late

  基本词汇  
[leɪt]     [leɪt]    
  • adj.迟的;晚的;末期的;最近的;已故的
  • adv.晚;迟
later latest lateness
new

late是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 已故的;去世不久的
  2. 前任的,不久前才卸任的
  3. 晚期的;接近末期的
  4. 迟的,迟到的
  5. 晚的
  6. 最近的,新的
  7. 近深夜的,近日暮的
  8. 刚到的
  9. 晚年的
  10. 后期的
  11. 迟发生的,迟做的
adv.(副词)
  1. 迟,过迟
  2. 不久前,最近,新近,近来
  3. 来不及
  4. 在晚期,接近末期
  5. 临近日暮,到深夜
  6. 在晚年
n.(名词)
  1. 最近

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 迟的,晚的,迟到的 arriving, happening, etc., after the usual, arranged necessary
  2. 晚期的,后期的 happening or being towards the end of the day, life, a period, etc.
  3. [A]不久之前的,最近的 happening a short time ago
  4. [A]已故的;前任的;刚到的,新的 who died recently;the late changes in the recent;just arrive, new;fresh
adv.(副词)
  1. 迟,晚 after the usual, arranged, necessary, or expected time
  2. 接近末期 far on in a period of time

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
late : 迟的, 晚的 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
late : 迟到的, 晚 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
late : 迟的, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. being or occurring at an advanced period of time or after a usual or expected time;

    "late evening"
    "late 18th century"
    "a late movie"
    "took a late flight"
    "had a late breakfast"

  2. after the expected or usual time; delayed;

    "a belated birthday card"
    "I'm late for the plane"
    "the train is late"
    "tardy children are sent to the principal"
    "always tardy in making dental appointments"

  3. of the immediate past or just previous to the present time;

    "a late development"
    "their late quarrel"
    "his recent trip to Africa"
    "in recent months"
    "a recent issue of the journal"

  4. having died recently;

    "her late husband"

  5. of a later stage in the development of a language or literature; used especially of dead languages;

    "Late Greek"

  6. at or toward an end or late period or stage of development;

    "the late phase of feudalism"
    "a later symptom of the disease"
    "later medical science could have saved the child"

  7. (used especially of persons) of the immediate past;

    "the former president"
    "our late President is still very active"
    "the previous occupant of the White House"

Adverb:
  1. later than usual or than expected;

    "the train arrived late"
    "we awoke late"
    "the children came late to school"
    "notice came so tardily that we almost missed the deadline"
    "I belatedly wished her a happy birthday"

  2. to an advanced time;

    "deep into the night"
    "talked late into the evening"

  3. at an advanced age or stage;

    "she married late"
    "undertook the project late in her career"

  4. in the recent past;

    "he was in Paris recently"
    "lately the rules have been enforced"
    "as late as yesterday she was fine"
    "feeling better of late"
    "the spelling was first affected, but latterly the meaning also"

