light

  基本词汇  
[laɪt]     [laɪt]    
  • n.光;光线;灯;打火机;领悟;浅色;天窗
  • adj.轻的;浅色的;明亮的;轻松的;容易的;清淡的
  • v.点燃;变亮;照亮
  • adv.清楚地;轻便地
lighter lightest lighted / lit lighted / lit lighting lights
new

light是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 光,光亮
  2. 光线
  3. 光源,发光体
  4. 窗,天窗
  5. 眼神
  6. 暴露,显露
  7. 灯,电灯
  8. 启发
  9. 日光
  10. 点火物,火柴,打火机
  11. 浅色
  12. 亮色
adj.(形容词)
  1. 轻的
  2. 明亮的
  3. 少量的,分量不足的
  4. 浅色的,淡色的
  5. 清淡的
  6. 轻松的,容易做的, 不使人疲劳的
  7. 易消化的
  8. 易醒的
  9. 轻便的
  10. 柔和的
  11. 轻微的
  12. 微弱的
  13. 轻柔的
  14. 程度低的
  15. 不严厉的
  16. 娱乐性的
v.(动词)
  1. 点火,点燃,点着
  2. 开始燃烧,燃起来
  3. 照亮,使明亮
  4. 用光指引
  5. 偶然遇见,偶尔发现
  6. 开始吸一根烟
  7. 放光彩、光亮
  8. 喜形于色,喜气洋洋
  9. 变亮
  10. <旧><书>下马,下车,停落
  11. 【海】拉起
  12. 容光焕发,使容光焕发
  13. 生火
adv.(副词)
  1. 轻地
  2. 轻装地,轻便地
  3. 轻快地
  4. 淡地
  5. 清楚地

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [U]光,光线,光亮 kind of natural radiation that makes things visible
  2. [C]光源,电灯,灯 source of light, especially an electric lamp
  3. [C]火焰,火花,点火物 flame or spark
adj.(形容词)
  1. 光线充足的,明亮的 full of light;not in darkness
  2. 淡色的,浅色的 pale
  3. 轻的,不重的 easy to lift or move;not heavy
  4. [A]轻柔的,轻巧的 gentle;delicate
  5. 易消化的,清淡的 easy to digest
  6. 容易做的,轻松易懂的 easy to carry out or perform;easy to understand
  7. 容易承受的,不严厉的 easy to bear, not severe
  8. 不猛烈的 not intense
  9. [A]稀少的 not dense
  10. [A]少量的 small in quantity
  11. [A]不沉的,不熟的 not deep
  12. [A]愉快的,无忧无虑的 cheerful;free from worry
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 点火,生火,点燃 put on;switch on;turn on;ignite;kindle
  2. vt. 照亮,照明 illuminate;illumine
  3. vt. & vi. (使)容光焕发 brighten

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
light : 光 ...
在 《外教社物理学英语词典》 中查看更多...
light : 光, 灯, 灯 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
light : 光线;照明 ...
light : 轻磅;轻型 ...
在 《外教社外贸英语词典》 中查看更多...
light : 光, 灯, 见 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
light : 光 ...
在 《外教社天文学英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. (physics) electromagnetic radiation that can produce a visual sensation;

    "the light was filtered through a soft glass window"

  2. any device serving as a source of illumination;

    "he stopped the car and turned off the lights"

  3. a particular perspective or aspect of a situation;

    "although he saw it in a different light, he still did not understand"

  4. the quality of being luminous; emitting or reflecting light;

    "its luminosity is measured relative to that of our sun"

  5. an illuminated area;

    "he stepped into the light"

  6. a condition of spiritual awareness; divine illumination;

    "follow God's light"

  7. the visual effect of illumination on objects or scenes as created in pictures;

    "he could paint the lightest light and the darkest dark"

  8. a person regarded very fondly;

    "the light of my life"

  9. having abundant light or illumination;

    "they played as long as it was light"
    "as long as the lighting was good"

  10. mental understanding as an enlightening experience;

    "he finally saw the light"
    "can you shed light on this problem?"

