measure

  基本词汇  
['meʒə(r)]     ['meʒər]    
  • n.措施;量度;尺寸;程度;办法
  • v.测量;比较;给予;权衡
measurer measured measured measuring measures
new

measure是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 程度
  2. 措施,方法,手段
  3. 标准,基准,尺度
  4. 度量法
  5. 度量单位
  6. 尺寸,分量
  7. 限度;适度;分寸
  8. 议案,法令
  9. 【音】 拍子;小节;旋律
  10. 量器,度量器具
  11. 舞蹈
  12. 【印刷】 行宽;页宽
  13. 【数】 测度
v.(动词)
  1. 测量,度量, 有…长
  2. 配给
  3. 权衡,酌量;使相比较
  4. 估量,判断(人物、力量)
  5. 判定
  6. 取出所需量
  7. 达到预期的要求,符合标准
  8. 打量
  9. 比赛,较量
  10. 被测量

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 量 find the size, quantity, extent, degree, etc. of (sth)
n.(名词)
  1. [U][C]测量 way to find the size, quantity, extent, degree, etc. of sth
  2. [C][U]计量制,度量法 standard or system used in stating the size, quantity or degree of sth
  3. [C]计量单位 unit used in such a standard or system
  4. [C]量具,量器 instrument such as a rod, tape or container marked with standard units, used for testing length, volume, etc.
  5. [S]尺度,标准 way of assessing sth
  6. [S]程度,地步 degree of sth
  7. [P]措施,步骤,办法 action taken to achieve a purpose

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
measure : 测度 ...
在 《外教社数学英语词典》 中查看更多...
measure : 尺寸, 量具 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
measure : 尺寸, 量具 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
measure : 行宽 ...
在 《外教社出版印刷英语词典》 中查看更多...
measure : 尺寸,计量 ...
measure : 尺寸, 数量 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
measure : 测量;计量 ...
在 《外教社工程技术英语词典》 中查看更多...
measure : 尺寸,方法, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
measure : 量度 ...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. any maneuver made as part of progress toward a goal;

    "the situation called for strong measures"
    "the police took steps to reduce crime"

  2. how much there is or how many there are of something that you can quantify

  3. a statute in draft before it becomes law;

    "they held a public hearing on the bill"

  4. the act or process of assigning numbers to phenomena according to a rule;

    "the measurements were carefully done"
    "his mental measurings proved remarkably accurate"

  5. a basis for comparison; a reference point against which other things can be evaluated;

    "the schools comply with federal standards"
    "they set the measure for all subsequent work"

  6. (prosody) the accent in a metrical foot of verse

  7. musical notation for a repeating pattern of musical beats;

    "the orchestra omitted the last twelve bars of the song"

  8. measuring instrument having a sequence of marks at regular intervals; used as a reference in making measurements

  9. a container of some standard capacity that is used to obtain fixed amounts of a substance

Verb:
  1. determine the measurements of something or somebody, take measurements of;

    "Measure the length of the wall"

  2. express as a number or measure or quantity;

    "Can you quantify your results?"

  3. have certain dimensions;

    "This table surfaces measures 20inches by 36 inches"

  4. evaluate or estimate the nature, quality, ability, extent, or significance of;

    "I will have the family jewels appraised by a professional"
    "access all the factors when taking a risk"

