sink

  核心词汇  
[sɪŋk]     [sɪŋk]    
  • v. 下沉;沉没;渗透;低落;变低;衰弱;(太阳)落下
  • n. 水槽;沟渠;散热器;接收端
sinkable sank/sunk sunk sinking sinks
new

sink的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 使沉没,使下沉
  2. 低落
  3. 下陷,陷落
  4. 减弱,降低
  5. 衰微,衰弱
  6. (使)下垂
  7. 隐匿,消失
  8. 摒除
  9. 渗透
  10. 坐下
  11. 筋疲力尽地垂下
  12. 倒下
  13. 堕落;消沉
  14. 沉入,下沉,沉没,沉入地平线下
  15. 使陷入
  16. 挖掘
  17. 抑制
  18. 坍下去,塌下去
  19. 使衰弱
  20. 使没落,使败落
  21. 损害,毁坏,搞垮,使完蛋
  22. 使颓然下垂
  23. 把...插入
  24. 刻,雕
  25. 投资于...
  26. 弄沉,击沉
n. (名词)
  1. 阴沟,污水坑
  2. 水池
  3. 洼地
  4. 洗脸槽,洗涤糟
  5. 藏污纳垢的场所
  6. <俚>海洋
  7. 水斗,水槽
  8. 渗水坑
  9. 【地】落水洞
  10. 巢窟
  11. 湖沼
  12. 【物】中子吸收剂
  13. 变换器,换能器,转发器

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. (使)下沉,(使)沉没 go down (especially below the horizon or the surface of a liquid); cause or allow to sink
n. (名词)
  1. [C] 水池,水槽 a large open container

英英释义

Noun:
  1. plumbing fixture consisting of a water basin fixed to a wall or floor and having a drainpipe

  2. (technology) a process that acts to absorb or remove energy or a substance from a system;

    "the ocean is a sink for carbon dioxide"

  3. a depression in the ground communicating with a subterranean passage (especially in limestone) and formed by solution or by collapse of a cavern roof

  4. a covered cistern; waste water and sewage flow into it

Verb:
  1. fall or descend to a lower place or level;

    "He sank to his knees"

  2. cause to sink;

    "The Japanese sank American ships in Pearl Harbor"

  3. pass into a specified state or condition;

    "He sank into nirvana"

  4. go under,

    "The raft sank and its occupants drowned"

  5. descend into or as if into some soft substance or place;

    "He sank into bed"
    "She subsided into the chair"

  6. appear to move downward;

    "The sun dipped below the horizon"
    "The setting sun sank below the tree line"

  7. fall heavily or suddenly; decline markedly;

    "The real estate market fell off"

  8. fall or sink heavily;

    "He slumped onto the couch"
    "My spirits sank"

  9. embed deeply;

    "She sank her fingers into the soft sand"
    "He buried his head in her lap"

