long

  基本词汇  
[lɒŋ]     [lɔːŋ]    
  • adj.长的;冗长的;久的;长音的
  • adv.长期地;久地;用于名词后强调某事发生在某整段时间
  • v.渴望
  • n.长时间;长音节;囤积商品者
longer longest longed longed longing longs
new

long是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 长的,长久的,长期的,长时间的,很长
  2. 个子高的
  3. 冗长的,拖长的
  4. ...以上,足足
  5. 长音的
  6. 似乎比实际时间长的
  7. 远的
  8. 希望渺茫的
adv.(副词)
  1. 长久地,长期地,很久地,久已
  2. 始终
  3. 遥远地
  4. 多时
  5. 尽可能
  6. 只要
  7. 既然
  8. 由于
  9. 就…来说
  10. 长时间地
  11. 不再,不复
  12. 再见
v.(动词)
  1. 渴想,极想,热望
n.(名词)
  1. 长裤
  2. 【语】长音节
  3. 长尺寸
  4. 长期间,长时间,长时期
  5. 【商】看涨的人,买空的人
  6. 做多头的人
  7. 【语音】长母音,长子音
  8. 长信号
abbr.(缩略词)
  1. =longitude 经度
_null.
  1. 中国姓氏龙、郎、农的音译

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 长的 measuring a large, or larger than average, amount from one end to the other
  2. 长久的 covering a certain distance from one end to the other or a certain time
adv.(副词)
  1. 长久地,长期地 for a long time
  2. 很久地,久远地 at a long time
n.(名词)
  1. [U]长时间,长时期 interval, after a period of time
v.(动词)
  1. vi. 渴望;极想 desire;wish;want sth very much

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
long : 长 ...
long : 长的, 长久 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
long : 做多头的; ...
在 《外教社财政学英语词典》 中查看更多...
long : 长的, 长久 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
long : 做多 ...
在 《外教社经济学英语词典》 中查看更多...
long : 多头 ...
long : 长的长久的 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
long : 长的, 长期 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. primarily temporal sense; being or indicating a relatively great or greater than average duration or passage of time or a duration as specified;

    "a long life"
    "a long boring speech"
    "a long time"
    "a long friendship"
    "a long game"
    "long ago"
    "an hour long"

  2. primarily spatial sense; of relatively great or greater than average spatial extension or extension as specified;

    "a long road"
    "a long distance"
    "contained many long words"
    "ten miles long"

  3. of relatively great height;

    "a race of long gaunt men"
    "looked out the long French windows"

  4. good at remembering;

    "a retentive mind"
    "tenacious memory"

  5. holding securities or commodities in expectation of a rise in prices;

    "is long on coffee"
    "a long position in gold"

  6. (of speech sounds or syllables) of relatively long duration;

    "the English vowel sounds in `bate', `beat', `bite', `boat', `boot' are long"

  7. involving substantial risk;

    "long odds"

  8. planning prudently for the future;

    "large goals that required farsighted policies"
    "took a long view of the geopolitical issues"

  9. having or being more than normal or necessary:

    "long on brains"
    "in long supply"

Adverb:
  1. for an extended time or at a distant time;

    "a promotion long overdue"
    "something long hoped for"
    "his name has long been forgotten"
    "talked all night long"
    "how long will you be gone?"
    "arrived long before he was expected"
    "it is long after your bedtime"

