answer

  基本词汇  
['ɑːnsə(r)]     ['ænsər]    
  • v.回答;答复;接电话
  • n.答案;回答;答复
answered answered answering answers
new

answer是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 符合,与...相符, 合乎,适用
  2. 答,回答,回答说,答复,解答
  3. 答辩
  4. 保证
  5. 接(电话)
  6. 应(门)
  7. 答应
  8. 辩解,为自己辩护
  9. 抵偿
  10. 一致
  11. 比得上,相配
  12. 顶嘴,回嘴
  13. 适应
  14. 负责
  15. 满足
  16. 回应,响应
  17. 回敬,报复
  18. 产生作用或效果
n.(名词)
  1. 答案
  2. 回答,答复,复信,回音
  3. 解决办法
  4. 反应
  5. 对等的人,对应物
  6. 答辩,抗辩
  7. 解答
  8. 报复,回击
  9. 口信
  10. 足以媲美的人,堪称相当的事物

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 回答,答复; 解答; 答辩 speak or write words in return to a question
  2. vt. 回信,应答,响应 act in return to a letter, bell, call, signal, etc.
  3. vt. & vi. 符合,适应,满足 be suitable or satisfactory
  4. vi. 成功,奏效 succeed; be effective
n.(名词)
  1. [C]回答; 回音 words spoken or written in return
  2. [C]答案 solution to a problem
  3. [U]反应 gesture or act done in return

行业释义

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answer : 回答, 答复 ...
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answer : 回答, 答复 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a statement (either spoken or written) that is made to reply to a question or request or criticism or accusation;

    "I waited several days for his answer"
    "he wrote replies to several of his critics"

  2. a statement that solves a problem or explains how to solve the problem;

    "they were trying to find a peaceful solution"
    "the answers were in the back of the book"
    "he computed the result to four decimal places"

  3. the speech act of replying to a question

  4. the principal pleading by the defendant in response to plaintiff's complaint; in criminal law it consists of the defendant's plea of `guilty' or `not guilty' (or nolo contendere); in civil law it must contain denials of all allegations in the plaintiff's complaint that the defendant hopes to controvert and it can contain affirmative defenses or counterclaims

  5. a nonverbal reaction;

    "his answer to any problem was to get drunk"
    "their answer was to sue me"

Verb:
  1. react verbally;

    "She didn't want to answer"
    "answer the question"
    "We answered that we would accept the invitation"

  2. respond to a signal;

    "answer the door"
    "answer the telephone"

  3. give the correct answer or solution to;

    "answer a question"
    "answer the riddle"

  4. understand the meaning of;

    "The question concerning the meaning of life cannot be answered"

  5. give a defence or refutation of (a charge) or in (an argument);

    "The defendant answered to all the charges of the prosecution"

  6. be liable or accountable;

    "She must answer for her actions"

  7. be sufficient; be adequate, either in quality or quantity;

    "A few words would answer"
    "This car suits my purpose well"
    "Will $100 do?"
    "A 'B' grade doesn't suffice to get me into medical school"
    "Nothing else will serve"

  8. match or correspond;

    "The drawing of the suspect answers to the description the victim gave"

  9. be satisfactory for; meet the requirements of or serve the purpose of;

    "This may answer her needs"

  10. react to a stimulus or command;

    "The steering of my new car answers to the slightest touch"

