live

  基本词汇  
[lɪv]     [lɪv]    
  • v. 活着;居住;过着
  • adj. 活的;直播的;现场的;带电的;燃烧着的;当前的
  • adv. 现场
liveness lived lived living lives
new

live的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 活着,活
  2. 居住
  3. 生存
  4. 生活,过日子
  5. 实践,经历
  6. 享受人生
  7. 继续存在,继续活
  8. 未婚同居,姘居
  9. 以食…为生
  10. 过(...的生活)
  11. 度过
  12. 做人,处世
  13. 存留,留存
  14. 表现
  15. 实行
  16. 铭记
  17. 以…为生
  18. 使活现
adj. (形容词)
  1. 活的,有生命的
  2. 未爆炸的
  3. 燃着的
  4. 通着电流的
  5. 实况播送的
  6. 真的
  7. 活生生的
  8. 活泼的,有精神的,生气勃勃的
  9. 目前大家感觉兴趣的
  10. 当前的
  11. 能开动的,传动的,动力发动的
  12. 随时可用的
  13. 含乳酸菌的
adv. (副词)
  1. 现场,从现场,以直播方式

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vi. 活,生存 remain alive
  2. vi. 居住;住 have one's home;dwell
  3. vi. 继续存在,留存 remain in existence;survive
  4. vt. 以某种方式生活 conduct one's life in a specified way
adj. (形容词)
  1. [A]活的,有生命的 having life
  2. 真正的 actual
  3. 燃烧着的 (of lighted coal or wood) still burning
  4. 带电的 carry free electricity which can shock anyone who touches it
  5. 有爆炸力的;随时可用的 not yet exploded or lit;ready for use
  6. 当前重要的 of interest or importance at the present time
  7. 现场直播的,实况转播的 (of broadcasting) seen or heard as it happens
adv. (副词)
  1. 实地,从现场,以直播方式 broadcast, played or recorded at an actual performance, etc. without being edited

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. actually being performed at the time of hearing or viewing;

    "a live television program"
    "brought to you live from Lincoln Center"
    "live entertainment involves performers actually in the physical presence of a live audience"

  2. exerting force or containing energy;

    "live coals"
    "tossed a live cigarette out the window"
    "got a shock from a live wire"
    "live ore is unmined ore"
    "a live bomb"
    "a live ball is one in play"

  3. possessing life;

    "the happiest person alive"
    "the nerve is alive"
    "doctors are working hard to keep him alive"
    "burned alive"
    "a live canary"

  4. highly reverberant;

    "a live concert hall"

  5. charged with an explosive;

    "live ammunition"
    "a live bomb"

  6. elastic; rebounds readily;

    "clean bouncy hair"
    "a lively tennis ball"
    "as resilient as seasoned hickory"
    "springy turf"

  7. abounding with life and energy;

    "the club members are a really live bunch"

  8. in current use or ready for use;

    "live copy is ready to be set in type or already set but not yet proofread"

  9. of current relevance;

    "a live issue"
    "still a live option"

  10. charged or energized with electricity;

    "a hot wire"
    "a live wire"

  11. capable of erupting;

    "a live volcano"
    "the volcano is very much alive"

Adverb:
  1. not recorded;

    "the opera was broadcast live"

Verb:
  1. inhabit or live in; be an inhabitant of;

    "People lived in Africa millions of years ago"
    "The people inhabited the islands that are now deserted"
    "this kind of fish dwells near the bottom of the ocean"
    "deer are populating the woods"

  2. lead a certain kind of life; live in a certain style;

    "we had to live frugally after the war"

  3. continue to live through hardship or adversity;

    "We went without water and food for 3 days"
    "These superstitions survive in the backwaters of America"
    "The race car driver lived through several very serious accidents"
    "how long can a person last without food and water?"