sink的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. Wood does not sink in water, it floats.
    木头在水中不沉,而是漂在水面。
  2. The boat will sink unless we bail out.
    我们要不把积水清除掉,船就要沉了。
  3. The ship was sunk by an enemy torpedo.
    这艘船被敌人的鱼雷击沉了。
  4. Rub the cream on your skin and let it sink in.
    把这种软膏搽在皮肤上,让它渗进去。
  5. It was several days before the floodwater sank and life returned to normal.
    过了几天洪水才退,生活恢复了正常。
  6. They watched the sun sink into the Mediterranean.
    他们注视着太阳沉入地中海。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The dirty dishes are in the sink.
    那些脏盘子在洗涤槽内。
  2. The housewife always keeps the sink clean.
    主妇总是保持水槽的清洁。
  3. Power densities that can be tolerated by a gage are strongly related to the specimen which serves as the heat sink.
    应变片所能允许的电能密度与起着散热器作用的试件密切相关。
  4. Due to the general derivation, the longitudinal fin arrays on a heat sink can have either square, rectangular, equilaterally triangular, or cylindrical cross section.
    这个研究是针对纵长型的散热器在已知体积与鳍片数目以及一边的深度,求长方形鳍片的长度与宽度与横截面积。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The ship struck the rocks and sank.
    那船触礁沉没了。
  2. This rubber ball won't sink; it floats.
    这个橡皮球不会沉,它浮着。
  3. The sun is sinking in the west.
    夕阳西下。
  4. The foundations have sunk.
    地基下陷了。
  5. The ground suddenly sank.
    地面突然陷下去了。
  6. His heart sank.
    他感到沮丧。
  7. His heart sank at the thought.
    想到这个他情绪低落。
  8. The patient is sinking fast and won't live much longer.
    病人迅速衰弱下去,不会活多久了。
  9. The prices are sinking.
    物价下跌了。
  10. Her voice had sunk even lower as she went on.
    她的声音越说越低。
  11. The population of the island has sunk from 5000 to 3000.
    这个岛上的人口从5000下降到3000。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The big guns sank the ship.
    大炮击沉了那艘船。
  2. The enemy sank a merchant ship. It sank with the loss of 200 lives.
    敌人击沉了一艘商船,随着该船的沉没有200人丧生。
  3. Our aircraft sank the submarine by dropping depth bombs.
    我们的飞机用深水炸弹炸沉了潜艇。
  4. A little leak will sink a great ship.
    小漏洞能使大船沉没。
  5. They sank a well in the garden.
    他们在花园里挖了一口井。
  6. The workers sank a mine shaft at the foot of the mountain.
    工人们在山脚挖了一个矿井。
  7. They are going to sink fence posts around the house.
    他们打算围绕着房子打篱笆桩。
  8. They sank the post one foot deep in the ground.
    他们把这根柱子在地下埋了一英尺深。
  9. Let us sink our differences, and work together.
    让我们摒弃分歧,一起工作吧。
  10. The lack of money will certainly sink our plan.
    资金短缺准会毁了我们的计划。
  11. 1
  12. The enemy ship was sunk by a shell.
    敌舰被炮弹击沉。
  13. This was how the first oil well was sunk.
    第一口油井就是这样打出来的。
其他 v -ing as Attrib.
  1. They tried in every way possible to rescue the sinking boat.
    他们想尽一切办法来援救这艘下沉的船。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The dirty dishes are in the sink.
    脏碟子在洗涤槽中。
  2. She accused a sink of corruption.
    她指出了腐化的渊薮。
  3. I commit myself to make up for past mistakes to fight a sink of corruption and injustices.
    我决心弥补我过去的错误,去同贪污腐化的渊薮和各种不公正的现象作斗争。
  4. The part of the town is a sink of iniquity.
    小城的那一部分是一个藏污纳垢的场所。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
sink back (v.+adv.)
    退下fall back
    sink back into sth

    Thankfully, he sank back into his comfortable chair; someone else would do the job.

    那件工作将由另一个人去做; 他颇感欣慰地坐到他那把舒适的椅子上。

    sink back

    She sank back, unwilling to face her father's anger.

    她退了回去,不愿看着父亲发火。

sink below (v.+prep.)
    落到…下 fall below sth
    sink below sth

    The moon sank below the hills.

    月落山下。

    As he turned homeward, the sun was sinking below the western horizon.

    他转身返家时,太阳正徐徐西沉。

sink in (v.+adv.)
    下陷; 被吸收,被了解go below; be absorbed, understood or acknowledged
    sink in

    His eyes have sunk in.

    他的眼睛凹下去了。

    He looked very pale; his cheeks had sunk in.

    他脸色苍白,双颊陷了下去。

    It took a long time for the bad news to sink in.

    人们花了很长时间才弄明白这个坏消息。

    Your warning didn't sink in. You may have to talk to him again.

    你的警告他没听进去,恐怕你得再跟他谈谈。

    I think it has finally sunk in that she must be more careful; she won't forget her passport again!

    我想她终于明白了以后必须更加小心才是,她再也不会忘记她的护照了。

sink into (v.+prep.)
    把…投入…put a lot of money into a business, property, deal, etc.
    sink into sth

    It will take a little time for the rain to sink into the dried earth.

    要使雨水渗入干土需要一些时间。

    He was very tired and sank into a chair.

    他非常疲倦,躺靠在椅子上。

    The facts don't seem to sink into his head.

    他似乎没有牢记这些事实。

    Let this lesson sink into our heart.

    让这个教训铭记在我们心中吧。

    At last the child sank into a deep sleep.

    孩子终于沉睡了。

    Don't allow yourself to sink into grief, it can do no good.

    不要使自己陷入悲哀之中,这样一点好处也没有。

    It is really a sad thing to see them sink into such moral degeneracy.

    看他们堕落到这个地步,真是一件可悲的事。

    He sank further into debt.

    他进一步陷入债务中。

    She sank into unconsciousness.

    她渐渐失去了知觉。

    sink sth into sth

    He sank his fork into the meat to see if it was well cooked.

