- n. 光；光线；灯；打火机；领悟；浅色；天窗
- adj. 轻的；浅色的；明亮的；轻松的；容易的；清淡的
- v. 点燃；变亮；照亮
- adv. 清楚地；轻便地
- 轻松的，容易做的， 不使人疲劳的
- [U]光,光线,光亮 kind of natural radiation that makes things visible
- [C]光源,电灯,灯 source of light, especially an electric lamp
- [C]火焰,火花,点火物 flame or spark
- 光线充足的,明亮的 full of light;not in darkness
- 淡色的,浅色的 pale
- 轻的,不重的 easy to lift or move;not heavy
- [A]轻柔的,轻巧的 gentle;delicate
- 易消化的,清淡的 easy to digest
- 容易做的,轻松易懂的 easy to carry out or perform;easy to understand
- 容易承受的,不严厉的 easy to bear, not severe
- 不猛烈的 not intense
- [A]稀少的 not dense
- [A]少量的 small in quantity
- [A]不沉的,不熟的 not deep
- [A]愉快的,无忧无虑的 cheerful;free from worry
- vt. & vi. 点火,生火,点燃 put on;switch on;turn on;ignite;kindle
- vt. 照亮,照明 illuminate;illumine
- vt. & vi. (使)容光焕发 brighten
(physics) electromagnetic radiation that can produce a visual sensation;
"the light was filtered through a soft glass window"
any device serving as a source of illumination;
"he stopped the car and turned off the lights"
a particular perspective or aspect of a situation;
"although he saw it in a different light, he still did not understand"
the quality of being luminous; emitting or reflecting light;
"its luminosity is measured relative to that of our sun"
an illuminated area;
"he stepped into the light"
a condition of spiritual awareness; divine illumination;
"follow God's light"
the visual effect of illumination on objects or scenes as created in pictures;
"he could paint the lightest light and the darkest dark"
a person regarded very fondly;
"the light of my life"
having abundant light or illumination;
"they played as long as it was light"
"as long as the lighting was good"
mental understanding as an enlightening experience;
"he finally saw the light"
"can you shed light on this problem?"
merriment expressed by a brightness or gleam or animation of countenance;
"he had a sparkle in his eye"
"there's a perpetual twinkle in his eyes"
"it brought the scandal to light"
a divine presence believed by Quakers to enlighten and guide the soul
a visual warning signal;
"they saw the light of the beacon"
"there was a light at every corner"
a device for lighting or igniting fuel or charges or fires;
"do you have a light?"
of comparatively little physical weight or density;
"a light load"
"magnesium is a light metal--having a specific gravity of 1.74 at 20 degrees C"
(used of color) having a relatively small amount of coloring agent;
"light colors such as pastels"
"a light-colored powder"
of the military or industry; using (or being) relatively small or light arms or equipment;
not great in degree or quantity or number;
"a light sentence"
"a light accent"
"casualties were light"
"light snow was falling"
"light misty rain"
"light smoke from the chimney"
psychologically light; especially free from sadness or troubles;
"a light heart"
characterized by or emitting light;
"a room that is light when the shutters are open"
"the inside of the house was airy and light"
(used of vowels or syllables) pronounced with little or no stress;
"a syllable that ends in a short vowel is a light syllable"
"a weak stress on the second syllable"
easily assimilated in the alimentary canal; not rich or heavily seasoned;
"a light diet"
(used of soil) loose and large-grained in consistency;
(of sound or color) free from anything that dulls or dims;
"efforts to obtain a clean bass in orchestral recordings"
"clear laughter like a waterfall"
"clear reds and blues"
"a light lilting voice like a silver bell"
moving easily and quickly; nimble;
"the dancer was light and graceful"
"a lightsome buoyant step"
"walked with a light tripping step"
demanding little effort; not burdensome;
of little intensity or power or force;
"the light touch of her fingers"
"a light breeze"
(physics, chemistry) not having atomic weight greater than average;
"light water is ordinary water"
weak and likely to lose consciousness;
"suddenly felt faint from the pain"
"was sick and faint from hunger"
"felt light in the head"
"a swooning fit"
"light-headed with wine"
"light-headed from lack of sleep"
very thin and insubstantial;
"light summer dresses"
marked by temperance in indulgence;
"abstemious with the use of adverbs"
"a light eater"
"a light smoker"
"ate a light supper"
less than the correct or legal or full amount often deliberately so;
"a light pound"
"a scant cup of sugar"
"regularly gives short weight"
having little importance;
"losing his job was no light matter"
intended primarily as entertainment; not serious or profound;
"a light comedy"
silly or trivial;
"light idle chatter"
designed for ease of movement or to carry little weight;
"a light truck"
having relatively few calories;
"light (or lite) beer"
"lite (or light) mayonnaise"
"a low-cal diet"
(of sleep) easily disturbed;
"in a light doze"
"a light sleeper"
"a restless wakeful night"
casual and unrestrained in sexual behavior;
"her easy virtue"
"he was told to avoid loose (or light) women"
with few burdens;
"experienced travellers travel light"
make lighter or brighter;
"This lamp lightens the room a bit"
begin to smoke;
"After the meal, some of the diners lit up"
to come to rest, settle;
"Misfortune lighted upon him"
cause to start burning; subject to fire or great heat;
"Great heat can ignite almost any dry matter"
"Light a cigarette"
fall to somebody by assignment or lot;
"The task fell to me"
"It fell to me to notify the parents of the victims"
alight from (a horse)
- I try to see but I'm blinded by the white light.