  4. support oneself;

    "he could barely exist on such a low wage"
    "Can you live on $2000 a month in New York City?"
    "Many people in the world have to subsist on $1 a day"

  5. have life, be alive;

    "Our great leader is no more"
    "My grandfather lived until the end of war"

  6. have firsthand knowledge of states, situations, emotions, or sensations;

    "I know the feeling!"
    "have you ever known hunger?"
    "I have lived a kind of hell when I was a drug addict"
    "The holocaust survivors have lived a nightmare"
    "I lived through two divorces"

  7. pursue a positive and satisfying existence;

    "You must accept yourself and others if you really want to live"

live的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. People cannot live without air.
    没有空气,人们就不能生存。
  2. After she died he had nothing to live for.
    她去世后,他便没有了生活目标。
  3. He's a tramp and used to living rough.
    他是流浪汉,惯于风餐雨卧。
  4. Where do you live?
    你住在哪儿?
  5. Many elderly people live an idle life.
    许多老年人过着悠闲的生活。
用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. The cat is playing with a live mouse.
    猫在戏弄那只活老鼠。
  2. It wasn't a recorded show, it was live
    这不是录音表演, 这是现场转播。
  3. A live band is always a good draw at a party.
    现场演奏的乐队在聚会上总是很吸引人的。
  4. The electrician killed the live circuit.
    那位电工切断了通电电路。
  5. We cooked the steak over live coals.
    我们在燃烧着的炭上煎牛排。
  6. Pollution is still very much a live issue.
    污染现象仍然是当前的大问题。
用作副词 (adv.)
  1. The landing on the moon was telecast live.
    现场转播了登月行动。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The coal miner was so seriously injured that he might not live till morning.
    这个煤矿工人的伤势很重,也许活不到早晨。
  2. The child was still living when the doctor arrived.
    医生到来的时候,孩子还活着。
  3. They lived happily ever after.
    后来,他们生活得很愉快。
  4. Don't live wastefully.
    生活切莫铺张浪费。
  5. I cannot afford to live expensively.
    我过不起阔绰的日子。
  6. Give up your arms and live!
    缴枪不杀!
  7. She lives about ten miles from my house.
    她的住处离我家约10英里远。
  8. As long as I live, the bridge lives.
    人在,桥就在。
  9. In the animal world the strong live while the weak die.
    在动物世界里,强者生存,弱者灭亡。
S+~+to- v
  1. He did not live to finish the work.
    他没活到完成这项工作。
  2. He didn't live to see his son back from the battle.
    他没有活到看见儿子打仗回来。
  3. Without the doctor,I could not have lived to see today's happiness.
    没有医生,我就不能过上今天的幸福生活。
There lives〔lived〕...
  1. There lived an old hunter in that small hut.
    在那间小屋里住过一位年老的猎人。
  2. Once there lived an old fisherman in a village by the sea.
    从前,海边的一个村子里住着一位老渔夫。
用作系动词 S+~+ n.
  1. He lived a lonely man.
    他一生孤独。
  2. She lived a virgin.
    她守身如玉,终身不嫁。
  3. He lived and died a bachelor.
    他终生未娶。
S+~+ adj.
  1. He lived invisible all his life.
    他一生谢绝来客,不愿抛头露面。
  2. The flowers will live longer if you put them in water.
    如果你把这些花养在水里,它们就活得久些。
S+~+ v -ed
  1. A nation can't live isolated.
    一个国家不能闭关自守。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. I lived a happy life.
    我过着幸福的生活。
  2. He lived a simple life.
    他过着俭朴的生活。
  3. He lived a life of luxury all his life.
    他一生过着奢侈的生活。
  4. John lives a life of ease and idleness.
    约翰过着闲适的生活。
  5. He lived the life of a Christian.
    他过着基督徒的生活。
  6. Up the sixty he had lived the life of a young man.
    一直到60岁,他还过年轻人的生活。
  7. He lived his belief.
    他实践自己的信仰。
  8. He lived an unforgettable hour that seemed a lifetime.
    他度过了难以忘怀的时刻,好像过了一辈子似的。
  9. None of the others have lived my experience.
    别人都不曾有过我这样的经历。
  10. He had lived what he narrated.
    他讲的那些事,他都亲身经历过。
用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. That is a live fish.
    那是条活鱼。
  2. There is a dead fish among all the live ones.
    在所有这些活鱼中,有一条死鱼。
  3. It is usual that live fishes are sold in market.
    在市场里出售活鱼是常有的事。
  4. Have you ever seen a live whale?
    你看见过活鲸鱼吗?
  5. He has never seen a live tiger.
    他从没见过一只活老虎。
  6. You won't see live animals in a museum.
    在博物馆里你不会看见活的动物。
  7. The cat was playing with a live mouse.
    这只猫在跟一只活老鼠玩。
  8. Look!A real live elephant!
    看啊!活生生的一头大象!
  9. We saw a real live rattlesnake!
    我们看到一条真的响尾蛇!
  10. They found a live bomb in the valley.
    他们在山谷里发现一枚未爆炸的炸弹。
  11. There is a live match on the desk.
    桌子上有未用过的火柴。
  12. Pollution is still very much a live issue.
    污染现象仍然是当前的大问题。
  13. We cooked the steak over live coals.
    我们是把牛排放在燃烧的煤上烤的。
  14. We managed to record the whole of the concert from a live studio broadcast.
    我们设法把实况转播的音乐会完全录了下来。
  15. We saw a live TV broadcast of the volleyball match.
    我们看到了那场排球赛的实况电视转播。
  16. They gave a live broadcast while the sports event was in process in the sports ground.
    体育比赛在体育场进行时,他们做了现场直播。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. The rope is live.
    这根绳子是带电的。
  2. Be careful, this wire is live.
    当心,这根电线有电。
  3. It wasn't a recorded show,it was live.
    那不是一场录音演出,而是实况转播。
用作副词 (adv.)
用作状语
  1. The show is going out live.
    这场演出正在进行实况转播。
  2. The concert will be broadcasted live.
    演奏会将现场直播。
  3. The president's speech was broadcasted live.
    总统的演说是现场直播的。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
live after( v.+prep. )
    在(某事结束或某人死后)继续存在 continue or last after the end of sth or death of sb
    live after sb/sth

