- v. 下沉；沉没；渗透；低落；变低；衰弱；（太阳）落下
- n. 水槽；沟渠；散热器；接收端
- vt. & vi. (使)下沉,(使)沉没 go down (especially below the horizon or the surface of a liquid); cause or allow to sink
- [C] 水池,水槽 a large open container
plumbing fixture consisting of a water basin fixed to a wall or floor and having a drainpipe
(technology) a process that acts to absorb or remove energy or a substance from a system;
"the ocean is a sink for carbon dioxide"
a depression in the ground communicating with a subterranean passage (especially in limestone) and formed by solution or by collapse of a cavern roof
a covered cistern; waste water and sewage flow into it
fall or descend to a lower place or level;
"He sank to his knees"
cause to sink;
"The Japanese sank American ships in Pearl Harbor"
pass into a specified state or condition;
"He sank into nirvana"
"The raft sank and its occupants drowned"
descend into or as if into some soft substance or place;
"He sank into bed"
"She subsided into the chair"
appear to move downward;
"The sun dipped below the horizon"
"The setting sun sank below the tree line"
fall heavily or suddenly; decline markedly;
"The real estate market fell off"
fall or sink heavily;
"He slumped onto the couch"
"My spirits sank"
"She sank her fingers into the soft sand"
"He buried his head in her lap"
- Wood does not sink in water, it floats.
- The boat will sink unless we bail out.
- The ship was sunk by an enemy torpedo.
- Rub the cream on your skin and let it sink in.
- It was several days before the floodwater sank and life returned to normal.
- They watched the sun sink into the Mediterranean.
- The dirty dishes are in the sink.
- The housewife always keeps the sink clean.
- Power densities that can be tolerated by a gage are strongly related to the specimen which serves as the heat sink.
- Due to the general derivation, the longitudinal fin arrays on a heat sink can have either square, rectangular, equilaterally triangular, or cylindrical cross section.
- The ship struck the rocks and sank.
- This rubber ball won't sink; it floats.
- The sun is sinking in the west.
- The foundations have sunk.
- The ground suddenly sank.
- His heart sank.
- His heart sank at the thought.
- The patient is sinking fast and won't live much longer.
- The prices are sinking.
- Her voice had sunk even lower as she went on.
- The population of the island has sunk from 5000 to 3000.
- The big guns sank the ship.
- The enemy sank a merchant ship. It sank with the loss of 200 lives.
- Our aircraft sank the submarine by dropping depth bombs.
- A little leak will sink a great ship.
- They sank a well in the garden.
- The workers sank a mine shaft at the foot of the mountain.
- They are going to sink fence posts around the house.
- They sank the post one foot deep in the ground.
- Let us sink our differences, and work together.
- The lack of money will certainly sink our plan.
- The enemy ship was sunk by a shell.
- This was how the first oil well was sunk.
- They tried in every way possible to rescue the sinking boat.
- The dirty dishes are in the sink.
- She accused a sink of corruption.
- I commit myself to make up for past mistakes to fight a sink of corruption and injustices.
- The part of the town is a sink of iniquity.
- sink back (v.+adv.)
sink back into sth
Thankfully, he sank back into his comfortable chair; someone else would do the job.
那件工作将由另一个人去做; 他颇感欣慰地坐到他那把舒适的椅子上。sink back
She sank back, unwilling to face her father's anger.
- sink below (v.+prep.)
落到…下 fall below sth
sink below sth
The moon sank below the hills.
As he turned homeward, the sun was sinking below the western horizon.
- sink in (v.+adv.)
下陷; 被吸收,被了解go below; be absorbed, understood or acknowledged
His eyes have sunk in.
He looked very pale; his cheeks had sunk in.
It took a long time for the bad news to sink in.
Your warning didn't sink in. You may have to talk to him again.
I think it has finally sunk in that she must be more careful; she won't forget her passport again!
- sink into (v.+prep.)
把…投入…put a lot of money into a business, property, deal, etc.
sink into sth
It will take a little time for the rain to sink into the dried earth.
He was very tired and sank into a chair.
The facts don't seem to sink into his head.
Let this lesson sink into our heart.
At last the child sank into a deep sleep.