answer的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. The question is simple enough to answer.
    这个问题很简单,容易回答。
  2. she fell into a rage and refused to answer.
    他勃然大怒,拒不回答。
  3. He answered that he knew nothing about it.
    他答复说关于此事他一无所知。
  4. He has a large amount of mail to answer every day.
    他每天有大量的信件要回复。
  5. I have to type letters and answer the phone.
    我又得用打字机打信
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Do you know the answer to this question?
    你知道这道题的答案吗?
  2. If you think carefully, you will find the answer.
    仔细考虑一下,你就会找到答案。
  3. He knocked at the door but there was no answer.
    他敲了门,但是没有人回答。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Nobody answered.
    没有人回答。
  2. Why did not she answer?
    她怎么没有回答?
  3. I can't answer offhand.
    我没法马上回答。
  4. Think carefully before answering.
    仔细思考之后才回答。
  5. Mary asked him if he was interested in his job, but he didn't answer.
    玛丽问他对工作是否感兴趣,他没有回答。
  6. He is too nervous to answer effectively.
    他太紧张了,以致没回答好。
  7. She asked more questions than he could answer.
    她的问题多得使他应接不暇。
  8. I repeated the question once more, but still no one answered.
    我把问题又重复了一遍,还是没有人回答。
  9. I knocked on the door, but no one answered.
    我敲了敲门,但没人应。
  10. When I called his house last night, his wife answered.
    昨晚我打电话到他家去,是他妻子接的。
  11. Answer when you are spoken to!
    别人和你讲话时,要回应。
  12. I shouted at the top of my voice and instantly the mountains and valleys answered.
    我高声呼喊,山谷立即发出回声。
  13. It answers very well.
    这完全适用。
  14. This isn't good one, but it will answer.
    这不太好,但可以凑合着用。
  15. They first tried to import such machines from abroad, but soon found that it did not answer.
    他们打算从国外进口这样的机器,但不久发现这样不行。
  16. His new method of teaching answered after all.
    他的新教学法终于奏效了。
  17. This plan has not answered, we must find a better one.
    这个计划未成功,我们必须另定一个更好的计划。
  18. We have tried every known method, but none of them will answer.
    我们试验过大家熟知的各种办法,但都没有奏效。
  19. He answered with a nod.
    他点头作答。
  20. She answered with an angry look.
    她怒目以对。
  21. The workers answered by calling a strike.
    工人举行罢工进行回击。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. I cannot answer you now.
    我现在不能回答你的问题。
  2. Please answer me as soon as possible.
    请你尽快答复我。
  3. Please excuse me for not having answered you earlier.
    请原谅我没有早些给你回信。
  4. Nobody answered the question.
    没有人回答这个问题。
  5. I cannot answer your question.
    我不能回答你的问题。
  6. He answered the question correctly.
    他回答问题正确。
  7. He answered frankly and truthfully all my questions.
    他坦率而真诚地回答了我的所有问题。
  8. I don't think we will ever be able to answer these questions correctly.
    我认为我们将永远无法正确回答这些问题。
  9. She answered nothing.
    她没作任何回答。
  10. What shall I answer?
    我怎么回答呢?
  11. I can't answer your request offhand.
    我不能随便答复你的要求。
  12. Each of us should answer a question in English.
    我们每人必须用英语回答一个问题。
  13. I must reflect upon how to answer the question.
    我必须考虑一下如何答复那个问题。
  14. I can't answer your question about photography.It's not in my domain.
    我不能回答你的有关摄影问题,那不是我的学科领域。
  15. If you refuse to answer a policeman's questions, you have said to have obstructed him in the course of his duty.
    如果你拒绝回答警察的提问,那么你就妨碍了其公务。
  16. Why didn't you answer the advertisement?
    你为什么不去应试那招聘广告?
  17. One of the maid's duties is to answer the doorbell.
    女佣人的一项任务就是应门。
  18. There's another knock.I'll go and answer the door.
    又有人敲门,我去开门。
  19. When there's a knock outside, it is always the husband who goes and answers the door.
    外面有人敲门时,总是丈夫去开门。
  20. He answered the examination paper quite well.
    他考卷答得很好。
  21. Yesterday he answered my letter.
    昨天他回了我的信。
  22. We must answer his letter right away.
    我们应当马上给他回信。
  23. He always answers letters on the same day he gets them.
    他总是在接到信的当天就回信。
  24. I'm sorry I didn't answer your letter; I can only plead forgetfulness.
    很遗憾没给你回信,我只能以忘了为借口。
  25. Our work must answer the specifications laid down.
    我们的工作应符合所定的规范。
  26. This machinery will answer the company's needs very well.
    这些机器将会很好地满足公司的需要。
