对应的英式英语则是breed cattle和rear children;
  2. raise在美式英语中还有“增加”的意思,通常指工资等的上升,如a raise in/of salary。英式英语中习惯用rise或increase去替换该词;
v.(动词)
  1. raise的基本意思是“向上动”“从低处向高处上升”,可指不太费力地将物体举向高处或将其从较低的平面移至较高的平面,也可指把某物垂直竖起来(即一头着地)。raise也常用于比喻,如提高政治觉悟、生活水平、物价、温度、声音、税率等。引申也可表示“筹集”“养大”“饲养”“种植”等。
  2. raise只用作及物动词,接名词、代词作宾语,偶尔也接以“to be+ n./adj. ”充当补足语的复合宾语。
n.(名词)
  1. raise用作名词时表示工资、薪金等的增加,是美式英语的用法,英式英语用rise表示。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
raise, rise
这两个词都有“提高,上升,增加”的意思,但其用法不同。
1.raise是及物动词,其主语通常是人; 而rise是不及物动词,其主语通常是物。例如:
I feel I must raise my voice against suggested changes in the law.我认为我必须对该法律所提出的修改条款提出反对。
The sun rises and bathes the earth.太阳升起,普照大地。
2.raise和rise用于同一事物时含义不同。例如:
  • The price of TV sets has been raised re- cently.
  • 最近电视机提价了。
  • (政府或厂家主动行动)
  • The price of TV sets has risen recently.
  • 最近电视机提价了。
  • (市场调节)
raise, boost, elevate, enhance, exalt, grow, heighten, hoist, lift
这组词都有“升,抬起,举高”“增加”的意思。它们的区别是:
1.raise 含有使物体达到应有的高度的含义,可表示“升职”。
2.elevate多是素质等方面提高。例如:
Reading good books elevates your mind.阅读好书能增进你的心灵修养。
The good news elevated everyone's spirits.这个好消息鼓舞了每个人的精神。
3.而lift强调物体的沉重,暗示举起来需要很大力量。通常只用于指克服重力“提升”某一具体事物。例如:
This window will not lift.这个窗户推不上去。
The low clouds began to lift.低空的云开始上升。
He lifted a heavy stone.他举起了一块重石。
4.exalt一般用于指“提高”职位或地位,是正式用语。例如:
The manager exalted many of his friends.经理提拔了他的许多朋友。
She thanked the President to exalt her.她感谢总统提拔她。
5.boost指在数量上或力量上的提高或增加。例如:
It is reported that they will boost the price of crude oil by another 30 yuan a barrel for exportation.据说他们要把出口的原油价格每桶又提高30元。
6.enhance是指在原有基础上增进价值、力量等。例如:
A beautiful garden enhances the appearance of a house.有个美丽的花园可使房屋更美丽。
The growth of a city often enhances the value of land close to it.城市的发展常常会提高其附近的地价。
7.heighten指在程度、强度方面加强或提高,可用于精神或物质方面。例如:
This only heightens our admiration.这只能使我们更加敬佩。
The building had been heightened by the addition of the second storey.这幢楼房从两层楼往上又加高了一层。
8.grow在作不及物动词时,表示体积、重量、长度、高度等增长。例如:
Babies grow very quickly.小孩长得很快。
The crops are growing well.庄稼长势很好。
Plants can't grow without water.没有水植物不能生长。
9.hoist指用机器将重物吊起。例如:
The sailor hoisted the cargo on board.水手们用机器把货物装在船上。
raise, bring up, grow up, rear
这组词(组)都有“抚养、饲养”的意思。其区别在于:
1.raise是非正式用语,英式英语中指“养动植物”,美式英语中指“抚养人”。
2.rear在英式英语中指“抚养人”,在美式英语中指“养动植物”,既指“从小养到大”,也指“教养”,是正式用语。例如:
The mother reared her children wisely.那位母亲很会教养自己的孩子。
We reared our children to help others.我们教育子女要乐于助人。
She likes rearing birds.她喜欢养鸟。
He used to rear pigs.他以前养猪。
3.bring up是动词短语,作“抚养”解时无语体之分,侧重于童年时期的“精心教养”。例如:
The woman brought up four children alone .那个妇女独自养育了四个孩子。
He was brought up to believe that money is the most important thing in life.他所受的教养使他相信,金钱是生活中最重要的东西。
4.grow up的意思是“成长”,侧重于“达到成熟阶段”。例如:
This bush has grown up a lot in the last few months.这矮树丛几个月来已向上长高了很多。
Jane is growing up so fast,I think she's going to be a tall woman.简长得真快,我想她一定能长成一个高挑儿的姑娘。
Stop acting like a child with your bad temper! Do grow up.别耍小孩子脾气了!快成熟点吧。
arise rise raise lift
这些动词均有“上升,举起”之意。
  • arise:arise书面用词,多用于诗歌或比喻中,具有特殊的修辞色彩。
  • rise:rise普通用词,指具体的或抽象的事物由低向高移动。
  • raise:raise及物动词,常用词,多指把某物从低处升到高处,有时作引申用。
  • lift:lift语气比raise强,指用体力或机械的力举起或抬起某物。
lift hoist raise elevate heave boost
这些动词均有“升起、举起”之意。
  • lift:lift指用人力或机械力把某物升到较高的位置。
  • hoist:hoist多指用绳索、滑轮等机械把重物升起。
  • raise:raise较正式用词,常可与lift换用,但强调把某物举起或抬起到应有的高度。常用比喻。
  • elevate:elevate较正式用词,指位置、高度的升高,多作比喻用,指职位、品德等的提高。
  • heave:heave指需花大力气或借外力才能举起或抬起重物。
  • boost:boost原义指从后面或下面推起或提高,现常用于指提高价格、振作精神等抽象概念。
raise keep support feed
这四个词都有“抚养”、“养家”、“赡养”的意思,但也有区别。
  • raise:raise意为“抚养(指人);饲养(指动物或禽畜)”之意。
  • 他的妻子多年以前就去世了,他一手把孩子拉扯大。
  • He raised the children himself;his wife died years ago.
  • 那些羊从小羊羔时就是他喂养的。
  • He raised those goats from new-born kids.
  • keep:keep表示“养活(指人);饲养(指动物或禽畜)”。
  • 约翰要养活妻子和六个孩子。
  • John has his wife and six children to keep(support).
  • 他们养了一些鸡和猪。
  • They kept some hens and pigs.
  • support:support意为“养活”,不用于饲养动物。
  • 她赡养老母亲。
  • She supports her old mother.
  • 他要养活一大家子。
  • He has a large family to support.
  • feed:feed意为“喂养;饲养;以......为食”。
  • 婴儿/牛喂了吗?
  • Have you fed the baby/cow yet?
  • 她用肉喂狗。
  • She fed meat to her dog. =She fed her dog with/on meat.
  • 狐狸以小动物为食。
  • Foxes feed on small animals.