late的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. I'm afraid I may be a little late.
    恐怕我可能稍晚一点。
  2. The train was 10 minutes late.
    火车晚点了10 分钟。
  3. This country was founded in the late eighteenth century.
    这个国家是在18世纪末期建立的。
  4. Tell me about his late illness.
    告诉我他最近的病况。
  5. He found the charity in memory of his late wife.
    他兴办那项慈善事业以纪念他已故的妻子。
用作副词 (adv.)
  1. We went to bed late.
    我们很晚才上床。
  2. I overslept because I stayed up too late last night.
    我睡过头了,因为昨晚睡得很迟。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. We had a late dinner last night.
    昨晚我们晚餐吃得很晚。
  2. We had a late supper because we came home late.
    由于回家晚了,我们很晚才吃晚饭。
  3. She returned in the late afternoon.
    她下午很晚才返回来。
  4. The late edition of this paper appears at 3 p.m.;there is a later one at 5 p.m.
    这报纸的晚版于下午三时出版,下午五时还有更晚的一版。
  5. It's late summer, soon the days will be cooler.
    夏末了,很快天气就将变得更凉爽。
  6. The later arrivals had to stand in the back.
    后来者只得站在后面。
  7. We favour late marriage.
    我们提倡晚婚。
  8. He is in his late sixties.
    他是65岁以上的人了。
  9. We will discuss this in more detail in a later chapter.
    在后面的一章中我们将更详细地讨论这一点。
  10. These fruits are ripe in late autumn.
    这些水果在晚秋成熟。
  11. He will come here in late May.
    他将在5月下旬来。
  12. He lived alone in the big house with only the memory of his late wife for company.
    他只在对亡妻怀念之情的陪伴中独居于那所大屋子里。
  13. The rule was set by the late king.
    这是先王之制。
  14. The visitor is the late President, now a scholar.
    这位来访者是前总统,现为学者。
  15. Some late news of the war has just come in.
    一些有关战争的新消息刚到。
  16. The late storm did much harm.
    不久以前的这场暴风雨造成了很大的灾害。
  17. This is the late changes in the government.
    这是政府不久前的变动。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. Can you give me a reasonable excuse for your being so late?
    你能就你的迟到给我一个合理的解释吗?
  2. I was ten minutes late.
    我迟到了十分钟。
  3. Spring is late this year.
    今年春天姗姗来迟。
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. He was late for appointment.
    他赴约迟到。
  2. He was too late for the train.
    他太迟了,未赶上火车。
  3. We hurried so we would not be late for class.
    我们赶快走才不至于上课迟到。
  4. She dislikes people who are late for work.
    她不喜欢上班迟到的人。
  5. He was late at the office.
    他上班迟到。
  6. The bus was late in coming.
    公共汽车来晚了。
  7. Owing to a meeting,I was late in arriving.
    由于开会,我来晚了。
  8. The movie was late in starting because of projection difficulties.
    因放映上的故障电影开映晚了。
  9. We were late with lunch today.
    我们今天吃午饭晚了。
S+be+~+ v -ing
  1. The bus is late arriving.
    公共汽车晚到了。
  2. I was late getting up yesterday morning.
    昨天早晨我起晚了。
It is/was+~+to- v
  1. It's too late to go now.
    现在去太迟了。
  2. It's never too late to mend.
    改过不嫌晚。
  3. It's never too late to learn.
    活到老,学到老。
用作副词 (adv.)
用作状语
  1. She married late in life.
    她很晚才结婚。
  2. He always comes to work early and leaves off late.
    他总是早上班,晚下班。
  3. He got here five minutes late.
    他晚了五分钟才到这儿。
  4. I went to bed late on Saturday night.
    我周六晚上睡得晚。
  5. I saw him as late as yesterday.
    我昨天还看见过他。
  6. They were here as late as 10 July.
    他们7月10日还在这里。
  7. They sat up late for his return.
    他们熬夜等他回来。
  8. He came home late at nigh.
    他晚上很晚回家。
  9. He reached success late in life.
    他大器晚成。
  10. Dr. Smith, late of the Maudsley Hospital, has now taken up private practice.
    不久前在莫兹利医院工作的史密斯医生现在私人开业了。

常用短语

用作形容词 (adj.)
be late for one's own funeral
  1. 老是迟到 be late usually

    You've missed your train four times this week—you'd be late for your own funeral. 本星期你已经有四次没赶上火车了,你老是迟到。

用作副词 (adv.)
late in the day
  1. 〈口〉迟了,晚了 being late

    He went to bed until very late in the day. 他很晚才上床睡觉。

  2. 最后 at last

    It was the pensioner's vote late in the day that influenced the election of Mr. Sweet. 最后是领取养老金者的选票影响了斯威特先生的当选。

of late
  1. 近来,最近 recently

    The days have been getting warmer of late. 最近天气越来越暖和。

    I've been rather ill of late. 近来我的身体很不好。

    I haven't seen him of late. 我最近没有见到过他。

    She did commend my yellow stockings of late. 她最近确实对我的黄长袜赞许了一番。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
名词+~ ~+名词 副词+~ ~+介词
用作副词 (adv.)
名词+~ 副词+~

经典引文

  • Trust me...It is not too late to escape.

    出自:E. Waugh
  • Light woke me early, but the trams were late.

    出自:J. Stallworthy
  • I was quite ten minutes late for my appointment.

    出自:A. MacLean
  • The snow lay late that year.

    出自:J. Buchan
  • I got back from Germany late in September.

    出自:C. P. Snow
  • A middle-aged man who had been ordained late in life.

    出自:B. Pym
  • The show started ten minutes late.

    出自:L. Cody
  • Better late than never.