measure的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The government has taken measures to restrain inflation.
    政府已采取措施控制通货膨胀。
  2. The standard kilogram is maintained as a measure of mass.
    标准的千克是测量质量的量度
  3. You are right in some measure.
    从某种程度上来说你是对的。
  4. If this measure fails, there are other methods we could fall back on.
    这个措施要是不行,我们还可采取别的办法。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. They measured the height of the ceiling.
    他们测量了天花板的高度。
  2. She measured her power with that of a dangerous adversary.
    她拿自己的力量和危险的敌手进行较量
  3. Above all it will give us an opportunity to reciprocate in some small measure the truly warm welcome and generous hospitality extended to us.
    更重要的是,这将使我们有机会以微薄的方式报答你们给予的十分热烈的欢迎和盛情款待。
  4. He measured his words with caution.
    他仔细斟酌着字句。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. He picked up the calipers and measured carefully.
    他拿起卡钳仔细量了量。
  2. He measures more round the waist than he used to.
    他的腰围比以前大了。
  3. It measures five feet eight inches.
    它的长度是5英尺8英寸。
  4. The room measures 25 feet across.
    这个房间宽25英尺。
  5. The quake measured 5.2 magnitude.
    那次地震强度为5.2级。
用作系动词 S+~+ adj.
  1. The street measures long.
    这条路很长。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He measured the height of the cupboard.
    他量碗橱的高度。
  2. By what standard do you measure it?
    你用什么标准来衡量它呢?
  3. How can we measure the heat of a man's blood?
    我们怎么才能测出人体内血液的热度呢?
  4. Did you measure the distance?
    你量过这段距离吗?
  5. He measured it and found it to be the exact size.
    他量了一下,发现正好是这个尺寸。
  6. They measured the depth of snow drifts.
    他们测量了峰顶的覆雪深度。
  7. He measured the physical properties of the material.
    他测量过这种材料的物理特性。
  8. A clock measures time.
    钟是用来计时的。
  9. He measured Mrs. Brown from top to bottom.
    他把布朗太太上下打量了一番。
  10. It's hard to measure the importance of good manner.
    礼貌的重要性是难以估量的。
  11. 用于be~ed结构
  12. The performance of enterprises was measured by profits.
    企业的业绩是以利润来衡量的。
S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. They measure the room to find how big it is.
    他们量了这房间看它有多大。
S+~+wh-clause
  1. This is a yardstick for measuring whether a person is really progressive.
    这是衡量一个人是否真进步的标准。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The tailor took my measure for a new suit.
    裁缝量了我的尺寸准备为我做套新衣服。
  2. He took measure of the cliff before he climbed it.
    他把悬崖的高度估量一下后再攀登。
  3. They were doing a linear measure during Beijing and Tianjin.
    他们正在北京和天津之间做直线测量。
  4. The metre is a measure of length.
    米是长度单位。
  5. An ounce in liquid measure is different from an ounce in dry measure.
    一盎司液体量度不同于一盎司的干量度。
  6. Pour the chemical mixture into a litre measure.
    把化学混合物倒入容量为1升的容器里。
  7. The barman uses a small silver measure for brandy.
    酒吧招待员用一个小银制量器量白兰地。
  8. By any measure, it was one of the most drastic moves ever taken by an American corporation.
    不管用什么标准衡量,这都是一家美国公司有史以来所采取的最极端的行动之一。
  9. We did reach a considerable measure of agreement .
    我们确实取得了很大程度的一致。
  10. His resignation is a measure of how angry he is.
    从他辞职一事可见其气愤的程度。
  11. She achieved a measure of success with her first book.
    她的第一部书就获得了一定程度的成功。
  12. There were no words to express the full measure of my gratitude.
    没有言语能充分表达我的感激之情。
  13. Give him his measure of praise.
    给他应得的一份表扬。
  14. You ought to take adequate measures.
    你应该采取适当的措施。
  15. As early as the summer of 1979, it was clear that only drastic measures could save the Chrysler Corporation.
    早在1979年夏天就很清楚只有采取严厉的措施才能挽救克莱斯勒汽车公司。
  16. In a situation like this, drastic measures are needed.
    在这种形势下需要采取严厉措施。
  17. These are effective measures.
    这些都是有效的措施。
  18. These government measures only go halfway towards solving the problem.
    这些政府措施仅仅是稍微解决了这个问题。
  19. The mayor was quoted as saying that prompt measures would be taken.
    有人引述市长的话,说将采取迅速的措施。
  20. The committee set measures to the defence expenditures.
    委员会给防务费用规定了限度。
~+to- v
  1. We should take appropriate measures to improve our teaching.
    我们应当采取适当的措施提高教学质量。
  2. The agency took measures to combat alcoholism and its attendant evils.
    该机构采取措施与酒精中毒及与其有关的坏事作斗争。
  3. They suggested measures to overcome current difficulties.
    他们提出了克服目前困难的措施。
  4. The government took effective measures to develop resources.
    政府采取有效措施开发资源。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
measure for( v.+prep. )
  1. 为…量… make a measure for sb/sth measure sb for sth

    The tailor measured me for a suit.裁缝给我量了做套装的尺寸。

measure off( v.+adv. )
  1. 量出 measure and usually take (an amount ) from a larger piece measure sth ⇔ off

    I asked the shop-assistant to measure off two metres of blue corduroy for me.我叫营业员给我量两米蓝灯芯绒。

    Please measure off enough cloth for three pairs of trousers.请给我量出够三条裤子的布来。

    They measured off a half-acre plot for a house lot.他们划出一块半英亩的地皮来做房屋地基。

    They measured off the area in which they would work.他们测出他们工作的地方,并标了界。

measure out( v.+adv. )
  1. 量出,配出 give sth out little by little measure sth ⇔ out

    The pharmacist carefully measured out a dose of herbal medicine and told me how to brew it.药剂师仔细地配好一服中药,并告诉我煎药的方法。

    Life measures out its rewards in ways unrelated to how people deserve them.生活分送给人们的报酬与人们是否应该得到的无关。

  2. 跌倒 fall flat measure out one's length

    He tripped on a stone and measured out his length on the pavement.他给石头绊了一下,摔倒在人行道上。

measure up( v.+adv. )
  1. 测量 measure (sth/sb) measure up

    Will you measure up or shall I?是你来量还是我来量?

    You'll find Father on top of the ladder, measuring up.你会看到父亲站在梯子的最高处测量呢。

    measure sb/sth ⇔ up

    I'll just measure you up, sir, if I may?先生,我这就给您量量衣服尺码行吗?