- I can't read while you are standing in my light.
- He turned off the light before going out.
- It was getting dark, so we switched on the light.
- Excuse me, have you get a light by any chance?
- If you think about it, you will eventually see the light.
- The portrait shows fine effects of light and shade.
- This is a heavy box, and that is a light one.
- She bent forward, and her fine light hair fell over her cheeks.
- It's beginning to get light.
- He prefers light fictions to serious novels.
- Since her accident she can only do light work.
- I advise you to go on a light diet for a while.
- I saw him enter the room, sit down and light a cigarette.
- Her face lit up when she saw he was coming.
- He struck a match to light the room.
- The sun was setting fast, but there was still ample light.
- In the early morning light we could just make out the dark forms of the mountains.
- A fire is comparable with the sun;both give light and heat.
- The light in this room is poor.
- A dim light came from afar.
- The moon yields less light than the sun.
- The diamond sparkles with brilliant light.
- That great tree takes away all the light.
- Turn the light off, please.
- Please turn on the overhead light.
- A light was still burning in his study.
- The house was dark, not a light on.
- The street looks gay with bright flags and coloured lights.
- When the traffic lights turn green you can go.
- It is illegal to cycle without a light after dark.
- The last person to leave should turn off the light.
- Have you got a light?
- He struck a light and set the candle going.
- The workers and the employers see the situation in quite a different light.
- He looked at her action in a favourable light.
- I got on electric shook from that faulty light switch.
- This is a nice light room.
- Light colours suit you best.
- She wore a light green skirt.
- I bought a light suitcase.
- The old bridge can only be used by light vehicles.
- When I was reading someone gave me a light touch on the shoulder.
- A light breeze stirred the curtains.
- She is a light dancer.
- This is light work.
- The children help with light housework.
- Since her accident she can only do light work.
- This book is the kind of light reading I like.
- Then they passed on to lighter topics.
- That's a light beer.
- The river was visible through a light mist.
- This plant will only grow in light soil.
- I had light fish this lunch.
- Please don't make any noise— my mother's a very light sleeper.
- I've had quite a light day today.
- The beautiful day puts us in a light mood.
- In spring the evenings start to get lighter.
- This room is very light.
- Carry this bag—it's the lightest.
- This coat is light but very warm.
- This sack of potatoes is five kilos light.
- The company was fined ￡1000, which critics said was too light.
- Your duties will be light.
- The conversation is light and gay.
- The wind is very light.
- Trading on the Stock Exchange was light today.
- The suitcase was light to carry, being empty except for two shirts.
- It's so light that a child could lift it.
- Wet wood doesn't light easily.
- The match lights easily.
- The fuse lighted at once.
- Her face lighted when she saw who it was.
- The spark lighted the dry wood.
- We lit the candle and the candle lit the room.
- We tried to light the wood but it was wet and wouldn't light easily.
- Crusoe lit a fire and from it took a burning stick.
- He lit a cigarette and puffed at it furiously.
- She swiftly lit the third fuse.
- One large lamp lighted the room.
- Electricity lights our houses.
- Another flash lit the staircase.
- A quick animation lit her face.
- A smile lit his face.
- The match is lit.
- The apartment is lit by electricity.
- Our streets were badly lit fifty years ago.50
- The stage is lit by spotlights.
- Her face was lighted by the news.
- according to one's (own) lights
按照自己的认识,根据自己的能力 in conformity with one's beliefs, attitudes or abilities
- bring to light
揭露,暴露,发现 make sth known
bring sth to light
I will bring to light the truth.