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 他举手提问。

    He rose his hand to ask a question.

    He raised his hand to ask a question.

  2. 女主人起身欢迎我们。

    The hostess raised to greet us.

    The hostess rose to greet us.

    raise和rise都可表示“由低向上升高的动作或趋势”,但raise是及物动词,在主动句中其后必须有宾语; rise是不及物动词,后面不直接跟宾语。

  3. 1949年10月1日,人们第一次看到五星红旗在天安门广场升起。

    October 1,1949 saw the rising of the five-star red flag for the first time on Tian An Men Square.

    October 1,1949 saw the raising of the five-star red flag for the first time on Tian An Men Square.

    国旗是被升起的,不是自动上升的。因此, rising尽管形式不错,但意义不准确,应该用raising。

  4. 他努力学习提高自己的英语水平。

    He studies hard to raise his English level.

    He studies hard to improve his English.

    raise his English level是逐字直译的汉式英语,“提高英语水平”可用 improve one's English表达。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:it will slowly start to overheat and its respiration rate and its temperature will start to raise.

    纠正:it will slowly start to overheat and its respiration rate and its temperature will start to rise.

    翻译:它会慢慢的变得过热而且它的呼吸频率和温度会开始上升。

    分析:raise是及物动词,后面要加宾语,应改为不及物动词rise。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1200年左右进入英语,直接源自古北欧语的rseia,意为抬起,升起;最初源自古日耳曼语的raizjan。

raise的相关资料:

正版词典

raise : 提高,升高 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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缩略词

raise的相关缩略词,共有6

互动百科

  • raise:raise n. 上升, 高地, 提出vt. 升起, 唤起, 提高, 使出现, 解除, 饲养, 筹集, 使复活 英英解释:名词raise:1. the amount a salary is incre…

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