    他把叉子叉进肉里,检查一下火候够不够。

    Sink the fence post carefully into the soil.

    把篱笆桩小心地打入地里。

    sink sth into sth

    He sank all his savings into the firm.

    他把他所有的积蓄都投入了这家公司。

    I've sunk all my money into a new house.

    我投了所有的钱去买一幢新房子。

    He has sunk half his fortune into a new business undertaking.

    他已把一半财产投资于一个新企业。

sink down (v.+adv.)
    降低 descend
    sink down

    The flames at last sank down and the fire went out.

    火焰最后微弱下来,火就灭了。

    Their standard of living steadily sank down.

    他们的生活水平不断下降。

    Her head sank down, tears welled up in her eyes.

    她的头低了下来,眼中涌出了泪水。

sink or swim
    自己去闯 make a living wandering; blaze a trail
sink to (v.+prep.)
    低到 fall to sth
    sink to sth

    His voice sank to a whisper.

    他的声音低到成为耳语。

    She fainted and sank to the ground.

    她昏倒在地上。

    The morale of the enemy forces sank to a very low level.

    敌军士气十分低落。

    A bite from a thief sinks to the bone.

    贼咬一口,入骨三分。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • They leaped into the canal water, and he let himself sink down and down to the bottom.

    出自: R. Bradbury
  • It rolled..off the raft and sank without hesitation to the bottom of the tank.

    出自: M. Frayn
  • I sank into the mud.

    出自: L. Hellman
  • The film..sank virtually without trace.

    出自:Times

sink的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. sink的基本意思是“下沉”,指逐渐下降地运动,尤指物体在空气或水中垂直下降,常指降至于地平面或水平面之下,即全部“浸没”。引申可表示“(日、月等)落下”“(头、目光等)下垂”“衰退”“(地面,建筑物等)下陷”“挖掘(井等)”“埋下”“(价格)降低”“(声音、火、风等)降低”等。引申用法中强调缓慢、逐渐地下落,而不含或少含有“浸没”意味。
  2. sink既可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时接名词、代词作宾语。可用于被动结构。
  3. sink作“下沉”解时不可以同down连用,作“落下”解时可以同down连用,表示“降到下一层的水平位置上”。
n. (名词)
  1. sink用作名词时意思是“水池,水槽”,多指厨房中的洗涤槽。
  2. sink与介词of连用可表示“藏污纳垢的场所,窝”,多用在文学用语中。
  1. sink的过去式可用sank或sunk,但是sank更常用,尤其是当sink用作不及物动词时;
  2. sink的过去分词有sunk和sunken,但前者是当sink用作及物动词时的形式,强调“被沉没”,尤其是因人力产生的。而sunken是不及物动词的形式,相当于形容词用法,如sunken eyes(深陷的眼睛)。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
sink, descend, drop, fall
  • 这四个词都可表示物体向下降落。它们之间的区别是:
  • 1.sink指在空气或水中垂直下降、下沉; descend则通常指沿斜线或斜坡下降; 而drop与fall均可指急速地向下坠落,可直可斜。例如:
  • The walk descends sharply.小路下倾得很厉害。
  • The ship struck against the rocks and sank.那船触礁沉没了。
  • We saw an apple falling〔dropping〕 down from the tree yesterday.昨天我们看见一个苹果从树上掉下来。
  • 2.drop指物体由于重力从高处往下落; fall指物体由于不明原因或物体本身失去平衡而向下降落,有自然下落的意思。例如:
  • She dropped the cup.她把杯子弄掉了。
  • Leaves fall in autumn.秋天树叶下落。
  • 3.drop通常是有意识、有目的地下落; 而fall则往往是无意识地下落。例如:
  • The enemy planes dropped bombs.敌机投下了炸弹。
  • Rain is falling fast.雨下得很大。
  • 4.drop引申可表示物价的降落; sink还可指精力或意识逐渐丧失。例如:
  • The price of oil has dropped sharply.石油价格暴跌。
  • His heart sank.他感到沮丧。
  • 5.drop一般用作及物动词,偶尔也用作不及物动词; fall则通常用作不及物动词。
  • 下面两句意思不同:
  • His eyes sank.
  • 他目光下垂。
  • His eyes sank in.
  • 他眼睛下陷。
  • 常见错误

    v. (动词)
      太阳在西边徐徐落下。

      The sun was sinking down the west.

      The sun was sinking in the west.

      sink作“下沉”解时已经含有“下”的意思,故不可再用down。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自古英语的sincan,意为下沉,在……下面。
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