little

  基本词汇  
['lɪtl]     ['lɪtl]    
  • adj.小的;幼小的;短的;微不足道的;少到几乎没有的
  • adv.甚少;毫不;难得
  • n.极少
littler / less / lesser littlest / least littleness
new

little是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 微量的,不多的
  2. 小的,不大的
  3. 可爱的
  4. 幼小的,年轻的,年纪小的
  5. 琐碎的,微不足道的
  6. 短暂的
  7. 矮小的
  8. 孩子似的,孩子气的
  9. 吝啬的
  10. 心地狭窄的
  11. 有一点的,丁点的
  12. 小型的,小巧玲珑的
adv.(副词)
  1. 毫不,一点也不
  2. 一点,不多,很少
  3. 稍,略
  4. 几乎不,简直不
  5. 有点,稍微,不大,略微,少许
  6. 几乎没有
  7. 少,少许,少量
  8. 难得
n.(名词)
  1. 没有多少
  2. 少许,一点点,些许
  3. 利特尔(音译名)
  4. 小,不大
  5. 少,很少,甚少
  6. 短时间,一会儿
  7. 短距离
v.(动词)
  1. 变少,变小

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 小的,幼小的,矮小的 not big;small;young
  2. [A](时间、距离)短的 (of distance, time) short
  3. [A]琐碎的,微不足道的 not important
pron.(代词)
  1. 少量,些许 a small amount
adv.(副词)
  1. 少到几乎没有;毫不,难得,很少 not much;only slightly;rarely

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
little : 小的, 少的 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
little : 短时间;短 ...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a small amount or duration;

    "he accepted the little they gave him"

Adjective:
  1. limited or below average in number or quantity or magnitude or extent;

    "a little dining room"
    "a little house"
    "a small car"
    "a little (or small) group"

  2. (quantifier used with mass nouns) small in quantity or degree; not much or almost none or (with `a') at least some;

    "little rain fell in May"
    "gave it little thought"
    "little time is left"
    "we still have little money"
    "a little hope remained"
    "there's slight chance that it will work"
    "there's a slight chance it will work"

  3. (of children and animals) young, immature;

    "what a big little boy you are"
    "small children"

  4. (informal) small and of little importance;

    "a fiddling sum of money"
    "a footling gesture"
    "our worries are lilliputian compared with those of countries that are at war"
    "a little (or small) matter"
    "a dispute over niggling details"
    "limited to petty enterprises"
    "piffling efforts"
    "giving a police officer a free meal may be against the law, but it seems to be a picayune infraction"

  5. (of a voice) faint;

    "a little voice"
    "a still small voice"

  6. low in stature; not tall;

    "he was short and stocky"
    "short in stature"
    "a short smokestack"
    "a little man"

  7. lowercase;

    "little a"
    "small a"
    "e.e.cummings's poetry is written all in minuscule letters"

  8. small in a way that arouses feelings (of tenderness or its opposite depending on the context);

    "a nice little job"
    "bless your little heart"
    "my dear little mother"
    "a sweet little deal"
    "I'm tired of your petty little schemes"
    "filthy little tricks"
    "what a nasty little situation"

Adverb:
  1. not much;

    "he talked little about his family"

little的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. We have a little bull session after work.
    下班后,我们要开一个小的讨论会。
  2. This little bed will do for our youngest daughter.
    这张小床我们最小的女儿睡能行。
  3. She is too little to ride a bicycle.
    她太小了,不能骑脚踏车。
  4. She walked away and her little heart was broken.
    她走开了但是她幼小的心却受伤了。
  5. The merest little thing makes him nervous.
    最微不足道的小事也会使他紧张。
  6. There was little change in their daily lives.
    他们的日常生活几乎没有变化。
  7. She shows little appreciation of good music.
    她对于好音乐几乎没有欣赏能力。
用作副词 (adv.)
  1. He is little known as an artist.
    他是个不出名的艺术家。
  2. Besides, I knew little about it.
    再说,我对赛艇运动也了解得很少。
  3. Little does he care whether we live or die.
    他一点也不管我们是死是活。
  4. I go there very little now.
    我现在难得去那儿。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The little that I have seen of his work is satisfactory.
    他的工作就我所见的那一小部分而言是令人满意的。
  2. Little is known about the effect of life-long drinking.
    人们关于终生饮酒的效果却知道的很少。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. The little boy is playing the terrible game.
    那小男孩正在玩可怕的游戏。
  2. What a pretty little house it is!
    多么小巧玲珑的房子啊!
  3. A few little things apart,I am very pleased with the result.
    撇开一些小事不谈,我对这个结果很满意。
  4. We mustn't be complacent over our little achievements.
    我们不应该为一点小成绩而满足。
  5. There is little gasoline left in the tank.
    油箱里没有多少汽油了。
  6. She stayed here only a little while.
    她在这里只停留了很短的时间。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. She was beautiful when she was little.
    她小时候很漂亮。
用作代词 (pron.)
  1. I have little time for reading.
    我几乎没有时间看书。
  2. I have spent a lot of money,I have very little left.
    我花掉大部分的钱,剩下的钱已不多了。
  3. Nearly all the wine had been drunk, but we finished the little that was left.
    酒差不多喝光了,不过我们还是把余下的那点干了。
用作副词 (adv.)
  1. John is little known as a professor.
    约翰是个不出名的教授。
  2. His father left little more than two hours ago.
    他父亲离开这里已经有两个多小时了。
  3. Little does he know what trouble he's in.
    他对自己所处何种地步茫无所知。
  4. I go there very little.
    我很少去那里。

