criterion

  常用词汇  
[kraɪ'tɪəriən]     [kraɪ'tɪriən]    
  • n. 标准;准则
criterial criteria
new

criterion的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 标准,准则,尺度
  2. 原则
  3. 规则,规范
  4. 判别法,判别法则,判别准则,准绳
  5. 判断...的依据

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C](批评、判断等的)标准,准则 an established rule, standard, or principle, on which a judgment is based

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a basis for comparison; a reference point against which other things can be evaluated;

    "the schools comply with federal standards"
    "they set the measure for all subsequent work"

  2. the ideal in terms of which something can be judged;

    "they live by the standards of their community"

criterion的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Practice is the sole criterion for testing truth.
    实践是检验真理的唯一标准。
  2. He thinks that the criterion of success is the ability to work joyfully.
    他认为成功的检验标准是看能否愉快地生活。
  3. We have a clear-cut criterion to go by.
    我们有个可供遵循的明确标准。
  4. The table shows the scoring for each criterion and criterion group.
    上表显示每一准则和准则组别的评分。
  5. The optimal systems differ according to the criterion chosen.
    按照所用准则之不同,最佳化系统便不同。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. What criteria do you use when judging the quality of a student's work?
    你评定学生功课好坏时用什么作标准?

词汇搭配

经典引文

  • Medical treatment and care..should be made available to rich and poor alike in accordance with medical need and by no other criterion.

    出自: A. Bevan
  • Hoping to find a criterion to distinguish statements from performatives.

    出自: J. L. Austin

criterion的详细讲解:

词义辨析

n. (名词)
criterion, standard
  • 这两个词的共同意思是“标准”。其区别在于:
  • 1.standard指事先制定出来的一种或一套客观、公正的规则; 而criterion既可指客观的水准,也可指主观上判断事物的标准。例如:
  • The girls shrieked happily,“Sarah, you'll never get married if your standards are so high.”那些女孩快活地尖声说道:“莎拉,如果你的择偶标准那么高,你会永远不能结婚。”
  • I think you should employ different criteria for the examination of candidates.我认为你们在考试应试者时,应采用不同的标准。
  • 2.criterion是正式用语,是独立存在而强调完美的standard。例如:
  • It is not easy to fulfil all the criteria of artistic beauty.达到艺术美应有的全部标准是不容易的。
  • standard,criterion,measure,gauge
  • 这些名词均含“标准”之意。
  • standard指公认为决定事物质量或人的品质的准则或原则。
  • criterion较正式用词,指判断、批评事物的标准,但不一定制成了规章。
  • measure与standard基本同义,但多用于比喻,指衡量某事物的质量准则。
  • gauge专指测量物体大小、厚度、直径等的标准规格。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 1660年左右进入英语,直接源自希腊语的kriterion,意为判断,决定的准则。
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