  27. This proposal of ours answers the needs of the times.
    我们这个建议符合时代的要求。
  28. This plan will not answer our needs.
    这个计划不合我们的需要。
  29. That government still didn't answer their hopes.
    那个政府仍然不符合他们的希望。
  30. The makeshift tent answered their purpose.
    这个临时凑合的帐篷解决了他们的问题。
  31. His qualifications answer the requirements of the job.
    他的资格符合这件工作的要求。
  32. We answered the enemy's fire shell for shell.
    我们以炮火回敬敌人的炮火。
  33. Let me answer the riddle.
    让我来解谜底。
  34. We'll answer shot for shot.
    我们要以牙还牙。
  35. 用于be ~ed结构
  36. My request was answered by word of mouth.
    我的请求得到了口头答复。
  37. A call for 100 bottles of blood was answered promptly.
    征求100瓶血液的呼吁很快得到了响应。
S+~+that-clause
  1. He answered that it couldn't be helped.
    他回答说没法帮忙。
  2. He answered that he knew nothing about it.
    他回答说关于此事他一无所知。
  3. He answered that he couldn't finish the task in time himself.
    他说他一个人不能按时完成任务。
  4. I asked her the time, but she answered that she didn't know.
    我问她时间,但她说她不知道。
  5. To my question regarding his future intentions, he answered that he had none.
    我问他将来有什么打算,他回答说,什么打算也没有。
  6. They answered that they would be happy to come.
    他们答复说,他们高兴前来。
引出直接引语
  1. “Yes.”he answered.
    “是的。”他答道。
  2. He answered,“It's two o'clock.”
    他回答说:“现在两点啦。”
  3. “What's the matter?”“Nothing,”she answered.
    “怎么回事?”“没事,”她答道。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n.+n./pron.
  1. But before I die, answer me one question.
    但是在我临死之前,请回答我一个问题。
  2. 用于be ~ed结构
  3. I was answered nothing.
    我没有得到任何答复。
S+~+ pron./n. +that-clause
  1. I answered her that it was right.
    我回答她说那是对的。
  2. She answered me that she could not go.
    她答复我说她不能去。
  3. He answered me that he had never been there.
    他回答我说他从来没有到过那儿。
  4. He answered me that he had no further information on the matter.
    他回答我说,关于这件事他没有进一步的消息。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Facts are the best answers.
    事实是最好的回答。
  2. The boy gave a quick answer.
    那男孩很快做了回答。
  3. Tom made no immediate answer.
    汤姆没有马上回答。
  4. They are ready with an answer.
    他们随时可以回答。
  5. I must have a definite answer, yes or no.
    我必须得到明确回答是或不是。
  6. I said good morning to her, but she made no answer.
    我向她道早安,但她没理睬。
  7. We often learn foreign languages through questions and answers.
    我们常用问答的方式学外语。
  8. You should decide your answer.
    你应该决定自己的答复。
  9. He gave me an extremely curt answer.
    他对我作了极为草率的答复。
  10. I'll let you have an answer after the experiment.
    实验结束后我将给你答复。
  11. The author wrote back the answer himself.
    作者亲自写信答复。
  12. That is an answer about the housing policy.
    那是关于房改政策的答复。
  13. Could you let me have an answer in two or three days?
    你能不能在两三天以内给我一个答复?
  14. We are expecting an affirmative answer.
    我们盼望得到肯定的答复。
  15. Give him no definite answer until I've seen him.
    等到我见到他才给他肯定答复。
  16. He asked me to give him a written answer.
    他要我给他一个书面答复。
  17. A vague answer will not be satisfactory.
    含糊其词的答复是不会令人满意的。
  18. She received a quick answer from the manager.
    她很快就收到了经理的答复。
  19. He insisted on a favourable answer from her.
    他坚持要她作出满意的答复。
  20. I was surprised at the unexpected answer.
    意外的答复使我吃惊。
  21. Wait for an answer, please.
    请等电话。
  22. I'll send you an answer by telephone.
    我会打电话答复你。
  23. We've made her an offer and we're now waiting for an answer.
    我们已向她报价,现在等待着答复。
  24. I sent him five letters without receiving a single answer.
    我给他寄去了五封信,一封回信也没收到。
  25. Although I wrote a month ago,I've had no answer yet.
    虽然我一个月前就写了信,但至今还没有得到回复。
  26. Having all the figures she found the answer quickly:it was 279.
    有了这些数字,她很快就解答出来了,答案是279。
  27. I gave her all the necessary figures, and she found the answer quickly:the answer was 792.
    我把必要的数字都给了她,她很快就得出了答案:答案是792。
  28. A nod was her only answer.
    点了一下头是她仅有的反应。
  29. His answer was to slam the door.
    他的反应就是把门猛然关上。
  30. He believes he knows all the answers and doesn't respect other people's opinions.
    他自以为什么都懂,不尊重别人的意见。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
answer back (v.+adv.)
  1. 顶嘴,回嘴 retort with mouth, answer impolitely answer back