    The good he did will live after him.

    他生前做的好事将永留人世。

    The acts of good men live after them in our memories.

    好人谢世后,他们的行为举止长久地留在我们的记忆里。

    His reputation will live long after his death.

    他将英名长存。

live among( v.+prep. )
    在…中生活 make one's home in an area populated by (a certain kind of people)
    live among sb

    After living among the natives for twenty years, the painter forgot his own language and civilized ways of life.

    那位画家在当地人中生活了20年之后,忘了自己的语言,并忘记了文明的生活方式。

    I lived among the Masai people for many years, but I failed to learn their language.

    我在马萨依族人中生活了多年,但没能学会他们的语言。

live and learn
    活到老,学到老;不经一事,不长一智 learn sth new;learn by experience
live and let live
    待人容忍;待人宽容如待己 accept one's behaviour;be tolerant
live apart( v.+adv. )
    分居 (of a married person or pair) live separately although remain married
    live apart

    After their worst quarrel,Jim and Mary wondered if they should live apart for a time to try to improve their relationship.

    吉姆同玛丽大闹了一场之后,他们考虑是否应当分开一段时间以改善关系。

    live apart from sb

    After Jane had been living apart from Fair for six months, she decided to return to him.

    简和费尔分居6个月后,决定回到他身边。

live at( v.+prep. )
    住在 have one's home at
    live at sth

    No one lives at the corner of the street now, it's all shops and offices.

    现在没有人在那个街角上住了,那里都是商店和办事机构。

    I lived at 29 Celebration Street,Nairobi, for many years.

    我在内罗毕典礼街29号住了许多年。

    When the house was damaged by fire, we had to live at the Grand Hotel for several weeks.

    房子被烧毁了,我们只得在格兰德旅馆里住了几个星期。

    We then lived at Norwood Road, but now we live at Fleet Street.

    我们原来住在诺伍德路,但现在住在舰队街。

live beyond( v.+prep. )
    住在远于或过了(某处)的地方 have one's home in a place further distant than (somewhere)
    live beyond sth

    The farmer's family live(s) beyond the next valley.

    过了下一个山谷就是那个农民的家。

live by( v.+prep. )
    以…谋生 earn one's living by (doing) sth
    live by sth/v-ing

    They live by honest labour.

    他们靠诚实劳动生活。

    He was never serious with any trade. He lived by his wits.

    他对哪一行都不认真,他靠小聪明过日子。

    He lives by begging.

    他以乞讨为生。

    The people in that small town are very poor;they probably live by taking in one another's washing.

    那个小镇上的居民很贫穷,他们可能靠彼此相助而生活。

live down( v.+adv. )
    使人忘记… cause people to forget or forgive (sth bad or foolish in one's past) by improved behaviour, directing their attention elsewhere, etc.
    live sth ⇔ down

    It will be difficult to live down this humiliation.

