business

  基本词汇  
['bɪznəs]     ['bɪznəs]    
  • n.商业;事务;生意
new

business是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 商业,行业
  2. 企业,公司
  3. 商店,商行
  4. 职责
  5. 权利
  6. 事务,业务,事
  7. 营业(额),交易(量)
  8. 本分,分内事
  9. 生意
  10. 事业

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [U][C]日常工作; 职业 one's usual occupation; profession
  2. [U]商业,生意,贸易 buying and selling; commerce; trade
  3. [C]店铺,商行 commercial house; firm; shop
  4. [S]公务,事务 task; duty
  5. [U]演员舞台的动作、表情等 action on stage
  6. [U]怪事,勾当 difficult matter; affair

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
business : 商业, 商店 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
business : 业务 ...
在 《外教社外贸英语词典》 中查看更多...
business : 生意,行业 ...
在 《外教社经济学英语词典》 中查看更多...
business : 商业;交易 ...
在 《外教社商务英语词典》 中查看更多...
business : 业务, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
business : 商业, 买卖 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
business : 企业;商业 ...
在 《外教社市场营销英语词典》 中查看更多...
business : 演员的动作 ...
在 《外教社戏曲舞蹈英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a commercial or industrial enterprise and the people who constitute it;

    "he bought his brother's business"
    "a small mom-and-pop business"
    "a racially integrated business concern"

  2. the activity of providing goods and services involving financial and commercial and industrial aspects;

    "computers are now widely used in business"

  3. the principal activity in your life that you do to earn money;

    "he's not in my line of business"

  4. a rightful concern or responsibility;

    "it's none of your business"
    "mind your own business"

  5. an immediate objective;

    "gossip was the main business of the evening"

  6. the volume of commercial activity;

    "business is good today"
    "show me where the business was today"

  7. business concerns collectively;

    "Government and business could not agree"

  8. customers collectively;

    "they have an upper class clientele"

  9. incidental activity performed by an actor for dramatic effect;

    "his business with the cane was hilarious"