    Don't answer back like that.不许这样顶嘴。

    Don't answer back; it's not polite.不要顶嘴,这样不礼貌。

    When they scolded him, he would answer back.他们说他,他就顶嘴。

    It's bad manners to answer back when the teacher criticizes you.老师批评时,顶嘴是不礼貌的。

    Answer back once more and you'll go straight to bed!你要是再回嘴,就马上让你去睡觉。

    In his youth he lost several jobs, just because he dared to answer back.他年轻时,只不过因为敢顶嘴,就失业了好几次。

    In certain conditions, answering back sarcastically is necessary.在某种情况下,反唇相讥是必要的。

    I didn't mean to answer back,I merely meant to say that you had been misinformed.我并不想跟你顶嘴,我只是想说你听到的话是搞错了。

    answer back to sth

    The child would answer back to all she said.她说什么这孩子都要回嘴。

    answer sb ⇔ back

    Don't answer your mother back, it is not polite.不要和你妈妈顶嘴,这不礼貌。

    Don't answer me back, or I'll put you on a charge.别和我顶嘴了,不然我就要控告你。

    The worker may be sacked, if he answers his master back.工人若对主人回嘴,可能被解雇。

  2. 为自己辩护 argue for oneself, speak up for oneself answer back

    He tried to answer back whenever he was criticized.每当他挨批评时他都要为自己辩护。

    Peter was angry that people could attack his temper when he could not answer back.彼得很生气,别人可以攻击他的脾性,而他却不能辩解。

    If you criticize a person, it's only fair to give him a chance to answer back.批评一个人的时候,应该允许他申辩。

    answer sb ⇔ back

    It is unfair to attack a person in the newspaper when he can't answer you back.当一个人不能为自己辩护时,在报纸上攻击他是不公道的。

answer for( v.+prep. )
  1. 对…负责; (为…)担保; 因…而受责备 undertake responsibility, guarantee; be punished or blamed for answer for sb/sth

    I will answer for him.我可以替他负责。

    You must answer for her.你必须对她负责。

    I can't answer for her safety.我无法对她的安全负责。

    I cannot answer for the consequences.我对后果不能承担责任。

    A father must answer for his child's acts.父亲对他的孩子的举动要负责。

    Be more careful, you'll have to answer for any possible damage.一定要多加小心,任何可能造成的损失都要由你负责。

    If you go on doing this, we won't answer for the consequence.如果你们继续这样干,后果我们将不负责。

    I'll answer for what he does as he is under my supervision.因为他在我领导之下,我将对他的所作所为负责。

    He said that he was ready to answer for those who worked under his direction.他说他愿对在他领导下工作的人们的行为负责。

    The captain has to answer for the discipline of his company.上尉应对其连队的纪律负责。

    One day you'll have to answer for what you've done.有一天你们将对你们今天的所作所为负责。

    You'll have to answer for your carelessness.你粗心大意必定要吃苦头的。

    You will have to answer for your wrong doings one day.将来总有一天你会自食恶果。

    Don't eat too much fat, or you'll have to answer for it some day.肥肉别吃得太多,不然的话,总有一天你要自食其果。