    很难忘记这样的耻辱。

    After his release from prison, he vowed to live down his crimes.

    出狱后,他立誓悔过自新,使人忘记他的罪行。

    It will be a long time before you live down that foolish mistake.

    你虽然改正错误,也得经过很长一段时间,人们才会忘掉你那愚蠢的过去。

    Twenty years later, his family are still trying to live the scandal down.20

    年过去了,他的一家仍在努力使人们忘记那件丑闻。

live for( v.+prep. )
    为…而生活,以…为生活目的 remain alive for (a length of time);have as one's main reason or interest in life
    live for sth

    Both boys just live for football.

    那两个男孩只想着足球。

    She lives for her work.

    她一心想着自己的工作。

    I live for the day when I retire.

    我向往着退休的那一天。

    He says that he has nothing to live for since his wife died.

    他说,自妻子去世后,他已没有生活乐趣可言。

live in1( v.+adv. )
    住在学习或工作的地方 live in the same place as where one works or studies
    live in

    The servants live in.

    仆人们寄宿在主人家。

    Where can we find a cook who will live in?

    现在哪里能雇到愿在雇主家住宿的厨师?

    Jack decided to live in during his freshman year at college.

    杰克决定大一时住校。

    Did you live in or live out when you were at college?

    你上大学时是住校还是走读?

    Students of this college are expected to live in.

    这个学院要求学生住校。

live in2( v.+prep. )
    住在(某地);存在于…;为…而生存 make one's home (in a place or building);be able to exist in sth or because of sb
    live in sth

    I've been living in this city since my family moved here twenty years ago.

    自从20年前我家搬到这里以来,我一直住在这个城市。

    I'd like to go to the country and live in a small way.

    我想去乡下过简朴、安静的生活。

    She indeed lives in a fool's paradise as she always dreams about making a huge fortune overnight.

    她总想顷刻间大发横财,的确有点想入非非。

    live sth in sth

    What a wretched life they lived in the workhouse!

    他们住在济贫院里,过的生活真悲惨!

    In the summer camp, children live the life of the collective.

    在夏令营里,孩子们过集体生活。

live it down
    忘记;原谅 forget;forgive
live it up
    〈非正〉纵情欢乐;奢侈浪费 enjoy oneself (through excessive spending〔indulgence〕)
live off( v.+prep. )
    以…为食;以…为生 eat (certain food);make a life by depending on sb/sth
    live off sb/sth

    They live off the land.

    他们以农产品为食。

    These animals with long necks live off the leaves of tall trees.

    这些长颈动物以高大树木的叶子为食。

    Thousands of waterfowl breed round the lake and live off the fish.

    数以千计的水鸟在湖边繁殖,靠鱼来生存。

    He lives off fruit and nuts.

    他靠水果和坚果维持生命。

    Since he lost his job, he's been living off his parents.

    自从失业以后,他一直靠父母生活。

    I live off the money from my first book.

    我靠出第一本书所得的钱过活。

    I don't know how she manages to live off her painting.

    我不知道她怎么能以画画为生。

    The family was in such difficult straits they were living off welfare.

    这家人处境十分窘迫,只能靠福利救济过日子。

live on1( v.+adv. )
    继续活着;继续存在 continue to live;continue to exist, often for a long time
    live on

    Now our monthly income is more than enough to live on.

    现在,我们每月的收入除了维持生活,还有多余。

    He's ninety, but still he lives on.

    他90岁了,还健在。

    The boy lived on for a week after the heart transplant.

    心脏移植手术后,这孩子还活了一个星期。

    The old people died but the young ones lived on.

    老人死了,但年轻人都继续活着。

    He lived on in spite of the accident.

    尽管出了事故,他还是活下来了。

    He will die, but his fame will live on after him.

    他虽然会死去,但他的名声会在他死后继续传扬。

    The composer's works will always live on.

    这位作曲家的作品永远留在人间。

    This custom will live on for centuries.

    这种风俗习惯还会流传若干世纪。

    The scientist's name will live on from generation to generation.

    这位科学家的名字将流芳百世。

live on2( v.+prep. )
    以…为食;靠…为生 eat (certain food);live a life depending on (sb/sth)
live out( v.+adv. )
    度过(某一段时间);过(某种生活) live to the end of (a period of time);live a certain sort of life
    live out

    The servants live out.