  2. for an extended distance

Verb:
  1. desire strongly or persistently

long的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. She was slender and had long dark hair.
    她身材苗条,有一头长长的黑发。
  2. She bought some roses with long stems.
    她买了一些枝干很长的玫瑰花。
  3. He delivered a long prose full of platitudes.
    他发表了一篇充满陈词滥调的文章。
  4. I haven't seen him for a long while.
    我已经很久没见到他了。
  5. After such a long walk you may feel hungry.
    走了这么久,你也许会觉得饿了。
  6. The long vowels have undergone much modification.
    长元音经历了太多的修正。
用作副词 (adv.)
  1. I haven't known her long.
    我认识她不久。
  2. I knew Tom long before I knew you.
    我在认识你之前很久就认识了汤姆。
  3. She plays her radio all day long.
    她整天开收音机。
  4. She sat by her sick husband all night long.
    她整夜坐在生病的丈夫身边。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. She longed to be back in China.
    她渴望回到中国。
  2. They long for a chance to visit Shanghai.
    他们渴望有机会访问上海。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. This won't take long.
    这要不了多久。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. The pupils have two long holidays every year.
    学生们每年有两次长假。
  2. His long illness and consequent absence from school delayed his progress of study.
    他长时间生病以及随后的缺课耽搁了他的学业。
  3. They have begun the long and tiresome grind of preparing themselves for college entrance.
    他们已经开始考大学前那种长期而劳累地埋头苦学了。
  4. There was a long interval before he replied.
    一段长时间的间隔之后,他才做答复。
  5. After a long separation, they held a glad meeting.
    阔别多年之后,他们举行了一个令人愉快的聚会。
  6. We succeeded in winning the contract, but for a long time, we were sailing against the wind, and were doubtful of our success.
    我们终于签订了那份合同,但在很长一段时间里我们一直遇到重重阻力,以致不敢相信自己能获得成功。
  7. After a long hunt for him, we saw him emerging from the crowd.
    我们找了他半天之后,看见他从人群里出来了。
  8. By all appearance the strike will go on for a long time.
    显然这次罢工要持续很长时间。
  9. The amount of coal of this country will be exhaustible within not a long time.
    这个国家的煤储藏量在不久的将来就会用尽。
  10. For a long period of time Latin was the literary language of Italy.
    有很长一段时间,拉丁语是意大利的文学语言。
  11. The long war exhausted our country in the nineteenth century.
    在19世纪,长期的战争使我们的国家民穷财尽。
  12. The long journey knocked her up.
    长途旅行把她累坏了。
  13. She had been away on a long trip.
    她曾旅行到过很远的地方。
  14. They were unused to walking long distance.
    他们不习惯长距离的步行。
  15. It was a terrible grind getting up that long hill.
    爬上那个漫长的斜坡令人极度劳累。
  16. She plays a very dramatic woman with flashing eyes and a long black dress.
    她饰演一位身着黑色长装、双眼闪光的引人注目的妇人。
  17. The plot is rather thin for such a long story.
    对这样长的故事来说,这个情节显得太单薄了。
  18. That long talk healed many differences.
    那次长谈消除了很多分歧。
  19. A long talk is tedious.
    冗长的谈话令人生厌。
  20. It is a long shot but I think John must have known about the murder.
    虽然这只是个猜测,但我认为约翰对这件谋杀案一定知情。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. Your car is longer than mine.
    你的汽车比我的长。
  2. It's an hour long.
    这有一个钟头之久。
  3. The garden is 20 metres long and 15 metres wide.
    这个花园有20米长,15米宽。
  4. The house is 40 feet long and 20 feet broad.
    这屋长40英尺,宽30英尺。
  5. This new railway is four hundred kilometres long.
    这条新铁路有400公里长。
S+be+~+on n .
  1. He is long on brains.
    他头脑聪明。
  2. He is long on hope.
    他有很多希望。
S+be+~+(in) v -ing
  1. You have been long fetching the car.
    你去取车子已经很久了。
  2. I won't be long unpacking.
    我很快就会把行李打开。
  3. He was a long time writing a letter.
    他竟花了半天才写出一封信。
  4. He won't be long making up his mind.
    他很快就会作决定。
  5. Spring is long in coming.
    春天姗姗来迟。
  6. He is long in returning.
    他迟迟归来。
用作副词 (adv.)
用作状语
  1. My grandpa has long thought of retiring at 80.
    我祖父早就想在80岁退休。
  2. I've long wanted to meet her.
    我很久以来就想见她。
  3. He remained long in London.
    他在伦敦呆了很久。
  4. He stayed up long after midnight.
    午夜以后,他久久没睡。
  5. I have long been cherishing the hope of visiting Beijing.
    我很久以来一直想参观北京。
  6. They had not been married long when her husband was ordered abroad.
    她丈夫受命出国时,他们结婚还没多久。
  7. He said that he had seen a tiger long before.
    他说他很久以前见过老虎。
  8. He hasn't long been back.
    他刚回来。
  9. I'm sorry but I can't stay longer.
    对不起,我不能再久留了。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Were you there for long?
    你到那儿很久了吗?
  2. Shall you be away for long?
    你得离开很久吗?
  3. He was imprisoned for long.
    他被监禁在牢里很久了。
  4. I can't stay for long.
    我呆不了多久。
  5. Shall I have long to wait?
    我要等很长时间吗?
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~+to- v
  1. We are longing to see you.
    我们极想见到你。
  2. Ever since then I've been longing to meet him face to face.
    从那时起我一直渴望和他面对面地聚会。