    The aggressors will have to answer for their crimes.侵略者必将因他们的罪行而受到惩罚。

    I can't answer for the truth of the statement.我对此声明的真实性不能保证。

    I think most of the faculty members will come, but I can't answer for Professor Liu who hasn't been feeling well recently.我想大部分教师都会来的,但是刘教授最近身体不大舒服,来不来我就不能保证了。

    用于be ~ed结构

    All these things are to be answered for.所有这一切都是要偿还的。

    answer for it that-clause

    I'll answer for it that this man is honest.我担保这个人诚实可靠。

    Can you answer for it that it is a genuine pearl?你能担保那是真的珍珠吗?

    I'll answer for it that the book will be returned on time.我保证按时还书。

    I will answer for it that he will complete the task.我保证他能完成这项任务。

    I can answer for it that Dr. Wang will be able to cure you.我可以保证,王医生能把你的病治好。

    I will answer for it that they will go to all lengths.我可以保证,他们会卖力干的。

    answer sb for sth

    You will have to answer me for your conduct.你要向我对你的行为负责。

  2. 符合(…需要) answer purpose, etc. answer for sth

    This tool will answer for our needs.这工具将满足我们的需要。

  3. 充当…,起…作用 serve for answer for sth

    This box will answer for a chair.这个箱子可以当椅子用。

    This will answer for a chisel.这东西可以当凿子用。

    On a picnic, a newspaper answered for tablecloth.野餐时报纸可以当桌布用。

    That night the table answered for a bed for us both.那一夜那张桌子就成了我们两个人的床铺。

    This fax machine isn't a good one, but it will answer for the purpose.这个传真机不太好,但还可以凑合着用。

  4. 许诺,答应(别人) promise, agree others answer for sth 用于be ~ed结构

    Are all the seats answered for?所有这些座位都订出去了吗?

answer to( v.+prep. )
  1. 〔说明〕 answer to通常用于一般时态,不用于被动结构,一般也不用于进行体。
  2. 适应,符合 match (sth usually a description); accord with, conform to answer to sth

    That answers precisely to our needs.这正好适合我们的需要。

    These reference books will answer to our needs.这些参考书符合我们的需要。

    This one will answer to my purpose,I think.我看,这一个合我的意。

    Does the result answer to your expectations?结果符合你们的期望吗?

    This does not answer to the description given.这与所描述的情况不相符。

    I've picked up a pen, but it doesn't answer to the description you gave.我拾到了一支钢笔,不过不像你所说的那支。

    This car exactly answers to the description of the stolen car.这辆汽车和所说的那辆被盗走的特点完全相符。

    He answers to the description of the boy they are looking for.他很像他们正在寻找的那个失踪的孩子。

    He doesn't answer to the description of the missing man that appeared in the newspaper.他与报上所描述的失踪者不符。

    He answers to the description given by the police, so he must be the criminal.他的样子与警察的描述相符,所以他一定是那个罪犯。

    His deeds don't answer to his speech.他言行不符。

  3. 有责任(向某人)(就某事)作出解释或承担责任 be responsible to speak clearly or undertake answer to sb (for sth)

    You'll have to answer to me if anything harmful comes to this child.这个孩子若是有个三长两短,我就唯你是问。

    I'll answer to your mother for your safety.我要向你母亲保证,对你的安全负责。

    You will answer to the committee for your conduct of the affair.你要就你处理这件事对委员会负责。

    One day you will have to answer to the authorities concerned for this neglect of duty.总有一天你得为此次失职行为向有关当局承担责任。

  4. 应答; (对…)有反应 behave as if knowing (a name); be called by (a name); react with sth answer to sth

    He called for help but nobody answered to his call.他呼救,但是无人响应。

    The children answered to their father's call by running home.孩子们听到父亲招呼就跑回家去。

    The steering wheel answers to the slightest touch.汽车的方向盘转动很灵活。

    The boat seemed very slow to answer to any movement of the helm.这只船似乎对舵的转动的反应很不灵敏。

    That bike answers readily to the slightest movement of the handle bars.那辆自行车的车把很听使唤。