  11. merriment expressed by a brightness or gleam or animation of countenance;

    "he had a sparkle in his eye"
    "there's a perpetual twinkle in his eyes"

  12. public awareness;

    "it brought the scandal to light"

  13. a divine presence believed by Quakers to enlighten and guide the soul

  14. a visual warning signal;

    "they saw the light of the beacon"
    "there was a light at every corner"

  15. a device for lighting or igniting fuel or charges or fires;

    "do you have a light?"

Adjective:
  1. of comparatively little physical weight or density;

    "a light load"
    "magnesium is a light metal--having a specific gravity of 1.74 at 20 degrees C"

  2. (used of color) having a relatively small amount of coloring agent;

    "light blue"
    "light colors such as pastels"
    "a light-colored powder"

  3. of the military or industry; using (or being) relatively small or light arms or equipment;

    "light infantry"
    "light cavalry"
    "light industry"
    "light weapons"

  4. not great in degree or quantity or number;

    "a light sentence"
    "a light accent"
    "casualties were light"
    "light snow was falling"
    "light misty rain"
    "light smoke from the chimney"

  5. psychologically light; especially free from sadness or troubles;

    "a light heart"

  6. characterized by or emitting light;

    "a room that is light when the shutters are open"
    "the inside of the house was airy and light"

  7. (used of vowels or syllables) pronounced with little or no stress;

    "a syllable that ends in a short vowel is a light syllable"
    "a weak stress on the second syllable"

  8. easily assimilated in the alimentary canal; not rich or heavily seasoned;

    "a light diet"

  9. (used of soil) loose and large-grained in consistency;

    "light soil"

  10. (of sound or color) free from anything that dulls or dims;

    "efforts to obtain a clean bass in orchestral recordings"
    "clear laughter like a waterfall"
    "clear reds and blues"
    "a light lilting voice like a silver bell"

  11. moving easily and quickly; nimble;

    "the dancer was light and graceful"
    "a lightsome buoyant step"
    "walked with a light tripping step"

  12. demanding little effort; not burdensome;

    "light housework"
    "light exercise"

  13. of little intensity or power or force;

    "the light touch of her fingers"
    "a light breeze"

  14. (physics, chemistry) not having atomic weight greater than average;

    "light water is ordinary water"

  15. weak and likely to lose consciousness;

    "suddenly felt faint from the pain"
    "was sick and faint from hunger"
    "felt light in the head"
    "a swooning fit"
    "light-headed with wine"
    "light-headed from lack of sleep"

  16. very thin and insubstantial;

    "thin paper"
    "light summer dresses"

  17. marked by temperance in indulgence;

    "abstemious with the use of adverbs"
    "a light eater"
    "a light smoker"
    "ate a light supper"

  18. less than the correct or legal or full amount often deliberately so;

    "a light pound"
    "a scant cup of sugar"
    "regularly gives short weight"

  19. having little importance;

    "losing his job was no light matter"

  20. intended primarily as entertainment; not serious or profound;

    "light verse"
    "a light comedy"

  21. silly or trivial;

    "idle pleasure"
    "light banter"
    "light idle chatter"

  22. designed for ease of movement or to carry little weight;

    "light aircraft"
    "a light truck"

  23. having relatively few calories;

    "diet cola"
    "light (or lite) beer"
    "lite (or light) mayonnaise"
    "a low-cal diet"

  24. (of sleep) easily disturbed;

    "in a light doze"
    "a light sleeper"
    "a restless wakeful night"

  25. casual and unrestrained in sexual behavior;

    "her easy virtue"
    "he was told to avoid loose (or light) women"
    "wanton behavior"

Adverb:
  1. with few burdens;

    "experienced travellers travel light"

Verb:
  1. make lighter or brighter;

    "This lamp lightens the room a bit"

  2. begin to smoke;

    "After the meal, some of the diners lit up"

  3. to come to rest, settle;

    "Misfortune lighted upon him"

  4. cause to start burning; subject to fire or great heat;