business的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. He had no head for business.
    他毫无商业头脑。
  2. He was inexperienced in business.
    他在商业方面缺乏经验。
  3. I don't understand this business.
    我不了解这件事。
  4. They've done some business together.
    他们一起做过生意。
  5. Business is always brisk before Christmas.
    圣诞节前生意总是很兴隆。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. His business there was routine cleaning and inspection.
    他在那儿的工作是例行的清扫和检查。
  2. His business was wrecked.
    他的事业失败了。
  3. Business is at a standstill.
    商业在停顿中。
  4. The business is under the control.
    业务得以控制。
  5. Taylor's business just managed to break even last month.
    上月泰勒的生意不赔不赚。
  6. I wish to advise you that business has been done at 100 yuan per ton.
    我愿告诉你有笔生意已按每吨100元成交。
  7. The insurance business is built on trust.
    保险业建立在信任的基础上。
  8. Business is business.
    公事公办。
  9. Mind your own business!
    少管闲事!
  10. My business is with you.
    我的事关系到你。
  11. Has your business been attended to by her in your absence?
    你不在的时候,事务一直由她处理吗?
  12. We'll have to find some place else to do business.
    我们得找别的地方去做生意。
  13. The company has done business with many countries.
    该公司与许多国家进行商业贸易。
  14. He has a good business as a greengrocer.
    他开了一家很好的青果商店。
  15. The chairman made a preliminary statement before beginning the main business of the meeting.
    在会议主要议程之前主席致了开幕词。
  16. Underinvoicing is not the proper way of doing business.
    开假发票不是做生意的正当办法。
  17. He has built up a good business.
    他已使他的生意兴隆起来。
  18. He takes the business in hand.
    他从事于这件事。
  19. They commenced a business.
    他们开始一种营业。
  20. We shut up business at six.
    我们6点停业。
  21. We directed our own business.
    我们经营自己的业务。
  22. We transacted business with the firm.
    我们和这家公司交易。
  23. When he had established a flourishing business, he was bought out by a larger concern.
    正当生意兴隆时,他的全部股权被一家较大的商行买下了。
  24. I stood for five minutes thinking the business over.
    我站了5分钟,把事情从头到尾想了一遍。
  25. Tell me your business shortly.
    把你的事简略地告诉我。
  26. I have my business to attend to.
    我有事要料理。
  27. He attended to his business.
    他专心于他的事务。
  28. He's in the wool business.
    他做羊毛生意。
  29. Efficiency is the dominant idea in many businesses.
    效率是许多事业中居首位的观念。
  30. He made a fortune in the coal and iron business.
    他在煤铁业经营中发了财。
  31. It takes hard work to get ahead in business.
    要想在商业上获得成功需要努力。
  32. In business, a prompt reply is imperative.
    在商业上迅速的回复是必要的。
  33. He established himself in business.
    他立足于商界。
  34. He is absent on business.
    他出差了。
  35. I shall go to Shanghai on commercial business.
    我将去上海办商务。
  36. On what business did she come here this morning?
    今天早上她为什么事而来?
  37. He is smart about business.
    他做生意很精明。
  38. I am deeply sorry about the whole business.
    我对整个事件深表遗憾。
  39. They're keeping very close about the whole business.
    对于整个事情的来龙去脉,他们一直保守秘密。
  40. The old woman is curious about other people's business.
    这位老太婆爱打听别人的事。
  41. Some kinds of business are competitive.
    有些商业是要竞争的。
  42. The collapse of the business was a mortal blow to him and his family.
    生意的破产给他和家庭以致命的打击。
  43. What brought about the failure of the business?
    是什么原因造成经营失败的?
  44. He wants to be promoted to the upper ranks of the business.
    他想晋升为本商行较高的职位。
  45. We shall have to appoint another day for the rest of our business.
    我们只好再约一天来处理其余的事。
  46. The telephone office is open for public business.
    这个电信局对外营业。
  47. The new stock exchange was open for business yesterday.
    这家新证券交易所昨天开业。
  48. She had no head for business, and it was not long before she went under.
    她没有做生意的头脑,不久就失败了。
  49. He is a business man all the time.
    他一向是做生意的。
  50. Below is an example of a typical business letter.
    下面是典型商业书信的一个例子。
  51. He advised her about her business affairs.
    他对她的生意经营提出一些意见。
  52. The business secret appears to have leaked.
    看来商业机密被泄露出去了。
  53. During the business depression, half the machines in the factory were idle.
    商业萧条期间,这个工厂的机器半数是闲置的。
  54. He associated himself with his friend in a business undertaking.
    他与朋友合伙经商。
  55. It is the business of the police to keep order.
    维护治安是警察的职责。
  56. It was a legal business.
    这是合法的营业。
  57. It's a lucrative business.
    这是一笔赚钱的生意。
  58. It's a profitable little business.
    这是一家非常赚钱的小商店。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
do the business
  1. 命中 hit the target or mart

    The four shots did the business.One of the enemies fell. 开了四枪后,有一个敌人中弹倒了下来。

get〔come〕 to business
  1. 着手开始工作; 言归正传 start the work that must be done

    Time is short; let's get to business. 时间不多了,咱们开始工作吧。

give〔get〕 the business
  1. 作出最大的努力 the greatest effort

    Ade gave the try-outs the business but he failed to make the team. 艾德选拔时全力以赴,但未被选上。

  2. 给予最大的伤害 the greatest damage or hurt

    Brooks got the business when Haas caught him with his watch. 哈斯抓到偷他的手表的布鲁克斯时,狠狠地揍了他一顿。

  3. 苛责 a harsh scolding

    The boss gave her the business when Cage came late again. 凯奇又迟到了,老板痛责了她一顿。

go out of business
  1. 停业,歇业 stop doing business

    Some of old newspapers had to go out of business for low sales. 有些老的报社由于销量低而倒闭了。

    This shop has gone out of business for two months. 这家商店已经停业两个月了。

have no business
  1. 无权〔不该〕(干某事) have no right (to do sth) have no business to-v/v-ing

    You have no business to do that.你没权做那事。

    The weather has no business to be so hot in spring.春天的气候不该这么热。

    You have no business saying things about me.你无权谈论我的是非。

    He had no business getting mixed up in such a matter.他不该卷进这样的一件事情中去。

know one's business
  1. 精通业务 expert in one's affairs or work, etc.