His enemies brought to light some foolish things he had done while young.
The investigation brought to light a number of interesting facts.
Many things left by the ancient Egyptians in tombs have been brought to light.
Her little secret was soon brought to light.
The crime was brought to light years later.
- cast light on
使…显得非常清楚,阐明,使人了解 make sth clearer
- come to light
显露,曝光,成为众所周知 be revealed;become known
- hide one's light under a bushel
含蓄不外露,过分谦逊 be very shy and modest and not show one's abilities or talents;be too modest in letting others see what one can do
- in (the) light of
鉴于,由于,按照 in view of sth;considering sth
- light at the end of the tunnel
成功之望 success, happiness, etc. after a long period of difficulty or hardship
- see the light
出版,发表 be made public
- make light of
对…不在乎,轻视 treat sth as unimportant
- light on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
(偶然)发现 discover sth, especially by chance
light on〔upon〕 sth
Tell us how you lit upon the idea for your invention.
- light up (v.+adv.)
开街灯或车灯 switch on light in a street or car
The room suddenly lit up.
The neon signs lit up.
霓虹灯广告牌亮了。light up sth
The search-light lit up the whole area.
The lamp lit up the room.
The light rays from the sun light up the globe.
The house was lit up as though a big celebration was going on.
All the streets were lit up with electricity.
He usually lights up immediately after supper.
The men settled down in their chairs and lit up.
He struck a match and lit up.
You must not light up after the formal dinner until the Queen's health has been drunk.
Her face lit up when she heard the news.
Mary's face lit up when she saw her old friend.
Her eyes lit up when I mentioned a holiday.
当我提到去度假时,她的双眼顿时一亮。light up sth
A smile lit up her face.
At last he had a fortunate idea, and when it fell into his brain, it lit up his whole head with an evil joy.
终于他想出了一个绝妙的主意,当这一主意出现在他的头脑中时,他的整个脑袋都为一种邪恶的快活所充溢。light up with sth
When our delegation passed, her eyes lighted up with recognition.
His face lit up with pleasure.
At this time of the year, the official hour to light up is six-thirty.
Be sure to light up as soon as the sun sets, or the police may stop your car.
- adjust light 调整光亮
- bathe in light 日光浴
- blow out a light 熄灯
- bring light 带来光明
- come to light 显露出,暴露出
- douse light 熄灯
- flash a light 闪光,使光闪烁
- get a light 有火(柴等)
- give off light 放光,发光
- give the green light to sb 给某人开绿灯,批准某人
- go out the light 熄灯
- have a light 有火(柴等)
- pass a red light (汽车等)闯红灯
- produce light 发光
- put on a light 开灯
- put out the light 熄灯
- see the light 出世,(书籍等)问世,领悟
- shine a light 用灯照亮
- shoot a red light (汽车等)闯红灯
- shut off the light 关灯
- strike a light 擦火柴
- take away all the light 遮光
- turn off a light 关灯
- turn on a light 开灯
- turn out a light 熄灯
- blinding light 眼花缭乱的(灯)光
- bright light 明亮的(灯)光
- broken light 折线光
- calm light 平静的灯光
- clear light 清晰的光线
- curious light 稀奇的灯光
- dark light 暗淡的光线
- deep light 深深的光线
- dirty light 脏的灯,混浊的光线
- distant light 远处的灯光
- dry light 干涸的灯
- dying light 要灭的灯
- earliest light 最早的光线
- early light 晨光
- electric light 电灯
- enough light 光线充足
- falling light 要灭的灯
- flash light 闪光灯
- gentle light 柔和的灯光
- hard light 强光
- little light 一点点光
- lovely light 可爱的灯光
- native light 自制灯
- northern light 北方的光线
- patient light 温和的光
- poor light 昏暗的光线
- pure light 单一的光线
- red light 警报信号,危险
- rising light 正在升起的光
- rush light 闪电,迅速移动的光线
- side light 侧光
- soft light 柔和的光线
- strange light 奇怪的(灯)光
- strong light 强光
- warm light 温暖的光
- weak light 暗淡的光
- white light 白光
- ceiling light 吊灯
- center light 中心光线
- day light 日光
- evening light 夜光
- floor light 落地灯
- head light 车前灯
- midday light 正午的光线
- minute light 带时钟的灯
- moon light 月光
- morning light 早晨的光线
- parking light 停车灯
- pilot light 领航灯
- stop light (汽车车尾)制动灯,交通指示灯
- summer light 夏季的阳光