    仆人不在主人家寄宿。

    Some of the students have rooms in their college, but most have to live out as there isn't room for them all.

    有些学生住在学校里,但是多数学生都得住在校外,因为校内容纳不下全部学生。

    Students can live out if they wish.

    如果学生们愿意,他们可在学院外寄宿。

    live out sth

    He is seriously ill.I'm afraid he cannot live out one more week.

    他已病入膏肓,恐怕活不到一周了。

    I doubt if she'll live out the winter.

    我怀疑她是否能熬过这一冬。

    Don't bother me,O.K.?Just let me live out my life in peace and in private.

    别打扰我了,好不好?就让我一个人安安宁宁地度过后半辈子吧。

    My family lived out the earthquake, but our house was destroyed.

    我们一家在地震中劫后余生,但房子却毁了。

    Her success enabled her to live out her wildest fantasies.

    她的成功使她得以实现自己的狂想。

live out of( v.+adv.+prep. )
    从…取食 take one's food from (a container such as a tin)
live over1( v.+adv. )
    重新过(某种日子) relive (sth)
    live over sth

    The old man keeps living over his memories.

    那位老人常在心中重温往日的经历。

    live over

    If I had my life to live over,I'd do the same again.

    假如我能从头再生活一次的话,我仍然会这样做的。

live over2( v.+prep. )
    住在高于…的地方 make one's home on top of or at a higher level that (sth such as a place)
    live over sth

    The owners live over the shop.

    老板们住在商店的上头。

live through( v.+prep. )
    经历过;经历…而未死 remain alive during and in spite of (difficulty);experience
    live through sth

    He has lived through two world wars.

    他经历过两次世界大战。

    He had lived through the worst years of the depression.

    他经历过大萧条期间最艰苦的那几年。

    They lived through the long famine.

    他们经历了漫长的饥荒而未死。

    Can he live through the night?

    他能活得过今夜吗?

    I couldn't live through another day like that.

    照这样我一天也熬不下去了。

    I don't think he'll manage to live through another bad winter.

    我认为他不能再熬过一个严冬了。

    I don't know how I lived through the last week, waiting for the result.

    我不知道我是怎样在等待结果中度过上一周的。

    He was among the few who managed to live through the experiences in the enemy prison camp.

    活着离开战俘集中营的人很少,他是其中的一个。

live to( v.+prep. )
    活到 live as long as (a certain age)
    live to sth

    Many people have a wish to live to old age.

    许多人想长寿。

    My grandfather lived to a great age.

    我爷爷活到高龄。

    He lived to the ripe age of 90.

    他活到90高龄。

    Not many people live to a hundred.

    很少人活到一百岁。

live to oneself
    离群索居 live alone without the desire for company;not try to be friendly
live together( v.+adv. )
    住在一起;(通常指异性)同居 exist at the same time or in the same place;live as if married
    live together

    Now they are living happily together with the Han.

    现在他们和汉族人愉快地生活在一起。

    I hear Jane and Bill are living together.

    我听说简和比尔现在同居了。

    How long have they been living together?

    他们已经同居多久了?

    Increasing numbers of young people choose to live together rather than to marry.

    越来越多的青年人选择未婚同居而不是结婚。

live under( v.+prep. )
    在…的控制下生活 be controlled by (a power)
live up to( v.+adv.+prep. )
    实行;履行 put (one's faith, principles, etc.) into practice
live well( v.+adv. )
    过道德的生活 live in a moral manner
live with( v.+prep. )
    自重,保持自尊心 keep self-respect
    live with sb

    She lived in the village with her grandparents as cheerful as a lark.

    她同祖父母一起住在乡间非常快活。

    Dogs and cats cannot live with each other in the same house.

    猫和狗不能共同生活在一幢房子里。

    The girl with whom he had been living for two years suddenly packed her bags and left.

    这姑娘和他同居了两年,突然收拾起行李走掉了。

    live with sb/sth

    It was very difficult when she first lost her hearing, but she has learnt to live with it.

    她最初失去听觉的时候,感到非常困难,但是现在她已经慢慢适应了。

    Powerful nations must learn to live with each other in peace.

    强国必须学会和睦相处。

    Whether you like it or not, you will have to live with the new tax law.

    不管你喜欢与否,你得接受新税法。

    I don't like the noise of these jet aircraft, but I've learnt to live with it.