常用短语

用作形容词 (adj.)
a long haul
  1. 持久而艰苦的活动 long and difficult activity, etc.

    It's been a long haul but at last this dictionary is published. 经过千辛万苦,这部字典才终于得以问世。

at the longest
  1. 最多,最长 not longer than the specified time

    He's only away for short periods, a week at the longest. 他只是短期外出,最多一周。

long odds
  1. 极小的可能性 a remote chance

    We have put in a bid for a government contract, but there are long odds on our getting it. 我们已投标,以求与政府签订合同,但成功的可能性极小。

用作副词 (adv.)
as〔so〕 long as
  1. 只要,如果 on condition that;provided that, if

    I'll love you as long as I breathe. 只要我还活着,我一定爱你。

    As long as he was physically able, he went to work in the fields. 只要身体能行,他就下田干活。

    The employer cheated the workers into the belief that they could earn 30,000 yuan a year as long as they worked hard. 老板哄骗工人们相信:只要他们努力工作,一年可以挣到3万元。

    I suppose you can forbid her as long as she is under age. 我认为只要她不到成年,你就可以阻止她。

    You can't be defeated as long as you hold together. 只要你们团结起来,就不会被打败。

    The shop will give a discount of ten percent as long as you don't want credit but pay on the nail. 要是你不赊账而即刻付钱,商店可以打9折。

  2. 既然,由于 since

    You may stay here as long as you like. 你高兴在这儿呆多久就呆多久。

no longer
  1. 不再,已不 after a certain point in time

    He's no longer living here. 他已不住此处。

    He was long a famous musician, but he plays no longer. 他成为有名的音乐家已很久了,但他现在不演奏了。

    Our products are no longer competitive in world markets. 我们的产品在世界市场上不再具有竞争力了。

    The city's water supply is no longer adequate for its need. 这个城市的供水已不能满足需求。

用作名词 (n.)
before long
  1. 不久 soon

    I hope to see you before long. 我希望不久就看见你。

    He will arrive before long. 他不久会到的。

    She's asking for trouble and she'll get it before long. 她是在自讨苦吃,不久她就会真遇上麻烦的。

    It was a thankless job, so we choked him off before long. 那是一件吃力不讨好的事情,所以我们很快就不让他做了。

    The face of the town will be completely changed before long. 这个城镇的面貌不久将彻底改变。

    We watched carefully and before long caught out the suspect. 我们留神观察,不久就发觉这个可疑的人在做坏事。

    Tom's lessons were too difficult for him and before long he fell behind the rest of the class. 汤姆的课程对他来说太难,不久他就落后于班上的其他同学。

take long
  1. 花时间干某事 cost time to do sth

    The work won't take long. 这工作不会花太长时间。

    To go on foot would take long. 步行将很费时间。

    He always takes so long to eat his breakfast. 他总是费这么多时间吃早餐。

the long and the short of it
  1. 概括 an abbreviated account

    Well,the long and the short of the matter is he wanted to use your bike for a day or two, but was too shy to say so. 总之,他是想借你的自行车用一两天,不过就是不好意思开口。

    We had a lot of trouble with the car and traffic, and the long and the short of it is we were six hours late arriving there. 我们的车和交通都遇到了很多麻烦。总之,我们晚了6个小时到达那里。