    "Great heat can ignite almost any dry matter"
    "Light a cigarette"

  5. fall to somebody by assignment or lot;

    "The task fell to me"
    "It fell to me to notify the parents of the victims"

  6. alight from (a horse)

light的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. I try to see but I'm blinded by the white light.
    我试着去看,但是有道白光让我什么都看不到。
  2. I can't read while you are standing in my light.
    你挡住了我的光线,我没法看书。
  3. He turned off the light before going out.
    他出门前把灯关掉。
  4. It was getting dark, so we switched on the light.
    天色暗了,于是我们打开了灯。
  5. Excuse me, have you get a light by any chance?
    对不起,你碰巧有打火机吗?
  6. If you think about it, you will eventually see the light.
    如果你想一想,你就会最终领悟的。
  7. The portrait shows fine effects of light and shade.
    这幅肖像画的浓淡色调表现得很好。
用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. This is a heavy box, and that is a light one.
    这是一个重箱子,那是一个轻箱子。
  2. She bent forward, and her fine light hair fell over her cheeks.
    她向前探出身子,她的浅色的美丽头发遮住了脸颊。
  3. It's beginning to get light.
    天渐渐亮了。
  4. Since her accident she can only do light work.
    她出事以后只能做轻活儿了。
  5. I advise you to go on a light diet for a while.
    我建议你一段时间内多吃些清淡的东西。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. I saw him enter the room, sit down and light a cigarette.
    我看见他走进房间,坐了下来,点燃了一根香烟。
  2. Her face lit up when she saw he was coming.
    当她看到他走过来的时候,她的脸亮了起来。
  3. He struck a match to light the room.
    他划了根火柴来照亮房间。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The sun was setting fast, but there was still ample light.
    夕阳西下,天很快暗下来,但是还有足够的昼光。
  2. In the early morning light we could just make out the dark forms of the mountains.
    在晨曦中我们只能看见群山的轮廓。
  3. A fire is comparable with the sun;both give light and heat.
    火和太阳相似,两者均可放出光和热。
  4. The light in this room is poor.
    这房间里的光线不充足。
  5. A dim light came from afar.
    一缕暗淡的光线从远处射来。
  6. The moon yields less light than the sun.
    月亮的光线比太阳弱。
  7. The diamond sparkles with brilliant light.
    钻石闪烁出灿烂的光辉。
  8. That great tree takes away all the light.
    那棵大树把光线全遮住了。
  9. Turn the light off, please.
    请关灯。
  10. Please turn on the overhead light.
    请打开吊灯。
  11. A light was still burning in his study.
    他的书房里仍亮着灯光。
  12. The house was dark, not a light on.
    屋子漆黑,没有一盏灯开着。
  13. The street looks gay with bright flags and coloured lights.
    街上旗帜鲜艳,彩灯缤纷,显出一派欢乐景象。
  14. When the traffic lights turn green you can go.
    交通讯号灯转为绿色时你就可以通行。
  15. It is illegal to cycle without a light after dark.
    天黑后骑车不开灯违反规定。
  16. The last person to leave should turn off the light.
    最后离开的人应该关灯。
  17. Have you got a light?
    你有火吗?
  18. He struck a light and set the candle going.
    他擦了一根火柴,点燃了蜡烛。
  19. The workers and the employers see the situation in quite a different light.
    工人们与雇主对形势的看法大相径庭。
  20. He looked at her action in a favourable light.
    他以赞成的态度看待她的行动。
  21. I got on electric shook from that faulty light switch.
    当我触到那个有毛病的电灯开关时,被电击了一下。
用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. This is a nice light room.
    这是一间光线明亮的房间。
  2. Light colours suit you best.
    你最适于穿浅色衣服。
  3. She wore a light green skirt.
    她穿着一件浅绿色的裙子。
  4. I bought a light suitcase.
    我买了一只轻便手提箱。