常用短语

用作形容词 (adj.)
in little
  1. 小规模地on a small scale

    The paragraph is really an essay in little. 这一段实际上是一篇小短文。

用作代词 (pron.)
after〔for〕 a little
  1. 经过很短的距离〔时间〕after〔for〕 a short distance or time

    We left the car and walked for a little. 我们下车走了一小段路。

    He came back after a little. 过了一会儿他回来了。

用作副词 (adv.)
little and little
  1. 一点一点地;逐渐地making progress slowly;gradually

    Little and little the rain stopped. 雨渐渐地停了。

little or nothing
  1. 几乎无,简直没有hardly anything

    However much you may entreat him, you will get little or nothing. 无论你向他恳求多少,你都不会得到什么东西的。

make little of
  1. 轻视,不以为然treat as unimportant

    She made little of her woerirs. 她并没有把自己的烦恼放在心上。

  2. 不明白,看不懂understand or read hardly anything

    I read the article carefully but could make little of it. 我仔细读了这篇文章,可实在不懂。

    Mary could make little of what John was saying. 玛丽不懂约翰说什么。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 ~+介词
用作代词 (pron.)
~+介词
用作副词 (adv.)
动词+~

经典引文

  • Green taffeta, lined with a little bit of white quilted satin.

    出自:L. Sterne
  • Depend on me to pick up the least little bit of a hint.

    出自:J. Conrad
  • A big cake and two little ones on Miss Maudie's kitchen table.

    出自:Harper Lee
  • They had been talking..of getting a little cottage.

    出自:A. N. Wilson
  • I think we might have a little drink.

    出自:W. Trevor
  • It's a little bitty thing but it shoots real bullets.

    出自:D. DeLillo

little的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj.(形容词)
  1. little用作形容词时表示“小的,幼小的,矮小的”,指由于因年龄小而身形娇小,含有感情色彩,意思是“小的可爱”“小的可怜”等意思。
  2. little的比较级与最高级常用smaller, smallest,而较少用littler, littlest。
  3. little习惯上不与large并用,表示“大大小小”可与big或great连用。例如:Great and little minds gathered.大大小小人物聚在一起。
pron.(代词)
  1. little用作代词时有否定意味,接近于nothing。
  2. the little, a little或little of在句中用作定语时,谓语动词用单数形式。
  3. little可与the连用,用如名词。
adv.(副词)
  1. little用作副词和感官的动词连用并放在动词前,表示“毫不”“一点也不”。
  2. 当little用作副词置于句首时,句子采用倒装结构。

词义辨析

adj.(形容词)
little, small, tiny
这组词的共同意思是“小”。其区别是:
little和small在修饰物时,前者着重数量不多、少; 后者侧重于程度和尺寸的大小。little和small用来修饰人时,前者侧重于因年龄小而使身形娇小,后者则侧重于指比一般人身材矮小,含有比较的意味。另外, little还含有一种small所没有的感情色彩,往往含有“小得可爱”“小得可怜”等意思。tiny比little和small更强调小,含有“微不足道”的意思。例如:
There is little gasoline left in the tank.油箱里没有多少汽油了。
The boy is small for his age.这男孩身材小得同年龄不相称。
He lived in a tiny cottage all by himself.他一人住在一间很小的茅屋里。
pron.(代词)
little, a little
这两者意义并不相同,前者具有否定意义,表示“很少”;后者具有肯定意义,表示“一些,少许”。同样数量的东西,有时可说little,有时可说a little,全凭主观上的看法。试比较:
  • I have a little money.
  • 我有一点点钱。(虽少但有)
  • I have little money.
  • 我有少量的钱。(虽有但少)
  • Little remains to be done.
  • 没有什么可做的了。
  • A little remains to be done.
  • 还有一点要做一做。
little, few
这两个词都有“很少”“没多少”的意思,都表示否定含意。few用于可数名词前,与many相对; little用在不可数名词前,与much相对。
注意下面两个句子的翻译:
  • I have not a little money.
  • [误] 我一点钱都没有。
  • [正] 我有很多钱。
  • She was not a little surprised.
  • [误] 她一点都不吃惊。
  • [正] 她非常吃惊。
little few several
这几个词用作形容词时均含“少量的”之意。
  • little:little只修饰不可数名词,含否定意义。
  • few:few只修饰可数名词的复数形式,侧重指数量非常少,给人一种模糊概念,含否定意义。
  • several:several修饰可数名词的复数形式,指至少有3个,但不会超过5、6个。
little small tiny minute miniature
这些形容词均有“小的”之意。
  • little:little指在体积、数量、距离、年龄、身材等方面比正常的小,多带主观感情色彩,含小而可爱或小巧的意味。
  • small:small多指数量、面积、体积、价值、数字或意义等的小或少,指略小于正常的大小。
  • tiny:tiny强调与同类或其他物体比较,小得超出正常比例,有时带强烈的感情色彩。
  • minute:minute指小得难看见,有时需用显微镜才看得见。
  • miniature:miniature指由正常体积微缩的物体。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的lyetl,意为少,小。

little的海词问答与网友补充:

提问补充

little的相关资料:

正版词典

little : 小的,小而 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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