    出自:Proverb

late的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj.(形容词)
  1. late的基本意思是“晚的”,可指与规定的、预期的或惯常的时间相比“晚的”“迟的”,也可指在事物本身发展过程中或某一时间单位(如年月)“晚期的”“后期的”。作这两种解释时可在句中作定语,表语,可用于比较级和最高级。late还可指在时间或顺序上的“新近的”“晚期的”。late用在头衔、人名前可作“已退职〔休〕,新近故去的,前任的”解,这时其前通常须加the,在句中常用作定语,没有比较级和最高级形式。
  2. 表示“做某事迟了”, late后接(in+) v -ing 。如果动名词后面有宾语, in+ v -ing 形式则可用with代替。在口语中, late可直接跟动名词,省略in。
  3. late用作表语时后接for表示“迟于规定时间做某事”“赶不上做某事”;后接at表示“迟于规定时到达某地”;后接“ in + v -ing ”表示“做某事迟了”;后接of表示“从前”,指从前居住的地方或某人参加的某种组织、协会等。
  4. 说“交通工具(飞机、火车等)晚点了”,可以说be late,但不如说be delayed更常见。
adv.(副词)
  1. late用作副词表示“晚”“迟”,指迟于规定〔预期〕时刻,作此解时没有比较级和最高级。late还可表示“末期地”,指到达或接近某事物的后端。
  2. as late as后跟年月日时,不再加介词。
  3. late用于时间时,表示“不久前”。

词义辨析

adj.(形容词)
late, latter
这两个词的共同意思是“较晚的”“较后的”。其区别是:
1.late指在一个具体时间之后;而latter指一段时间或一个时期的“后一半的”“接近终了的”,还可以指在时间或顺序上的“后者的”“近来的”。例如:
She returned in the late afternoon.她下午很晚才返回来。
He mentioned it in the latter part of his speech.他在演讲的后面提到了它。
2.late只能用于时间;latter则除了可以用于时间外,还可以用于顺序。例如:
The train was ten minutes late.那趟火车晚了10分钟。
Of the pig and the cow, the latter is more valuable.猪和牛相比,后者更有价值。
3.latter只能用于名词之前作定语,而late还可用作表语。
last, latest
这两个词都是late的最高级。其区别是:
在正式用法中, last表示“顺序上的最后”;而latest则表示“时间上的最近”。例如:
This is his latest book,I hope it's not his last.这是他最近的著作,我希望这不是他的最后著作。
adv.(副词)
late, lately, of late, recently
这是一组同根词,都表示时间的“迟”“晚”“近”。其区别是:
late的意思是“迟”“晚”,反义词是early;lately的意思是“不久前”“最近”,即not long ago;of late的意思是“最近以来”,强调时间持续的过程;recently的意思是“最近”“近来”,比lately和of late更加庄重。例如:
We went to bed late.我们很晚才上床睡觉。
Have you been there lately?你近来到那里去过吗?
He has been behaving strangely of late.他近来的行为一直很古怪。
I have seen him quite recently.我最近见过他。

常见错误

adj.(形容词)
  1. Have you read Steinway's latest novel?

    你读过斯坦韦最后的小说吗?

    你读过斯坦韦的最新小说吗?

    late的最高级latest的意思是“最新的”“最近的”,而不是“最后的”。

  2. 他在晚年退出了政界。

    He withdrew from politics in his late years.

    He withdrew from politics in his later years.

    当表示“晚年”时,常用它的比较级later。

  3. 这件事发生在60年代后期。

    It happened in late 1960s.

    It happened in the late 1960s.

    表示“年代”的数字前面须用the,加late后the也不能省略。

  4. 叫他开会不要迟到。

    Tell him not to be late at the meeting.

    Tell him not to be late for the meeting.

  5. 他晚到公共汽车站。

    He was late for the bus stop.

    He was late at the bus stop.

    “(做某事)迟到”须用be late for,“(到某地)迟到”须用be late at。

adv.(副词)
  1. 汤姆上学迟到了,第一节课没赶上。

    Tom came to school lately and missed the first lesson.

    Tom came to school late and missed the first lesson.

    late的形容词形式和副词形式相同, lately并不是late的副词形式, lately的意思是“最近,近来”。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语la的t;最初源自原始日耳曼语la的tas,意为慢的,迟缓的。

late的相关资料:

正版词典

late : 迟的,晚的 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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【反义词】

互动百科

  • late:late adj. 迟的, 晚(期)的, 已故的, 新近的adv. 晚, 迟, 最近, 在晚期 英英解释:形容词late:1. being or occurring at an advanced pe…

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