  5. The old bridge can only be used by light vehicles.
    那座旧桥只能走轻型车辆。
  6. When I was reading someone gave me a light touch on the shoulder.
    当我正看书时,有人轻轻地拍了拍我的肩头。
  7. A light breeze stirred the curtains.
    微风吹动窗帘。
  8. She is a light dancer.
    她舞步轻盈。
  9. This is light work.
    这是轻而易举的工作。
  10. The children help with light housework.
    孩子们帮着干些轻的家务活。
  11. Since her accident she can only do light work.
    出事以后,她只能做轻活了。
  12. This book is the kind of light reading I like.
    这本书是我所喜欢的那类轻松读物。
  13. Then they passed on to lighter topics.
    接着,他们谈论了一些较为轻松的话题。
  14. That's a light beer.
    那是一种淡啤酒。
  15. The river was visible through a light mist.
    透过薄雾,那河隐约可见。
  16. This plant will only grow in light soil.
    这种植物在轻质土壤中才能生长。
  17. I had light fish this lunch.
    今天午饭我吃了少量的鱼。
  18. Please don't make any noise— my mother's a very light sleeper.
    请安静——我母亲容易被吵醒。
  19. I've had quite a light day today.
    我今天相当清闲。
  20. The beautiful day puts us in a light mood.
    美好的天气使我们心情愉快。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. In spring the evenings start to get lighter.
    春天,天渐渐黑得晚了。
  2. This room is very light.
    这个房间非常亮。
  3. Carry this bag—it's the lightest.
    背上这个袋子——它最轻。
  4. This coat is light but very warm.
    这件大衣很轻,但非常暖和。
  5. This sack of potatoes is five kilos light.
    这袋土豆少5公斤。
  6. The company was fined £1000, which critics said was too light.
    公司被罚1000英镑,评论者称,惩处过轻。
  7. Your duties will be light.
    你的关税将很轻。
  8. The conversation is light and gay.
    谈话轻松愉快。
  9. The wind is very light.
    风很小。
  10. Trading on the Stock Exchange was light today.
    证券交易所今日交易清淡。
S+be+~+to- v
  1. The suitcase was light to carry, being empty except for two shirts.
    这只箱子提着很轻,因为里面只有两件衬衣。
It is/was+~+that-clause
  1. It's so light that a child could lift it.
    这东西太轻了,孩子都能拿起来。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Wet wood doesn't light easily.
    湿木不易点燃。
  2. The match lights easily.
    这火柴容易点燃。
  3. The fuse lighted at once.
    保险丝立即被烧断了。
  4. Her face lighted when she saw who it was.
    当她弄明白这是谁时,脸上露出了喜色。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The spark lighted the dry wood.
    火星燃着了干柴。
  2. We lit the candle and the candle lit the room.
    我们点燃了蜡烛,烛光照亮了房间。
  3. We tried to light the wood but it was wet and wouldn't light easily.
    我们想点燃这木柴,可是太湿了,一下子点不着。
  4. Crusoe lit a fire and from it took a burning stick.
    克鲁索点起了一堆火,从中抽出一根燃着的柴棍。
  5. He lit a cigarette and puffed at it furiously.
    他点燃了一支香烟,狂吸了几口。
  6. She swiftly lit the third fuse.
    她敏捷地点着了第三根导火索。
  7. One large lamp lighted the room.
    一盏大灯照亮了房间。
  8. Electricity lights our houses.
    电灯照亮了我们的房子。
  9. Another flash lit the staircase.
    电光又是一闪,照亮了楼口。
  10. A quick animation lit her face.
    突来的兴奋情绪令她容光焕发。
  11. A smile lit his face.
    他的脸上露出了微笑。
  12. 用于be ~ed结构
  13. The match is lit.
    火柴点燃了。
  14. The apartment is lit by electricity.
    这套公寓用电灯照明。
  15. Our streets were badly lit fifty years ago.50
    年前我们的街道照明很差。
  16. The stage is lit by spotlights.
    舞台由聚光灯照明。
  17. Her face was lighted by the news.
    她听到这个消息后面露喜色。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
according to one's (own) lights
  1. 按照自己的认识,根据自己的能力 in conformity with one's beliefs, attitudes or abilities

