awful

  核心词汇  
['ɔːfl]     ['ɔːfl]    
  • adj.糟糕的;可怕的;充满敬畏的;难受的
  • adv.极其
awfully awfulness
new

awful是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 可怕的,吓人的
  2. 使人敬畏的;满怀敬畏的
  3. 不舒服的
  4. <口>极坏的,极糟的,极讨厌的
  5. <口>非常的,十分的
  6. 大量的,很多的,过多的
  7. 威风懔懔的
  8. 严肃的
  9. 丑陋的
adv.(副词)
  1. 极其,非常,十分,很,极端

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 很坏的; 极讨厌的 (especially spoken) very bad or unpleasant
  2. 非常的; 很多的; 过多的 (especially spoken) used to emphasize sth, especially that there is a large amount or too much of sth
adv.(副词)
  1. 非常; 极其 very; extremely; used for emphasizing what you are saying

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. exceptionally bad or displeasing;

    "atrocious taste"
    "abominable workmanship"
    "an awful voice"
    "dreadful manners"
    "a painful performance"
    "terrible handwriting"
    "an unspeakable odor came sweeping into the room"

  2. causing fear or dread or terror;

    "the awful war"
    "an awful risk"
    "dire news"
    "a career or vengeance so direful that London was shocked"
    "the dread presence of the headmaster"
    "polio is no longer the dreaded disease it once was"
    "a dreadful storm"
    "a fearful howling"
    "horrendous explosions shook the city"
    "a terrible curse"

  3. offensive or even (of persons) malicious;

    "in a nasty mood"
    "a nasty accident"
    "a nasty shock"
    "a nasty smell"
    "a nasty trick to pull"
    "Will he say nasty things at my funeral?"

  4. inspired by a feeling of fearful wonderment or reverence;

    "awed by the silence"
    "awful worshippers with bowed heads"

  5. extreme in degree or extent or amount or impact;

    "in a frightful hurry"
    "spent a frightful amount of money"

  6. inspiring awe or admiration or wonder;

    "New York is an amazing city"
    "the Grand Canyon is an awe-inspiring sight"
    "the awesome complexity of the universe"
    "this sea, whose gently awful stirrings seem to speak of some hidden soul beneath"
    "Westminster Hall's awing majesty, so vast, so high, so silent"

Adverb:
  1. used as intensifiers;

    "terribly interesting"
    "I'm awful sorry"

