avoid

  核心词汇  
[ə'vɔɪd]     [ə'vɔɪd]    
  • vt.避免;逃避;[律]使无效;撤销
avoidable avoidably avoider avoided avoided avoiding avoids
new

avoid是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 避免,防止,使免于
  2. 避开,躲开
  3. 【律】使无效,撤销,废止
  4. 避,回避,逃避
  5. 驱逐,逐出
  6. 制止
  7. 尽量避开某人
  8. 使空出,倒空,放出,排出
  9. 离开

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 回避; 避开; 躲避 try not to do sth; try not to go near sb or sth
  2. vt. 预防; 防止 prevent sth bad from happening, or stop oneself from doing (sth)

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
avoid : 避免, 躲开 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
avoid : 避免, 躲开 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
avoid : 避免, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
avoid : 避免, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Verb:
  1. stay clear from; keep away from; keep out of the way of someone or something;

    "Her former friends now avoid her"

  2. prevent the occurrence of; prevent from happening;

    "Let's avoid a confrontation"
    "head off a confrontation"
    "avert a strike"

  3. refrain from doing something;

    "She refrains from calling her therapist too often"
    "He should avoid publishing his wife's memories"

  4. refrain from certain foods or beverages;

    "I keep off drugs"
    "During Ramadan, Muslims avoid tobacco during the day"

  5. declare invalid;

    "The contract was annulled"
    "void a plea"

avoid的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. You should avoid unnecessary repetition.
    你应避免不必要的重复。
  2. They all avoided mentioning that name.
    他们都避免提及那名字。
  3. No one can avoid his own responsibility.
    没有人能够逃避自己的责任。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. I avoided him as much as possible.
    我尽可能地躲开他。
  2. The old man avoided his neighbours.
    老人回避他的邻居。
  3. I studiously avoided his company.
    我故意避免和他来往。
  4. She avoids fatty foods like the plague.
    她像躲瘟疫似地忌吃油腻食品。
  5. These drugs are very dangerous; I'd avoid them like the plague if I were you.
    这些毒品非常危险,我要是你,就像避开瘟疫似地避开它们。
  6. She scrupulously avoided the topic.
    她谨慎地回避这一话题。
  7. The boy avoided punishment by running away.
    那男孩溜之大吉,逃避了处罚。
  8. He cautiously avoided fruitless discussions with Hogg.
    他小心地避免和霍格作无益的讨论。
  9. They strictly avoided extremes.
    他们严格地避免采取激烈措施。
  10. They narrowly avoided defeat in the semifinal.
    他们在半决赛中勉强躲过一劫。
  11. We crossed the road to avoid him.
    为了避开他我们走到马路对面。
  12. We went early to avoid the crowds.
    为了避开拥挤的人群我们早早动身了。
  13. I had to swerve to avoid a cat.
    为了避免压到一只猫,我只好猛然将车转向。
  14. He drove carefully to avoid the holes in the road.
    他小心行车以避开路上的坑坑洼洼。
  15. To avoid the city centre, turn right here.
    如果要避开市中心,请在这里向右拐弯。
  16. In order to avoid the heavy traffic on the roads, some people prefer to travel by night and rest during the day.
    为了避免路上交通拥挤,有些人宁可夜间驱车远行,白天休息。
  17. I left early to avoid the rush hour.
    我早早动身以避开交通高峰时刻。
  18. The name was changed to avoid confusion with another firm.
    改名是为了避免和另一家公司混淆。
  19. To avoid confusion, the twins were dressed with different clothes.
    为避免混淆,这对双胞胎穿着不同的衣服。
  20. I realize she was trying to avoid the topic.
    我明白了她是故意避开这一话题。
  21. When taking this medication it is advisable to avoid alcohol.
    服这种药时建议不要喝酒。
  22. Drive on the right to avoid collisions.
    靠右行驶以避免撞车。
  23. I swerved to the side of the road to avoid a collision.
    我把驾驶盘一扭让汽车向路边闪过去,防止了一起撞车事件。
  24. They built a wall to avoid soil being washed away.
    他们建了一堵墙防止土壤流失。
  25. 用于be ~ed结构
  26. A danger foreseen is half avoided.
    隐患能预见,危险去一半。
  27. The accident could have been avoided.
    这个事故本来是可以避免的。
  28. He hoped that a traffic accident might be avoided.
    他希望可以避免一场交通事故。
S+~+ v -ing
  1. Avoid introducing her to my wife.
    不要把她介绍给我妻子。
  2. I just avoided running over the cat.
    我差一点儿压着猫。
  3. He avoided answering my questions.
    他避不回答我的问题。
  4. I avoided meeting her by leave by the back door.
    我从后门离去以避免和她相见。
  5. You can hardly avoid meeting her if you both work in the same office.
    要是你们俩在一个办公室工作,你就免不了会碰上她。
  6. Nonsmokers should avoid being in smoke-filled rooms.
    不吸烟者应该避免呆在烟雾弥漫的房间里。
  7. They could not avoid being drawn into the argument.
    他们无可避免地卷入了争论。
  8. She's just avoiding having to go back to work.
    她只是在逃避回去上班。
  9. She avoids walking on dark streets at night.
    她避免夜间在黑暗的街道上走路。
  10. He avoids crossing the street at rush hours.
    他常避免在车多时过街。
  11. Where possible, we have avoided using technical terms.
    只要可能,我们都避免使用专业术语。
  12. I've been avoiding getting down to work all day.
    我一整天都刻意不投入工作。
  13. You must avoid giving any unnecessary information.
    你必须避免提供不必要的资料。
  14. You should avoid mentioning his divorce.
    你应该避免提及他离婚的事。
  15. You should avoid using the wrong tense.
    你应避免错用时态。
  16. You should try to avoid catching cold.
    你要注意不要感冒。
  17. I tried to avoid meeting him, but somehow bumped against him.
    我设法避免碰见他,但不知怎么还是碰见了。
  18. He had to brake hard to avoid hitting the animal.
    他不得不使劲刹车以避免撞上那只动物。
  19. I want to avoid speaking to him until I've got more details.
    在我得到更多细节之前,我想避开不跟他说话。
  20. Fortunately,I jumped back in time to avoid being hit.
    幸好我及时往后跳了一步,才没有被击中。
  21. It is impossible to avoid being much affected.
    要想免受影响是不可能的。
其他
  1. Why do you keep avoiding him?
    你怎么老躲着他?