    He behaved correctly, according to his lights. 他按自己的见解正确行事。

    We can't blame him;he did his best according to his own lights. 我们不能责备他,他尽了自己最大的努力。

bring to light
  1. 揭露,暴露,发现 make sth known bring sth to light

    I will bring to light the truth.我一定要揭露真相。

    His enemies brought to light some foolish things he had done while young.他的仇人披露了他年轻时所做的一些蠢事。

    The investigation brought to light a number of interesting facts.这次调查使我们了解到许多有趣的事实。

    Many things left by the ancient Egyptians in tombs have been brought to light.在古埃及的古陵墓中发掘出很多东西。

    Her little secret was soon brought to light.她那小小的秘密不久就被发现了。

    The crime was brought to light years later.几年以后,罪行暴露了。

cast light on
  1. 使…显得非常清楚,阐明,使人了解 make sth clearer

    Does this information cast light on the problem? 这一信息会澄清这个问题吗?

come to light
  1. 显露,曝光,成为众所周知 be revealed;become known

    New evidence has recently come to light. 最近,发现了新的证据。

    Nie Er was only a small boy when his talent for music came to light. 聂耳还是个少年时,就显露出了他的音乐天才。

    When his prison record came to light, he lost his job. 当他的服刑记录被人知道后,他失业了。

    It has come to light through investigation that he is crimeless. 调查的结果表明他是无罪的。

    When the old woman died, it came to light that she was actually rich. 老妇人死后,人们才发现她原来很富有。

    It has come to light that he was lying. 大家都知道他在说谎。

hide one's light under a bushel
  1. 含蓄不外露,过分谦逊 be very shy and modest and not show one's abilities or talents;be too modest in letting others see what one can do

    When Joan is with her close friends she has a wonderful sense of humour, but usually she hides her light under a bushel. 琼和密友在一起时非常幽默,但和别人相处时则很含蓄。

in (the) light of
  1. 鉴于,由于,按照 in view of sth;considering sth

    This should be discussed fully in light of the developments in the University. 这件事应该根据大学里的情况加以充分讨论。

    In the light of these changes we must revise our plan. 考虑到这些变化,我们必须重新修订我们的计划。

    I wanted to hold the meeting today, but in the light of the changed circumstances it had better be postponed. 我原想今天开会,但考虑到情况已经发生变化,会还是延期为好。

light at the end of the tunnel
  1. 成功之望 success, happiness, etc. after a long period of difficulty or hardship

    The project has been going on for months, but at last, we can see the light at the end of the tunnel. 这个项目已进行了很长时间,但我们终于看到了成功的希望。

see the light
  1. 明白过来,领悟 understand

    We finally made him see the light. 我们最终使他明白过来了。

    I did not approve of his action, but he explained his reason and then I saw the light. 我起初并不赞同他的行为,但经过他的解释后,我才明白。

    Mary thought it was fun to date older boys, but when they started drinking, she saw the light. 玛丽认为,与大一点的男孩约会很有意思,但当他们喝酒时,她才意识到不应与他们约会。

  2. 出版,发表 be made public

    Practically, all the best essays in the English language have first seen the light in the periodical press. 几乎所有最好的英文散文起初都是在期刊上发表的。

    He wrote a poem, but it never saw the light. 他写了一首诗,但这首诗从未发表。

用作形容词 (adj.)
make light of
  1. 对…不在乎,轻视 treat sth as unimportant

    He made light of his injury. 他对自己受的伤不大在乎。

    We shouldn't make light of the difficulties that this will cause. 我们不应轻视这些事件将会引起的种种困难。

用作动词 (v.)
light on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
  1. (偶然)发现 discover sth, especially by chance light on〔upon〕 sth

