despair

  核心词汇  
[dɪ'speə(r)]     [dɪ'sper]    
  • n. 绝望;失望
  • vi. 失望
despaired despaired despairing despairs
new

despair的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 绝望,失望,断念,走投无路
  2. 令人绝望的人或原因,令人失望的人
  3. 望尘莫及的人
  4. 绝望的情绪,走投无路的心情
  5. 棘手
  6. 令某人担心
v. (动词)
  1. (对...)绝望,(悲观)失望,(对...)丧失信心,对...不抱希望,大失所望,失去希望

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [U]绝望 complete loss of hope or confidence
  2. [C][U]使人绝望的人〔事物〕 sth or sb that causes this feeling
v. (动词)
  1. vi. 绝望 be in despair about

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a state in which all hope is lost or absent;

    "in the depths of despair"
    "they were rescued from despair at the last minute"
    "courage born of desperation"

  2. the feeling that everything is wrong and nothing will turn out well;

    "they moaned in despair and dismay"
    "one harsh word would send her into the depths of despair"

Verb:
  1. abandon hope; give up hope; lose heart;

    "Don't despair--help is on the way!"

despair的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. A person is most disappointed when he is in despair.
    一个人在绝望时最失望。
  2. He has been in the abyss of despair.
    他已陷入绝望的深渊。
  3. He fluctuated between hope and despair.
    他时而充满希望时而失望。
  4. He is the despair of all other pianists.
    他使其他所有的钢琴家都感到失望。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. We cannot despair of humanity, since we are ourselves human beings.
    身为人类,我们不能对人性失望。
  2. They despaired of winning the game.
    他们不抱比赛得胜的希望。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Defeat after defeat filled us with despair.
    一次又一次的失败使我们完全绝望了。
  2. The boy is the despair of his teachers.
    老师们认为这孩子已无可救药。
  3. He was in despair of ever being able to pay off his debts.
    他对自己能够清偿债务已不抱任何希望。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Don't abandon yourself to despair.
    不要悲观失望。
  2. She has despaired deeply.
    她已深为绝望。
  3. Even though all her family and financial troubles,Margaret never gave way to despair.
    即使因为家庭和经济发生困难,玛格丽特也从来没有悲观失望过。
  4. Do not despair, things will get better soon!
    不要绝望,情况会很快好起来的。
  5. In all things, it is better to hope than to despair.
    在任何情况下,抱有希望总比绝望强。
  6. So long as you help me,I shall never despair.
    只要有你帮助我,我是决不会灰心丧气的。
  7. She despaired at the thought of it.
    一想到这件事她就心灰意冷。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
despair of (v.+prep.)
    对(某人,尤其对其行为)感到十分焦急,担心 feel very anxious about (sb), especially as regards his behaviour
    despair of sb/sth

    He despaired of his future.

    他对他的将来不抱希望。

    Don't despair of success; where there's a will, there's a way.

    别悲观失望,有志者事竟成。

    He did not despair of victory in the end.

    他没有失去最后赢得胜利的信心。

    We should never despair of success.

    我们切勿对成功丧失信心。

    The patient's life was despaired of, all hope that he would live was lost.

    此病人已病入膏肓,救活无望。

    despair of v-ing

    The doctor despaired of saving the child's life.

    医生对救活这孩子已失去了信心。

    She had despaired of completing her thesis.

    她对完成论文已失去了信心。

    They despaired of winning the game.

    他们不抱比赛得胜的希望。

    despair of sb

    I despair of those children.

    我对那些孩子十分担心。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • A sadness overcame him, more than sadness, a despair.

    出自: R. P. Warren
  • Revolution, though born of despair, cannot long be sustained by despair.

    出自: M. L. King
  • Hollow-eyed Abstinence, and lean Despair.

    出自: personified
  • His life was despaired of.

    出自: M. W. Montagu
  • We carried her disease backwards and forwards over Europe..until I began to despair.

    出自: L. Durrell
  • Herr Lustgarten was beginning..to despair of teaching me more.

    出自: M. Moorcock

despair的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. despair的基本意思是“绝望”,引申可指“使人绝望的人〔事物〕”。in despair意为“绝望地”,可用作表语,也可用作状语。
v. (动词)
  1. despair的基本意思是“对…感到失望或绝望”,这种“失望”可指“彻底失望或绝望”,口气很强,有时有“悲痛”的含义; 它是不及物动词,常与of连用,表示“对…失望”。
  2. despair后面如需跟非谓语动词,须跟of+doing,不可跟动词不定式。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
despair, disappoint
  • 这两个词都可以表示“使失望,使绝望”,但含义及用法上有很大的区别:despair是不及物动词,后面接介词of,表示“彻底失望或绝望”,口气很强,有时有“悲痛”的含义; despair of接人时,意味着厌恶和失望的感情交织在一起; disappoint是及物动词,表示“使…失望”,强调原来的希望未能实现,因而令人丧失信心,常用于系表结构中。例如:
  • It is said that when he was a boy his par- ents despaired of him.
  • 据说在很小的时候他的父母对他不抱 任何希望。
  • Although I was disappointed,I didn't des- pair.
  • 我虽失望了,但还没有绝望。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 14世纪初期进入英语,直接源自古法语的desperer,意为失去希望;最初源自古典拉丁语的desperare:de (没有) + sperare (希望),意为丧失希望。
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