    He measured up the wood before he started.他在动工前先把木头量了一下。

  2. 估计 guess at the size or quality of (sth) measure sth ⇔ up

    Take a little time to measure up your chances before deciding.在决定之前花点时间估计一下你有几分把握。

  3. 证明自己的价值 prove one's worth measure up

    I always give new workers a short contract to begin with, as I want to see how they measure up before I employ them on a lasting basis.雇用工人时我先同他们订个短期合同,我要看看他们的能力再决定是否长期雇用。

measure up to( v.+adv.+prep. )
  1. 符合,一致 be equal to or the same as (sth) measure up to sth

    Her performance didn't measure up to the expectations of her boss.她的表现辜负了老板的期望。

    He measures up to his job in every way.他在各方面都很称职。

    The prisoner measures up to the description the police have of the wanted jewel thief.这个囚犯同警方描绘的受通缉的盗窃珠宝犯的特征完全符合。

    The washing machine didn't measure up to the quality standards.这台洗衣机没有达到质量标准。

    The new technique measures up to advanced world standard.这项新技术达到了世界先进水平。

用作名词 (n.)
beyond measure
  1. 非常地,极其 very great

    Her joy was beyond measure. 她无比喜悦。

    She fascinates me beyond measure. 她使我神魂颠倒。

for good measure
  1. 额外的量,外加的项目 as an extra amount of sth or as an additional item

    The pianist gave a long and varied recital, with a couple of encores for good measure. 那钢琴家的独奏演出时间长、节目多,还加奏了两支曲子。

    After I'd weighed the apples,I put in another one for good measure. 我称过苹果后又另外加上一个。

get〔take〕 the measure of
  1. 估计(某人的)性格或能力 assess sb's character or abilities

    It took the tennis champion a few games to get the measure of his opponent. 那网球冠军打了几局才摸清对手的实力。

    It should only take a few meetings for the committee to take the measure of the new chairman, and then they will know how to deal with him. 这个委员会只要开几次会就可估量出这位新主席的能力,然后他们就会知道怎么对付他。

give full measure
  1. 给足分量 give exactly than the correct amount give sb full measure

    I'm sure the shopkeeper gave me full measure when she weighed out the potatoes.我肯定,那店老板给我称土豆时称足了分量。

make to measure
  1. 定做 make (a garment) after taking individual measurements make sth to measure

    Do you make suits to measure?你定做西装吗?

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~

经典引文

  • Come not within the measure of my wrath.

    出自:Two Gentlemen of Verona,Shakespeare
  • Sermons were measured out with no grudging hand.

    出自:L. Stephen
  • She had carefully measured out a quadruple whisky.

    出自:G. Greene

measure的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. 表示“一部分地”,可用in a measure或in some measure。表示“大部分地”,可用in great measure或in large measure

    The whole thing was in (a) great/large measure a mistake.
    整个事件大部分是个错误。

  2. measure up to是美式英语,意思为“符合,达到”。
v.(动词)
  1. measure的基本意思是“测量”,指用某种工具或仪器测出某物在某方面的具体数据以便对其进行分析,从而得出结论或完成任务,其宾语多为有形物质。引申可以表示“打量”“估量”“考虑”等。
  2. measure可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时可接名词或代词作宾语,偶尔也接由疑问词引导的从句作宾语。可用于被动结构。
  3. measure有时还可用作系动词,后接形容词作表语,此时measure的主动形式含有被动意义。
n.(名词)
  1. measure用作名词时的意思是“测量”,指测量的行为; 也指在测量过程中所采用的方法; 也可指测量时所用的单位,即“计量单位”; 还可指测量时所使用的工具,即“量具,量器”。measure还可指为了应付某件事情而采取的方法,即“措施,步骤,方法”。引申可指“尺度,标准”“程度,地步”。
  2. measure作“措施,步骤”解时,常用于复数形式。作“措施”解时还可接动词不定式。

词义辨析

standard criterion measure gauge
这些名词均含“标准”之意。
  • standard:standard指公认为决定事物质量或人的品质的准则或原则。
  • criterion:criterion较正式用词,指判断、批评事物的标准,但不一定制成了规章。
  • measure:measure与standard基本同义,但多用于比喻,指衡量某事物的质量准则。
  • gauge:gauge专指测量物体大小、厚度、直径等的标准规格。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 我可以照你的身材给你做件晚礼服。

    I can make an evening dress for your measure.

    I can make an evening dress to your measure.

    表示“照…尺寸”用介词to而不用for。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1300年左右进入英语,直接源自古法语的mesreur,意为待测量;最初源自晚期拉丁语的mensurare,意为需要测量的事物。

measure的相关资料:

正版词典

measure : 测量 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
measure : 措施,步骤 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • measure:measure n. 尺寸, 量度器, 量度标准, 方法, 测量, 措施vt. 测量, 测度, 估量, 分派, 权衡, 调节vi. 量习惯用语be the measure of sth. 成为衡量某事…

临近单词

目录
应用 附录 查词历史
    今日热词