delay

  核心词汇  
[dɪ'leɪ]     [dɪ'leɪ]    
  • v.耽搁;推迟;延误
  • n.耽搁;延期;推迟
delayer delayed delayed delaying delays
new

delay是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 阻滞,使迟到
  2. 推迟,延迟,延缓,使拖延,使延期
  3. 耽搁,耽误,延迟,延误,晚点;逗留
n.(名词)
  1. 耽搁,耽误,延迟,拖延,延误,延时,推迟
  2. 耽搁的时间,延迟的时间,延误期
  3. 磨蹭,犹豫
  4. 被耽搁的事件
  5. 延迟器
  6. 【体】延迟动作,假动作

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. (使)耽搁,延误 (cause to) be late; move or act slowly, especially on purpose
  2. vt. 推迟,使延期 put (sth) off until later; postpone
n.(名词)
  1. [U]耽搁,延迟 delaying or being delayed
  2. [C]被耽搁〔推迟〕的事件或时间 an example of being delayed; amount of time for which sb/sth is delayed

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
delay : 延迟, 延误 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
delay : 延迟, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
delay : 延误 ...
在 《外教社外贸英语词典》 中查看更多...
delay : (展览)延 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
delay : 耽搁, 延迟 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
delay : 停滞 ...
在 《外教社林业英语词典》 中查看更多...
delay : 延误 ...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. time during which some action is awaited;

    "instant replay caused too long a delay"
    "he ordered a hold in the action"

  2. the act of delaying; inactivity resulting in something being put off until a later time

Verb:
  1. cause to be slowed down or delayed;

    "Traffic was delayed by the bad weather"
    "she delayed the work that she didn't want to perform"

  2. act later than planned, scheduled, or required;

    "Don't delay your application to graduate school or else it won't be considered"

  3. stop or halt;

    "Please stay the bloodshed!"

  4. slow the growth or development of;

    "The brain damage will retard the child's language development"