    Imes knows his business because he has been in this line for years. 因为艾姆斯干这行多年,所以他精通业务。

land-office business
  1. 〈非正〉生意兴隆 a great rush of business

    It was a hot day.Drive-ins were doing a land-office business in ice cream and cold drinks. 那天很热,“免下车”餐馆的冰淇淋和冷饮生意兴隆。

make a business of
  1. 以…为业 work as

    Jim made a business of book-selling. 吉姆以售书为业。

make a great business of it
  1. 非常辛苦地做它 try one's best to do it or to be very hard to do sth

    To master the skill of playing basketball he is making a great business of it. 为掌握好打篮球的技巧,他在进行艰苦的练习。

mean business
  1. 认真的,严肃的 be serious

    I mean business, so you must be careful. 我是认真的,所以你得小心。

mind one's own business
  1. 少管闲事 not interfere in other's matters

    You'd better mind your own business. 你最好少管闲事。

    He was sensible enough to mind his own business. 他颇有见识,不去管闲事。

monkey business
  1. 〈口〉不正当行为; 胡闹 any activity that is furtive or deceitful

    Come on boys, let's cut out the monkey business and get down to work. 各位,别胡闹了,快办正事。

send about sb's business
  1. 把(某人)赶走 send sb away and tell him not to interfere send sb about sb's business

    I sent my servant about her business.我把仆人打发走了。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~

经典引文

  • What is your business here so late to Night?

    出自:Bunyan
  • The Prime Minister..believed that the primary business of government was to administer the existing order.

    出自:W. S. Churchill

business的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. business由busy和ness组合而成,等同于busy的抽象名词;
  2. in business指“在经商营业”,属于形容词短语或状语短语范畴;on business指“因事或因公,出差”,属于状语短语。

    She engaged in business.
    She wants to see you on business.

  3. go to business意思是“到办事处去,上班”,go into business意思是“从事商业”。

    She go to business by bike.
    He went into business at the age of 18.