awful的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. It would be awful if he found out the truth.
    如果他发现了真相,那就糟了。
  2. He seemed to be very awful while serving the famous actress.
    他在招待那位著名的女演员时,看上去非常的敬畏。
  3. I feel awful about not inviting her.
    没有邀请她,我感到很内疚。
  4. She said she had a sore throat and was feeling awful.
    她说她嗓子疼,而且感觉很难受。
用作副词 (adv.)
  1. These weeks is an awful long time to wait.
    这几个星期真的是一段极其漫长的等待时间啊。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. It was an awful film.
    那是一部糟糕的电影。
  2. That's an awful colour.
    那颜色难看得很。
  3. This is really an awful movie.
    这部电影实在糟糕。
  4. The room is (in) an awful mess.
    这房间乱七八糟的。
  5. His death was an awful experience to his mother.
    他的去世对他的母亲是个可怕的经历。
  6. Flooding three hundred acres of rice is really an awful pity.
    水淹了300英亩稻田,实在太可惜了。
  7. Westminster Hall has an awful majesty, so vast, so high, and so silent.
    威斯敏斯特大厅有一种庄严肃穆的气派,那么宏伟,那么静谧。
  8. That's an awful thing to say.
    那件事说起来很恶劣。
  9. An awful accident has happened.
    一件可怕的事故发生了。
  10. What an awful accident has happened!
    发生了一场多么可怕的不幸事件!
  11. What an awful weather we are having!
    这天气太不好了!
  12. He is an awful nuisance.
    他是个非常惹人厌烦的家伙。
  13. He's an awful actor.
    他是个糟糕的演员。
  14. He was an awful miser.
    他是个极其吝啬的人。
  15. He died an awful death.
    他死得真可怕。
  16. She has an awful voice.
    她的声音使人讨厌。
  17. She lent me an awful book.
    她借给我一本糟透的书。
  18. He felt the awful power of God.
    他感觉到了上帝那令人敬畏的力量。
  19. He had the awful feeling that everyone was laughing at him.
    他有种极不舒服的感觉,觉得每个人都在笑话他。
  20. He was guilty of the awful crime of murder.
    他犯了令人害怕的谋杀罪。
  21. He made an awful fuss about me being late.
    他拿我迟到这件事大做文章。
  22. He took an awful chance by driving here so fast.
    他冒了极大的风险把车开得飞快赶到这里。
  23. I had an awful job persuading him to come.
    说服他来真是费劲死了。
  24. I have had an awful day at the office.
    我在办公室里度过了很不愉快的一天。
  25. I made an awful fool of myself last night, didn't I?
    我昨晚出了大洋相,不是吗?
  26. She did not say a word, being overpowered with awful fear.
    她惊恐万状,说不出话来。
  27. She was married to that awful man.
    她竟嫁给那个讨厌的男人。
  28. They committed the most awful atrocities.
    他们犯下了骇人的暴行。
  29. They took an awful chance.
    他们冒了极大的风险。
  30. We had an awful holiday, it snowed every day.
    我们的假期糟透了,天天下雪。
  31. We are having awful weather this week, rain and high wind.
    这个星期天气很坏,又下雨,又刮大风。
  32. The tourists met with an awful storm during the journey.
    旅行途中,游客们遇到了一场可怕的暴风雨。
  33. The president is heading for an awful beating in the next election.
    总统将在下届选举中惨败。
  34. The astronauts know the awful expanse of the solar system.
    宇航员们对于太阳系的无比浩瀚是有所了解的。
  35. There's an awful smell in here.
    这里有股很难闻的味道。
  36. There were these awful people sitting behind us who talked all through the film.
    就是这些差劲的人坐在我们后面,整场放映期间一直在说话。
  37. It's an awful shame to waste all this good food.
    浪费所有这些好吃的真是非常可耻。
  38. It was an awful risk to take on that job, but it proved worthwhile in the end.
    干那工作得冒很大的险,但最终证明这是值得的。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. The weather is awful today.
    今天天气坏透了。
  2. The pain was awful.
    疼痛得厉害极了。
  3. The smell was absolutely awful.
    味道难闻极了。
  4. The appearance of the giant was truly awful.
    那巨人的外貌确实很可怕。
  5. It's terrible in there—the heat and smoking are awful.
    呆在那里面实在糟糕,热得要命,烟熏得人难受。
  6. It would be awful if they found out.
    如果他们知道了真相,那就糟了。
  7. Would life be so awful without a car?
    没有汽车的生活就会那么可怕吗?
  8. Do you feel awful?
    你觉得难受吗?
  9. She said she had a sore throat and was feeling awful.
    她说她喉咙痛,很不舒服。
  10. My head feels awful—I think I must have flu.
    我头好疼——我想我一定得了流感。
  11. What's wrong? You look awful.
    出什么事了?你看上去忧心忡忡的。
  12. You look awful. Have you seen a doctor?
    你看上去脸色不太好,看过医生了吗?
  13. I don't like these curtains. They look awful.
    我不喜欢这些窗帘,它们很难看。
  14. Gas smells awful.
    煤气难闻极了。
  15. She refused to eat the food because it smelt awful.
    她不肯吃,因为那食物的气味难闻。
  16. That food smells awful—is it safe to eat?
    那食物发臭了——还能吃吗?
  17. This wine tastes awful.
    这酒味道很不好。
S+be+~+ prep. -phrase
  1. I feel awful about forgetting her birthday.
    我忘了她的生日,感到很难过。
  2. I feel awful about not inviting her.
    我对没有邀请她感到内疚。
  3. I'm awful at remembering names.
    我很不善于记名字。
  4. The situation is awful for all of us.
    局势对我们大家来说很不妙。
S+be+~+to- v
  1. His sufferings were awful to see.
    他受的痛苦看起来很可怕。
It is/was+~+to- v
  1. It was awful to see him in such pain.
    看到他疼痛难忍真让人难受。
  2. It was awful to work there.
    在那儿干活糟透了。
It is/was+~+ v -ing
  1. It is awful working there.
    在那儿干活糟透了。
It is/was+~+that/wh-clause
  1. It was awful that they were reprimanded because of my mistake.
    使人难过的是,他们因为我的过失而受申斥。
  2. It's awful that we had to go through with it.
    我们只得硬着头皮做到底,这真不是滋味儿。
用作副词 (adv.)
用作状语
  1. She was awful nice.
    她非常和气。
  2. She's awful cute.
    她非常可爱。
  3. Clint is awful smart.
    克林特机灵极了。
  4. I was awful surprised.
    我大为吃惊。
  5. I am awful glad you were able to come.
    很高兴你能来。
  6. I'm awful sorry that I hurt your feelings.
    伤害了你的感情我非常抱歉。
  7. I'm awful sorry, we haven't got any.
    非常对不起,我们没有。
  8. It takes an awful long while.
    这需要很长很长的时间。
  9. It was awful difficult trying to talk to her.
    要想同她谈话很难。