    我讨厌这些喷气飞机发出的噪音,但我已学会去忍受它了。

    I don't like the winter, but we all have to live with it.

    我不喜欢过冬天,但我们还不都得过吗?

    You must live with the fact that you are no longer as strong as you were.

    你必须承认,你已经不像过去那么健壮了。

    You have to live with the fact that you've lost all your money.

    你不得不接受你丢了所有的钱这个事实。

    It's hard to live with the knowledge that you are a failure.

    你知道你已失败,这是很难受的。

    live with oneself

    Would he be able to live with himself later?

    他以后还能保持自尊心吗?

live within( v.+prep. )
    住在…内 live inside (the limit of an area)
    live within sth

    If you live within the city border, you pay higher taxes.

    如果你住在城里,就得缴纳更多的税款。

    They live within easy reach of London.

    他们住在离伦敦很近的地方。

live without( v.+prep. )
    在没有…的情况下生活;少…也可以生活 find it possible to go on existing in spite of lacking (sb/sth)
    live without sb/sth

    She tried for a little while to live without him but couldn't.

    她曾一时试图脱离他独自生活,但发现那是过不下去的。

    Plants can't live without moisture.

    没有水分,植物不能生长。

    We can live without clothes, but food and drink are essential to life.

    没有衣服我们可以生存,但是食物和水是维持生命必不可少的。

    We may live without books, music, and art, but our lives would be poorer.

    没有书籍,没有音乐,没有艺术,我们也可以活下去,但那样的生活就更为贫乏了。

用作形容词 (adj.)
live wire
    生龙活虎的人,精力充沛而有生气的人 sb who is energetic〔enthusiastic〕

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 ~+副词
用作副词 (adv.)
动词+~

经典引文

  • We had got used to Father looking like a live scarecrow.

    出自: P. Theroux
  • She had only two more years to live.