  4. 表示“不要管别人的闲事”可说“Mind your own business”。
n.(名词)
  1. business的基本意思是指某人为谋利(尤为自己)的“日常工作”或“职业”,引申可表示“职责,事务”。business现在多用来指“商业,生意,贸易”(不可数),引申可表示“商店,商行”(可数)等。business还可用来表示“演员舞台的动作、表情等”,作“怪事,勾当”解时常用作贬义。
  2. business可用于其他名词前作定语。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
business, affair, concern, matter, thing
这组词在含糊地指那些所做的事时意义相近,常可互换。例如:
It is a regretful affair〔business, concern, matter, thing〕.这是一件遗憾的事。
I don't talk to her about private affairs〔business, concerns, matters, things〕.我从不和她谈私事。
它们之间的区别在于:
1.从模糊程度上看, affair<matter<thing, thing的词义最不确切,常可用在有意使概念含混不清的场合。例如:
How did you find things in America?你觉得美国怎样?
2.从含义上看, affair强调运行或操作过程,如一道程序,一笔交易,一个行动,一项事业等。business强调职责关系,例如:
It is her business to take good care of the baby.看护好这个婴儿是她的职责。
concern强调利害相关,例如:
It is no concern of mine.此事与我无关。
matter强调必须考虑和处理,例如:
We have a lot of matters to do.我们有许多事情要做。
thing则是一般用语,口语中常表示说话内容预先未考虑好或说话者力图掩饰自己的观点,例如:
I've another thing to talk with you.我还有一件事跟你说。
3.从用法上看, business不能用复数,而affair在指重大的或头绪较多的事务时则需要用复数。
4.从搭配范围上看,与foreign、international、state等词连用时只能用affair,在短语have an affair with sb (与某人有不正当男女关系)中也只能用affair。在指商业上的生意和活动或指“公事”“正事”时只能用business,例如:
It's a pleasure to do business with you.很高兴和你做生意。
Business before pleasure.公事比娱乐要紧。
口语中作“出了毛病”“失常”解时,只能用matter而不能用affair和business,例如:
What's the matter with you?你怎么啦?
在泛指“东西”“物品”时,用affair和thing均可。例如:
And these Tubes were convenient things〔affairs〕.而这地下铁道是非常方便的东西。
business, industry
industry和business的区别在于:industry既可以作可数名词又可以作不可数名词,而business只能作不可数名词。industry指整个行业或所有的工业,范围广,而business只指从事商品流通活动,包括以物易物、购物、批发和零售等,有时也包括金融交易。例如:
Chinese industry is rapidly expanding.中国的工业正在迅速发展。
She wants to go into business when she leaves college.她大学毕业后想经商。
business, occupation, profession, trade, vocation
这组词都有“职业,工作”的意思。它们之间的区别是:business使用广泛,在日常生活中,可泛指“事情”,尤指自己负责管理的事情; 在社会经济生活中,多指生意,尤指以赢利为目的的买卖或商业中的工作。occupation可以泛指各种专业。profession指必须受过相当高的教育或专门训练才能从事的知识性职业,如律师、医生、建筑师等。vocation指专心从事的业务,除谋生的行业外,还包括专门爱好。trade则是指涉及体力或手工劳动、手工操作机械或工具的职业。例如:
That's no business of yours.那事与你无关。
Mind your own business.管你自己的事,少管闲事。
A lot of the U.S. small grocers have gone out of business since the advent of the supermarkets.超级市场一出现,大批美国食品杂货店就歇业了。
She got a sideline occupation.她从事第二职业。
She left her teaching profession and became a secretary.她放弃教书的职业改行当了秘书。
Mr. Brown is a lawyer by profession.布朗先生的职业是律师。
He chose painting as his vocation.他以绘画为专业。
He is in the silk trade.他做丝绸生意。
business, busyness
这两个词仅一个字母之差,读音和意思却迥然不同。business读作 ['bIznəs] ,意为“生意”“商业”“任务”; 而busyness读作 ['bIzInəs] ,意为“忙碌”“繁忙”。
talk business, talk shop
这两个短语意思不同:talk business是“讲正经事”的意思; 而talk shop作“讲行话”解。试比较:
  • They have a habit of talking shop.
  • 他们一开口总是三句话不离本行。
  • We are willing to listen if you are going to talk business.
  • 讲点正经的,我们倒愿意听听。
下面每组中两个短语的意思不同:
  • go into business
  • 经商
  • get down business
  • 干正经事,谈正经事
  • in business
  • 经商;在商界
  • on business
  • 因公;办理事务
affair business matter concern thing
这些名词均含“事情”之意。
  • affair:affair含义较广,侧重指已发生或必须去做的任何事情或事务。复数形式多指重大或较复杂的事务。
  • business:business通常指较重要或较难而又必须承担的事情,也可指商事。
  • matter:matter普通用词,着重指一件考虑中的或需要处理的事。
  • concern:concern往往强调与个人或团体利害有直接或重大关系的事。
  • thing:thing用作“事情”解时,词义较笼统、含糊,多用于指不很具体的事。
business commerce trade bargain deal
这些名词均含“贸易,交易”之意。
  • business:business指包括售货、购货、换货在内的综合商业活动,方式可以是批发或零售。
  • commerce:commerce多指大规模的买卖或易货关系。
  • trade:trade普通用词,含义广。既可指某种具体的商业又可指广泛的贸易。
  • bargain:bargain多指买卖双方通过谈判、协商就商品质量、数量、价格等项达成协议所成的生意。
  • deal:deal口语用词,指买卖双方经过交涉达成协议成交。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 他因事已去伦敦。

    He has gone to London on a business.

    He has gone to London on business.

    可说on business(因事),也可说on a little business(因一件小事),但不可说on a business。

  2. 她的丈夫是个实业家。

    Her husband is a businessman.

    Her husband is a man of business.

    a businessman的意思是“商人”, man of business的意思是“实业家”。

  3. 你想干什么,是经商还是当律师?

    Which do you want to do, go to business or become a lawyer?

    Which do you want to do, go into business or become a lawyer?

    go to business是“去上班”的意思, go into business才是“经商”的意思。

  4. 非公莫入。

    No admittance except in business.

    No admittance except on business.

    in business的意思是“经商”, on business才是“因公,因事”的意思。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的bisigens,意为关心,关切,生计。

business的相关资料:

正版词典

business : 交易,生意 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • business:business n. 商业, 买卖, 交易, 生意, 事情, 事物, 营业, 商行习惯用语a bad business 麻烦事, 不幸的事a terrible business 麻烦事, 不幸的事A…

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