    The horse answered to its rider's touch.马随骑马人的驱策而行动。

    The horse answered to the slightest pull on the rein.只要缰绳轻轻一拉,马就作出反应。

    The patient began to answer to the medical treatment.病人身上开始显示出疗效。

    The illness doesn't answer to medical treatment.这病治疗无效。

    The experiment has met with a result that does not answer to expectations.实验未达到预期的效果。

answer up ( v.+adv. )
  1. 迅速回答,清晰地讲 answer quickly; talk clearly

    Answer up,I cannot hear what you say. 讲清楚点,我听不清你的话。

    I answered up to all the questions except two. 除了两个问题外,别的问题我都很快就答出来了。

  2. 直言不讳地回答,照直回答 reply clearly

    Answer up when the judge asks you a question. 法官问你问题时,你要照实回答。

answer with( v.+prep. )
  1. 适用,奏效 be suitable to answer with sb/sth

    In ideological work, we must learn to open different locks with different keys because a method that answers with one person may not answer with another.做思想工作时,必须学会“一把钥匙开一把锁”,因为适用于一个人的方法不一定适用于另一个人。

  2. 以…作出回应respond with answer sb/sth with sth

    The crowd answered him with prolonged applause.群众对他报以长时间的掌声。

用作名词 (n.)
answer to
  1. (对…的)回答; 答复; 回复 answer or reply (to sb/sth)

    The boy gave a quick answer to the teacher's question. 这孩子对老师所提出的问题回答得很快。

    His only answer to their threat was to smile. 对于他们的威胁,他唯一的回答就是微笑。

    My answer to his threat was to give him a good beating. 我对他的威胁的回答是狠狠地揍了他一顿。

    The passengers wanted a distinct answer to the cause of the delay of the train. 旅客们要求对火车误点的原因作出明确答复。

    Have you had an answer to your letter? 你收到复信了吗?

    Mike had had no answer to his last letter and was worried about it. 迈克没有收到上封信的回复,对此感到不安。

  2. (对…的)答案; 解决办法 answer (to sb/sth); a method of settle

    It's the answer to your question. 这就是你的问题的答案。

    Who knows the answer to the puzzle? 谁知道这谜语的谜底?

    Please give me the answer to the crossword puzzle. 请告诉我这个纵横字谜的谜底。

    I think the answer to No.5 is fourteen. 我认为第五题的答案是14。

    What is the correct answer to this arithmetic problem? 这个算术题的正确答案是多少?

    There are no easy answers to the problem of unemployment. 失业问题并不容易解决。

    International food aid is only part of the answer to famine. 国际食品援助只能解决部分的饥荒问题。

  3. (与…)相适应,符合 fit (with sb/sth); accord with

    The publication comes as the answer to an acute demand. 这一出版物是为满足急需而出版的。

in answer to
  1. 回答,应答; 响应 reply in form of action

    Mary laughed in answer to the teacher's question. 玛丽以笑声作为对老师问题的回答。

    In answer to the question, he just shook his head. 他以摇头作为对这个问题的答复。

    In answer to these questions I either nodded or made strange noises. 在回答这些问题时我不是点头就是出怪声。

    What have you to say in answer to the charge? 对这一指控,你有什么要答辩的?

    These figures were given in answer to a question from the Opposition spokesman. 列举这些数字是为了答复反对党发言人的质询。

    The editorial is in answer to the letters of many readers. 该社论是对许多读者来信的答复。

    In answer to my shouts people ran to help. 听到我的呼喊,人们跑来帮忙。

    The electrician went at once in answer to the phone call. 电工师傅一接到电话马上就去了。

    The doctor came at once in answer to my telephone call. 医生应我电话邀请立即赶来。

    My daughter came back at once in answer to our telephone call. 接到我们的电话,我女儿马上就来了。

    They laughed in answer to my question. 听到我的提问,他们都笑了。

    He came back to work in the country in answer to the call. 他响应号召回到自己的国家去工作。

    A for-clause cannot be used in answer to a question. 由for引导的从句不能用来回答问题。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • People started asking him vague questions to which there were no sensible answers.