    Tell us how you lit upon the idea for your invention.请告诉我们,你是怎么会想到你那个发明的。

light up (v.+adv.)
  1. 照亮,亮起来 illuminate;provide with lights light up

    The room suddenly lit up.房间的灯突然亮了。

    The neon signs lit up.霓虹灯广告牌亮了。

    light up sth

    The search-light lit up the whole area.探照灯把整个地区都照亮了。

    The lamp lit up the room.灯把房间照亮了。

    The light rays from the sun light up the globe.太阳射出来的光照亮全球。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The house was lit up as though a big celebration was going on.整个屋子灯火辉煌,犹如在举行盛大庆典。

    All the streets were lit up with electricity.所有的街道上电灯通明。

  2. 点烟,开始吸烟 light a cigarette, pipe;start smoking light up

    He usually lights up immediately after supper.他常常一吃完晚饭就点一支烟。

    The men settled down in their chairs and lit up.这些人坐在椅子上开始吸烟。

    He struck a match and lit up.他划着一根火柴,点火抽烟。

    You must not light up after the formal dinner until the Queen's health has been drunk.正式宴会以后,在没有为女王的健康干杯之前,你切勿吸烟。

  3. (使)变得喜悦,(使)兴奋起来 (cause to) become cheerful;(of a person's face or expression) (cause to) become bright light up

    Her face lit up when she heard the news.当她听到这个消息时,她的脸上闪出喜悦的光彩。

    Mary's face lit up when she saw her old friend.看见她的老朋友的时候,玛丽一脸高兴的样子。

    Her eyes lit up when I mentioned a holiday.当我提到去度假时,她的双眼顿时一亮。

    light up sth

    A smile lit up her face.她满面笑容。

    At last he had a fortunate idea, and when it fell into his brain, it lit up his whole head with an evil joy.终于他想出了一个绝妙的主意,当这一主意出现在他的头脑中时,他的整个脑袋都为一种邪恶的快活所充溢。

    light up with sth

    When our delegation passed, her eyes lighted up with recognition.当我们代表团经过时,她认出了我们,眼睛顿时亮了起来。

    His face lit up with pleasure.他的脸上焕发着喜色。

  4. 开街灯或车灯 switch on light in a street or car light up

    At this time of the year, the official hour to light up is six-thirty.在这个季节里,规定的开(街)灯时间是六点半。

    Be sure to light up as soon as the sun sets, or the police may stop your car.太阳一落山就一定要开车灯,否则,警察就要拦住你的车。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词
用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 副词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Coming out..into the light after being..in the darkness inside the hill.

    出自:A. Ransome
  • After dark, they worked by the light of the city's fires.

    出自:J. Hersey
  • A match flared, and in its momentary light Kino saw..the men were sleeping.

    出自:J. Steinbeck
  • Starting at early light from the old fort.

    出自:Frank Thompson
  • We skated..on into the evening by the light of fires.

    出自:H. E. Bates
  • She had only a candle's light to see by.

    出自:J. Fowles
  • Their luggage..was light enough to be entirely empty.

    出自:R. Bradbury
  • A girl in a light summer dress.

    出自:R. Brautigan
  • She was so light, he could pick her up..like a baby.

    出自:B. Gilroy
  • Light traffic..at the time of the accident was..the reason more vehicles were not involved.

    出自:Los Angeles Times
  • He piled these ancient books together and set them all on a light fire.

    出自:J. Jortin
  • Stern Hassan..from his horse Disdains to light.

    出自:Byron
  • The taper which was lighting in the room was burnt out.

    出自:Goldsmith
  • To travel in America one must travel light.

    出自:Cecil Roberts
  • His engine ran light from Orpington to Kent House.

    出自:Railway Magazine

light的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. light作动词时,一般lit是其过去时和过去分词形式,而lighted一般是过去分词作定语时才使用。