用作动词 (v.)
long for (v.+prep.)
  1. 渴望;羡慕 desire earnestly;wish for very much long for sb/sth

    He longed for his mother.他非常想念他母亲。

    He has been longing for her ever since she left.自她走后,他一直在想念她。

    You seem to be longing for me in saying something.好像你很想听我说些什么。

    There is no one but longs for success.没有人不希望成功。

    She is longing for home.她渴望回家。

    The children are longing for the holidays.孩子们渴望假日的到来。

    I'm longing for an icy cold beer. Aren't you?我很想来一瓶冰镇啤酒,你不想也来一瓶吗?

    It has rained for five days in succession, so we are longing for some sunshine.已连续下了五天的雨,因此,我们渴望着出太阳。

    I long for the day when my dreams can come true.我渴望有一天能够梦想成真。

    I long for the time when I don't have to work as hard as this.我渴望能不像现在这样劳累。

    So this is what you've been longing for.哦,这就是你一直所渴求的东西。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    A swift change is longed for, but unlikely.人们期盼着更快的变化,但不太可能。

    long for sb to-v

    I long for him to write me often.我盼他常给我写信。

    I'm longing for him to arrive.我迫切希望他来。

    She longed for her husband to say something.她渴望她的丈夫能说些什么。

    He longs for her to come back to him.他热切希望她回到他身边。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 名词+~ ~+副词 ~+介词
用作副词 (adv.)
动词+~ ~+副词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 介词+~
用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • She could not have come a very long distance.

    出自:T. Hardy
  • Annette walked quickly, taking long strides.

    出自:I. Murdoch
  • She has long brown hair hanging down her back.

    出自:E. Caldwell
  • The long stretch of Government Road.

    出自:W. Boyd
  • She longed to have her ambitions aroused.

    出自:E. L. Doctorow
  • He longed for him to be taken into care.

    出自:M. Amis
  • 'Have you known her long?' I asked...'Since she was a child.'

    出自:J. Buchan
  • A series of..kindly housekeepers (none of whom stayed very long).

    出自:J. Mitchell
  • He..would long remember their talk.

    出自:D. Prater
  • I don't know how much longer I'll..keep on that job.

    出自:N. Gordimer

long的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj.(形容词)
  1. long的基本意思是“长的”,可表示时间和距离的长短或长度,也可表示书籍、信件、故事之类的内容的长短。
  2. long在句中可作定语,也可作表语。
adv.(副词)
  1. long用作副词时,其基本意思是“长久地”,主要用于修饰静态动词,表示时间延续之长。
  2. long还可作“久远地”解,表示动作发生于很久之前或之后,一般位于副词或介词短语之前。
  3. so long在非正式用语中可作“再见”解。
n.(名词)
  1. long作名词是“长时间,长时期”的意思,是不可数名词。
  2. for long的意思是“长久”,常用于否定句或疑问句中。
  3. long有时还可用作可数名词,意思是“长音节”。例如:The poem has four longs and six shorts.这首诗有四个长音节和六个短音节。
v.(动词)
  1. long用作动词时意思是“渴望”“极想”,指一个人全心全意地、极为诚恳地期望得到某种东西,尤指遥远的、难以得到的东西。
  2. long用作不及物动词时常与介词for连用,并常接动词不定式作目的状语。
  3. long有时也可用作及物动词,接表示希望或愿望的that从句,谓语多由will或may构成。例如:We longed that we could see our own country.我们迫切希望看到自己的国家。I long that she may come this afternoon.我盼她今天下午能来。