    出自:G. Vidal
  • It is proved already that you are little better than false knaves...How answer you for yourselves?

    出自:Much Ado about Nothing,Shakespeare

answer的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. answer(to)the letter,answer(to)the question,answer(for)the purpose等常用格式中,习惯将to或for等介词省略掉,但是注意reply to the letter中的to不可以省略;
  2. answer有时指“答复……的内容”。有时,answer指“报告收到”,reply指“答复……的内容”。

    I have your letter, but as I am very busy, I cannot answer it at present.
    句中的主语已经在回复信了,但还说没有办法answer。

    I answered your letter by sending a postcard last Monday and have since been waiting for time to reply to it.

  3. 同reply比较,answer有时指“中肯的答复”。

    Your reply is not an answer.
    你的回答不中肯。

  4. answered有时指“把……作为答复”。

    He answered her not a word.
    他连一个词都没有回复她。

  5. answer后可接that从句或另接宾语。

    He answered that he could not go.
    他回复说自己去不了了。

    He answered me that he would not go.
    他回复我说他去不了了。

  6. 在商业回信的开头,常用“In answer to your letter ...”的格式。
v.(动词)
  1. answer用作动词的基本意思是“回答,答复”,可以用言语回答,也可以用文字回答,还可以用行动回答,视宾语的不同可灵活翻译。
  2. answer用作及物动词时,可接人、物或that从句作宾语,也可接双宾语(两个宾语都是直接宾语),作“符合,满足”解时宾语主要是need, hope, purpose等抽象名词。
  3. answer用作不及物动词时主要表示“回答,负责,保证,成功,奏效,适应,符合”。
  4. answer表示用语言、文字或行动对问题进行回答,是一最常用词; 用于转义表示“符合,适应”等义时,是较正式的用法; answer to the name则是口语用法。
  5. answer for表示“受责备”时可用于被动结构,表示“许诺,答应别人”时也常用于被动结构,表示其他意思时均常用于一般时态。作“对…负有责任”解时,通常不用于进行体。
  6. “回答某人某事”应该说answer sb sth,不能说answer sth to〔for〕 sb。但不要受下面句子的影响:They never answered a letter to me.他们从没有给我回信。句中to me是介词短语作letter的定语。另外需要注意下面两个句子不是双直宾语。No one was able to answer him a word.没有人能答复他一句话。He answered us never a word.他从来不答复我们一个字。这两个句子中的a word是名词性状语。
  7. 对问题不能回答时,不说I can't answer it.而说I can't answer your question.或I can't answer.
  8. answer sth with sth和answer with sth中的with sth 都作方式状语用,但前者意为“以…来回答…”。例如:I answered his threat with a blow on his nose.我向他迎鼻一击来回敬他的恐吓。
  9. answer to the description作“符合描绘的情况”解时, to也可省略。例如:This car exactly answers (to) the description of the stolen car.这辆汽车和所说的那辆被盗走的特点完全相符。
n.(名词)
  1. answer用作可数名词时主要表示用口头或书面作出的“回答,答复,答辩”或表示最初不知道而经过思考之后才得出的“答案,解答”。
  2. answer前一般须有冠词、数词或其他能修饰可数名词的限定词(语),其后可接表示“针对…的”介词短语to sth (to不可换成表示所有关系的of或表示目的的for等介词)。
  3. know all the answers意为“(自以为)精通一切”。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
answer for, answer to
1.这两个短语都可表示“符合…需要”,其区别是:
接needs, wishes, hopes, description等词时用answer to; 而接purpose时则只能用answer for。
2.这两个短语都可表示“负责”,其区别是:
answer for表示对事负责; 而answer to则表示对人负责。试比较:
  • I will answer for him.
  • 他的事情由我负责。
  • I will answer to him.
  • 我将对他负责。
answer sth, answer to sth
及物动词和“不及物动词+to”,这里有个语言史的问题,即有些动词过去带to而现在不带,而有些动词过去不带to而现在带,如listen; 还有些动词两者都能用,如approach。不过不带to的情况更普遍。answer的情况是用于“回答,答复”等直义时一般用作及物动词,即不带to。例如:
