lower

  基本词汇  
['ləʊə(r)]     ['loʊər]    
  • adj. 低的;下级的;下层的
  • v. 降低;减弱;跌落
loweringly lour lowered/loured lowered/loured lowering/louring lowers/lours
new

lower的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. 下游的
  2. 南部的
  3. 较低的(low的比较级)
  4. 下等的,低级的,低等的
  5. 下部的,下方的,下面的
  6. 低年级的
  7. 【地】早期的
  8. 在底部的,近底部的
  9. 朝海岸的
  10. 低洼的
v. (动词)
  1. 减低,降低,减弱
  2. 贬低
  3. 变得阴沉
  4. 皱眉头,现出愁容
  5. 降落
  6. 放下,放低,降下,使…降下
  7. 放下小艇,降下帆篷
  8. 减价
  9. 吞下,咽下
  10. 减少,缩小
  11. 降低自己的身分,自贬人格
  12. 削弱,削减
n. (名词)
  1. 下,尤指下铺
  2. 下属,低一等的人

双解释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. [A]较低的,低等的 less high in position, rank, or order
v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. (使)降低;(使)跌落 let or bring down; (cause to) be down; make less high
  2. vt. 削弱;削减 weaken

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the lower of two berths

Verb:
  1. move something or somebody to a lower position;

    "take down the vase from the shelf"

  2. set lower;

    "lower a rating"
    "lower expectations"

  3. make lower or quieter;

    "turn down the volume of a radio"

  4. cause to drop or sink;

    "The lack of rain had depressed the water level in the reservoir"

  5. look angry or sullen, wrinkle one's forehead, as if to signal disapproval

lower的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. The publisher paid his hacks low.
    出版商付给他雇佣的文人很低的费用。
  2. He because of bashful but low head.
    他因羞愧而低下了头。
  3. The lower level is subordinate to the higher level.
    下级服从上级。
  4. He belongs to the lower middle class.
    他来自中产阶级下层。
  5. Tramps are in a low stratum of society.
    流浪汉生活在社会的下层。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. Don't lower yourself by asking him for help.
    不要向他求助以免降低身分。
  2. The meat will scorch if you don't lower the gas.
    如果你不把煤气调小一点,肉就要焦了。
  3. Speak to her? I'd never lower myself.
    跟她说话?我可不自贬人格。
  4. Can you lower those bright lights a little?
    你能把那些灯的亮度减弱一点吗?
  5. Examinations also lower the standards of teaching.
    考试也使教学水平降低。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. The lower deck is more convenient.
    下层甲板更方便些。
  2. If you don't accept a lower profit, you'll price yourself right out of the market.
    如果你不愿减少利润,你的货在市场上就没有销路。
  3. The lower classes are always with us.
    我们总是和下层社会人民在一起。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. Prices are lower than usual this year.
    今年的物价比以往低。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. She lowered her gun slowly.
    她慢慢地放下她的枪。
  2. He lowered her onto the chair.
    他把她放下,让她坐在椅子上。
  3. He lowered the flag on the pole.
    他将杆上的旗降下。
  4. Can you lower the light a little?
    你能把灯放低一些吗?
  5. He had to lower the rent of his house.
    他不得不减低房租。
  6. They lowered their voices.
    他们放低了声音。
  7. We must lower our expenses.
    我们必须减少开支。
  8. A cold had lowered her resistance.
    伤风已削弱了她的抵抗力。
  9. Poor diet lowers resistance to illness.
    营养太差的饮食会削弱对于疾病的抵抗力。
  10. 1
  11. The boat was lowered into the water.
    这船被放下水了。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
lower away (v.+adv.)
    放下小船或降下帆篷 lower a boat or sail
    lower away

    We're ready for the lifeboats—lower away !

    救生艇准备完毕——下水!

lower in (v.+prep.)
    减低,跌落 become less high
    lower in sth

    The stocks lowered in value.

    股票跌价。

    The sun lowers in the west.

    太阳从西边落下。

    lower sb/sth in sth

    His arrogance lowered him in her estimation.

    他的妄自尊大降低了他在她心目中的位置。

    While they both smile I lowered my head in pride and shyness.

    当他们俩都笑了的时候,我骄傲而不好意思地低下了头。

lower oneself
    降低自己的身份;自甘下流 behave unworthly
    lower oneself by v-ing

    He would never lower himself by taking bribes.

    他绝不会受贿而降低品格。

    I hope you wouldn't lower yourself by cheating in the examination.

    我希望你不会在考试中作弊而降低你的人格。

    lower oneself to-v

    I hope you wouldn't lower yourself to cheat in the examination.

    我希望你考试不要作弊,别干失身份的事。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The water escapes..until the level of C has been lowered to that of B.

    出自: D. Lardner

lower的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. lower的基本意思是“降低”“使跌落”,引申可表示“削弱”“减弱”。lower oneself的意思是“降低身份”。
  2. lower用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语,可用于被动结构。

词义辨析

adj. (形容词)
lower classes, hard up, poor
  • 这三个词(组)都用于描写一些人,这些人不能获得足够的钱物以保证像样的生活水平。其区别是:
  • poor是其中最广义的词,可指长期或临时的物质或精神的匮乏; hard up是poor的口头用语,常指短期物质的匮乏,例如发工资前借钱买午餐或庄稼歉收时的农民,都可用hard up; lower classes习惯上用于指在任何社会中社会地位和经济地位最低的一些人,那些所谓lower classes的人通常是穷的,然而如今该词常用作带贬义的势利语,指那些胸无大志,缺少教养的人,这些人经济上也许贫也许富。例如:
  • If prices continue to advance, poor people will find it hard to live.如果物价继续上涨,穷人的日子就更不好过了。
  • I am hard up for money this month.我这个月手头拮据。
  • He is a member of lower classes.他是下层社会的一员。
  • v. (动词)
    lower, frown, gloom, glower, scowl
  • 这组词都可表示“现出不高兴的脸色”。它们的区别是:frown通常指皱眉头表示非难、不满、愤怒或轻蔑; scowl指紧绷着脸表示不高兴、伤心或不满; glower指瞪着眼睛怒视; lower既指愁眉不展,也可指天气阴霾; gloom强调比lower更现愁容或更加阴郁。
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