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Commanded the chambre to be avoided.

    出自:T. Elyot

avoid的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. avoid后可接动名词,不可接不定式。

    You had better avoid reading in the train.
    你最好避免在地铁上阅读。
    句中的reading不可改成to read。

  2. avoid指“避免(成功)”,若是企图避免却失败的,不可用avoid

    I avoided meeting him, but somehow bumped against him.
    句中我企图避免见他,却还是撞上了,不可单用avoid,需把avoided改成tried to avoid。

  3. 指得注意的是,“避免”和“防止”有这本质上的区别,两者不可混用。
v.(动词)
  1. avoid的基本意思是避开不希望发生的、不愿忍受的或不想遇上的事情。有时含有先见之明的意味。引申可表示“预防”或“防止”发生某事物。avoid所表达的意图总是达成的,否则就须用try。
  2. avoid是及物动词,可接名词、代词或动名词作宾语,不接动词不定式,可用于被动结构。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
avoid, evade, shun, keep away from
这组词(组)都有“逃避,避开”的意思,它们的区别是:
1.evade多用于指避开当前极不希望的事物或场合; shun则多用于避开一贯不喜欢的事物或场合; 而avoid则既可指避开当前极不希望的事物或场合,也可指避开一贯不喜欢的事物或场合。
2.avoid强调消极地避开; evade多指用巧妙而有策略的方法积极避开; shun指主体积极设法避开,但表示不愿接近的心情更鲜明。
3.avoid, evade, shun都可用名词作宾语,但avoid和shun还可用动名词作直接宾语。
4.keep away from常用于口语,指避开、不接近。
avoid, escape
这两个词都有“逃脱”的意思。其区别是:
1.avoid强调有意思地躲开不愉快的或可能发生的危险。
2.escape通常指避开实际的威胁,暗示威胁正在迫近。例如:
She avoided answering my question.她故意回避回答我的问题。
There is no way to escape doing the work.没有办法不干这种活。
avoid, void
这组词拼写时相似, avoid是动词,表示“避免”。拼写时不要与形容词void(空的)混淆。

常见错误

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:he picks early to avoid the wine becoming fat and blowsy.

    纠正:he picks early to prevent the wine becoming fat and blowsy.

    翻译:为了防止葡萄酒过浓,过重,他采摘得比较早。

    分析:区别“避免”和“防止”,不能说避免葡萄酒过浓,而是防止。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1300年左右进入英语,直接源自盎格鲁法语的avoider,意为清理,退出;最初源自古法语的esvuidier:es (出) +v uidier (空的),意为倒空。

avoid的相关资料:

正版词典

avoid : 防止;避免 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

派生词

v.(动词)
  • avoidable adj. 可避免的‖avoidance n. 回避,躲避

互动百科

  • avoid:avoid vt. 避免, 消除 英英解释:动词avoid:1. stay clear from; keep away from; keep out of the way of someone or…

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