词义辨析

adv.(副词)
long, a long time
1.这两者都用作表示时间的状语,用于疑问句中可互换。例如:
Have you been here long〔a long〕 time?你在这里呆了很久了吗?
2.a long time可用于肯定句中;而long只在受另一副词如too, enough, ago修饰时才用于肯定句。例如:
She waited there for a long time.她在那里等了很长时间。
You've been sleeping too long〔long enough 〕.你睡得太久了。
3.在否定结构中,两者所表达的意思有别。试比较:
  • Tom didn't work for long.
  • 汤姆干活没干多久。
  • (刚工作不久)
  • Tom didn't work for a long time.
  • 汤姆好长时间没工作了。
  • (离上次工作已很长时间了)
how long, how soon
这两个短语的区别是:how soon的意思是“多久”,当我们就陈述句中的“过多少时间(就能…)”这一部分提问时,只能用how soon不能用how long; how long的意思是“多长”,当我们就陈述的“一段时间的长短”提问时,要用how long,不能用how soon。试比较:
  • “How soon will he be here?”“In two hours.” “再过多久他就在这里了?”“两个小时。” “How long will he be here?”“For two hours.” “他要在这里呆多长时间?”“两个小时。”
下面两句话意思相同:
  • It will not take long to finish the work.
  • It will not be long before I finish the work.
  • 不久我就会完成这项工作。
n.(名词)
long before, before long
before long的意思是“不久之后”,相当于soon,其中before是介词, long是名词; long before的意思是“很久以前”,相当于a long time earlier,long与before都是副词, long说明before的程度。试比较:
  • It happened before long.
  • 不久就发生了。
  • It happened long before.
  • 很久以前就已发生了。
v.(动词)
long for, ache for, die for, hunger for, sigh for, starve for, thirst for
这组短语间的区别是:
1.这组短语都可以表示“渴望得到某物”或“渴望做某事”; ache for和sigh for还可表示“想念某人”; hunger for还可表示“渴望知道某情况”。
2.这组短语都可以人作主语; ache for和thirst for还可用表示身体某部位的名词作主语。
3.这组短语都可以物作宾语; ache for, long for和sigh for还可以人作宾语。
4.ache for和die for多用于进行时态; hunger for和thirst for多用于一般时态; 而long for则可用于各种时态。
5.除starve for可用于被动语态作“缺乏”解外,其他6个短语极少用于被动语态。
6.die for表示的是极端渴望; ache for和long for表示的是强烈的渴望; 其他4个短语所表示的语气则相对较轻。
7.ache for和long for是口语用法; sigh for是文学用语; 其他4个短语则属于比喻用法。
long, pine, yearn
这组词的共同意思是“渴望”。其区别在于:
1.pine暗示苦苦思念不可能得到的事物; long暗示有强烈的愿望并付诸努力; yearn则暗示不安地或痛苦地渴望做到某事或得到某物。
2.long和yearn后均可跟for短语或不定式,但long是一般用语,用于褒义或贬义均可;而yearn则通常用于高尚的感情或用于诗歌中。例如:
My brother yearned to return to his native land.我哥哥渴望回故乡。
desire wish hope expect want long
这些动词都有“希望”之意。
  • desire:desire语气较正式庄重,着重渴望的力量与热切,常含有强烈的意图和目的。
  • wish:wish语气较弱,多指难于实现或不可能实现的愿望。
  • hope:hope指对愿望实现有一定信心的希望。
  • expect:expect通常指有很大程度的把握,但仍含有预料之意,或预计某事或某行动的发生。
  • want:want一般指所想要的东西是切望得到的东西,能弥补实际需要。
  • long:long语气强,指极殷切地盼望着,这种盼望侧重于很难或不可能得到的东西。有时也指一般愿望,但含一定感情色彩。
yearn long thirst
这些动词均含“渴望”之意。
  • yearn:yearn通常指急迫不安地渴望或向往,着重怀有柔情或热情。
  • long:long指诚心诚意地渴望某事或物。
  • thirst:thirst原义指对食物或饮料的渴求,引申指全力以求。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的olng,意为长的,长期的。

long的海词问答与网友补充:

提问补充

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正版词典

long : 长的,远的 ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...
long : (空间或时 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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long的相关缩略词,共有2

互动百科

  • long:long adj. 长的, 长期的, 做多头的, 高的vi. 渴望, 热望adv. 长期地, 始终n. 长时间, (市场上)做多头的人, [语音]长音节 英英解释:动词long:1. desire s…

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