delay的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. It was impossible to delay her at such a crisis.
    在这样一个紧要关头来耽搁她是不可能的。
  2. We decided to delay our wedding until next year.
    我们决定把婚礼推迟到明年。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The weather is responsible for the delay.
    由于天气关系才耽搁了。
  2. Delay is not permissible, even for a single day.
    不得延误,即使一日亦不可。
  3. There was a delay of two hours before the plane took off.
    飞机起飞推迟了两个小时。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Don't delay.The bell is going to ring.Please turn in your paper immediately.
    别拖延了,铃就要响了,马卷上交吧。
  2. To delay would make the cure much more difficult.
    拖延就会给治疗增加困难。
  3. Realizing the urgency of the matter, he dared not delay.
    他认识到事情紧急,不敢耽搁。
  4. They are trying to delay until help arrives.
    他们设法拖延等待援助。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Tell him I have a headache,I won't delay him today.
    告诉他我头疼,今天不耽搁他了。
  2. Heavy traffic delayed us.
    交通拥挤,我们在路上耽搁了。
  3. His original plan was to finish their journey in seven days, but the blizzard delayed them.
    他原计划七天走完这段路程,但大风雪使他们耽搁了。
  4. I wrote to my parents last night.I couldn't delay it any longer.
    昨天晚上我给父母写了封信,这事我不能再拖了。
  5. I've decided to delay my visit to my parents' home.
    我已决定延迟去我父母家。
  6. We have delayed publication of the book till spring.
    我们把这本书推迟到春季才出版。
  7. 用于be ~ed结构
  8. The plans for the magazine were delayed.
    这个杂志的出版计划被延误了。
  9. The train has been delayed by an accident.
    火车因发生事故而误点了。
  10. The flight was delayed due to bad weather.
    由于天气不好,航班推迟了。
  11. I am sorry I was delayed the other day, and unable to keep my appointment with you.
    那一天我有事耽搁了,没有如约同你见面,很抱歉。
  12. I was delayed by the heavy traffic.
    我因交通拥挤而迟到。
S+~+(sb's) v -ing
  1. Why have they delayed opening the new school?
    他们为什么迟迟不开办那所新学校?
  2. He delayed fixing the roof although it leaked badly.
    屋顶漏雨漏得厉害,他还迟迟不修理。
  3. His high temperature delayed having an infected tooth out.
    他由于发高烧推迟拔掉一颗受感染的牙齿。
  4. Why have you delayed sending the injured man to the hospital?
    为什么误了把伤员送到医院?
  5. Please don't delay your sending in the form.
    请不要拖延,快把表格送来。
  6. Facer always delays writing me a letter.
    费塞老是不按时给我写信。
  7. He delayed my calling the police.
    他耽误了我叫警察。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. His delay made the teacher angry.
    他的迟到使老师生气了。
  2. The delay proved fatal to our plans.
    结果是因为延误而毁了我们的计划。
  3. It is required of every man that no delay should be made.
    要求每个人不得延误。
  4. The bus was held up by the snowstorm, thus causing the delay.
    公共汽车被大风雪所阻,因而耽搁了。
  5. We were so late that we could afford no further delay.
    我们已经太迟了,再也耽搁不起了。
  6. Repairs on the dam break no delay.
    抢救大坝塌方刻不容缓。
  7. I was angry about the delay.
    我对这种拖延感到气愤。
  8. After much delay, the results of the exam were published.
    经过长时间拖延后,考试结果终于公布了。
  9. He received the visitor after some intentional delay.
    他故意拖延一阵后才接见了那位来访者。
  10. Things were working well, when we were brought up against unexpected delay.
    事情本来进行得很顺利,不料我们遇到了耽搁。
  11. It will take an hour to reach the airport, allowing for traffic delay.
    把路上交通的耽搁估计在内,要一小时才能到达机场。
  12. This work admits of no delay.
    这项工作不容拖延。
  13. We shall inform you of fresh developments without delay.
    一有新的进展我们将立即通知你。
  14. War is certain, we should arm without delay.
    战争肯定要发生,我们必须立即武装起来。
  15. There has been too much delay already; what we need is action.
    已经拖延得太久了,我们需要的是行动。
  16. The delays were caused by events beyond our control.
    这些延误都是由一些我们所不能控制的事情造成的。
  17. I hope we shall not have any more delays.
    我希望我们不再受到耽搁。
  18. We were given a delay of 24 hours to gather more evidence.
    我们被准许延迟24小时,以收集更多的证据。
  19. There will be some delays on all roads because of heavy traffic this morning.
    今天早晨由于交通阻塞,每条路上都会有些耽搁。
  20. After a delay of two hours the plane took off.
    延迟两个小时,飞机起飞了。
  21. After many delays we arrived home at last.
    耽误了多次,最后我们终于到家了。
  22. A delay of just a few days in sowing and a whole year's hard work might come to nothing.
    播种季节只要拖几天,全年的辛勤劳动就可能化为乌有。
~+in sth/ v -ing
  1. The delay in the power station expansion project has affected the supply of electricity.
    发电站扩建工程的拖延已影响到供电。
  2. The strike caused a great delay in the delivery of the mail.
    这次罢工严重地延误了邮件的投递。
  3. Excuse my delay in answering your letter.
    来函迟复,望原谅。
  4. Make no delay in doing what is good.
    好事要赶快做。
  5. We demanded delay in repaying our debts.
    我们要求推迟还债期限。
  6. There must be no delay in forwarding the goods.
    发送货物不得拖延。
  7. He was criticized for his delay in dealing with the matter.
    他由于没有及时处理这件事而受到批评。
  8. They were arguing for a delay in introducing the new mower to the public.
    他们主张推迟向公众推出这种新型割草机。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
delay for (v.+prep.)
  1. 耽搁…时间 stop over a time delay for some time

    〔说明〕 介词for有时可省略。

    Disease prevention is like putting out a fire.We can't delay for one minute.防病如灭火,一分一秒也不能耽误。

    He delayed for a long time before accepting my offer.他拖延了好久才接受我的建议。

    She delayed a few hours in order to see me.她为了能见到我,拖延了几个小时。

    delay sb/sth for some time

    〔说明〕 介词for通常不省略。

    You have delayed me for three hours.你已经耽搁了我3小时。

    The accident delayed the train for two hours.事故使火车耽搁了两小时。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • For who would bear..the law's delay.

    出自:Hamlet,Shakespeare
  • What the hell's all this delay for, Mr Hornblower? D'you want us to miss the tide?

    出自:C. S. Forester
  • Th' unprofitable moments..That..still delay Life's instant business to a future day.

    出自:Pope
  • As the tender ash delays To clothe herself, when all the woods are green.

    出自:Tennyson
  • Mozart had works complete in his head, and delayed writing them down until the last possible minute.

    出自:A. C. Boult

delay的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. delay的意思为“推迟”,“延期”,相当于put off,其后通常接名词,动名词作宾语,一般很少接不定式。

    I have to delay answering his question.