常用短语

用作副词 (adv.)
an awful lot
  1. 〈非正〉十分,大量,经常,很大程度上very much; very often; to a great extent

    I never liked her an awful lot, though I couldn't say why. 我从来就不怎么喜欢她,但我也说不出什么原因。

    I don't know an awful lot about art, but I'm learning. 我对艺术懂得不多,但我正在学。

an awful lot of
  1. 〈非正〉大量,很多a great number of amount of sb/sth

    I have got an awful lot of work to do. 我有很多很多的工作要做。

    He talked an awful lot of nonsense. 他讲了一大堆废话。

    It must have taken an awful lot of courage. 想必是鼓足了极大的勇气。

    It's going to cost an awful lot of money. 这要花非常多的钱。

    There's not an awful lot of room. 没有很多的空间。

    There were an awful lot of people just standing around. 有那么多人就在旁边闲站着。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 动词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • The grim and awful cataclysm of war.

    出自:W. S. Churchill

awful的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj.(形容词)
  1. awful 从构词角度上看,是awe加后缀-ful构成的形容词。它的基本词义是 inspiring awe(引起恐惧,令人畏惧),但在现代英语,特别是口语中,这个词差不多总是用于“坏的”“讨厌的”“使人不愉快的”“非常的,极大的”等意思。
  2. awful 作“非常的; 很多的; 过多的”解时不用于比较等级。
adv.(副词)
  1. 在非正式英语中,尤其是美式英语中, awful可用作副词,作“很; 非常; 十分”解,但只用在形容词或过去分词之前,而不用在动词之后。
  2. awful用作副词时不用于比较等级。

词义辨析

adj.(形容词)
awful, afraid, fearful, frightful, horrible, scared, terrible
这组词都有“可怕的”“害怕的”意思。其区别在于:afraid泛指一种“恐惧心理”,多用于习惯地、经常地“惧怕”; awful指由于过分的崇敬或畏惧而引起的害怕,但不厌恶,有较庄严的含义; fearful指预感到危险、失败或麻烦时而恐惧,也指担心可能发生的结果,侧重于主体的心里感觉,而与外界关系不大; scared主要指因身心遭受伤害而恐惧,也指不明根源的无形恐惧; frightful指巨大的或令人意外的事件给人带来的害怕或惊骇; terrible和horrible都可指感情上的厌恶,令人感到不舒服, horrible更甚,指碰到的怪诞的、丑陋的、危险的事物或道德上腐败堕落的行为所引起的强烈的情绪波动,还特指依靠恐怖的或可怕的事物取得吓人的效果。例如:
We are afraid to walk in the park at night since the woman was killed there.我们害怕夜里在那公园里走路,因为那个女人是在那儿被害的。
The old man believed that God has an awful power.这位老人相信上帝具有令人敬畏的能力。
The playwright was fearful that the opening night would be a failure.剧作家担心首场演出会失败。
Frightful earthquakes occur somewhere on the earth every year.每年地球上常不定期在什么地方发生可怕的地震。
A horrible sight met her eyes.一幅令人毛骨悚然的景象出现在她的眼前。
Nothing can erase from her mind the memory of that terrible day.没有什么东西可以消除她头脑里对那可怕的一天的记忆。
afraid fearful awful dreadful frightful terrible horrible terrific appalling
这些形容词均含“害怕的、可怕的”之意。
  • afraid:afraid指由于胆小或怯懦而不敢说或做某事。
  • fearful:fearful普通用词,既指外界情况变化而引起的恐惧,又指来自内心的害怕与焦虑。
  • awful:awful指威严得令人害怕或敬畏,有一定的感情色彩。
  • dreadful:dreadful指使人非常恐惧,毛骨悚然,也使人感到讨厌而退缩。
  • frightful:frightful指使人陷入短暂的惊恐或产生毛骨悚然的感觉。
  • terrible:terrible侧重指给人以长久的惊骇,极端的恐怖,令人难以忍受。
  • horrible:horrible指因骇人听闻的丑恶而令人毛骨悚然,着重厌恶的成分多于害怕。
  • terrific:terrific多指外表、形状或力量等的可怕。
  • appalling:appalling指既令害怕又使人惊异、胆寒。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1300年左右进入英语,直接源自古英语的egelufl,意为令人害怕的。

awful的相关资料:

正版词典

awful : 极坏的;极 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

派生词

adv.(副词)
  • awfully adv. 恶劣地; 非常; (使人)敬畏地

互动百科

  • awful:awful adj. 可怕的, 威严的, 极度的, 糟糕的 英英解释:形容词awful:1. exceptionally bad or displeasing同义词:atrocious, abomin…

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