- sun light 日光
- sunset light 落日余光
- tail light 尾灯
- traffic light 交通灯
- light beacon 灯标
- light beam 光柱
- light bomb 照明弹
- light button 光按钮
- light filter 滤光器
- light house 灯塔
- light year 光年
- at a light 在交通灯处
- between the lights 在黄昏,在傍晚
- by the light of 借助,根据
- in light 被光线照着,在阳光〔灯光〕下
- in a bad light 在光线差的地方
- in a good light 在亮处,在有利的地位
- in a new light 用新的眼光
- in the light of 依照,根据,当作
- in the true light 从真实的观点看
- a flood of light 一片强光
- light of a lamp 灯光
- light of fire 火光
- lights of London 伦敦的万家灯火
- light of the moon 月光
- light of the sun 阳光
- light aircraft 轻型飞机
- light blue 淡蓝色
- light bridge 轻便桥梁
- light clothes 轻装
- light clothing 轻便的衣物
- light crop of wheat 小麦歉收
- light exercise 轻度锻炼
- light food 易消化食物
- light green 淡绿色
- light heart 轻松愉快的心情
- light load 轻负荷
- light luggage 轻便的行李
- light lunch 清淡的午餐
- light metal 轻金属
- light music 轻音乐
- light shoes 轻便的鞋
- light shower of rain 小阵雨
- light soil 轻质土壤
- light soup 清淡的汤
- light supper 少量的晚餐
- light tap 轻轻一拍
- light traffic 稀少的行人车辆
- light voice 柔和的声音
- light white wine 低度白葡萄酒
- light wind 微风,和风
- light woman 水性杨花的女人
- light work 轻活
- light a candle 点蜡烛
- light a cigarette 点香烟
- light a fire 生火
- light flames 点燃熊熊烈火
- light a lamp 点灯
- light one's way 照亮道路
- light the gas 点燃煤气
- light the house 照亮房屋
- light the stove 点燃炉子
- light the street 照亮街道
- light the whole street 照亮整条街
- light abruptly 突然地点火
- light automatically 自动点火
- light bewilderingly 使人迷惑地点火
- light breathlessly 匆忙地点火
- light briskly 轻松地点火
- light calmly 平静地点火
- light carefully 小心地点火
- light cautiously 小心翼翼地点火
- light cheerfully 兴高采烈地点火
- light comprehensively 全面地点火
- light confidently 满怀信心地点火
- light consciously 自觉地点火
- light courageously 勇敢地点火
- light daringly 大胆地点火
- light decisively 果断地点火
- light desperately 毫无顾忌地点火
- light disastrously 灾难性地点火
- light earnestly 非常认真地点火
- light effectively 给人印象深刻地点火
- light eventually 终于点火
- light expertly 熟练地点火
- light falteringly 犹豫地点火
- light gloriously 壮丽地点火
- light grotesquely 可笑地点火
- light hurriedly 匆忙地点火
- light ingeniously 巧妙地点火
- light laboriously 吃力地点火
- light mysteriously 神秘地点火
- light noiselessly 悄悄地点火
- light professionally 熟练地点火
- light prudently 谨慎地点火
- light punctually 准时点火
- light reasonably 合理地点火
- light reluctantly 不情愿地点火
- light ruthlessly 无情地点火
- light satisfactorily 令人满意地点火
- light scientifically 科学地点火
- light scrupulously 谨慎地点火
- light selectively 有选择地点火
- light sensibly 合理地点火
- light simultaneously 同一时间点火
- light slowly 慢慢地点火
- light studiously 小心地点火
- light symbolically 象征性地点火
- light systematically 有规律地点火
- light temporarily 暂时点火
- light unaccountably 莫名其妙地点火
- light out 突然发出
- light up 点燃
- light up sb's face 使某人容光焕发
- light up with pleasure (脸)露出高兴的表情
- light on〔upon〕 偶然发现,偶然获得…
Coming out..into the light after being..in the darkness inside the hill.出自： A. Ransome
After dark, they worked by the light of the city's fires.出自： J. Hersey
A match flared, and in its momentary light Kino saw..the men were sleeping.出自： J. Steinbeck
Starting at early light from the old fort.出自： Frank Thompson
We skated..on into the evening by the light of fires.出自： H. E. Bates
She had only a candle's light to see by.出自： J. Fowles
Their luggage..was light enough to be entirely empty.出自： R. Bradbury
A girl in a light summer dress.出自： R. Brautigan
She was so light, he could pick her up..like a baby.出自： B. Gilroy
Light traffic..at the time of the accident was..the reason more vehicles were not involved.出自：Los Angeles Times
He piled these ancient books together and set them all on a light fire.出自： J. Jortin
Stern Hassan..from his horse Disdains to light.出自： Byron
The taper which was lighting in the room was burnt out.出自： Goldsmith
To travel in America one must travel light.出自： Cecil Roberts
His engine ran light from Orpington to Kent House.出自：Railway Magazine
He lit a cigarette.