    出自: H. Bailey

live的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. live的基本意思是“居住,住”,引申可作“活,生存”“以某种方式生活”“继续存在,留存”“享受生活”等解。
  2. live可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时通常接同源宾语,有时也接experience等和动词不同源的词,表示“过…的生活,有…的实践或经历”。
  3. live也可用作系动词,意思是“活着”,常接形容词作表语。
  4. live可如be般用于存在句(There...),位于there之后,主语之前,其人称和数应与主语一致。
  5. live后接副词on表示“继续活下去”;接介词on则表示“以…为食”“靠…生活”;后接介词with表示“与…同住”“寄宿在…”。
adj. (形容词)
  1. live用作形容词的基本意思是“活的,有生命的,精力充沛的”,主要用于动物,强调生命的健康及生命力的旺盛、生动,偶尔也可用于人,在句中只用作定语。
  2. live也可作“燃烧着的”“有爆炸力的”“随时可用的”“当前重要的”“现场直播的,实况转播的”等解,在句中既可用作定语,也可用作表语。
  3. live无比较级和最高级形式。
adv. (副词)
  1. live用作副词的意思是“实地,从现场,以直播方式”,在句中常用作状语。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
live at, live in, live on
  • “住在…街”在英式英语中用live in,在美式英语中用live on;“住在…号”和“住在(…街)…号”在英式英语中和美式英语中都用at。
  • live on, live off
  • 这两者都可表示“靠…过活”。接职业时只能用live off,不能用live on。例如:
  • He prefers to live on his salary and not to spend his savings.他愿意花他的工资生活而不动用储蓄金。
  • For the first half of the year we live off the silkworms;for the second half, we live off the land.头半年我们靠养蚕生活,后半年靠种地生活。
  • live by, live on
  • 这两者意义并不相同。live by的意思是“靠…过活”,指的是手段;live on的意思是“靠…为生”,指的是来源。例如:
  • He lived by writing.他以写作为生。
  • With the rising cost of living, it is hard for the old people to live on their pensions.由于生活费用不断上涨,老年人靠养老金生活已很困难了。
  • live on, feed on
  • 这两者都可表示“以…为食”。live on可用于动物,也可用于人;feed on一般只用于动物。例如:
  • The woodpecker lives on small insects.啄木鸟靠吃小昆虫生活。
  • Certain animals feed on insects.有些动物以昆虫为食。
  • live, abide, inhabit, reside, stay
  • 这几个词都有“住”的意思。其区别在于:live作“居住,住”解时,是普通用语,指住在某一地方,多用于日常生活口语中,是不及物动词,后面常与介词连用;reside为正式用语,指在某地固定居住或合法地居住;inhabit指人或动物因适应所生活地域的自然环境而定居下来,通常用作及物动词;abide常用在法律和文学上,是较为陈旧、文气的用法;stay指暂时住在某处,常用于旅途中在某处住宿,是不及物动词。例如:
  • While the children are living under my roof, they will have to obey my orders.孩子们住在我这儿就得听我的话。
  • The child abided with his grandparents for three years before returning to his home.那个孩子和祖父母一起居住了三年才回到自己的家里。
  • This district is densely inhabited.这个地区的人口密度很高。
  • They reside in a cottage at the foot of the mountain.他们居住在山脚下的一所小屋里。
  • Where are you staying?你住在哪里?
  • live, be, exist
  • 这三个词的共同意思是“生存,存在”。其区别在于:exist指事物存在的客观现实,强调真实性。例如:
  • God does not exist.上帝并不存在。
  • be属普通用词,与起引导作用的there连用时,与exist完全同义,有时带有个人信念的色彩。例如:
  • There exist〔are〕 bears in the zoo.动物园里有熊。
  • live指有生命、活着,表示“活下去”时可与exist换用。例如:
  • Live and learn.活到老,学到老。
  • We cannot live〔exist〕 without food and water.没有食物和水我们就不能生存。
  • live, dwell
  • 这两个词的共同意思是“居住”。其区别是:
  • live是普通用语,常用于日常口语中;dwell是书面用语,一般用于文学作品中。dwell还有“仔细研究,详细论述”的意思。例如:
  • When I was only three years old, my poor mother had to live in, cooking and washing for a rich lady.我才三岁的时候,我可怜的妈妈不得不住在一个阔太太的家里,给人家做饭、洗衣服。
  • He dreamed that he dwelled in the heaven.他做梦住在天堂里。
  • She dwelt at length upon the similarities of the two paintings.她详细地讲述了这两幅画的相似之处。
  • live with, lodge with, stay with
  • 这三个短语意思相近,但也有差别:live with的意思是“寄宿在某人处,与某人同居”;lodge with用于古语体口语中,指投宿在熟人处;stay with指作为客人短期地住在某人家里。例如:
  • She lived with him for a couple of years before they got married.他们在结婚前已同居了二三年。
  • When we go to the countryside, we lodge with my uncle.我们去乡下寄住在我叔叔家。
  • I stayed with the governor when I was in Celon.我在锡兰时住在总督家里。
  • 下面各组中的两个句子意思不同:
  • She lived in a hotel.
  • 她住在旅馆里。
  • She lived at the Great Wall Hotel.
  • 她住在长城饭店。
  • Who lives in that house?
  • 谁住在那栋房子里?
  • Who lives at that house?
  • 谁住那栋房子?
  • Mary lived in Beijing for five years.
  • 玛丽在北京住了5年。
  • Mary has lived in Beijing for five years.
  • 玛丽在北京至今已住了5年。
  • adj. (形容词)
    live, alive, living
  • 这三个词共同意思是“活着的,活的”。其区别在于:
  • 1.alive多用于人,与dead相对,指“还活着的”,着重于状态; living指没有死、消失,继续存在、活动或起着作用,可修饰人,也可修饰物; 而live指“活的; 真的”,只用于物。
  • 2.alive只用作表语或后置定语; living既可用作定语,又可用作表语; 而live仅用作定语。例如:
  • The mortally wounded man was unconscious but still alive.那个受了致命伤的人处于昏迷状态,可是还活着。
  • He has never seen a live tiger.他从没见过一只活老虎。
  • He is the greatest living poet.他是在世的最伟大的诗人。
  • Shelly was still living雪莱还活着。
  • 常见错误

    v. (动词)
      他以前靠修鞋过活。

      He used to lived on repairing shoes.

      He used to make a living by repairing shoes.

      live on后不能接职业、工作一类的词。

      多年来她始终过得很快活。

      She has been living very happy for years.

      She has been living a very happy life for years.

      作“过…生活”解时live可接同源宾语,但不可接形容词。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自古英语的lifian,意为住,生活。
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