    He lit a cigarette.
    他点燃了一支烟。

    There is a lighted cigarette.
    这有一支点燃了的烟。

n.(名词)
  1. light的基本意思是“光,光线,光亮”,指自然界中可以照亮其他物体的物质。light也可用来指一束光的来源,即“光源”或“电灯,灯”。light还可用来指“火焰,火花,点火物”。
  2. light作“光,光线”解时,如果其前有形容词修饰,可与a连用。
  3. light在句中有时可用作定语。
adj.(形容词)
  1. light用作形容词时意思是某物有足够的光线,而显得“光线充足,明亮”或颜色“浅淡”;light还可指“轻的”,指某物不重;也可指做某事的动作比较轻缓,即“轻柔的,轻巧的”。引申可指“容易做的,轻松易懂的”“容易承受的,不严厉的”“不猛烈的”“稀少的”“少量的”“易消化的,清淡的”或“不沉的,不熟的”“愉快的,无忧无虑的”等。
  2. light在句中可作定语或表语。用作表语时,其后可接动词不定式或that从句。
v.(动词)
  1. light用作动词时,其意思是“点火”“生火”“点燃”,指为照明或取暖而点蜡烛或生炉子;light还可指用灯或蜡烛等物体来“照亮,照明”,引申可指“使容光焕发”。
  2. light既可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语;用作不及物动词时,主动形式常含有被动意义。
  3. light的过去式和过去分词有两种形式,即lit或lighted。lit较lighted用得更普遍,但其过去分词用作形容词时,一般用lighted,不用lit。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
light, blaze, flame
这组词都有“火”“火光”的意思。
1.blaze指大火; flame既可表示孤立的小火,也可表示“火舌,火苗,火焰”; light为一般用语,泛指日、月、星、火、灯的光。
2.blaze可给人带来温暖,但如控制不住可造成火灾; flame和light强调光明、光线, flame也可造成火灾。
3.blaze多用单数形式; flame表示“火舌,火苗,火焰”时常用复数形式; light为不可数名词。
adj.(形容词)
light, bright
这两个词都可表示“明亮的”。bright指东西发光或反光而明亮,light则指光线充足而明亮。
v.(动词)
light, fire, ignite, inflame, kindle
这组词的意思都与“燃烧”有关。其区别是:
1.fire多用于口语中,表示迅速燃烧起来,并产生通红的颜色; light是普通用语,指发光或发热; kindle指需较长时间或事先要做一定准备方能点燃。例如:
Someone fired the building.有人放火烧了那栋楼房。
She lighted the candles.她把蜡烛点燃。
The spark kindled the dry wood.火星燃着干柴。
2.ignite多用于科技方面,指来势凶猛的燃烧,或与易燃物接触后所引起的燃烧; inflame则多用于文学作品中,指激起强烈的感情。例如:
Spontaneous combustion ignited the heap of oil-soaked rags in the basement.自燃使得地下室渍油的破布堆燃烧起来了。
Her question seemed to inflame him all the more.她的问题似乎使他更加恼火了。
light, set fire
这两个词(组)都可表示“点燃”。其区别是:
set fire可表示意外或故意烧着了或点燃了某东西,如房子、衣服等; 而light表示点燃香烟、炉灶、蜡烛等。例如:
He lit a cigarette.他点燃了一支香烟。
Who set fire to the house?是谁纵火烧这房子的?
light up, shine
两者都有“发光”“照亮”的意思。其区别在于:
1.shine是不及物动词,指太阳等能发亮的主体自身发光; 而light up则是及物动词,意思是“照亮…”。例如:
  • The sun shines bright in my old Kentucky home.
  • 明媚的阳光照耀着我古老的肯塔基故 乡。
  • All the streets were lit up with electricity.
  • 所有街道上灯火通明。
2.shine和light up均可用于比喻,指“眼睛亮”,但前者强调状态,后者强调由不亮到亮的变化。例如:
  • Her eyes shone with pleasure.
  • 她的眼睛里闪烁着愉快的光芒。
  • Her eyes lit up when I mentioned a holi- day.
  • 当我提到去度假时,她的双眼顿时亮 了起来。
light, flare, glare, glow, shine
这组词的共同意思是“发光”,均可用作名词或动词。其区别是:
1.指由日月星辰等天体或灯光、火光发出或照射的光用shine; 指太阳、灯等发出的非常强烈、耀眼的光用glare; 指由铁等发出炽热的热光或无焰的燃烧用glow; 指由手电筒、火炬等发出的摇曳的闪光或火焰用flare; 而light可用于任何物体发出的光。例如:
The sky was indigo blue, and a great many stars were shining.天空一片深蓝,闪烁着点点繁星。