There is a lighted cigarette.
- light, blaze, flame
- 1.blaze指大火; flame既可表示孤立的小火,也可表示“火舌,火苗,火焰”; light为一般用语,泛指日、月、星、火、灯的光。
- 2.blaze可给人带来温暖,但如控制不住可造成火灾; flame和light强调光明、光线, flame也可造成火灾。
- 3.blaze多用单数形式; flame表示“火舌,火苗,火焰”时常用复数形式; light为不可数名词。
- light, bright
- light, fire, ignite, inflame, kindle
- 1.fire多用于口语中,表示迅速燃烧起来,并产生通红的颜色; light是普通用语,指发光或发热; kindle指需较长时间或事先要做一定准备方能点燃。例如:
- Someone fired the building.有人放火烧了那栋楼房。
- She lighted the candles.她把蜡烛点燃。
- The spark kindled the dry wood.火星燃着干柴。
- 2.ignite多用于科技方面,指来势凶猛的燃烧,或与易燃物接触后所引起的燃烧; inflame则多用于文学作品中,指激起强烈的感情。例如:
- Spontaneous combustion ignited the heap of oil-soaked rags in the basement.自燃使得地下室渍油的破布堆燃烧起来了。
- Her question seemed to inflame him all the more.她的问题似乎使他更加恼火了。
- light, set fire
- set fire可表示意外或故意烧着了或点燃了某东西,如房子、衣服等; 而light表示点燃香烟、炉灶、蜡烛等。例如:
- He lit a cigarette.他点燃了一支香烟。
- Who set fire to the house?是谁纵火烧这房子的?
- light up, shine
- 1.shine是不及物动词,指太阳等能发亮的主体自身发光; 而light up则是及物动词,意思是“照亮…”。例如:
- The sun shines bright in my old Kentucky home.
- 明媚的阳光照耀着我古老的肯塔基故 乡。
- All the streets were lit up with electricity.
- 2.shine和light up均可用于比喻,指“眼睛亮”,但前者强调状态,后者强调由不亮到亮的变化。例如:
- Her eyes shone with pleasure.
- Her eyes lit up when I mentioned a holi- day.
- 当我提到去度假时,她的双眼顿时亮 了起来。
- light, flare, glare, glow, shine
- 1.指由日月星辰等天体或灯光、火光发出或照射的光用shine; 指太阳、灯等发出的非常强烈、耀眼的光用glare; 指由铁等发出炽热的热光或无焰的燃烧用glow; 指由手电筒、火炬等发出的摇曳的闪光或火焰用flare; 而light可用于任何物体发出的光。例如:
- The sky was indigo blue, and a great many stars were shining.天空一片深蓝,闪烁着点点繁星。
- The bright lights arrested the boy's attention.灿烂的灯光吸引了这个男孩的注意。
- I saw the sudden flare of a flashlight in the darkness.我看到手电筒在黑暗中突然闪出的亮光。
- The glare of the head-lights almost blinded her.前车灯几乎把她的眼都照得睁不开了。
- The glow from the embers warmed us.余烬的灼热使我们暖和。
- 2.glow还可指因运动或激动而发热、发红或容光焕发; shine还可引申指眼神、情感等显露。例如:
- His face has a shine with perspiration.
- The baby was all in a glow after a hot bath.
- light, enlighten, illuminate, illumine, illustrate, lighten
- 这组词的共同意思是“照亮”。它们之间的区别是:illuminate指用光线照亮黑暗处,引申可指启发、阐明复杂或难懂的问题; illumine与illuminate同义,多为文学和诗歌用语; light多指照亮道路或某一处所; lighten也指使黑暗处明亮一些,常引申作诗歌用语; enlighten原指照耀,现只用于引申义指启发、开导或使人摆脱偏见、迷信等; illustrate指增加光泽,引申指美化或润色。
误 She switched on light.
正 She switched on a light.
误 Plants grow rapidly when exposed to lights.
正 Plants grow rapidly when exposed to light.
误 In the middle of the room stood a table with a lit lamp on it.
正 In the middle of the room stood a table with a lighted lamp on it.
- ☆ 直接源自古英语的leht；最初源自原始日耳曼语的lingkhtaz，意为不重的。