Answer my question, please.请回答我的问题。
用于“符合,适合”等转义时,两种用法均可,不过不带to时直接性较强。例如:
This dictionary answers (to) my needs.这本词典符合我的需要。
to answer, be an answer to
英语中系动词与动作动词相比,其语气往往显得较弱,所以下面两个句子,第一个显然更常用。
  • 她脸上的表情就足以回答我的问题了。
  • Her facial expression alone answered my question.
  • Her facial expression alone was an an- swer to my question.
answer, reply, respond
这三个词意思相近,常可通用。例如:
I don't know what to answer〔reply, respond〕.我不知道该怎么回答。
它们之间的区别是:
1.词源不同, answer来自古英语; reply来自古法语; respond来自拉丁语。
2.answer和reply可指口头、书面或行动上的回答,而respond则偏重于用行动回答或响应。
3.answer既可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词,还可用作名词; 而reply通常只用作不及物动词,但其后可接直接引语或that引导的宾语从句,用作及物动词时,宾语只能是所说的话; respond既可用作及物动词也可用作不及物动词,其名词形式是response。
4.answer接letter, question等词时用作及物动词,即不加to,而reply和respond只能用作不及物动词,即必须加to。
5.answer可接双直宾语,而reply和respond则不能。
6.answer后可接人或物; reply的对象一般不能是人,而只能是物。
7.answer多指对问题的回答; reply一般用于对某一陈述或主张的回答,特别是对相反意见、议论等的答复; 而respond通常指对号召、职责等作出响应或反应。
8.answer后接a letter时只指复信表示收到来信; 而reply to a letter则指要答复来信中所提出的全部问题或提请注意的各点。
9.作“给出答案”解时只能用answer,不能用reply和respond。
10.表示“作出相应反应”,可用answer和respond,不能用reply。
11.answer最普通,最常用; 而reply和respond都是正式用语,口语中少用。
n.(名词)
answer, reply
这两个词的共同意思是“回答,答复”,都可用作名词或动词。其区别在于:
1.answer主要指用语言文字回答问题、指责或争论,也可能是以行动满足要求或应付情况; reply则主要指用语言文字给予回答,进行解释等,也可指用行动回答。
2.answer作为名词时,其后常接介词to; reply作为名词时,其后往往接介词to或者for。例如:
The Western answer to this move was the use of plane to supply food.西方对这一建议的答复是用飞机提供食品。
They gave her a reply for her claim.他们对她的要求做了答复。
3.answer是普通用语,用得比较广泛; reply则较为正式。
answer reply respond retort return
这些动词均有“回答”之意。
  • answer:answer常用词,指用书面、口头或行动对他人的请求、询问、质问等作出回答或反应。
  • reply:reply较正式用词,较少用于口语。侧重经过考虑的较正式答复。
  • respond:respond正式用词,指即刻的,以口头或行动对外来的号召、请求或刺激等作出回答或响应。
  • retort:retort指对不同意见、批评或控诉作出迅速、有力的回答,即“反驳”。
  • return:return正式用词,从本义“归来,回去”引申作“回答、答辨”讲时,含反驳或反唇相讥之意。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 一周前我给她回了信。

    I answered her letter for a week.

    I answered her letter a week ago.

    It is a week since I answered her letter.

    answer是瞬间动词,不表示持续动作,不可与表示一段时间的状语连用。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:this is the answer to some of their previously inexplicable behaviour.

    纠正:this is the explanation for their previously inexplicable behaviour.

    翻译:这是对之前他们的一些无法解释的行为的解释。

    分析:answer没有“解释”的意思。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的adnsrwau,and (反对) + srwau (誓言),意为发誓言,从而反驳。

answer的相关资料:

正版词典

answer : 回答;答复 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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  • answer:answer n. 答案, 回答, 答辩, 抗辩v. 回答说, 答复说, 符合, 反响, 响应 英英解释:名词answer:1. a statement (either spoken or writt…

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