The bright lights arrested the boy's attention.灿烂的灯光吸引了这个男孩的注意。
I saw the sudden flare of a flashlight in the darkness.我看到手电筒在黑暗中突然闪出的亮光。
The glare of the head-lights almost blinded her.前车灯几乎把她的眼都照得睁不开了。
The glow from the embers warmed us.余烬的灼热使我们暖和。
2.glow还可指因运动或激动而发热、发红或容光焕发; shine还可引申指眼神、情感等显露。例如:
  • His face has a shine with perspiration.
  • 他的脸因出汗而显得亮晶晶。
  • The baby was all in a glow after a hot bath.
  • 婴儿在洗完热水澡后浑身通红。
light, enlighten, illuminate, illumine, illustrate, lighten
这组词的共同意思是“照亮”。它们之间的区别是:illuminate指用光线照亮黑暗处,引申可指启发、阐明复杂或难懂的问题; illumine与illuminate同义,多为文学和诗歌用语; light多指照亮道路或某一处所; lighten也指使黑暗处明亮一些,常引申作诗歌用语; enlighten原指照耀,现只用于引申义指启发、开导或使人摆脱偏见、迷信等; illustrate指增加光泽,引申指美化或润色。
blaze flame flare glow glare flash glitter twinkle light
这些名词均含有“火焰、烈火、光”之意。
  • blaze:blaze指猛烈燃烧所发生强烈的光。
  • flame:flame指一条或多条火舌,多用复数形式,指由许多火舌构成的大火。
  • flare:flare指摇曳的火焰。
  • glow:glow指像冶炼铁和钢时发出的红光。
  • glare:glare指眩目的光。
  • flash:flash指突然发出而随即消失的闪光。
  • glitter:glitter指连续发出闪烁不定的光。
  • twinkle:twinkle指如星光等的闪烁。
  • light:light普通用词,指日、月、星或灯等的光。
kindle fire ignite light
这些动词均含“点燃、着火”之意。
  • kindle:kindle指艰难或缓慢地把可燃料点燃,可用于比喻。
  • fire:fire普通用词,指将某物点燃使其燃烧起来,火势可大可小。
  • ignite:ignite多用于科技文体,指使某物受热直到燃烧或发光,也可指用火花使易燃物迅速燃烧起来。
  • light:light普通用词,指点燃易燃物,使其能发光,满足各种需要。
lamp light
这两个名词均有“灯”之意。
  • lamp:lamp通常指以油、气或电为能源的照明设备,一般有罩。
  • light:light普通用词,含义广泛。泛指一切供照明的灯,多指电灯。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 她开了灯。

    She switched on light.

    She switched on a light.

    light作“灯,灯光”解时常用作可数名词。

  2. 暴露在光线下的植物长得快。

    Plants grow rapidly when exposed to lights.

    Plants grow rapidly when exposed to light.

    light作“光线,亮光”解时多用作不可数名词。

v.(动词)
  1. 屋子中间有一张桌子,上面有一盏亮着的灯。

    In the middle of the room stood a table with a lit lamp on it.

    In the middle of the room stood a table with a lighted lamp on it.

    light的过去分词有lighted和lit两种,单独作前置定语时应该用lighted,其他情况多用lit。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:have you lighted the fire?

    纠正:have you lit the fire?

    翻译:你生火了吗?

    分析:lit是其过去时和过去分词形式,而lighted一般是过去分词作定语时才使用。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的leht;最初源自原始日耳曼语的lingkhtaz,意为重不的。

light的相关资料:

正版词典

light : 光,光线, ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

缩略词

light的相关缩略词,共有4

互动百科

  • light:light n. 光, 日光, 发光体, 灯adj. 轻的, 发光的, 明亮的, 浅的vt.点燃, 照亮adv. 轻地vi. 点着, 变亮 英英解释:名词light:1. (physics) elec…

临近单词

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