  2. delay in解释为“把某事耽搁”,其后一般接动名词,不接不定式或者of加动名词。

    Excuse me for my delay in answering your question.
    请原谅我耽搁了回答你的问题。

v.(动词)
  1. delay的基本意思是行动迟缓而耽误了进程,可指由于外界原因而推迟,也可指有意推迟。
  2. delay可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词、代词或动名词作宾语,不接动词不定式作宾语。接表人的名词或代词作宾语时,一般译为“使某人误事”或“使某人慢下来”; 接表事〔事物〕的名词或代词作宾语时,通常译为“推迟〔耽搁〕做某事”。
  3. 许多语法学家认为delay一般不接动词不定式作宾语,而常接动名词作宾语。但在实际语言中还是偶尔可见delay后接动词不定式的情况,这时可把动词不定式看作“耽搁”的结果,用作状语,且通常是由于客观原因; 接动名词作宾语则往往含有主动意味。例如:Owing to certain reason, we have to delay to go abroad.由于某种原因,我们只好推迟出国了。They delayed to visit the factory.他们迟迟未去参观那家工厂。Why does she delay to come?为什么她迟迟不来?Why have they delayed setting up the spare-time school?他们为什么推迟开设业余学校?
n.(名词)
  1. delay指“耽搁,延迟”这一行为或情况本身时,是不可数名词; 表示具体的“被耽搁〔推迟〕的事件或时间”时,是可数名词。
  2. delay在句中可用作主语、宾语或表语。常与“in+ v -ing”连用。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
delay v-ing, delay in v-ing
这两个短语意思不同:前者表示“推迟〔耽误〕做某事”,后者表示“忘记做某事”。试比较:
  • They delayed publishing the article.
  • 他们推迟发表这篇文章。
  • Don't delay in answering the letter.
  • 别忘记回信。
delay, detain, retard, slacken, slow
这组词都可表示“使某人〔事〕落后于”原计划的安排或通常的进展速度。它们之间的区别是:delay主要指因某事的干扰而妨碍按时完成或到达; detain主要指耽误时间,不能按时到达或离开,也可指不能完成想完成的事情; retard主要指减慢运动、进步速度; slow常与up或down连用,指降低进步的速度,强调主观的意图和目的性; slacken侧重某种松弛〔懈〕。例如:
I was detained late in the factory.厂里有事我无法脱身,很晚才离开。
Cold weather retards the growth of the crops.寒冷的天气妨碍作物的生长。
His bad leg slows him down a lot.他那条受伤的腿使他的速度大受影响。
Don't slacken your efforts when the job is only half done.工作只做到一半时可别松劲。
delay, dawdle, lag, loiter, procrastinate
这组词都可表示因行动或动作缓慢而使进步受阻或工作没有完成。它们之间的区别是:delay常指拖延某事(如出发、完成必要的工作等); procrastinate常指因懒惰、匆忙、冷淡或拖拉的习惯造成耽搁; lag主要指不能保持应有的速度去达到某个目的; loiter主要指进行中或完成工作时的耽搁,也可指因闲逛而落后; dawdle语义比loiter稍弱,侧重闲散、思想不集中而多花时间或浪费时间。例如:
He procrastinated in making an appointment to see his doctor.他迟迟不与他的医生预约看病。
The small boy soon became tired and lagged far behind.这小男孩一会儿就累了,远远地落到了后面。
We don't increase our earnings by loitering over our work.我们靠磨洋工是不会增加收入的。
Ade dawdled all the way to school.艾德在上学途中磨磨蹭蹭的。
delay postpone defer suspend prolong put off
这些动词或短语均有“推延,延期”之意。
  • delay:delay普通用词,多指因外界原因推迟或耽误,也可指有意推迟。
  • postpone:postpone正式用词,语气较强,多指有安排的延期,常指明延期到一定的时间。
  • defer:defer正式用词,语气强于postpone,多指故意拖延。
  • suspend:suspend指暂时中断以待某种条件的实现。
  • prolong:prolong指把时间延长至超过正常或通常的限度。
  • put off:put off口语用词,与postpone同义,但较通俗。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 他因没有及早回信而向她表示歉意。

    He apologized to her for the delay to reply to a letter.

    He apologized to her for the delay of replying to a letter.

    He apologized to her for the delay in replying to a letter.

    delay可接“in+动名词”,但不可接动词不定式或“of+动名词”。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:she delayed to leave on vacation.

    纠正:she delayed leaving on vacation.

    翻译:她延期去度假。

    分析:dealy后一般接动名词作宾语,一般很少接不定式.

词源解说

  • ☆ 13世纪晚期进英入语,直接源自古法语的delaier:de(离开)+laier(让),意为让……离开;最初源自古典拉丁语的laxare,意为解散,放松。

delay的相关资料:

正版词典

delay : 延误 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
delay : 延误;耽搁 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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【反义词】

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  • delay:delay…

临近单词

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