Don't allow yourself to sink into grief, it can do no good.
It is really a sad thing to see them sink into such moral degeneracy.
He sank further into debt.
She sank into unconsciousness.
她渐渐失去了知觉。sink sth into sth
He sank his fork into the meat to see if it was well cooked.
Sink the fence post carefully into the soil.
把篱笆桩小心地打入地里。sink sth into sth
He sank all his savings into the firm.
I've sunk all my money into a new house.
He has sunk half his fortune into a new business undertaking.
- sink down (v.+adv.)
The flames at last sank down and the fire went out.
Their standard of living steadily sank down.
Her head sank down, tears welled up in her eyes.
- sink or swim
自己去闯 make a living wandering; blaze a trail
- sink to (v.+prep.)
低到 fall to sth
sink to sth
His voice sank to a whisper.
She fainted and sank to the ground.
The morale of the enemy forces sank to a very low level.
A bite from a thief sinks to the bone.
- sink comprehensively 全面地降低
- sink constantly 不断下沉
- sink deeply 深深下陷
- sink fatally 致命地下陷
- sink fearfully 可怕地下沉
- sink gracefully 优美地落下
- sink gradually 渐渐地下沉
- sink incessantly 持续不断地下沉
- sink irresistibly 不可抗拒地下沉
- sink markedly 明显地下沉
- sink partially 部分下陷
- sink probably 可能要下沉
- sink promptly 迅速地下沉
- sink slightly 略有下沉
- sink slowly 慢慢地下沉
- sink steeply 直线下沉
- sink unexpectedly 意外地下沉
- sink down 降低
- sink in 渗入
- sink below 沉到…以下
- sink below the surface 沉到水面下
- sink in the west 西下
- sink into 陷入,沉入,渗入,深入
- sink into a chair (一屁股)坐到椅子上
- sink into one's mind (教训等)铭记在某人心中
- sink into the sea 沉入海中
- sink through the clothes 湿透衣服
- sink to 沉到…,陷入…
- sink to the bottom 沉到底
- sink to the floor in a faint 昏倒在地上
- sink to the ground 倒在地上
- sink towards the river 向河边倾斜
- sink under age 因年迈而衰弱
- sink under the weight of year 随年龄增长而衰弱
They leaped into the canal water, and he let himself sink down and down to the bottom.出自： R. Bradbury
It rolled..off the raft and sank without hesitation to the bottom of the tank.出自： M. Frayn
I sank into the mud.出自： L. Hellman
The film..sank virtually without trace.出自：Times
- sink的过去分词有sunk和sunken，但前者是当sink用作及物动词时的形式，强调“被沉没”，尤其是因人力产生的。而sunken是不及物动词的形式，相当于形容词用法，如sunken eyes（深陷的眼睛）。
- sink, descend, drop, fall
- 1.sink指在空气或水中垂直下降、下沉; descend则通常指沿斜线或斜坡下降; 而drop与fall均可指急速地向下坠落,可直可斜。例如:
- The walk descends sharply.小路下倾得很厉害。
- The ship struck against the rocks and sank.那船触礁沉没了。
- We saw an apple falling〔dropping〕 down from the tree yesterday.昨天我们看见一个苹果从树上掉下来。
- 2.drop指物体由于重力从高处往下落; fall指物体由于不明原因或物体本身失去平衡而向下降落,有自然下落的意思。例如:
- She dropped the cup.她把杯子弄掉了。
- Leaves fall in autumn.秋天树叶下落。
- 3.drop通常是有意识、有目的地下落; 而fall则往往是无意识地下落。例如:
- The enemy planes dropped bombs.敌机投下了炸弹。
- Rain is falling fast.雨下得很大。
- 4.drop引申可表示物价的降落; sink还可指精力或意识逐渐丧失。例如:
- The price of oil has dropped sharply.石油价格暴跌。
- His heart sank.他感到沮丧。
- 5.drop一般用作及物动词,偶尔也用作不及物动词; fall则通常用作不及物动词。
- His eyes sank.
- His eyes sank in.
误 The sun was sinking down the west.
正 The sun was sinking in the west.
- ☆ 直接源自古英语的sincan，意为下沉，在……下面。